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Re: [Samba] Samba4 on Ubuntu 18.04 Howto setup ADDC with bind9_DLZ




I was rereading this i missing one thing, my dislectic got me again.. 

In the last part.
Just before all systemctl's. 
This : 

and we change the systemd-resolved and point it to the IP ( NOT localhost ) of the server
now change the systemd-resolvd DNS.
sed "s/DNS=8.8.8.8/DNS=$(hostname -i)/g" /etc/systemd/resolved.conf 

The sed line should be : 
sed -i "s/DNS=8.8.8.8/DNS=$(hostname -i)/g" /etc/systemd/resolved.conf 
Or 
sed "s/DNS=8.8.8.8/DNS=192.168.0.10/g" /etc/systemd/resolved.conf 

Greetz, 

Louis


> -----Oorspronkelijk bericht-----
> Van: samba [mailto:samba-bounces@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx] Namens 
> L.P.H. van Belle via samba
> Verzonden: woensdag 9 mei 2018 13:46
> Aan: samba@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Onderwerp: [Samba] Samba4 on Ubuntu 18.04 Howto setup ADDC 
> with bind9_DLZ
> 
> Hai, 
> 
> 
> @Rowland. 
> Yes yes, you did say you hate systemd.  :-) 
> I had a hard(er)time on this one also but i got passed it. ;-) 
> 
> But you and everybody else on the list, please review this setup.
> And a very big thank you Rowland for the start of it. 
> 
> This should be a good base to start with as howto for ubuntu 
> 18.04 systemd based. 
> 
> Any suggestion additions please add them, below is also the 
> order i configured and installed the server.
> Normaly i dont do ubuntu, apparmor etc. but its all inhere. 
> Note, apparmor may have to much rights now but it works, 
> someone with good apparmor knowlidge correct it please.
> 
> The setup below is tested and works, i did not look at firewalling. 
> Try it and tell us the result. 
> 
> Installing Ubuntu for a Dedicated Active Directory Domain 
> Controller server.
> - boot from CD
> - Choose the base language, and press F6, choose EXPERT. 
> 
> -----Ubuntu Installer Menu  ---- 
> choose you language and keyboard
> ( go throught the other options, keep the defaults )
> load the preconfiguration
> 
> configure the network. 
> - Auto-configure networking   (NO)
>  and enter your ip. 
> 	IP 192.168.0.10/24   ( choose your own ip )
> 	GW 192.168.0.1       ( choose your own gateway)
> 	NS 8.8.8.8           ( any internet ip for DNS )
> 
> 	( my test hostname/domain )
> 	set the hostname,	( ubuntu1804 )
> 	set the domainname, ( internal.example.com )
> 
> Set up users and passwords.
> THe first two questions, the defaults are ok. 
> 
> The user, full name, what you want but NO username Administrator.
> i preffer nixadmin 
> ( this is a user for maintaining the system. )
> 
> encrypt homedir, No.
> configure clock.
> 	set the clock using NTP. (yes)
> 	You can keep the defaults ( for now )
> 
> Configure the disk.
> what you want, a AD-DC only server, 10G is more than 
> sufficient. ( for me ) 
> My current Debian 9 shows : 
> Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
> 6.0G  1.8G  3.9G  31% /
> 
> This ubuntu setup used ( finished ) 
> Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
> /dev/root       7.3G  1.8G  5.2G  26% /
> 
> So about the same.
> 
> WARNING
> The "use entire disk" option does not include the swap partition.
> with 10Gb partition i set 2GB swap, rest is for the system. 
> (tip, separating the log partition helps in less defragmentation )
> 
> --- Install the system
> initrd, DONT select targeted, choose generic.
> - package manager, use a mirror yes.
> 
> - DONT select backported software.
> - DONT select partner repository, only if you need to.
> - Dont select sources, its not needed.
> keep other defaults.
> 
> - Select and install software.
> 	I preffer Install security updated automaticly, but you 
> might not.
> 
> Now, an important part, 
> Choose software to install. 
> Select ONLY OpenSSH server.
> 
> - install grub. 
> (keep the defaults)
> Note, somethimes ubuntu detects you disk wrong if you install 
> from usb.
> use ALT-F2 goto and console, type df and check what your disk is.
> /dev/sda or /dev/xvda  something like that. ( look for the 
