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RE: [PATCH v2 net-next] net: link_watch: prevent starvation when processing linkwatch wq




> From: netdev-owner@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:netdev-
> owner@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of Yunsheng Lin
> Sent: Friday, May 31, 2019 10:01 AM
> To: davem@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
> Cc: hkallweit1@xxxxxxxxx; f.fainelli@xxxxxxxxx;
> stephen@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; netdev@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; linux-
> kernel@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx; Linuxarm <linuxarm@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Subject: [PATCH v2 net-next] net: link_watch: prevent starvation when
> processing linkwatch wq
> 
> When user has configured a large number of virtual netdev, such
> as 4K vlans, the carrier on/off operation of the real netdev
> will also cause it's virtual netdev's link state to be processed
> in linkwatch. Currently, the processing is done in a work queue,
> which may cause cpu and rtnl locking starvation problem.
> 
> This patch releases the cpu and rtnl lock when link watch worker
> has processed a fixed number of netdev' link watch event.
> 
> Currently __linkwatch_run_queue is called with rtnl lock, so
> enfore it with ASSERT_RTNL();
> 
> Signed-off-by: Yunsheng Lin <linyunsheng@xxxxxxxxxx>
> ---
> V2: use cond_resched and rtnl_unlock after processing a fixed
>     number of events
> ---
>  net/core/link_watch.c | 17 +++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 17 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/net/core/link_watch.c b/net/core/link_watch.c
> index 7f51efb..07eebfb 100644
> --- a/net/core/link_watch.c
> +++ b/net/core/link_watch.c
> @@ -168,9 +168,18 @@ static void linkwatch_do_dev(struct net_device
> *dev)
> 
>  static void __linkwatch_run_queue(int urgent_only)
>  {
> +#define MAX_DO_DEV_PER_LOOP	100
> +
> +	int do_dev = MAX_DO_DEV_PER_LOOP;
>  	struct net_device *dev;
>  	LIST_HEAD(wrk);
> 
> +	ASSERT_RTNL();
> +
> +	/* Give urgent case more budget */
> +	if (urgent_only)
> +		do_dev += MAX_DO_DEV_PER_LOOP;
> +
>  	/*
>  	 * Limit the number of linkwatch events to one
>  	 * per second so that a runaway driver does not
> @@ -200,6 +209,14 @@ static void __linkwatch_run_queue(int urgent_only)
>  		}
>  		spin_unlock_irq(&lweventlist_lock);
>  		linkwatch_do_dev(dev);
> +
> +		if (--do_dev < 0) {
> +			rtnl_unlock();
> +			cond_resched();



Sorry, missed in my earlier comment. I could see multiple problems here
and please correct me if I am wrong:

1. It looks like releasing the rtnl_lock here and then res-scheduling might
   not be safe, especially when you have already held *lweventlist_lock*
   (which is global and not per-netdev), and when you are trying to
   reschedule. This can cause *deadlock* with itself.

   Reason: once you release the rtnl_lock() the similar leg of function 
   netdev_wait_allrefs() could be called for some other netdevice which
   might end up in waiting for same global linkwatch event list lock
   i.e. *lweventlist_lock*.

2. After releasing the rtnl_lock() we have not ensured that all the rcu
   operations are complete. Perhaps we need to take rcu_barrier() before
   retaking the rtnl_lock()




> +			do_dev = MAX_DO_DEV_PER_LOOP;



Here, I think rcu_barrier() should exist.



> +			rtnl_lock();
> +		}
> +
>  		spin_lock_irq(&lweventlist_lock);
>  	}