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Re: [Samba] /etc/init.d/samba in Ubuntu_18.04





Am 18.10.18 um 15:34 schrieb Rowland Penny via samba:
> On Thu, 18 Oct 2018 15:24:40 +0200
> Reindl Harald via samba <samba@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>
>> Am 18.10.18 um 15:19 schrieb Anderson Hoffmann do Carmo via samba:
>>> I use a script for backup Samba/AD and before running the backup I
>>> use the command '/etc/init.d/samba stop'
>>> After I migrated ubuntu from version 16 to version 18, this command
>>> was invalid
>>>
>>> root@gserv2:~#
>>> root@gserv2:~# */etc/init.d/samba stop*
>>> -bash: /etc/init.d/samba: No such file or directory
>>> root@gserv2:~#
>>>
>>> Please, which command should I use to stop and start the Samba/AD
>>> service correctly?
>>
>> man systemctl
>> /etc/init.d is gone
> 
> No it hasn't, it is still there

but more or less empty on a proper distribution after migration to
systemd and doing a dist-upgrade not even read the basic release
announcement is dangerous

[root@rh:~]$ ls /etc/init.d/
insgesamt 72K
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  19K 2018-05-25 12:06 functions
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 4,5K 2018-05-25 12:06 netconsole
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 7,5K 2018-05-25 12:06 network
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 1,2K 2018-07-18 13:39 README

[root@rh:~]$ cat /etc/init.d/README
You are looking for the traditional init scripts in /etc/rc.d/init.d,
and they are gone?

Here's an explanation on what's going on:

You are running a systemd-based OS where traditional init scripts have
been replaced by native systemd services files. Service files provide
very similar functionality to init scripts. To make use of service
files simply invoke "systemctl", which will output a list of all
currently running services (and other units). Use "systemctl
list-unit-files" to get a listing of all known unit files, including
stopped, disabled and masked ones. Use "systemctl start
foobar.service" and "systemctl stop foobar.service" to start or stop a
service, respectively. For further details, please refer to
systemctl(1).

Note that traditional init scripts continue to function on a systemd
system. An init script /etc/rc.d/init.d/foobar is implicitly mapped
into a service unit foobar.service during system initialization.

Thank you!

Further reading:
        man:systemctl(1)
        man:systemd(1)
        http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/systemd-for-admins-3.html
        https://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/Incompatibilities

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