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Re: [PATCH v3 2/3] kernel/ucounts: expose count of inotify watches in use




On Sat, Jun 1, 2019 at 2:00 AM Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>
> On Fri, 31 May 2019 21:50:15 +0200 Albert Vaca Cintora <albertvaka@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>
> > Adds a readonly 'current_inotify_watches' entry to the user sysctl table.
> > The handler for this entry is a custom function that ends up calling
> > proc_dointvec. Said sysctl table already contains 'max_inotify_watches'
> > and it gets mounted under /proc/sys/user/.
> >
> > Inotify watches are a finite resource, in a similar way to available file
> > descriptors. The motivation for this patch is to be able to set up
> > monitoring and alerting before an application starts failing because
> > it runs out of inotify watches.
> >
> > ...
> >
> > --- a/kernel/ucount.c
> > +++ b/kernel/ucount.c
> > @@ -118,6 +118,26 @@ static void put_ucounts(struct ucounts *ucounts)
> >       kfree(ucounts);
> >  }
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER
> > +int proc_read_inotify_watches(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
> > +                  void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
> > +{
> > +     struct ucounts *ucounts;
> > +     struct ctl_table fake_table;
>
> hmm.
>
> > +     int count = -1;
> > +
> > +     ucounts = get_ucounts(current_user_ns(), current_euid());
> > +     if (ucounts != NULL) {
> > +             count = atomic_read(&ucounts->ucount[UCOUNT_INOTIFY_WATCHES]);
> > +             put_ucounts(ucounts);
> > +     }
> > +
> > +     fake_table.data = &count;
> > +     fake_table.maxlen = sizeof(count);
> > +     return proc_dointvec(&fake_table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
>
> proc_dointvec
> ->do_proc_dointvec
>   ->__do_proc_dointvec
>     ->proc_first_pos_non_zero_ignore
>       ->warn_sysctl_write
>         ->pr_warn_once(..., table->procname)
>
> and I think ->procname is uninitialized.
>
> That's from a cursory check.  Perhaps other uninitialized members of
> fake_table are accessed, dunno.
>
> we could do
>
>         {
>                 struct ctl_table fake_table = {
>                         .data = &count,
>                         .maxlen = sizeof(count),
>                 };
>
>                 return proc_dointvec(&fake_table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
>         }
>
> or whatever.  That will cause the pr_warn_once to print "(null)" but
> that's OK I guess.
>
> Are there other places in the kernel which do this temp ctl_table
> trick?  If so, what do they do?  If not, what is special about this
> code?
>
>

I copied this 'fake_table' trick from proc_do_entropy in
drivers/char/random.c exactly as it is. It is also used in other
places with slight variations.

Note that, since we are creating a read-only proc file,
proc_first_pos_non_zero_ignore is not called from __do_proc_dointvec,
so the uninitialized ->procname is not accessed.

Albert