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Applied "regulator: core: Add voltage balancing mechanism" to the regulator tree




The patch

   regulator: core: Add voltage balancing mechanism

has been applied to the regulator tree at

   https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/broonie/regulator.git 

All being well this means that it will be integrated into the linux-next
tree (usually sometime in the next 24 hours) and sent to Linus during
the next merge window (or sooner if it is a bug fix), however if
problems are discovered then the patch may be dropped or reverted.  

You may get further e-mails resulting from automated or manual testing
and review of the tree, please engage with people reporting problems and
send followup patches addressing any issues that are reported if needed.

If any updates are required or you are submitting further changes they
should be sent as incremental updates against current git, existing
patches will not be replaced.

Please add any relevant lists and maintainers to the CCs when replying
to this mail.

Thanks,
Mark

>From c054c6c792e165de2be51bc3feeaf3cebdedc8d6 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Maciej Purski <m.purski@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Date: Fri, 5 Oct 2018 18:36:28 +0300
Subject: [PATCH] regulator: core: Add voltage balancing mechanism

On Odroid XU3/4 and other Exynos5422 based boards there is a case, that
different devices on the board are supplied by different regulators
with non-fixed voltages. If one of these devices temporarily requires
higher voltage, there might occur a situation that the spread between
two devices' voltages is so high, that there is a risk of changing
'high' and 'low' states on the interconnection between devices powered
by those regulators.

Introduce new function regulator_balance_voltage(), which
keeps max_spread constraint fulfilled between a group of coupled
regulators. It should be called if a regulator changes its
voltage or after disabling or enabling. Disabled regulators should
follow changes of the enabled ones, but their consumers' demands
shouldn't be taken into account while calculating voltage of other
coupled regulators.

Find voltages, which are closest to suiting all the consumers' demands,
while fulfilling max_spread constraint, keeping the following rules:
- if one regulator is about to rise its voltage, rise others
  voltages in order to keep the max_spread
- if a regulator, which has caused rising other regulators, is
  lowered, lower other regulators if possible
- if one regulator is about to lower its voltage, but it hasn't caused
  rising other regulators, change its voltage so that it doesn't break the
  max_spread

Change regulators' voltages step by step, keeping max_spread constraint
fulfilled all the time. Function regulator_get_optimal_voltage()
should find the best possible change for the regulator, which doesn't
break max_spread constraint. In function regulator_balance_voltage()
optimize number of steps by finding highest voltage difference on
each iteration.

If a regulator, which is about to change its voltage, is not coupled,
method regulator_get_optimal_voltage() should simply return the lowest
voltage fulfilling consumers' demands.

Coupling should be checked only if the system is in PM_SUSPEND_ON state.

