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[PATCH 2/2] mtd: rawnand: denali: add more clocks




According to the Denali User's Guide, this IP needs three clock inputs:

 - clk: controller core clock

 - clk_x: bus interface clock

 - ecc_clk: clock at which ECC circuitry is run

Currently, denali_dt.c requires a single anonymous clock and its
frequency.  However, the driver needs to get the frequency of "clk_x"
not "clk".  This is confusing because people tend to assume the
anonymous clock means the core clock.

Instead of the cheesy implementation, the clocks in the real hardware
should be represented in the driver code and the DT-binding.

I improved the ->setup_data_interface() hook as well.

The denali_setup_data_interface() needs the frequency of clk_x
and the ratio of clk_x / clk.

The latter is currently hardcoded in the driver, like this:

  #define DENALI_CLK_X_MULT       6

The IP datasheet specifies that clk_x / clk should be 4, 5, or 6.
I just chose 6 because it is the most defensive value, but it is not
very nice.  By getting the clock rate of both "clk" and "clk_x", the
driver can compute the timing values more precisely.

Adding new clocks would break the existing platforms.  For the backward
compatibility, the driver still accepts the single clock just as before.
Also, ->clk_rate and ->clk_x_rate are set to hardcoded values if clk_x
is missing.

It should work for all upstreamed platforms because Intel Moorestown,
Altera (Intel) SOCFPGA, Socionext UniPhier use the following clock
frequency:

  clk = 50 MHz
  clk_x = ecc_clk = 200 MHz

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---

 .../devicetree/bindings/mtd/denali-nand.txt        |  5 +++
 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c                      | 49 ++++++++++-----------
 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.h                      |  1 +
 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_dt.c                   | 51 ++++++++++++++++++++--
 drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_pci.c                  |  1 +
 5 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 29 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/denali-nand.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/denali-nand.txt
index 0ee8edb..f33da87 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/denali-nand.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mtd/denali-nand.txt
@@ -8,6 +8,9 @@ Required properties:
   - reg : should contain registers location and length for data and reg.
   - reg-names: Should contain the reg names "nand_data" and "denali_reg"
   - interrupts : The interrupt number.
+  - clocks: should contain phandle of the controller core clock, the bus
+    interface clock, and the ECC circuit clock.
+  - clock-names: should contain "nand", "nand_x", "ecc"
 
 Optional properties:
   - nand-ecc-step-size: see nand.txt for details.  If present, the value must be
@@ -31,5 +34,7 @@ nand: nand@ff900000 {
 	compatible = "altr,socfpga-denali-nand";
 	reg = <0xff900000 0x20>, <0xffb80000 0x1000>;
 	reg-names = "nand_data", "denali_reg";
+	clocks = <&nand_clk>, <&nand_x_clk>, <&nand_ecc_clk>;
+	clock-names = "nand", "nand_x", "ecc";
 	interrupts = <0 144 4>;
 };
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c
index 2a302a1..2de46d4 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c
@@ -51,14 +51,6 @@ MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
 #define DENALI_INVALID_BANK	-1
 #define DENALI_NR_BANKS		4
 
-/*
- * The bus interface clock, clk_x, is phase aligned with the core clock.  The
- * clk_x is an integral multiple N of the core clk.  The value N is configured
- * at IP delivery time, and its available value is 4, 5, or 6.  We need to align
- * to the largest value to make it work with any possible configuration.
- */
-#define DENALI_CLK_X_MULT	6
-
 static inline struct denali_nand_info *mtd_to_denali(struct mtd_info *mtd)
 {
 	return container_of(mtd_to_nand(mtd), struct denali_nand_info, nand);
@@ -954,7 +946,7 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 {
 	struct denali_nand_info *denali = mtd_to_denali(mtd);
 	const struct nand_sdr_timings *timings;
-	unsigned long t_clk;
+	unsigned long t_x, mult_x;
 	int acc_clks, re_2_we, re_2_re, we_2_re, addr_2_data;
 	int rdwr_en_lo, rdwr_en_hi, rdwr_en_lo_hi, cs_setup;
 	int addr_2_data_mask;
@@ -965,15 +957,24 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 		return PTR_ERR(timings);
 
 	/* clk_x period in picoseconds */
-	t_clk = DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(1000000000000ULL, denali->clk_x_rate);
-	if (!t_clk)
+	t_x = DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(1000000000000ULL, denali->clk_x_rate);
+	if (!t_x)
+		return -EINVAL;
+
+	/*
+	 * The bus interface clock, clk_x, is phase aligned with the core clock.
+	 * The clk_x is an integral multiple N of the core clk.  The value N is
+	 * configured at IP delivery time, and its available value is 4, 5, 6.
+	 */
+	mult_x = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST_ULL(denali->clk_x_rate, denali->clk_rate);
+	if (mult_x < 4 || mult_x > 6)
 		return -EINVAL;
 
 	if (chipnr == NAND_DATA_IFACE_CHECK_ONLY)
 		return 0;
 
