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Re: [PATCH v2] rbtree: fix the red root




On Fri, Jan 11, 2019 at 3:47 PM David Lechner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>
> On 1/11/19 2:58 PM, Qian Cai wrote:
> > A GPF was reported,
> >
> > kasan: CONFIG_KASAN_INLINE enabled
> > kasan: GPF could be caused by NULL-ptr deref or user memory access
> > general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP KASAN
> >          kasan_die_handler.cold.22+0x11/0x31
> >          notifier_call_chain+0x17b/0x390
> >          atomic_notifier_call_chain+0xa7/0x1b0
> >          notify_die+0x1be/0x2e0
> >          do_general_protection+0x13e/0x330
> >          general_protection+0x1e/0x30
> >          rb_insert_color+0x189/0x1480
> >          create_object+0x785/0xca0
> >          kmemleak_alloc+0x2f/0x50
> >          kmem_cache_alloc+0x1b9/0x3c0
> >          getname_flags+0xdb/0x5d0
> >          getname+0x1e/0x20
> >          do_sys_open+0x3a1/0x7d0
> >          __x64_sys_open+0x7e/0xc0
> >          do_syscall_64+0x1b3/0x820
> >          entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x49/0xbe
> >
> > It turned out,
> >
> > gparent = rb_red_parent(parent);
> > tmp = gparent->rb_right; <-- GPF was triggered here.
> >
> > Apparently, "gparent" is NULL which indicates "parent" is rbtree's root
> > which is red. Otherwise, it will be treated properly a few lines above.
> >
> > /*
> >   * If there is a black parent, we are done.
> >   * Otherwise, take some corrective action as,
> >   * per 4), we don't want a red root or two
> >   * consecutive red nodes.
> >   */
> > if(rb_is_black(parent))
> >       break;
> >
> > Hence, it violates the rule #1 (the root can't be red) and need a fix
> > up, and also add a regression test for it. This looks like was
> > introduced by 6d58452dc06 where it no longer always paint the root as
> > black.
> >
> > Fixes: 6d58452dc06 (rbtree: adjust root color in rb_insert_color() only
> > when necessary)
> > Reported-by: Esme <esploit@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> > Tested-by: Joey Pabalinas <joeypabalinas@xxxxxxxxx>
> > Signed-off-by: Qian Cai <cai@xxxxxx>
> > ---
>
> Tested-by: David Lechner <david@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> FWIW, this fixed the following crash for me:
>
> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000004

Just to clarify, do you have a way to reproduce this crash without the fix ?

I don't think the fix is correct, because it just silently ignores a
corrupted rbtree (red root node). But the code that creates this
situation certainly needs to be fixed - having a reproduceable test
case would certainly help here.

Regarding 6d58452dc06, the reasoning was that this code expects to be
called after inserting a new (red) leaf into an rbtree that had all of
its data structure invariants satisfied. So in this context, it should
not be necessary to always reset the root to black, as this should
already be the case...