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[PATCHv5 21/21] arm64: implement syscall wrappers




To minimize the risk of userspace-controlled values being used under
speculation, this patch adds pt_regs based syscall wrappers for arm64,
which pass the minimum set of required userspace values to syscall
implementations. For each syscall, a wrapper which takes a pt_regs
argument is automatically generated, and this extracts the arguments
before calling the "real" syscall implementation.

Each syscall has three functions generated:

* __do_<compat_>sys_<name> is the "real" syscall implementation, with
  the expected prototype.

* __se_<compat_>sys_<name> is the sign-extension/narrowing wrapper,
  inherited from common code. This takes a series of long parameters,
  casting each to the requisite types required by the "real" syscall
  implementation in __do_<compat_>sys_<name>.

  This wrapper *may* not be necessary on arm64 given the AAPCS rules on
  unused register bits, but it seemed safer to keep the wrapper for now.

* __arm64_<compat_>_sys_<name> takes a struct pt_regs pointer, and
  extracts *only* the relevant register values, passing these on to the
  __se_<compat_>sys_<name> wrapper.

The syscall invocation code is updated to handle the calling convention
required by __arm64_<compat_>_sys_<name>, and passes a single struct
pt_regs pointer.

The compiler can fold the syscall implementation and its wrappers, such
that the overhead of this approach is minimized.

Note that we play games with sys_ni_syscall(). It can't be defined with
SYSCALL_DEFINE0() because we must avoid the possibility of error
injection. Additionally, there are a couple of locations where we need
to call it from C code, and we don't (currently) have a
ksys_ni_syscall().  While it has no wrapper, passing in a redundant
pt_regs pointer is benign per the AAPCS.

When ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER is selected, no prototype is defines for
sys_ni_syscall(). Since we need to treat it differently for in-kernel
calls and the syscall tables, the prototype is defined as-required.

The wrappers are largely the same as their x86 counterparts, but
simplified as we don't have a variety of compat calling conventions that
require separate stubs. Unlike x86, we have some zero-argument compat
syscalls, and must define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0() to ensure that these
are also given an __arm64_compat_sys_ prefix.

Signed-off-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@xxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@xxxxxxx>
---
 arch/arm64/Kconfig                       |  1 +
 arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall.h         |  4 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h | 80 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/arm64/kernel/sys.c                  | 10 +++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/sys32.c                |  9 +++-
 arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c              |  5 +-
 6 files changed, 101 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h

diff --git a/arch/arm64/Kconfig b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
index 42c090cf0292..2089aa3f27bc 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/arm64/Kconfig
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ config ARM64
 	select ARCH_HAS_SG_CHAIN
 	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_KERNEL_RWX
 	select ARCH_HAS_STRICT_MODULE_RWX
+	select ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER
 	select ARCH_HAS_TICK_BROADCAST if GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS_BROADCAST
 	select ARCH_HAVE_NMI_SAFE_CMPXCHG
 	select ARCH_INLINE_READ_LOCK if !PREEMPT
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall.h
index b83d0e6980a3..ad8be16a39c9 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall.h
@@ -20,9 +20,7 @@
 #include <linux/compat.h>
 #include <linux/err.h>
 
-typedef long (*syscall_fn_t)(unsigned long, unsigned long,
-			     unsigned long, unsigned long,
-			     unsigned long, unsigned long);
+typedef long (*syscall_fn_t)(struct pt_regs *regs);
 