 	/* tREA -> ACC_CLKS */
-	acc_clks = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tREA_max, t_clk);
+	acc_clks = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tREA_max, t_x);
 	acc_clks = min_t(int, acc_clks, ACC_CLKS__VALUE);
 
 	tmp = ioread32(denali->reg + ACC_CLKS);
@@ -982,7 +983,7 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 	iowrite32(tmp, denali->reg + ACC_CLKS);
 
 	/* tRWH -> RE_2_WE */
-	re_2_we = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tRHW_min, t_clk);
+	re_2_we = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tRHW_min, t_x);
 	re_2_we = min_t(int, re_2_we, RE_2_WE__VALUE);
 
 	tmp = ioread32(denali->reg + RE_2_WE);
@@ -991,7 +992,7 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 	iowrite32(tmp, denali->reg + RE_2_WE);
 
 	/* tRHZ -> RE_2_RE */
-	re_2_re = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tRHZ_max, t_clk);
+	re_2_re = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tRHZ_max, t_x);
 	re_2_re = min_t(int, re_2_re, RE_2_RE__VALUE);
 
 	tmp = ioread32(denali->reg + RE_2_RE);
@@ -1005,8 +1006,7 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 	 * With WE_2_RE properly set, the Denali controller automatically takes
 	 * care of the delay; the driver need not set NAND_WAIT_TCCS.
 	 */
-	we_2_re = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(timings->tCCS_min, timings->tWHR_min),
-			       t_clk);
+	we_2_re = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(timings->tCCS_min, timings->tWHR_min), t_x);
 	we_2_re = min_t(int, we_2_re, TWHR2_AND_WE_2_RE__WE_2_RE);
 
 	tmp = ioread32(denali->reg + TWHR2_AND_WE_2_RE);
@@ -1021,7 +1021,7 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 	if (denali->revision < 0x0501)
 		addr_2_data_mask >>= 1;
 
-	addr_2_data = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tADL_min, t_clk);
+	addr_2_data = DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tADL_min, t_x);
 	addr_2_data = min_t(int, addr_2_data, addr_2_data_mask);
 
 	tmp = ioread32(denali->reg + TCWAW_AND_ADDR_2_DATA);
@@ -1031,7 +1031,7 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 
 	/* tREH, tWH -> RDWR_EN_HI_CNT */
 	rdwr_en_hi = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(timings->tREH_min, timings->tWH_min),
-				  t_clk);
+				  t_x);
 	rdwr_en_hi = min_t(int, rdwr_en_hi, RDWR_EN_HI_CNT__VALUE);
 
 	tmp = ioread32(denali->reg + RDWR_EN_HI_CNT);
@@ -1040,11 +1040,10 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 	iowrite32(tmp, denali->reg + RDWR_EN_HI_CNT);
 
 	/* tRP, tWP -> RDWR_EN_LO_CNT */
-	rdwr_en_lo = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(timings->tRP_min, timings->tWP_min),
-				  t_clk);
+	rdwr_en_lo = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(timings->tRP_min, timings->tWP_min), t_x);
 	rdwr_en_lo_hi = DIV_ROUND_UP(max(timings->tRC_min, timings->tWC_min),
-				     t_clk);
-	rdwr_en_lo_hi = max(rdwr_en_lo_hi, DENALI_CLK_X_MULT);
+				     t_x);
+	rdwr_en_lo_hi = max_t(int, rdwr_en_lo_hi, mult_x);
 	rdwr_en_lo = max(rdwr_en_lo, rdwr_en_lo_hi - rdwr_en_hi);
 	rdwr_en_lo = min_t(int, rdwr_en_lo, RDWR_EN_LO_CNT__VALUE);
 
@@ -1054,8 +1053,8 @@ static int denali_setup_data_interface(struct mtd_info *mtd, int chipnr,
 	iowrite32(tmp, denali->reg + RDWR_EN_LO_CNT);
 
 	/* tCS, tCEA -> CS_SETUP_CNT */
-	cs_setup = max3((int)DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tCS_min, t_clk) - rdwr_en_lo,
-			(int)DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tCEA_max, t_clk) - acc_clks,
+	cs_setup = max3((int)DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tCS_min, t_x) - rdwr_en_lo,
+			(int)DIV_ROUND_UP(timings->tCEA_max, t_x) - acc_clks,
 			0);
 	cs_setup = min_t(int, cs_setup, CS_SETUP_CNT__VALUE);
 
