Re: [PATCH] kvm/x86/vmx: switch MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES between host and guest
- Date: Thu, 14 Mar 2019 15:06:31 +0800
- From: Xiaoyao Li <xiaoyao.li@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
- Subject: Re: [PATCH] kvm/x86/vmx: switch MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES between host and guest
Besides, Peter's this patch https://patchwork.kernel.org/patch/10850143/
adds the handling of cpuid faulting in #GP handler.
What's more, it enalbes cpuid fauting once function *clear_cpu_cap()* called
successfully. From my tests, during kernel booting, there always are some
features cleared, thus cpuid faulting will enabled by default after applying
Peter's patch. It will make the problem more obvious.
On Thu, 2019-03-14 at 14:38 +0800, Xiaoyao Li wrote:
> CPUID Faulting is a feature about CPUID instruction. When CPUID Faulting is
> enabled, all execution of the CPUID instruction outside system-management
> mode (SMM) cause a general-protection (#GP) if the CPL > 0.
> About this feature, detailed information can be found at
> There is an issue that current kvm doesn't switch the value of
> MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES between host and guest. If MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES
> exists on the hardware cpu, and host enables CPUID faulting (setting the bit 0
> of MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES), it will impact the guest's behavior because
> cpuid faulting is enabled by host and passed to guest.
> From my tests, when host enables cpuid faulting, it causes guest boot failure
> when guest uses *modprobe* to load modules. Below is the error log:
> [ 1.233556] traps: modprobe general protection fault ip:7f0077f6495c
> sp:7ffda148d808 error:0 in ld-2.17.so[7f0077f4d000+22000]
> [ 1.237780] traps: modprobe general protection fault ip:7fad5aba095c
> sp:7ffd36067378 error:0 in ld-2.17.so[7fad5ab89000+22000]
> [ 1.241930] traps: modprobe general protection fault ip:7f3edb89495c
> sp:7fffa1a81308 error:0 in ld-2.17.so[7f3edb87d000+22000]
> [ 1.245998] traps: modprobe general protection fault ip:7f91d670895c
> sp:7ffc25fa7f38 error:0 in ld-2.17.so[7f91d66f1000+22000]
> [ 1.250016] traps: modprobe general protection fault ip:7f0ddbbdc95c
> sp:7ffe9c34f8d8 error:0 in ld-2.17.so[7f0ddbbc5000+22000]
> *modprobe* calls CPUID instruction thus causing cpuid faulting in guest.
> At the end, because guest cannot *modprobe* modules, it boots failure.
> This patch switches MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES between host and guest when
> hardware has this MSR.
> This patch doesn't confict with the commit db2336a80489 ("KVM: x86: virtualize
> cpuid faulting"), which provides a software emulation of cpuid faulting for
> x86 arch. Below analysing how cpuid faulting will work after applying this
> 1. If host cpu is AMD. It doesn't have MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES, so we can
> use the software emulation of cpuid faulting.
> 2. If host cpu is Intel and it doesn't have MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES. The
> as case 1, we can just use the software emulation of cpuid faulting.
> 3. If host cpu is Intel and it has MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES. With this patch,
> it will write guest's value into MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES when vm entry.
> If guest enables cpuid faulting and when guest calls CPUID instruction with
> CPL > 0, it will cause #GP exception in guest instead of VM exit because of
> CPUID, thus it doesn't go to the kvm emualtion path but ues the hardware
> feature. Also it's a benefit that we needn't use VM exit to inject #GP to
> emulate cpuid faulting feature.
> Intel SDM vol22.214.171.124 specifies the priority between cpuid faulting
> and CPUID instruction.
> Signed-off-by: Xiaoyao Li <xiaoyao.li@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+)
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> index 30a6bcd735ec..90707fae688e 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/vmx.c
> @@ -6321,6 +6321,23 @@ static void atomic_switch_perf_msrs(struct vcpu_vmx
> msrs[i].host, false);
> +static void atomic_switch_msr_misc_features_enables(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> + u64 host_msr;
> + struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
> + /* if MSR MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES doesn't exist on the hardware, do
> + if (rdmsrl_safe(MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES, &host_msr))
> + return;
> + if (host_msr == vcpu->arch.msr_misc_features_enables)
> + clear_atomic_switch_msr(vmx, MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES);
> + else
> + add_atomic_switch_msr(vmx, MSR_MISC_FEATURES_ENABLES,
> + vcpu->arch.msr_misc_features_enables,
> + host_msr, false);
> static void vmx_arm_hv_timer(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx, u32 val)
> vmcs_write32(VMX_PREEMPTION_TIMER_VALUE, val);
> @@ -6562,6 +6579,8 @@ static void vmx_vcpu_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> + atomic_switch_msr_misc_features_enables(vcpu);