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[PATCH 4.18 137/197] btrfs: tree-checker: Detect invalid and empty essential trees




4.18-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Qu Wenruo <wqu@xxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit ba480dd4db9f1798541eb2d1c423fc95feee8d36 ]

A crafted image has empty root tree block, which will later cause NULL
pointer dereference.

The following trees should never be empty:
1) Tree root
   Must contain at least root items for extent tree, device tree and fs
   tree

2) Chunk tree
   Or we can't even bootstrap as it contains the mapping.

3) Fs tree
   At least inode item for top level inode (.).

4) Device tree
   Dev extents for chunks

5) Extent tree
   Must have corresponding extent for each chunk.

If any of them is empty, we are sure the fs is corrupted and no need to
mount it.

Link: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=199847
Reported-by: Xu Wen <wen.xu@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Qu Wenruo <wqu@xxxxxxxx>
Tested-by: Gu Jinxiang <gujx@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: David Sterba <dsterba@xxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@xxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 fs/btrfs/tree-checker.c |   15 ++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 14 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

--- a/fs/btrfs/tree-checker.c
+++ b/fs/btrfs/tree-checker.c
@@ -396,9 +396,22 @@ static int check_leaf(struct btrfs_fs_in
 	 * skip this check for relocation trees.
 	 */
 	if (nritems == 0 && !btrfs_header_flag(leaf, BTRFS_HEADER_FLAG_RELOC)) {
+		u64 owner = btrfs_header_owner(leaf);
 		struct btrfs_root *check_root;
 
-		key.objectid = btrfs_header_owner(leaf);
+		/* These trees must never be empty */
+		if (owner == BTRFS_ROOT_TREE_OBJECTID ||
+		    owner == BTRFS_CHUNK_TREE_OBJECTID ||
+		    owner == BTRFS_EXTENT_TREE_OBJECTID ||
+		    owner == BTRFS_DEV_TREE_OBJECTID ||
+		    owner == BTRFS_FS_TREE_OBJECTID ||
+		    owner == BTRFS_DATA_RELOC_TREE_OBJECTID) {
+			generic_err(fs_info, leaf, 0,
+			"invalid root, root %llu must never be empty",
+				    owner);
+			return -EUCLEAN;
+		}
+		key.objectid = owner;
 		key.type = BTRFS_ROOT_ITEM_KEY;
 		key.offset = (u64)-1;