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Re: First coccinelle script, need some help.





On Wed, 10 Oct 2018, Joel Fernandes wrote:

> On Wed, Oct 10, 2018 at 10:51:28PM +0200, Julia Lawall wrote:
> >
> >
> > On Wed, 10 Oct 2018, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> >
> > > On Wed, Oct 10, 2018 at 10:23:18PM +0200, Julia Lawall wrote:
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > On Wed, 10 Oct 2018, Joel Fernandes wrote:
> > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > Hi!
> > > > >
> > > > > I am trying to determine if a function argument is used across the whole
> > > > > kernel for a certain kernel function.
> > > > >
> > > > > I mustered up enough courage to write my first coccinelle script after a few
> > > > > late nights of reading up about it :)
> > > > >
> > > > > Here is .cocci script. I am trying to find if address is used at all in any
> > > > > possible definitions of pte_alloc():
> > > > >
> > > > > $ cat ~/pte_alloc.cocci
> > > > > virtual report
> > > > >
> > > > > @pte_args depends on report@
> > > > > identifier E1, E2;
> > > > > type T1, T2;
> > > > > position p;
> > > > > @@
> > > > >
> > > > >  pte_alloc@p(T1 E1, T2 E2)
> > > > >  {
> > > > > ...
> > > > > (
> > > > > ...
> > > > >  E2
> > > > > ...
> > > > > )
> > > > > ...
> > > > >  }
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > In report mode, by default, the pattern has to match on all paths.  Also
> > > > when you have ... before or after E2, there can be no occurrence of E2 in
> > > > the code matched by the ...  So your rule requires that on every possible
> > > > execution path through the function, there is exactly one occurrence of
> > > > E2.
> > > >
> > > > You can try the following instead:
> > > >
> > > > virtual report
> > > >
> > > > @pte_args depends on report exists@
> > > > identifier E1, E2;
> > > > type T1, T2;
> > > > position p;
> > > > @@
> > > >
> > > >  pte_alloc@p(T1 E1, T2 E2)
> > > >  {
> > > >  ... when any
> > > >  E2
> > > >  ... when any
> > > >  }
> > >
> > > Thanks for the quick reply.
> > > If I just add 'depends on report exists' to the rule, then my original
> > > example works fine now. I did not need to add the 'when any'. Do you mind
> > > taking my original simple test.c example and modify it and let me know under
> > > what situation would it not work?
> > >
> > > I even added address = 1 outside of the if block and it works fine, I see the
> > > warning as I expect without 'when any' in pront of the "...".
> > >
> > > struct page *pte_alloc(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address)
> > > {
> > > 	 address = 1;
> > >          if (condition()) {
> > > 		 while (1) {
> > > 			address++;
> > > 		 }
> > >                 return NULL;
> > >         }
> > > }
> >
> > This works, because there exists a path through the function that has only
> > one use of address, ie the path where condition() is false.  It should
> > break if you put address = 2; just under address = 1, for example.
> >
> Ok, thanks. This fact really is a bit subtle I'd say but hopefully will not
> be once I get past the learning curve. Interestingly, if I do the following
> then that works too without needing 'exists':
>
> virtual report
>
> @pte_args depends on report@
> identifier E1, E2;
> type T1, T2;
> position p;
> @@
>
>  pte_alloc@p(T1 E1, T2 E2)
>  {
> <+...
>  E2
> ...+>
>  }
>
> @script:python depends on report@
> p << pte_args.p;
> @@
> coccilib.report.print_report(p[0], "WARNING: found definition of pte_alloc with
> address used in the body")

Yes, that is another option.  But it may be more expensive.

julia