Signed-off-by: Maciej Purski <m.purski@xxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Dmitry Osipenko <digetx@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 drivers/regulator/core.c | 229 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 229 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/regulator/core.c b/drivers/regulator/core.c
index 2c66b528aede..a2a513780fd7 100644
--- a/drivers/regulator/core.c
+++ b/drivers/regulator/core.c
@@ -105,6 +105,8 @@ static int _notifier_call_chain(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
 				  unsigned long event, void *data);
 static int _regulator_do_set_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
 				     int min_uV, int max_uV);
+static int regulator_balance_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
+				     suspend_state_t state);
 static struct regulator *create_regulator(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
 					  struct device *dev,
 					  const char *supply_name);
@@ -3126,6 +3128,233 @@ static int regulator_set_voltage_unlocked(struct regulator *regulator,
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static int regulator_get_optimal_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
+					 int *current_uV,
+					 int *min_uV, int *max_uV,
+					 suspend_state_t state,
+					 int n_coupled)
+{
+	struct coupling_desc *c_desc = &rdev->coupling_desc;
+	struct regulator_dev **c_rdevs = c_desc->coupled_rdevs;
+	struct regulation_constraints *constraints = rdev->constraints;
+	int max_spread = constraints->max_spread;
+	int desired_min_uV = 0, desired_max_uV = INT_MAX;
+	int max_current_uV = 0, min_current_uV = INT_MAX;
+	int highest_min_uV = 0, target_uV, possible_uV;
+	int i, ret;
+	bool done;
+
+	*current_uV = -1;
+
+	/*
+	 * If there are no coupled regulators, simply set the voltage
+	 * demanded by consumers.
+	 */
+	if (n_coupled == 1) {
+		/*
+		 * If consumers don't provide any demands, set voltage
+		 * to min_uV
+		 */
+		desired_min_uV = constraints->min_uV;
+		desired_max_uV = constraints->max_uV;
+
+		ret = regulator_check_consumers(rdev,
+						&desired_min_uV,
+						&desired_max_uV, state);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return ret;
+
+		possible_uV = desired_min_uV;
+		done = true;
+
+		goto finish;
+	}
+
+	/* Find highest min desired voltage */
+	for (i = 0; i < n_coupled; i++) {
+		int tmp_min = 0;
+		int tmp_max = INT_MAX;
+
+		lockdep_assert_held_once(&c_rdevs[i]->mutex);
+
+		ret = regulator_check_consumers(c_rdevs[i],
+						&tmp_min,
+						&tmp_max, state);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return ret;
+
+		ret = regulator_check_voltage(c_rdevs[i], &tmp_min, &tmp_max);
+		if (ret < 0)
+			return ret;
+
+		highest_min_uV = max(highest_min_uV, tmp_min);
+
+		if (i == 0) {
+			desired_min_uV = tmp_min;
+			desired_max_uV = tmp_max;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Let target_uV be equal to the desired one if possible.
+	 * If not, set it to minimum voltage, allowed by other coupled
+	 * regulators.
+	 */
+	target_uV = max(desired_min_uV, highest_min_uV - max_spread);
+
+	/*
+	 * Find min and max voltages, which currently aren't violating
+	 * max_spread.
+	 */
+	for (i = 1; i < n_coupled; i++) {
+		int tmp_act;
+
+		if (!_regulator_is_enabled(c_rdevs[i]))
+			continue;
+
+		tmp_act = _regulator_get_voltage(c_rdevs[i]);
+		if (tmp_act < 0)
+			return tmp_act;
+
+		min_current_uV = min(tmp_act, min_current_uV);
+		max_current_uV = max(tmp_act, max_current_uV);
+	}
+
+	/* There aren't any other regulators enabled */
+	if (max_current_uV == 0) {
+		possible_uV = target_uV;
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * Correct target voltage, so as it currently isn't
+		 * violating max_spread
+		 */
+		possible_uV = max(target_uV, max_current_uV - max_spread);
+		possible_uV = min(possible_uV, min_current_uV + max_spread);
+	}
+
+	if (possible_uV > desired_max_uV)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	done = (possible_uV == target_uV);
+	desired_min_uV = possible_uV;
+
+finish:
+	/* Set current_uV if wasn't done earlier in the code and if necessary */
+	if (n_coupled > 1 && *current_uV == -1) {
+
+		if (_regulator_is_enabled(rdev)) {
+			ret = _regulator_get_voltage(rdev);
+			if (ret < 0)
+				return ret;
+
+			*current_uV = ret;
+		} else {
+			*current_uV = desired_min_uV;
+		}
+	}
+
+	*min_uV = desired_min_uV;
+	*max_uV = desired_max_uV;
+
+	return done;
+}
+
+static int regulator_balance_voltage(struct regulator_dev *rdev,
+				     suspend_state_t state)
+{
+	struct regulator_dev **c_rdevs;
+	struct regulator_dev *best_rdev;
+	struct coupling_desc *c_desc = &rdev->coupling_desc;
+	int i, ret, n_coupled, best_min_uV, best_max_uV, best_c_rdev;
+	bool best_c_rdev_done, c_rdev_done[MAX_COUPLED];
+	unsigned int delta, best_delta;
+
+	c_rdevs = c_desc->coupled_rdevs;
+	n_coupled = c_desc->n_coupled;
+
+	/*
+	 * If system is in a state other than PM_SUSPEND_ON, don't check
+	 * other coupled regulators.
+	 */
+	if (state != PM_SUSPEND_ON)
+		n_coupled = 1;
+
+	if (c_desc->n_resolved < n_coupled) {
+		rdev_err(rdev, "Not all coupled regulators registered\n");
+		return -EPERM;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < n_coupled; i++)
+		c_rdev_done[i] = false;
+
+	/*
+	 * Find the best possible voltage change on each loop. Leave the loop
+	 * if there isn't any possible change.
+	 */
+	do {
+		best_c_rdev_done = false;
+		best_delta = 0;
+		best_min_uV = 0;
+		best_max_uV = 0;
+		best_c_rdev = 0;
+		best_rdev = NULL;
+
+		/*
+		 * Find highest difference between optimal voltage
+		 * and current voltage.
+		 */
+		for (i = 0; i < n_coupled; i++) {
+			/*
+			 * optimal_uV is the best voltage that can be set for
+			 * i-th regulator at the moment without violating
+			 * max_spread constraint in order to balance
+			 * the coupled voltages.
+			 */
+			int optimal_uV = 0, optimal_max_uV = 0, current_uV = 0;
+
+			if (c_rdev_done[i])
+				continue;
+
+			ret = regulator_get_optimal_voltage(c_rdevs[i],
+							    &current_uV,
+							    &optimal_uV,
+							    &optimal_max_uV,
+							    state, n_coupled);
+			if (ret < 0)
+				goto out;
+
+			delta = abs(optimal_uV - current_uV);
+
+			if (delta && best_delta <= delta) {
+				best_c_rdev_done = ret;
+				best_delta = delta;
+				best_rdev = c_rdevs[i];
+				best_min_uV = optimal_uV;
+				best_max_uV = optimal_max_uV;
+				best_c_rdev = i;
+			}
+		}
+
+		/* Nothing to change, return successfully */
+		if (!best_rdev) {
+			ret = 0;
+			goto out;
+		}
+#if 0
+		ret = regulator_set_voltage_rdev(best_rdev, best_min_uV,
+						 best_max_uV, state);
+#endif
+		if (ret < 0)
+			goto out;
+
+		c_rdev_done[best_c_rdev] = best_c_rdev_done;
+
+	} while (n_coupled > 1);
+
+out:
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /**
  * regulator_set_voltage - set regulator output voltage
  * @regulator: regulator source
-- 
2.19.0.rc2