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[PATCH 18/21] tracing/probe: Add immediate string parameter support




Add immediate string parameter (\"string") support to
probe events. This allows you to specify an immediate
(or dummy) parameter instead of fetching a string from
memory.

This feature looks odd, but imagine that you put a probe
on a code to trace some string data. If the code is
compiled into 2 instructions and 1 instruction has a
string on memory but other has no string since it is
optimized out. In that case, you can not fold those into
one event, even if ftrace supported multiple probes on
one event. With this feature, you can set a dummy string
like foo=\"(optimized)":string instead of something
like foo=+0(+0(%bp)):string.

Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 kernel/trace/trace.c        |    2 +-
 kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c |    3 ++
 kernel/trace/trace_probe.c  |   56 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 kernel/trace/trace_probe.h  |    2 ++
 kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c |    3 ++
 5 files changed, 51 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace.c b/kernel/trace/trace.c
index 3608535f1935..ff9c9e627a87 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace.c
@@ -4846,7 +4846,7 @@ static const char readme_msg[] =
 #else
 	"\t           $stack<index>, $stack, $retval, $comm,\n"
 #endif
-	"\t           +|-[u]<offset>(<fetcharg>), \\imm-value\n"
+	"\t           +|-[u]<offset>(<fetcharg>), \\imm-value, \\\"imm-string\"\n"
 	"\t     type: s8/16/32/64, u8/16/32/64, x8/16/32/64, string, symbol,\n"
 	"\t           b<bit-width>@<bit-offset>/<container-size>, ustring,\n"
 	"\t           <type>\\[<array-size>\\]\n"
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
index b950a92976b0..a09040ac3cde 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_kprobe.c
@@ -1055,6 +1055,9 @@ process_fetch_insn(struct fetch_insn *code, struct pt_regs *regs, void *dest,
 	case FETCH_OP_COMM:
 		val = (unsigned long)current->comm;
 		break;
+	case FETCH_OP_DATA:
+		val = (unsigned long)code->data;
+		break;
 #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_FUNCTION_ARG_ACCESS_API
 	case FETCH_OP_ARG:
 		val = regs_get_kernel_argument(regs, code->param);
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c
index fb90baec3cd8..1e67fef06e53 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.c
@@ -327,6 +327,18 @@ static int str_to_immediate(char *str, unsigned long *imm)
 	return -EINVAL;
 }
 
+static int __parse_imm_string(char *str, char **pbuf, int offs)
+{
+	size_t len = strlen(str);
+
+	if (str[len - 1] != '"') {
+		trace_probe_log_err(offs + len, IMMSTR_NO_CLOSE);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	*pbuf = kstrndup(str, len - 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+	return 0;
+}
+
 /* Recursive argument parser */
 static int
 parse_probe_arg(char *arg, const struct fetch_type *type,
@@ -441,7 +453,8 @@ parse_probe_arg(char *arg, const struct fetch_type *type,
 			ret = parse_probe_arg(arg, t2, &code, end, flags, offs);
 			if (ret)
 				break;
-			if (code->op == FETCH_OP_COMM) {
+			if (code->op == FETCH_OP_COMM ||
+			    code->op == FETCH_OP_DATA) {
 				trace_probe_log_err(offs, COMM_CANT_DEREF);
 				return -EINVAL;
 			}
@@ -456,11 +469,19 @@ parse_probe_arg(char *arg, const struct fetch_type *type,
 		}
 		break;
 	case '\\':	/* Immediate value */
-		ret = str_to_immediate(arg + 1, &code->immediate);
-		if (ret)
-			trace_probe_log_err(offs + 1, BAD_IMM);
-		else
-			code->op = FETCH_OP_IMM;
+		if (arg[1] == '"') {	/* Immediate string */
+			ret = __parse_imm_string(arg + 2, &tmp, offs + 2);
+			if (ret)
+				break;
+			code->op = FETCH_OP_DATA;
+			code->data = tmp;
+		} else {
+			ret = str_to_immediate(arg + 1, &code->immediate);
+			if (ret)
+				trace_probe_log_err(offs + 1, BAD_IMM);
+			else
+				code->op = FETCH_OP_IMM;
+		}
 		break;
 	}
 	if (!ret && code->op == FETCH_OP_NOP) {
@@ -560,8 +581,11 @@ static int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg_body(char *arg, ssize_t *size,
 		}
 	}
 
