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Re: [RFC PATCH] mm, memory_hotplug: do not clear numa_node association after hot_remove




[Removing Wen Congyang and Tang Chen from the CC list because their
 emails bounce. It seems that we will never learn about their motivation]

On Thu 08-11-18 11:04:13, Michal Hocko wrote:
> From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxx>
> 
> Per-cpu numa_node provides a default node for each possible cpu. The
> association gets initialized during the boot when the architecture
> specific code explores cpu->NUMA affinity. When the whole NUMA node is
> removed though we are clearing this association
> 
> try_offline_node
>   check_and_unmap_cpu_on_node
>     unmap_cpu_on_node
>       numa_clear_node
>         numa_set_node(cpu, NUMA_NO_NODE)
> 
> This means that whoever calls cpu_to_node for a cpu associated with such
> a node will get NUMA_NO_NODE. This is problematic for two reasons. First
> it is fragile because __alloc_pages_node would simply blow up on an
> out-of-bound access. We have encountered this when loading kvm module
> BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at 00000000000021c0
> IP: [<ffffffff8119ccb3>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x93/0xb70
> PGD 800000ffe853e067 PUD 7336bbc067 PMD 0
> Oops: 0000 [#1] SMP
> [...]
> CPU: 88 PID: 1223749 Comm: modprobe Tainted: G        W          4.4.156-94.64-default #1
> task: ffff88727eff1880 ti: ffff887354490000 task.ti: ffff887354490000
> RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8119ccb3>]  [<ffffffff8119ccb3>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x93/0xb70
> RSP: 0018:ffff887354493b40  EFLAGS: 00010202
> RAX: 00000000000021c0 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000000000000000
> RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000002 RDI: 00000000014000c0
> RBP: 00000000014000c0 R08: ffffffffffffffff R09: 0000000000000000
> R10: ffff88fffc89e790 R11: 0000000000014000 R12: 0000000000000101
> R13: ffffffffa0772cd4 R14: ffffffffa0769ac0 R15: 0000000000000000
> FS:  00007fdf2f2f1700(0000) GS:ffff88fffc880000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> CR2: 00000000000021c0 CR3: 00000077205ee000 CR4: 0000000000360670
> DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> Stack:
>  0000000000000086 014000c014d20400 ffff887354493bb8 ffff882614d20f4c
>  0000000000000000 0000000000000046 0000000000000046 ffffffff810ac0c9
>  ffff88ffe78c0000 ffffffff0000009f ffffe8ffe82d3500 ffff88ff8ac55000
> Call Trace:
>  [<ffffffffa07476cd>] alloc_vmcs_cpu+0x3d/0x90 [kvm_intel]
>  [<ffffffffa0772c0c>] hardware_setup+0x781/0x849 [kvm_intel]
>  [<ffffffffa04a1c58>] kvm_arch_hardware_setup+0x28/0x190 [kvm]
>  [<ffffffffa04856fc>] kvm_init+0x7c/0x2d0 [kvm]
>  [<ffffffffa0772cf2>] vmx_init+0x1e/0x32c [kvm_intel]
>  [<ffffffff8100213a>] do_one_initcall+0xca/0x1f0
>  [<ffffffff81193886>] do_init_module+0x5a/0x1d7
>  [<ffffffff81112083>] load_module+0x1393/0x1c90
>  [<ffffffff81112b30>] SYSC_finit_module+0x70/0xa0
>  [<ffffffff8161cbc3>] entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1e/0xb7
> DWARF2 unwinder stuck at entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x1e/0xb7
> 
> on an older kernel but the code is basically the same in the current
> Linus tree as well. alloc_vmcs_cpu could use alloc_pages_nodemask which
> would recognize NUMA_NO_NODE and use alloc_pages_node which would translate
> it to numa_mem_id but that is wrong as well because it would use a cpu
> affinity of the local CPU which might be quite far from the original node.
> It is also reasonable to expect that cpu_to_node will provide a sane value
> and there might be many more callers like that.
> 
> The second problem is that __register_one_node relies on cpu_to_node
> to properly associate cpus back to the node when it is onlined. We do
> not want to lose that link as there is no arch independent way to get it
> from the early boot time AFAICS.
> 
> Drop the whole check_and_unmap_cpu_on_node machinery and keep the
> association to fix both issues. The NODE_DATA(nid) is not deallocated
> so it will stay in place and if anybody wants to allocate from that node
> then a fallback node will be used.
> 
> Thanks to Vlastimil Babka for his live system debugging skills that
> helped debugging the issue.
> 
> Debugged-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@xxxxxxx>
> Reported-by: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@xxxxxxx>
> Fixes: e13fe8695c57 ("cpu-hotplug,memory-hotplug: clear cpu_to_node() when offlining the node")
> Cc: Wen Congyang <tangchen@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Tang Chen <wency@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxx>
> ---
> 
> Hi,
> please note that I am sending this as an RFC even though this has been
> confirmed to fix the oops in kvm_intel module because I cannot simply
> tell that there are no other side effect that I do not see from the code
> reading. I would appreciate some background from people who have
> introduced this code e13fe8695c57 ("cpu-hotplug,memory-hotplug: clear
> cpu_to_node() when offlining the node") because the changelog doesn't
> really explain the motivation much.
> 
>  mm/memory_hotplug.c | 30 +-----------------------------
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 29 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/mm/memory_hotplug.c b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> index 2b2b3ccbbfb5..87aeafac54ee 100644
> --- a/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> +++ b/mm/memory_hotplug.c
> @@ -1753,34 +1753,6 @@ static int check_cpu_on_node(pg_data_t *pgdat)
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> -static void unmap_cpu_on_node(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> -{
> -#ifdef CONFIG_ACPI_NUMA
> -	int cpu;
> -
> -	for_each_possible_cpu(cpu)
> -		if (cpu_to_node(cpu) == pgdat->node_id)
> -			numa_clear_node(cpu);
> -#endif
> -}
> -
> -static int check_and_unmap_cpu_on_node(pg_data_t *pgdat)
> -{
> -	int ret;
> -
> -	ret = check_cpu_on_node(pgdat);
> -	if (ret)
> -		return ret;
> -
> -	/*
> -	 * the node will be offlined when we come here, so we can clear
> -	 * the cpu_to_node() now.
> -	 */
> -
> -	unmap_cpu_on_node(pgdat);
> -	return 0;
> -}
> -
>  /**
>   * try_offline_node
>   * @nid: the node ID
> @@ -1813,7 +1785,7 @@ void try_offline_node(int nid)
>  		return;
>  	}
>  
> -	if (check_and_unmap_cpu_on_node(pgdat))
> +	if (check_cpu_on_node(pgdat))
>  		return;
>  
>  	/*
> -- 
> 2.19.1

-- 
Michal Hocko
SUSE Labs