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Re: commit 83d817f410 broke my ability to use Linux with a braille display

On Fri, Jan 11, 2019 at 01:33:09PM -0500, Nicolas Pitre wrote:
> I use Linux with the help of a braille display and the brltty daemon. It 
> turns out that the latest mainline kernel I can work with comes from 
> commit 231f8fd0cc. Anything past that and I lose the ability to read the 
> console barely a few seconds after the system has booted as brltty is 
> thrown a wrench and the braille display becomes completely inoperable.
> Things get somewhat better with commit c96cf923a9 as brltty is not 
> longer incapacitated, but some programs would randomly crash. Even the 
> very first login attempt won't work as I soon as I hit enter after my 
> user name the password prompt is skipped over, just like if the enter 
> key had been hit twice. Then lynx (the text web browser) would crash as 
> soon as I switch the virtual console with LeftAlt+FN. Mind you, this 
> isn't easy to perform bisection in those conditions.
> And the worst commit i.e. 83d817f410 is marked for stable!  :-(
> Some interaction with brltty must be at play here otherwise such 
> breakage would never have survived up to the mainline kernel.
> As far as latest mainline is concerned, I managed to reproduce at least 
> one of the unwelcome behavior change (hoping that's all there is to this 
> issue) with a very simple test case so you won't have to learn braille 
> to debug this:
> # from any vt, make sure tty40 is allocated and empty
> openvt -c 40 -f -- true
> # open it and wait on read()
> cat /dev/tty40
> # from a second vt, simply open tty40 again
> true < /dev/tty40
> # come back to the first vt and watch cat bailing out with EAGAIN.
> Please fix.

Please try the patch below, it was just queued up to my tree and should
resolve the issue.  If not, please let us know.


greg k-h

>From d3736d82e8169768218ee0ef68718875918091a0 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Dmitry Safonov <dima@xxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Wed, 9 Jan 2019 01:17:40 +0000
Subject: tty: Don't hold ldisc lock in tty_reopen() if ldisc present

Try to get reference for ldisc during tty_reopen().
If ldisc present, we don't need to do tty_ldisc_reinit() and lock the
write side for line discipline semaphore.
Effectively, it optimizes fast-path for tty_reopen(), but more
importantly it won't interrupt ongoing IO on the tty as no ldisc change
is needed.
Fixes user-visible issue when tty_reopen() interrupted login process for
user with a long password, observed and reported by Lukas.

Fixes: c96cf923a98d ("tty: Don't block on IO when ldisc change is pending")
Fixes: 83d817f41070 ("tty: Hold tty_ldisc_lock() during tty_reopen()")
Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@xxxxxxxx>
Reported-by: Lukas F. Hartmann <lukas@xxxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Lukas F. Hartmann <lukas@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: stable <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Dmitry Safonov <dima@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
 drivers/tty/tty_io.c | 20 +++++++++++++-------
 1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/tty/tty_io.c b/drivers/tty/tty_io.c
index bfe9ad85b362..23c6fd238422 100644
--- a/drivers/tty/tty_io.c
+++ b/drivers/tty/tty_io.c
@@ -1256,7 +1256,8 @@ static void tty_driver_remove_tty(struct tty_driver *driver, struct tty_struct *
 static int tty_reopen(struct tty_struct *tty)
 	struct tty_driver *driver = tty->driver;
-	int retval;
+	struct tty_ldisc *ld;
+	int retval = 0;
 	if (driver->type == TTY_DRIVER_TYPE_PTY &&
 	    driver->subtype == PTY_TYPE_MASTER)
@@ -1268,13 +1269,18 @@ static int tty_reopen(struct tty_struct *tty)
 	if (test_bit(TTY_EXCLUSIVE, &tty->flags) && !capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
 		return -EBUSY;
-	retval = tty_ldisc_lock(tty, 5 * HZ);
-	if (retval)
-		return retval;
+	ld = tty_ldisc_ref_wait(tty);
+	if (ld) {
+		tty_ldisc_deref(ld);
+	} else {
+		retval = tty_ldisc_lock(tty, 5 * HZ);
+		if (retval)
+			return retval;
-	if (!tty->ldisc)
-		retval = tty_ldisc_reinit(tty, tty->termios.c_line);
-	tty_ldisc_unlock(tty);
+		if (!tty->ldisc)
+			retval = tty_ldisc_reinit(tty, tty->termios.c_line);
+		tty_ldisc_unlock(tty);
+	}
 	if (retval == 0)