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[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.14 20/33] tmpfs: fix link accounting when a tmpfile is linked in

From: "Darrick J. Wong" <darrick.wong@xxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 1062af920c07f5b54cf5060fde3339da6df0cf6b ]

tmpfs has a peculiarity of accounting hard links as if they were
separate inodes: so that when the number of inodes is limited, as it is
by default, a user cannot soak up an unlimited amount of unreclaimable
dcache memory just by repeatedly linking a file.

But when v3.11 added O_TMPFILE, and the ability to use linkat() on the
fd, we missed accommodating this new case in tmpfs: "df -i" shows that
an extra "inode" remains accounted after the file is unlinked and the fd
closed and the actual inode evicted.  If a user repeatedly links
tmpfiles into a tmpfs, the limit will be hit (ENOSPC) even after they
are deleted.

Just skip the extra reservation from shmem_link() in this case: there's
a sense in which this first link of a tmpfile is then cheaper than a
hard link of another file, but the accounting works out, and there's
still good limiting, so no need to do anything more complicated.

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/alpine.LSU.2.11.1902182134370.7035@eggly.anvils
Fixes: f4e0c30c191 ("allow the temp files created by open() to be linked to")
Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <darrick.wong@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: Matej Kupljen <matej.kupljen@xxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
 mm/shmem.c | 10 +++++++---
 1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 6c10f1d92251..9b78c04f532b 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -3102,10 +3102,14 @@ static int shmem_link(struct dentry *old_dentry, struct inode *dir, struct dentr
 	 * No ordinary (disk based) filesystem counts links as inodes;
 	 * but each new link needs a new dentry, pinning lowmem, and
 	 * tmpfs dentries cannot be pruned until they are unlinked.
+	 * But if an O_TMPFILE file is linked into the tmpfs, the
+	 * first link must skip that, to get the accounting right.
-	ret = shmem_reserve_inode(inode->i_sb);
-	if (ret)
-		goto out;
+	if (inode->i_nlink) {
+		ret = shmem_reserve_inode(inode->i_sb);
+		if (ret)
+			goto out;
+	}
 	dir->i_size += BOGO_DIRENT_SIZE;
 	inode->i_ctime = dir->i_ctime = dir->i_mtime = current_time(inode);