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Re: searching non plain text files

> On Dec 16, 2018, at 6:20 PM, Jonesy via php-general <php-general@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> On Sun, 16 Dec 2018 20:16:08 -0500, John wrote:
>> On Sun, 2018-12-16 at 14:33 -0500, Tedd Sperling wrote:
>>>> On Dec 14, 2018, at 11:19 PM, Jeffry Killen <jekillen@xxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>>>> Can anyone point me to instruction/advice about
>>>> opening and reading files that are not plain text:
>>> Jeffry:
>>> I don’t know if this will help you, but most “honest” files have a header that
>>> states what it is.
>>> Try using a hex-editor app and observing the first 10 characters in their
>>> headers (i.e., start of the file). For example, a PDF file will state ‘PDF’, a
>>> jpg will state ’JFIF’, a rtf file will state ‘rtf’, a zip file will state
>>> ‘PK”, a png will state ‘PNG”, and so on.
>>> From that observation, you might try working with bin2hex or dechex and other
>>> such bin/hex functions PHP provides to check what the file type is in the
>>> header and what it reports itself to be in the extension. 
>>> Additionally, you can always Google it.
>> Just to confuse the issue, both zip files and odt (Open Document) files have the
>> 'PK' header id.  Looking around for some other formats, I found that most tgz
>> files (tar, gzipped) have 'vV' followed by the file name (but not all of them!).
>> So Jeffry will have to do some sort of a secondary test to be sure.
> Do a search on "magic bytes".
> Jonesy
> -- 

Thank you all for suggestions and ideas;
Jeff K