 extern const syscall_fn_t sys_call_table[];
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a4477e515b79
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h
@@ -0,0 +1,80 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * syscall_wrapper.h - arm64 specific wrappers to syscall definitions
+ *
+ * Based on arch/x86/include/asm_syscall_wrapper.h
+ */
+
+#ifndef __ASM_SYSCALL_WRAPPER_H
+#define __ASM_SYSCALL_WRAPPER_H
+
+#define SC_ARM64_REGS_TO_ARGS(x, ...)				\
+	__MAP(x,__SC_ARGS					\
+	      ,,regs->regs[0],,regs->regs[1],,regs->regs[2]	\
+	      ,,regs->regs[3],,regs->regs[4],,regs->regs[5])
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+
+#define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(x, name, ...)						\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_compat_sys##name(const struct pt_regs *regs);		\
+	ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__arm64_compat_sys##name, ERRNO);				\
+	static long __se_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__));		\
+	static inline long __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__));	\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_compat_sys##name(const struct pt_regs *regs)		\
+	{										\
+		return __se_compat_sys##name(SC_ARM64_REGS_TO_ARGS(x,__VA_ARGS__));	\
+	}										\
+	static long __se_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__))		\
+	{										\
+		return __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DELOUSE,__VA_ARGS__));	\
+	}										\
+	static inline long __do_compat_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__))
+
+#define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE0(sname)					\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_compat_sys_##sname(void);		\
+	ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__arm64_compat_sys_##sname, ERRNO);	\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_compat_sys_##sname(void)
+
+#define COND_SYSCALL_COMPAT(name) \
+	cond_syscall(__arm64_compat_sys_##name);
+
+#define COMPAT_SYS_NI(name) \
+	SYSCALL_ALIAS(__arm64_compat_sys_##name, sys_ni_posix_timers);
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
+
+#define __SYSCALL_DEFINEx(x, name, ...)						\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_sys##name(const struct pt_regs *regs);		\
+	ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__arm64_sys##name, ERRNO);			\
+	static long __se_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__));		\
+	static inline long __do_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__));	\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_sys##name(const struct pt_regs *regs)		\
+	{									\
+		return __se_sys##name(SC_ARM64_REGS_TO_ARGS(x,__VA_ARGS__));	\
+	}									\
+	static long __se_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__))		\
+	{									\
+		long ret = __do_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_CAST,__VA_ARGS__));	\
+		__MAP(x,__SC_TEST,__VA_ARGS__);					\
+		__PROTECT(x, ret,__MAP(x,__SC_ARGS,__VA_ARGS__));		\
+		return ret;							\
+	}									\
+	static inline long __do_sys##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__))
+
+#ifndef SYSCALL_DEFINE0
+#define SYSCALL_DEFINE0(sname)					\
+	SYSCALL_METADATA(_##sname, 0);				\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_sys_##sname(void);		\
+	ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__arm64_sys_##sname, ERRNO);	\
+	asmlinkage long __arm64_sys_##sname(void)
+#endif
+
+#ifndef COND_SYSCALL
+#define COND_SYSCALL(name) cond_syscall(__arm64_sys_##name)
+#endif
+
+#ifndef SYS_NI
+#define SYS_NI(name) SYSCALL_ALIAS(__arm64_sys_##name, sys_ni_posix_timers);
+#endif
+
+#endif /* __ASM_SYSCALL_WRAPPER_H */
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/sys.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/sys.c
index f249d9735f4c..b44065fb1616 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/sys.c
@@ -50,11 +50,17 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE1(arm64_personality, unsigned int, personality)
 /*
  * Wrappers to pass the pt_regs argument.
  */
-asmlinkage long sys_rt_sigreturn(void);
 #define sys_personality		sys_arm64_personality
 
+asmlinkage long sys_ni_syscall(const struct pt_regs *);
+#define __arm64_sys_ni_syscall	sys_ni_syscall
+
+#undef __SYSCALL
+#define __SYSCALL(nr, sym)	asmlinkage long __arm64_##sym(const struct pt_regs *);
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+
 #undef __SYSCALL
-#define __SYSCALL(nr, sym)	[nr] = (syscall_fn_t)sym,
+#define __SYSCALL(nr, sym)	[nr] = (syscall_fn_t)__arm64_##sym,
 
 const syscall_fn_t sys_call_table[__NR_syscalls] = {
 	[0 ... __NR_syscalls - 1] = (syscall_fn_t)sys_ni_syscall,
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/sys32.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/sys32.c
index a205d4ff4776..0f8bcb7de700 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/sys32.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/sys32.c
@@ -133,8 +133,15 @@ COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE6(aarch32_fallocate, int, fd, int, mode,
 	return ksys_fallocate(fd, mode, arg_u64(offset), arg_u64(len));
 }
 
+asmlinkage long sys_ni_syscall(const struct pt_regs *);
+#define __arm64_sys_ni_syscall	sys_ni_syscall
+
+#undef __SYSCALL
+#define __SYSCALL(nr, sym)	asmlinkage long __arm64_##sym(const struct pt_regs *);
+#include <asm/unistd32.h>
+
 #undef __SYSCALL
-#define __SYSCALL(nr, sym)	[nr] = (syscall_fn_t)sym,
+#define __SYSCALL(nr, sym)	[nr] = (syscall_fn_t)__arm64_##sym,
 
 const syscall_fn_t compat_sys_call_table[__NR_compat_syscalls] = {
 	[0 ... __NR_compat_syscalls - 1] = (syscall_fn_t)sys_ni_syscall,
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
index d1c66e6bd359..1b1f3a329977 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/syscall.c
@@ -15,6 +15,8 @@
 
 long compat_arm_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs);
 
+long sys_ni_syscall(void);
+
 asmlinkage long do_ni_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs)
 {
 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
@@ -31,8 +33,7 @@ asmlinkage long do_ni_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs)
 
 static long __invoke_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs, syscall_fn_t syscall_fn)
 {
-	return syscall_fn(regs->regs[0], regs->regs[1], regs->regs[2],
-			  regs->regs[3], regs->regs[4], regs->regs[5]);
+	return syscall_fn(regs);
 }
 
 static void invoke_syscall(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned int scno,
-- 
2.11.0