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[PATCH V2 0/4] Optimize cgroup context switch




From: Kan Liang <kan.liang@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

Changes since V1:
- Add new event_type to indicate cgroup only switch
  Add cgrp_event_type to track event type of a cgroup
  Extend ctx_pinned/flexible_sched_in and struct sched_in_data to pass
  the event_type
- If the new cgroup has pinned events, schedule out all flexible events
  before sched in all events.
- Add macro and helper function to replace duplicated content in patch 1
- Add new RB tree keys, cgrp_id and cgrp_group_index, for cgroup.
  Now, cgrp_id is the same as css subsys-unique ID.
- Add per-cpu pinned/flexible_event in perf_cgroup to track the left most
  event for a cgroup.
- Add per-cpu rotated_event in perf_cgroup to handle multiplexing.
  Disable fast path for multiplexing.
- Support hierarchies
- Update test result. Test with different hierarchy.


On systems with very high context switch rates between cgroups,
there are high overhead using cgroup perf.

Current codes have two issues.
- System-wide events are mistakenly switched in cgroup
  context switch. It causes system-wide events miscounting,
  and brings avoidable overhead.
  Patch 1 fixes the issue.
- The cgroup context switch sched_in is low efficient.
  All cgroup events share the same per-cpu pinned/flexible groups.
  The RB trees for pinned/flexible groups don't understand cgroup.
  Current code has to traverse all events, and use event_filter_match()
  to filter the events for specific cgroup.
  Patch 2-4 adds a fast path for cgroup context switch sched_in by
  training the RB tree to understand cgroup. The extra filtering
  can be avoided.


Here is test with 6 child cgroups (sibling cgroups), 1 parent cgroup
and system-wide events.
A specjbb benchmark is running in each child cgroup.
The perf command is as below.
   perf stat -e cycles,instructions -e cycles,instructions
   -e cycles,instructions -e cycles,instructions
   -e cycles,instructions -e cycles,instructions
   -e cycles,instructions -e cycles,instructions
   -G cgroup1,cgroup1,cgroup2,cgroup2,cgroup3,cgroup3
   -G cgroup4,cgroup4,cgroup5,cgroup5,cgroup6,cgroup6
   -G cgroup_parent,cgroup_parent
   -a -e cycles,instructions -I 1000

The average RT (Response Time) reported from specjbb is
used as key performance metrics. (The lower the better)

                                        RT(us)              Overhead
Baseline (no perf stat):                4286.9
Use cgroup perf, no patches:            4537.1                5.84%
Use cgroup perf, apply patch 1:         4440.7                3.59%
Use cgroup perf, apple all patches:     4403.5                2.72%

Kan Liang (4):
  perf: Fix system-wide events miscounting during cgroup monitoring
  perf: Add filter_match() as a parameter for pinned/flexible_sched_in()
  perf cgroup: Add new RB tree keys for cgroup
  perf cgroup: Add fast path for cgroup switch

 include/linux/perf_event.h |   6 +
 kernel/events/core.c       | 427 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 2 files changed, 394 insertions(+), 39 deletions(-)

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2.7.4