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[PATCH 4.4 31/88] ALSA: emu10k1: Fix potential Spectre v1 vulnerabilities




4.4-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

commit 5ae4f61f012a097df93de2285070ec8e34716d29 upstream.

ipcm->substream is indirectly controlled by user-space, hence leading to
a potential exploitation of the Spectre variant 1 vulnerability.

This issue was detected with the help of Smatch:

sound/pci/emu10k1/emufx.c:1031 snd_emu10k1_ipcm_poke() warn: potential spectre issue 'emu->fx8010.pcm' [r] (local cap)
sound/pci/emu10k1/emufx.c:1075 snd_emu10k1_ipcm_peek() warn: potential spectre issue 'emu->fx8010.pcm' [r] (local cap)

Fix this by sanitizing ipcm->substream before using it to index emu->fx8010.pcm

Notice that given that speculation windows are large, the policy is
to kill the speculation on the first load and not worry if it can be
completed with a dependent load/store [1].

[1] https://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=152449131114778&w=2

Cc: stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Gustavo A. R. Silva <gustavo@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

---
 sound/pci/emu10k1/emufx.c |    5 +++++
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+)

--- a/sound/pci/emu10k1/emufx.c
+++ b/sound/pci/emu10k1/emufx.c
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
 #include <linux/init.h>
 #include <linux/mutex.h>
 #include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/nospec.h>
 
 #include <sound/core.h>
 #include <sound/tlv.h>
@@ -1000,6 +1001,8 @@ static int snd_emu10k1_ipcm_poke(struct
 
 	if (ipcm->substream >= EMU10K1_FX8010_PCM_COUNT)
 		return -EINVAL;
+	ipcm->substream = array_index_nospec(ipcm->substream,
+					     EMU10K1_FX8010_PCM_COUNT);
 	if (ipcm->channels > 32)
 		return -EINVAL;
 	pcm = &emu->fx8010.pcm[ipcm->substream];
@@ -1046,6 +1049,8 @@ static int snd_emu10k1_ipcm_peek(struct
 
 	if (ipcm->substream >= EMU10K1_FX8010_PCM_COUNT)
 		return -EINVAL;
+	ipcm->substream = array_index_nospec(ipcm->substream,
+					     EMU10K1_FX8010_PCM_COUNT);
 	pcm = &emu->fx8010.pcm[ipcm->substream];
 	mutex_lock(&emu->fx8010.lock);
 	spin_lock_irq(&emu->reg_lock);