-	/* Since $comm can not be dereferred, we can find $comm by strcmp */
-	if (strcmp(arg, "$comm") == 0) {
+	/*
+	 * Since $comm and immediate string can not be dereferred,
+	 * we can find those by strcmp.
+	 */
+	if (strcmp(arg, "$comm") == 0 || strncmp(arg, "\\\"", 2) == 0) {
 		/* The type of $comm must be "string", and not an array. */
 		if (parg->count || (t && strcmp(t, "string")))
 			return -EINVAL;
@@ -598,7 +622,8 @@ static int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg_body(char *arg, ssize_t *size,
 	if (!strcmp(parg->type->name, "string") ||
 	    !strcmp(parg->type->name, "ustring")) {
 		if (code->op != FETCH_OP_DEREF && code->op != FETCH_OP_UDEREF &&
-		    code->op != FETCH_OP_IMM && code->op != FETCH_OP_COMM) {
+		    code->op != FETCH_OP_IMM && code->op != FETCH_OP_COMM &&
+		    code->op != FETCH_OP_DATA) {
 			trace_probe_log_err(offset + (t ? (t - arg) : 0),
 					    BAD_STRING);
 			ret = -EINVAL;
@@ -607,9 +632,10 @@ static int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg_body(char *arg, ssize_t *size,
 		if ((code->op == FETCH_OP_IMM || code->op == FETCH_OP_COMM) ||
 		     parg->count) {
 			/*
-			 * IMM and COMM is pointing actual address, those must
-			 * be kept, and if parg->count != 0, this is an array
-			 * of string pointers instead of string address itself.
+			 * IMM, DATA and COMM is pointing actual address, those
+			 * must be kept, and if parg->count != 0, this is an
+			 * array of string pointers instead of string address
+			 * itself.
 			 */
 			code++;
 			if (code->op != FETCH_OP_NOP) {
@@ -683,7 +709,8 @@ static int traceprobe_parse_probe_arg_body(char *arg, ssize_t *size,
 fail:
 	if (ret) {
 		for (code = tmp; code < tmp + FETCH_INSN_MAX; code++)
-			if (code->op == FETCH_NOP_SYMBOL)
+			if (code->op == FETCH_NOP_SYMBOL ||
+			    code->op == FETCH_OP_DATA)
 				kfree(code->data);
 	}
 	kfree(tmp);
@@ -754,7 +781,8 @@ void traceprobe_free_probe_arg(struct probe_arg *arg)
 	struct fetch_insn *code = arg->code;
 
 	while (code && code->op != FETCH_OP_END) {
-		if (code->op == FETCH_NOP_SYMBOL)
+		if (code->op == FETCH_NOP_SYMBOL ||
+		    code->op == FETCH_OP_DATA)
 			kfree(code->data);
 		code++;
 	}
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
index cc113b82a4ce..f805cc4cbe7c 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_probe.h
@@ -89,6 +89,7 @@ enum fetch_op {
 	FETCH_OP_COMM,		/* Current comm */
 	FETCH_OP_ARG,		/* Function argument : .param */
 	FETCH_OP_FOFFS,		/* File offset: .immediate */
+	FETCH_OP_DATA,		/* Allocated data: .data */
 	// Stage 2 (dereference) op
 	FETCH_OP_DEREF,		/* Dereference: .offset */
 	FETCH_OP_UDEREF,	/* User-space Dereference: .offset */
@@ -409,6 +410,7 @@ extern int traceprobe_define_arg_fields(struct trace_event_call *event_call,
 	C(BAD_REG_NAME,		"Invalid register name"),		\
 	C(BAD_MEM_ADDR,		"Invalid memory address"),		\
 	C(BAD_IMM,		"Invalid immediate value"),		\
+	C(IMMSTR_NO_CLOSE,	"String is not closed with '\"'"),	\
 	C(FILE_ON_KPROBE,	"File offset is not available with kprobe"), \
 	C(BAD_FILE_OFFS,	"Invalid file offset value"),		\
 	C(SYM_ON_UPROBE,	"Symbol is not available with uprobe"),	\
diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c b/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
index d2e200729c23..3d269e2b2d1c 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_uprobe.c
@@ -248,6 +248,9 @@ process_fetch_insn(struct fetch_insn *code, struct pt_regs *regs, void *dest,
 	case FETCH_OP_COMM:
 		val = FETCH_TOKEN_COMM;
 		break;
+	case FETCH_OP_DATA:
+		val = (unsigned long)code->data;
+		break;
 	case FETCH_OP_FOFFS:
 		val = translate_user_vaddr(code->immediate);
 		break;