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Re: [PATCH v9 06/24] mm: make pte_unmap_same compatible with SPF





On 03/04/2018 21:10, Jerome Glisse wrote:
> On Tue, Mar 13, 2018 at 06:59:36PM +0100, Laurent Dufour wrote:
>> pte_unmap_same() is making the assumption that the page table are still
>> around because the mmap_sem is held.
>> This is no more the case when running a speculative page fault and
>> additional check must be made to ensure that the final page table are still
>> there.
>>
>> This is now done by calling pte_spinlock() to check for the VMA's
>> consistency while locking for the page tables.
>>
>> This is requiring passing a vm_fault structure to pte_unmap_same() which is
>> containing all the needed parameters.
>>
>> As pte_spinlock() may fail in the case of a speculative page fault, if the
>> VMA has been touched in our back, pte_unmap_same() should now return 3
>> cases :
>> 	1. pte are the same (0)
>> 	2. pte are different (VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME)
>> 	3. a VMA's changes has been detected (VM_FAULT_RETRY)
>>
>> The case 2 is handled by the introduction of a new VM_FAULT flag named
>> VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME which is then trapped in cow_user_page().
>> If VM_FAULT_RETRY is returned, it is passed up to the callers to retry the
>> page fault while holding the mmap_sem.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>> ---
>>  include/linux/mm.h |  1 +
>>  mm/memory.c        | 29 +++++++++++++++++++----------
>>  2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/mm.h b/include/linux/mm.h
>> index 2f3e98edc94a..b6432a261e63 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
>> @@ -1199,6 +1199,7 @@ static inline void clear_page_pfmemalloc(struct page *page)
>>  #define VM_FAULT_NEEDDSYNC  0x2000	/* ->fault did not modify page tables
>>  					 * and needs fsync() to complete (for
>>  					 * synchronous page faults in DAX) */
>> +#define VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME 0x4000	/* Page table entries have changed */
>>  
>>  #define VM_FAULT_ERROR	(VM_FAULT_OOM | VM_FAULT_SIGBUS | VM_FAULT_SIGSEGV | \
>>  			 VM_FAULT_HWPOISON | VM_FAULT_HWPOISON_LARGE | \
>> diff --git a/mm/memory.c b/mm/memory.c
>> index 21b1212a0892..4bc7b0bdcb40 100644
>> --- a/mm/memory.c
>> +++ b/mm/memory.c
>> @@ -2309,21 +2309,29 @@ static bool pte_map_lock(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>>   * parts, do_swap_page must check under lock before unmapping the pte and
>>   * proceeding (but do_wp_page is only called after already making such a check;
>>   * and do_anonymous_page can safely check later on).
>> + *
>> + * pte_unmap_same() returns:
>> + *	0			if the PTE are the same
>> + *	VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME	if the PTE are different
>> + *	VM_FAULT_RETRY		if the VMA has changed in our back during
>> + *				a speculative page fault handling.
>>   */
>> -static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd,
>> -				pte_t *page_table, pte_t orig_pte)
>> +static inline int pte_unmap_same(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>>  {
>> -	int same = 1;
>> +	int ret = 0;
>> +
>>  #if defined(CONFIG_SMP) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT)
>>  	if (sizeof(pte_t) > sizeof(unsigned long)) {
>> -		spinlock_t *ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);
>> -		spin_lock(ptl);
>> -		same = pte_same(*page_table, orig_pte);
>> -		spin_unlock(ptl);
>> +		if (pte_spinlock(vmf)) {
>> +			if (!pte_same(*vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))
>> +				ret = VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME;
>> +			spin_unlock(vmf->ptl);
>> +		} else
>> +			ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
>>  	}
>>  #endif
>> -	pte_unmap(page_table);
>> -	return same;
>> +	pte_unmap(vmf->pte);
>> +	return ret;
>>  }
>>  
>>  static inline void cow_user_page(struct page *dst, struct page *src, unsigned long va, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>> @@ -2913,7 +2921,8 @@ int do_swap_page(struct vm_fault *vmf)
>>  	int exclusive = 0;
>>  	int ret = 0;
>>  
>> -	if (!pte_unmap_same(vma->vm_mm, vmf->pmd, vmf->pte, vmf->orig_pte))
>> +	ret = pte_unmap_same(vmf);
>> +	if (ret)
>>  		goto out;
>>  
> 
> This change what do_swap_page() returns ie before it was returning 0
> when locked pte lookup was different from orig_pte. After this patch
> it returns VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME but this is a new return value for
> handle_mm_fault() (the do_swap_page() return value is what ultimately
> get return by handle_mm_fault())
> 
> Do we really want that ? This might confuse some existing user of
> handle_mm_fault() and i am not sure of the value of that information
> to caller.
> 
> Note i do understand that you want to return retry if anything did
> change from underneath and thus need to differentiate from when the
> pte value are not the same.

You're right, do_swap_page() should still return 0 in the case the lookup pte
is different from orig_pte, assuming that the swap operation has been handled
in our back by another concurrent thread.

So in do_swap_page(), VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME should be translated in ret = 0.

	ret = pte_unmap_same(vmf);
	if (ret) {
		/*
		 * If pte != orig_pte, this means another thread did the
		 * swap operation in our back.
		 * So nothing else to do.
		 */
		if (ret == VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME)
			ret = 0;
		goto out;
	}

This means that VM_FAULT_PTNOTSAME will never been reported up and limited to
do_swap_page().

Doing this will make easier to understand why when pte_unmap_same() is
returning 0, do_swap_page() is done.

Cheers,
Laurent.