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Re: [LSF/MM TOPIC] Using XArray to manage the VMA

On Wed, Mar 13, 2019 at 02:06:03PM -0700, Davidlohr Bueso wrote:
> On Wed, 13 Mar 2019, Laurent Dufour wrote:
> > If this is not too late and if there is still place available, I would
> > like to attend the MM track and propose a topic about using the XArray
> > to replace the VMA's RB tree and list.
> > 
> > Using the XArray in place of the VMA's tree and list seems to be a first
> > step to the long way of removing/replacing the mmap_sem.
> So threaded (not as in threads of execution) rbtrees are another
> alternative to deal with the two data structure approach we currently
> have. Having O(1) rb_prev/next() calls allows us to basically get rid of
> the vma list at the cost of an extra check for each node we visit on
> the way down when inserting.

It's probably worth listing the advantages of the Maple Tree over the

 - Shallower tree.  A 1000-entry rbtree is 10 levels deep.  A 1000-entry
   Maple Tree is 5 levels deep (I did a more detailed analysis in an
   earlier email thread with Laurent and I can present it if needed).
 - O(1) prev/next
 - Lookups under the RCU lock

There're some second-order effects too; by using externally allocated
nodes, we avoid disturbing other VMAs when inserting/deleting, and we
avoid bouncing cachelines around (eg the VMA which happens to end up
at the head of the tree is accessed by every lookup in the tree because
it's on the way to every other node).