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[PATCH 5.0 152/346] cgroup: protect cgroup->nr_(dying_)descendants by css_set_lock




[ Upstream commit 4dcabece4c3a9f9522127be12cc12cc120399b2f ]

The number of descendant cgroups and the number of dying
descendant cgroups are currently synchronized using the cgroup_mutex.

The number of descendant cgroups will be required by the cgroup v2
freezer, which will use it to determine if a cgroup is frozen
(depending on total number of descendants and number of frozen
descendants). It's not always acceptable to grab the cgroup_mutex,
especially from quite hot paths (e.g. exit()).

To avoid this, let's additionally synchronize these counters using
the css_set_lock.

So, it's safe to read these counters with either cgroup_mutex or
css_set_lock locked, and for changing both locks should be acquired.

Signed-off-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@xxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: kernel-team@xxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 include/linux/cgroup-defs.h | 5 +++++
 kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c      | 6 ++++++
 2 files changed, 11 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h b/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h
index 120d1d40704bc..319c07305500f 100644
--- a/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h
+++ b/include/linux/cgroup-defs.h
@@ -348,6 +348,11 @@ struct cgroup {
 	 * Dying cgroups are cgroups which were deleted by a user,
 	 * but are still existing because someone else is holding a reference.
 	 * max_descendants is a maximum allowed number of descent cgroups.
+	 *
+	 * nr_descendants and nr_dying_descendants are protected
+	 * by cgroup_mutex and css_set_lock. It's fine to read them holding
+	 * any of cgroup_mutex and css_set_lock; for writing both locks
+	 * should be held.
 	 */
 	int nr_descendants;
 	int nr_dying_descendants;
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c
index f84bf28f36ba8..ee77b0f00eddd 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup/cgroup.c
@@ -4728,9 +4728,11 @@ static void css_release_work_fn(struct work_struct *work)
 		if (cgroup_on_dfl(cgrp))
 			cgroup_rstat_flush(cgrp);
 
+		spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock);
 		for (tcgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); tcgrp;
 		     tcgrp = cgroup_parent(tcgrp))
 			tcgrp->nr_dying_descendants--;
+		spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock);
 
 		cgroup_idr_remove(&cgrp->root->cgroup_idr, cgrp->id);
 		cgrp->id = -1;
@@ -4948,12 +4950,14 @@ static struct cgroup *cgroup_create(struct cgroup *parent)
 	if (ret)
 		goto out_psi_free;
 
+	spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock);
 	for (tcgrp = cgrp; tcgrp; tcgrp = cgroup_parent(tcgrp)) {
 		cgrp->ancestor_ids[tcgrp->level] = tcgrp->id;
 
 		if (tcgrp != cgrp)
 			tcgrp->nr_descendants++;
 	}
+	spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock);
 
 	if (notify_on_release(parent))
 		set_bit(CGRP_NOTIFY_ON_RELEASE, &cgrp->flags);
@@ -5238,10 +5242,12 @@ static int cgroup_destroy_locked(struct cgroup *cgrp)
 	if (parent && cgroup_is_threaded(cgrp))
 		parent->nr_threaded_children--;
 
+	spin_lock_irq(&css_set_lock);
 	for (tcgrp = cgroup_parent(cgrp); tcgrp; tcgrp = cgroup_parent(tcgrp)) {
 		tcgrp->nr_descendants--;
 		tcgrp->nr_dying_descendants++;
 	}
+	spin_unlock_irq(&css_set_lock);
 
 	cgroup1_check_for_release(parent);
 
-- 
2.20.1