> /target disk )
> ALT-F1 go back to the installer.
> Finish the install
> 
> first check if you ip is up.
> type: ip a
> and what is your "interface name" for me its eth0.
> All below is base on ETH0 so change this !! 
> 
> Now, you might find out that your network isnt working. 
> lets configure a systemd static ip.
> 
> AGAIN: Please dont forget to change the ip and interfacename below!!
> 
> cat << EOF >> /etc/systemd/network/50-static.network
> # /etc/systemd/network/50-static.network
> 	[Match]
> 	Name=eth0
> 
> 	[Network]
> 	Address=192.168.0.10/24
> 	Gateway=192.168.0.1
> EOF
> systemctl enable systemd-networkd
> systemctl start systemd-networkd
> systemctl status systemd-networkd
> 
> 
> Edit the systemd resolver.
> 
> nano /etc/systemd/resolv.conf
> configure DNS and FallbackDNS ( for now, 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4 
> google dns. )
> NOTE set DNSSEC=no also because google does not support DNSSEC.
> save,exit.
> 
> systemctl daemon-reload
> systemctl restart systemd-resolved
> 
> and check if it works
> nslookup www.google.com
> 
> 
> -- Some Cleanup i did first.  ( optional, but the lesser on 
> the server the better imo )
> First, get rid of the "howto make you system slower..." 
> command-not-found packages
> but wait a bit because you might miss some packages... 
> ( remove if you dont use these. )
> apt remove --purge lxd-client
> apt remove --purge lxd lxd-client
> apt remove --purge lxcfs 
> apt remove --purge command-not-found command-not-found-data 
> python3-commandnotfound
> apt remove --purge snapd
> apt remove --purge laptop-detect 
> So, now this Ubuntu server performs almost as a Debian server. ;-) 
> 
> Optional, as i dont use LVM.  ( i snap shot my virtuals )
> apt remove --purge lvm2 liblvm2app2.2 liblvm2cmd2.02 dmeventd
> 
> Optional, i dont like the check every login for security/load etc. 
> It just slows down the server imo. 
> 
> Optional, remove cpu info at login.
> rm  /etc/update-motd.d/50-landscape-sysinfo
> run the command : landscape-sysinfo  to get the info or remove it: 
> apt remove --purge landscap-sysinfo
> 
> Optional, disable the anoying motd messages. 
> sudo systemctl disable motd
> sudo systemctl mask motd
> sudo chmod -R 0644 /etc/update-motd.d/ 
> if you want you can enable some, just add the Execute bit. 
> (755) back on a file.
> 
> #Optional(2) if you dont want any of above.
> #apt remove --purge update-notifier-common
> Adviced just chmod it. 
> 
> Results in a server with internet access and ssh. 
> 
> --------------------------------------------------
> 
> Login with ssh, and prepair for the real work for samba. 
> 
> 
> Prepairing for samba.  
> # the AD DC, with ntp bind one liner :  
> apt install samba winbind libnss-winbind libpam-winbind ntp 
> bind9 binutils ldb-tools krb5-user
> # Note, i use the defaults for krb5-user ( Kerberos configuration )
> 
> #The separated parts. 
> #apt install samba winbind krb5-user
> #(optional must often used so install it. )
> #apt install libnss-winbind  libpam-winbind
> 
> for the time sync in samba we need ntp or chrony. 
> #Prepair time ( I preffer ntp.) 
> #apt install ntp
> #Prepair DNS ( I preffer bind9 )
> #apt install bind9
> 
> # and add some tools you might need.
> #apt install binutils ldb-tools smbclient 
> #apt install libpam-krb5
> 
> 
> systemctl disable nmbd smbd winbind 
> systemctl stop nmbd smbd winbind 
> systemctl unmask samba-ad-dc
> systemctl enable samba-ad-dc
> 
> ---------------------
> Setup NTP
> cp /etc/ntp.conf{,.backup}
> mkdir -p /var/lib/samba/ntp_signd/
> chmod 750 /var/lib/samba/ntp_signd
> chown root:ntp /var/lib/samba/ntp_signd
> 
> cat << EOF >> /etc/ntp.conf
> #
> ######  Needed for Samba 4  ######
> # extra info, in the restrict -4 or -6 added mssntp.
> # Location of the samba ntp_signed directory
> ntpsigndsocket /var/lib/samba/ntp_signd
> #
> EOF
> 
> # add the mssntp part.
> sed -i 's/restrict -4 default kod notrap nomodify nopeer 
> noquery limited/restrict -4 default kod notrap nomodify 
> nopeer noquery limited mssntp/g' /etc/ntp.conf
