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[RFC PATCH 08/12] xen-time-introduce-xen_-save-restore-_steal_clock




From: Munehisa Kamata <kamatam@xxxxxxxxxx>

Currently, steal time accounting code in scheduler expects steal clock
callback to provide monotonically increasing value. If the accounting
code receives a smaller value than previous one, it uses a negative
value to calculate steal time and results in incorrectly updated idle
and steal time accounting. This breaks userspace tools which read
/proc/stat.

top - 08:05:35 up  2:12,  3 users,  load average: 0.00, 0.07, 0.23
Tasks:  80 total,   1 running,  79 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
Cpu(s):  0.0%us,  0.0%sy,  0.0%ni,30100.0%id,  0.0%wa,  0.0%hi, 0.0%si,-1253874204672.0%st

This can actually happen when a Xen PVHVM guest gets restored from
hibernation, because such a restored guest is just a fresh domain from
Xen perspective and the time information in runstate info starts over
from scratch.

This patch introduces xen_save_steal_clock() which saves current values
in runstate info into per-cpu variables. Its couterpart,
xen_restore_steal_clock(), sets offset if it found the current values in
runstate info are smaller than previous ones. xen_steal_clock() is also
modified to use the offset to ensure that scheduler only sees
monotonically increasing number.

Signed-off-by: Munehisa Kamata <kamatam@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Anchal Agarwal <anchalag@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Munehisa Kamata <kamatam@xxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 drivers/xen/time.c    | 28 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 include/xen/xen-ops.h |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/xen/time.c b/drivers/xen/time.c
index 3e741cd..4756042 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/time.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/time.c
@@ -20,6 +20,8 @@
 
 /* runstate info updated by Xen */
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vcpu_runstate_info, xen_runstate);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, xen_prev_steal_clock);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64, xen_steal_clock_offset);
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u64[4], old_runstate_time);
 
@@ -149,7 +151,7 @@ bool xen_vcpu_stolen(int vcpu)
 	return per_cpu(xen_runstate, vcpu).state == RUNSTATE_runnable;
 }
 
-u64 xen_steal_clock(int cpu)
+static u64 __xen_steal_clock(int cpu)
 {
 	struct vcpu_runstate_info state;
 
@@ -157,6 +159,30 @@ u64 xen_steal_clock(int cpu)
 	return state.time[RUNSTATE_runnable] + state.time[RUNSTATE_offline];
 }
 
+u64 xen_steal_clock(int cpu)
+{
+	return __xen_steal_clock(cpu) + per_cpu(xen_steal_clock_offset, cpu);
+}
+
+void xen_save_steal_clock(int cpu)
+{
+	per_cpu(xen_prev_steal_clock, cpu) = xen_steal_clock(cpu);
+}
+
+void xen_restore_steal_clock(int cpu)
+{
+	u64 steal_clock = __xen_steal_clock(cpu);
+
+	if (per_cpu(xen_prev_steal_clock, cpu) > steal_clock) {
+		/* Need to update the offset */
+		per_cpu(xen_steal_clock_offset, cpu) =
+			per_cpu(xen_prev_steal_clock, cpu) - steal_clock;
+	} else {
+		/* Avoid unnecessary steal clock warp */
+		per_cpu(xen_steal_clock_offset, cpu) = 0;
+	}
+}
+
 void xen_setup_runstate_info(int cpu)
 {
 	struct vcpu_register_runstate_memory_area area;
diff --git a/include/xen/xen-ops.h b/include/xen/xen-ops.h
index 65f25bd..10330f8 100644
--- a/include/xen/xen-ops.h
+++ b/include/xen/xen-ops.h
@@ -36,6 +36,8 @@ void xen_time_setup_guest(void);
 void xen_manage_runstate_time(int action);
 void xen_get_runstate_snapshot(struct vcpu_runstate_info *res);
 u64 xen_steal_clock(int cpu);
+void xen_save_steal_clock(int cpu);
+void xen_restore_steal_clock(int cpu);
 
 int xen_setup_shutdown_event(void);
 
-- 
2.7.4