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Re: [PATCH RFC 7/7] mm: better document PG_reserved

On 05.12.18 18:32, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 05, 2018 at 04:05:12PM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>> On 05.12.18 15:35, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
>>> On Wed, Dec 05, 2018 at 01:28:51PM +0100, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>>>> I don't see a reason why we have to document "Some of them might not even
>>>> exist". If there is a user, we should document it. E.g. for balloon
>>>> drivers we now use PG_offline to indicate that a page might currently
>>>> not be backed by memory in the hypervisor. And that is independent from
>>>> PG_reserved.
>>> I think you're confused by the meaning of "some of them might not even
>>> exist".  What this means is that there might not be memory there; maybe
>>> writes to that memory will be discarded, or maybe they'll cause a machine
>>> check.  Maybe reads will return ~0, or 0, or cause a machine check.
>>> We just don't know what's there, and we shouldn't try touching the memory.
>> If there are users, let's document it. And I need more details for that :)
>> 1. machine check: if there is a HW error, we set PG_hwpoison (except
>> ia64 MCA, see the list)
>> 2. Writes to that memory will be discarded
>> Who is the user of that? When will we have such pages right now?
>> 3. Reads will return ~0, / 0?
>> I think this is a special case of e.g. x86? But where do we have that,
>> are there any user?
> When there are gaps in the physical memory.  As in, if you put that
> physical address on the bus (or in a packet), no device will respond
> to it.  Look:
> 00000000-00000fff : Reserved
> 00001000-00057fff : System RAM
> 00058000-00058fff : Reserved
> 00059000-0009dfff : System RAM
> 0009e000-000fffff : Reserved
> Those examples I gave are examples of how various different architectures
> respond to "no device responded to this memory access".

Okay, so for this memory we will have
a) vmmaps
b) Memory block devices
c) A sections that is online

So essentially "Gaps in physical memory" which is part of a online section.

This might be a candidate for PG_offline as well.

Thanks for the info, I'll try to find out how such things are handled.
In general I assume this memory has to be readable, because otherwise
kdump and friends would crash already when trying to dump?



David / dhildenb