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Re: [Samba] samba 4 ad member - idmap = ad for machine accounts




On Mon, 18 Sep 2017 14:55:04 +0200
Denis Cardon <dcardon@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

> Hi Rowland,
> 
> >> File server config looks exactly like this, except more shares, all
> >> with same simple config. I know that "use defualt domain" isn't
> >> necessery, but it's not the issue for me right now.
> ...
> 
> 
> > 'SYSTEM' is a Windows group and is meaningless to Unix, it should be
> > mapped to a Unix ID only on a Samba AD DC and there it is an
> > 'xidNumber' not a 'uidNumber or 'gidNumber'. Running 'wbinfo -S
> > S-1-5-18' (the SID for 'SYSTEM' is S-1-5-8-18) on a UNIX domain
> > member, returns:
> > failed to call wbcSidToUid: WBC_ERR_DOMAIN_NOT_FOUND
> > Could not convert sid S-1-5-18 to uid
> >
> > However "wbinfo -Y  S-1-5-18" returns:
> > 2005 (note your ID may be different)
> >
> > As I said, you could use the kerberos machine account instead, but
> > are these scripts being run on the fileserver, Samba DC or windows
> > machines ? if the later, then you shouldn't need a Unix IDs.
> >
> >> 2)'m using some machine autostart scripts, for various tasks, which
> >> work again as SYSTEM, so if they have to get anything from network
> >> share, they need to have read/write permission. What I'm doing is,
> >> for example, as autostart run a batch script, that would check
> >> \\fileserver\public\test-file.txt if %COMPTURNAME% exists in this
> >> file. if not - run some robocopy script, then >> %COMPUTERNAME% to
> >> the end of the file.
> >> or even something simple like this:
> >> "if exist \\server\share\%computername%.txt (exit)
> >> else robocopy some-files
> >> echo . > \\server\share\%computername%.txt
> >> exit"
> >
> > That looks like a Windows script (not that I am an expert on Windows
> > script languages) so I presume that it is run a Windows machine and
> > 'SYSTEM' should be available on it via its name or SID.
> >
> >> 3) Some windows applications that I use also run as SYSTEM account
> >> and they have built-in backup utilities, and if I want to backup
> >> straight to network share - again - machine account needs direct
> >> write access to share.
> >
> > Hmm, I think I am beginning to understand your problem, you are
> > confusing 'SYSTEM' with the computers account in AD.
> >
> > 'SYSTEM' does not exist in AD, so you cannot give it a uidNumber or
> > gidNumber attribute.
> >
> > I think you need to find another way to do what you are doing now.
> 
> Kacper way of doing things is completly correct (at least from 
> authentication point of view). SYSTEM account on Windows uses the 
> machine account for authentication. So for example, using psexec [1], 
> you can try (on an elevated command prompt):
> 
>   psexec -s -i cmd.exe
> 
> Check that you are local system
> 
>   whoami
> 
> then you connect to a share (sysvol is a good choice here since
> "domain computers" has access)
> 
>   net use F: \\domain.lan\sysvol
> 
> Then on your DC you can check which account has been used for the
> connexion:
> 
>   smbstatus
> 
> You'll see that SYSTEM account uses the Kerberos machine account for 
> authentication.
> 

Thanks 
Yes that works, but it shows that you don't need the computers to have
uidNumber attributes, which is what I was trying to get across to the
OP.

Rowland

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