@@ -1282,7 +1281,7 @@ int denali_init(struct denali_nand_info *denali)
 	}
 
 	/* clk rate info is needed for setup_data_interface */
-	if (denali->clk_x_rate)
+	if (denali->clk_rate && denali->clk_x_rate)
 		chip->setup_data_interface = denali_setup_data_interface;
 
 	ret = nand_scan_ident(mtd, denali->max_banks, NULL);
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.h b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.h
index 9ad33d2..1f8feaf 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.h
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.h
@@ -300,6 +300,7 @@
 
 struct denali_nand_info {
 	struct nand_chip nand;
+	unsigned long clk_rate;		/* core clock rate */
 	unsigned long clk_x_rate;	/* bus interface clock rate */
 	int active_bank;		/* currently selected bank */
 	struct device *dev;
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_dt.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_dt.c
index d923cfa..0faaad0 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_dt.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_dt.c
@@ -27,7 +27,9 @@
 
 struct denali_dt {
 	struct denali_nand_info	denali;
-	struct clk		*clk;
+	struct clk *clk;	/* core clock */
+	struct clk *clk_x;	/* bus interface clock */
+	struct clk *clk_ecc;	/* ECC circuit clock */
 };
 
 struct denali_dt_data {
@@ -115,24 +117,63 @@ static int denali_dt_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	if (IS_ERR(denali->host))
 		return PTR_ERR(denali->host);
 
-	dt->clk = devm_clk_get(dev, NULL);
+	/*
+	 * A single anonymous clock is supported for the backward compatibility.
+	 * New platforms should support all the named clocks.
+	 */
+	dt->clk = devm_clk_get(dev, "nand");
+	if (IS_ERR(dt->clk))
+		dt->clk = devm_clk_get(dev, NULL);
 	if (IS_ERR(dt->clk)) {
 		dev_err(dev, "no clk available\n");
 		return PTR_ERR(dt->clk);
 	}
+
+	dt->clk_x = devm_clk_get(dev, "nand_x");
+	if (IS_ERR(dt->clk_x))
+		dt->clk_x = NULL;
+
+	dt->clk_ecc = devm_clk_get(dev, "ecc");
+	if (IS_ERR(dt->clk_ecc))
+		dt->clk_ecc = NULL;
+
 	ret = clk_prepare_enable(dt->clk);
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	denali->clk_x_rate = clk_get_rate(dt->clk);
+	ret = clk_prepare_enable(dt->clk_x);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_disable_clk;
+
+	ret = clk_prepare_enable(dt->clk_ecc);
+	if (ret)
+		goto out_disable_clk_x;
+
+	if (dt->clk_x) {
+		denali->clk_rate = clk_get_rate(dt->clk);
+		denali->clk_x_rate = clk_get_rate(dt->clk_x);
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * Hardcode the clock rates for the backward compatibility.
+		 * This works for both SOCFPGA and UniPhier.
+		 */
+		dev_notice(dev,
+			   "necessary clock is missing. default clock rates are used.\n");
+		denali->clk_rate = 50000000;
+		denali->clk_x_rate = 200000000;
+	}
 
 	ret = denali_init(denali);
 	if (ret)
-		goto out_disable_clk;
+		goto out_disable_clk_ecc;
 
 	platform_set_drvdata(pdev, dt);
 	return 0;
 
+out_disable_clk_ecc:
+	clk_disable_unprepare(dt->clk_ecc);
+out_disable_clk_x:
+	clk_disable_unprepare(dt->clk_x);
 out_disable_clk:
 	clk_disable_unprepare(dt->clk);
 
@@ -144,6 +185,8 @@ static int denali_dt_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
 	struct denali_dt *dt = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
 
 	denali_remove(&dt->denali);
+	clk_disable_unprepare(dt->clk_ecc);
+	clk_disable_unprepare(dt->clk_x);
 	clk_disable_unprepare(dt->clk);
 
 	return 0;
diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_pci.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_pci.c
index 49cb3e1..7c8efc4 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali_pci.c
@@ -73,6 +73,7 @@ static int denali_pci_probe(struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
 	denali->irq = dev->irq;
 	denali->ecc_caps = &denali_pci_ecc_caps;
 	denali->nand.ecc.options |= NAND_ECC_MAXIMIZE;
+	denali->clk_rate = 50000000;		/* 50 MHz */
 	denali->clk_x_rate = 200000000;		/* 200 MHz */
 
 	ret = pci_request_regions(dev, DENALI_NAND_NAME);
-- 
2.7.4