> sed -i 's/restrict -6 default kod notrap nomodify nopeer 
> noquery limited/restrict -6 default kod notrap nomodify 
> nopeer noquery limited mssntp/g' /etc/ntp.conf
> 
> systemctl restart ntp
> systemctl status ntp
> run : ntpq -p
> and check the output, if ok, ntp is up now and syncing. 
> 
> ---------------------
> Setup kerberos.
> Backup the original version 
> cp /etc/krb5.conf{,.backup}
> cat /etc/krb5.conf | head -n2 > /etc/krb5.conf.new
> 
> echo "
> ; for Windows 2008 with AES
>         default_tgs_enctypes =  aes256-cts-hmac-sha1-96 
> aes128-cts-hmac-sha1-96 rc4-hmac des-cbc-crc des-cbc-md5
>         default_tkt_enctypes = aes256-cts-hmac-sha1-96 
> aes128-cts-hmac-sha1-96 rc4-hmac des-cbc-crc des-cbc-md5
>         permitted_enctypes = aes256-cts-hmac-sha1-96 
> aes128-cts-hmac-sha1-96 rc4-hmac des-cbc-crc des-cbc-md5
> " >> /etc/krb5.conf.new
> rm /etc/krb5.conf
> mv /etc/krb5.conf.new /etc/krb5.conf
> 
> 
> ---------------------
> # Setup Samba 
> Prepair for provisioning. 
> rm /var/lib/samba/*.tdb
> rm /var/cache/samba/*.tdb
> rm /var/cache/samba/browse.dat
> 
> mv /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.orig
> 
> samba-tool domain provision --use-rfc2307 
> --realm=INTERNAL.EXAMPLE.COM --domain=INTERNAL --dns-backend=BIND9_DLZ
> Admin password:        uP9B=H?H#%Mg@R6[H
> Server Role:           active directory domain controller
> Hostname:              ubuntu1804
> NetBIOS Domain:        INTERNAL
> DNS Domain:            internal.example.com
> DOMAIN SID:            S-1-5-21-851884449-3694958272-1707027855
> 
> # Setup BIND
> cp -r /etc/bind{,.backup}
> # enable the forwarders. 
> sed -i 's[// forwarders[forwarders[g' /etc/bind/named.conf.options
> sed -i "s[// \t0.0.0.0;[      8.8.8.8; 8.8.4.4;[g" 
> /etc/bind/named.conf.options
> sed -i "s[// };[};[g" /etc/bind/named.conf.options
> sed -i "/listen-on-v6/a \        tkey-gssapi-keytab 
> \"/var/lib/samba/private/dns.keytab\";" /etc/bind/named.conf.options
> sed -i "/tkey-gssapi-keytab/i \        // DNS dynamic updates 
> via Kerberos "/var/lib/samba/private/dns.keytab";" 
> /etc/bind/named.conf.options
> sed -i "/listen-on-v6/a \        notify no;" 
> /etc/bind/named.conf.options
> sed -i "/notify no/a        empty-zones-enable no;" 
> /etc/bind/named.conf.options
> 
> echo "// adding the Samba dlopen ( Bind DLZ ) module
> include \"/var/lib/samba/private/named.conf\";" >> 
> /etc/bind/named.conf.local
> 
> 
> As of this part, apparmor, this might need more optimizing 
> but this works.
> echo "# Samba4 DLZ and Active Directory Zones (default source 
> installation)
> /var/lib/samba/lib/** rm,
> /var/lib/samba/private/dns/** rwmk,
> /var/lib/samba/private/dns.keytab r,
> /var/lib/samba/private/named.conf r,
> /var/lib/samba/private/dns/** rwk,
> /usr/lib/**/samba/bind9/** rmk,
> /usr/lib/**/samba/gensec/* rmk,
> /usr/lib/**/samba/ldb/** rmk,
> /usr/lib/**/ldb/modules/ldb/** rmk,
> /var/tmp/** rwmk," >> /etc/apparmor.d/local/usr.sbin.named
> 
> # add the ntp part to apparmor
> echo "# samba4 ntp signing socket
> /var/lib/samba/ntp_signd/socket rw," >> 
> /etc/apparmor.d/local/usr.sbin.ntpd
> 
> ---------------------
> Correct the resolving. 
> 
> Now we link the lan interface to the systemd resolver. 
> echo "
> [Match]
> Name=eth0
> 
> [Network]
> DNS=192.168.0.10
> DNSSECNegativeTrustAnchors=lan
> Domains=lan" >> /etc/systemd/network/eth0.network
> 
> and we change the systemd-resolved and point it to the IP ( 
> NOT localhost ) of the server
> now change the systemd-resolvd DNS.
> sed "s/DNS=8.8.8.8/DNS=$(hostname -i)/g" /etc/systemd/resolved.conf 
> # Note, the DNS=$(hostname -i)  that is the ip of the server. 
> NOT 127.0.0.1. 
> 
> systemctl daemon-reload
> systemctl reload apparmor
> systemctl restart systemd-networkd
> systemctl restart systemd-resolved
> systemctl restart bind9
> systemctl restart ntp
> 
> and reboot.
> 
> now go testing.  ;-) 
> Sofor i see no problems.. And .. 
> 
> I did not touch resolv.conf  ;-) 
> 
> 
> Greetz, 
> 
> Louis
> 
> 
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