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[PATCH AUTOSEL 4.19 122/123] initramfs: clean old path before creating a hardlink




From: Li Zhijian <lizhijian@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 7c0950d455d6ab610d2990a13120f935b75abf2c ]

sys_link() can fail due to the new path already existing.  This case
ofen occurs when we use a concated initrd, for example:

1) prepare a basic rootfs, it contains a regular files rc.local
lizhijian@:~/yocto-tiny-i386-2016-04-22$ cat etc/rc.local
 #!/bin/sh
 echo "Running /etc/rc.local..."
yocto-tiny-i386-2016-04-22$ find . | sed 's,^\./,,' | cpio -o -H newc | gzip -n -9 >../rootfs.cgz

2) create a extra initrd which also includes a etc/rc.local
lizhijian@:~/lkp-x86_64/etc$ echo "append initrd" >rc.local
lizhijian@:~/lkp/lkp-x86_64/etc$ cat rc.local
append initrd
lizhijian@:~/lkp/lkp-x86_64/etc$ ln rc.local rc.local.hardlink
append initrd
lizhijian@:~/lkp/lkp-x86_64/etc$ stat rc.local rc.local.hardlink
  File: 'rc.local'
  Size: 14        	Blocks: 8          IO Block: 4096   regular file
Device: 801h/2049d	Inode: 11296086    Links: 2
Access: (0664/-rw-rw-r--)  Uid: ( 1002/lizhijian)   Gid: ( 1002/lizhijian)
Access: 2018-11-15 16:08:28.654464815 +0800
Modify: 2018-11-15 16:07:57.514903210 +0800
Change: 2018-11-15 16:08:24.180228872 +0800
 Birth: -
  File: 'rc.local.hardlink'
  Size: 14        	Blocks: 8          IO Block: 4096   regular file
Device: 801h/2049d	Inode: 11296086    Links: 2
Access: (0664/-rw-rw-r--)  Uid: ( 1002/lizhijian)   Gid: ( 1002/lizhijian)
Access: 2018-11-15 16:08:28.654464815 +0800
Modify: 2018-11-15 16:07:57.514903210 +0800
Change: 2018-11-15 16:08:24.180228872 +0800
 Birth: -

lizhijian@:~/lkp/lkp-x86_64$ find . | sed 's,^\./,,' | cpio -o -H newc | gzip -n -9 >../rc-local.cgz
lizhijian@:~/lkp/lkp-x86_64$ gzip -dc ../rc-local.cgz | cpio -t
.
etc
etc/rc.local.hardlink <<< it will be extracted first at this initrd
etc/rc.local

3) concate 2 initrds and boot
lizhijian@:~/lkp$ cat rootfs.cgz rc-local.cgz >concate-initrd.cgz
lizhijian@:~/lkp$ qemu-system-x86_64 -nographic -enable-kvm -cpu host -smp 1 -m 1024 -kernel ~/lkp/linux/arch/x86/boot/bzImage -append "console=ttyS0 earlyprint=ttyS0 ignore_loglevel" -initrd ./concate-initr.cgz -serial stdio -nodefaults

In this case, sys_link(2) will fail and return -EEXIST, so we can only get
the rc.local at rootfs.cgz instead of rc-local.cgz

[akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx: move code to avoid forward declaration]
Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1542352368-13299-1-git-send-email-lizhijian@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Signed-off-by: Li Zhijian <lizhijian@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Philip Li <philip.li@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Dominik Brodowski <linux@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Li Zhijian <zhijianx.li@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 init/initramfs.c | 22 ++++++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/init/initramfs.c b/init/initramfs.c
index 640557788026..f6f4a1e4cd54 100644
--- a/init/initramfs.c
+++ b/init/initramfs.c
@@ -291,16 +291,6 @@ static int __init do_reset(void)
 	return 1;
 }
 
-static int __init maybe_link(void)
-{
-	if (nlink >= 2) {
-		char *old = find_link(major, minor, ino, mode, collected);
-		if (old)
-			return (ksys_link(old, collected) < 0) ? -1 : 1;
-	}
-	return 0;
-}
-
 static void __init clean_path(char *path, umode_t fmode)
 {
 	struct kstat st;
@@ -313,6 +303,18 @@ static void __init clean_path(char *path, umode_t fmode)
 	}
 }
 
+static int __init maybe_link(void)
+{
+	if (nlink >= 2) {
+		char *old = find_link(major, minor, ino, mode, collected);
+		if (old) {
+			clean_path(collected, 0);
+			return (ksys_link(old, collected) < 0) ? -1 : 1;
+		}
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static __initdata int wfd;
 
 static int __init do_name(void)
-- 
2.17.1