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Re: [PATCH 4.15 049/146] mm/page_alloc: fix memmap_init_zone pageblock alignment




On Tue, Mar 13, 2018 at 04:23:36PM +0100, Greg Kroah-Hartman wrote:
> 4.15-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

On 4.14 and 4.15, this patch breaks booting on dragonboard 410c and
hikey 620 (both arm64). The fix has been proposed and tested but is not
yet in mainline per https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/3/12/710

Dan

> 
> ------------------
> 
> From: Daniel Vacek <neelx@xxxxxxxxxx>
> 
> commit 864b75f9d6b0100bb24fdd9a20d156e7cda9b5ae upstream.
> 
> Commit b92df1de5d28 ("mm: page_alloc: skip over regions of invalid pfns
> where possible") introduced a bug where move_freepages() triggers a
> VM_BUG_ON() on uninitialized page structure due to pageblock alignment.
> To fix this, simply align the skipped pfns in memmap_init_zone() the
> same way as in move_freepages_block().
> 
> Seen in one of the RHEL reports:
> 
>   crash> log | grep -e BUG -e RIP -e Call.Trace -e move_freepages_block -e rmqueue -e freelist -A1
>   kernel BUG at mm/page_alloc.c:1389!
>   invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP
>   --
>   RIP: 0010:[<ffffffff8118833e>]  [<ffffffff8118833e>] move_freepages+0x15e/0x160
>   RSP: 0018:ffff88054d727688  EFLAGS: 00010087
>   --
>   Call Trace:
>    [<ffffffff811883b3>] move_freepages_block+0x73/0x80
>    [<ffffffff81189e63>] __rmqueue+0x263/0x460
>    [<ffffffff8118c781>] get_page_from_freelist+0x7e1/0x9e0
>    [<ffffffff8118caf6>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x176/0x420
>   --
>   RIP  [<ffffffff8118833e>] move_freepages+0x15e/0x160
>    RSP <ffff88054d727688>
> 
>   crash> page_init_bug -v | grep RAM
>   <struct resource 0xffff88067fffd2f8>          1000 -        9bfff	System RAM (620.00 KiB)
>   <struct resource 0xffff88067fffd3a0>        100000 -     430bffff	System RAM (  1.05 GiB = 1071.75 MiB = 1097472.00 KiB)
>   <struct resource 0xffff88067fffd410>      4b0c8000 -     4bf9cfff	System RAM ( 14.83 MiB = 15188.00 KiB)
>   <struct resource 0xffff88067fffd480>      4bfac000 -     646b1fff	System RAM (391.02 MiB = 400408.00 KiB)
>   <struct resource 0xffff88067fffd560>      7b788000 -     7b7fffff	System RAM (480.00 KiB)
>   <struct resource 0xffff88067fffd640>     100000000 -    67fffffff	System RAM ( 22.00 GiB)
> 
>   crash> page_init_bug | head -6
>   <struct resource 0xffff88067fffd560>      7b788000 -     7b7fffff	System RAM (480.00 KiB)
>   <struct page 0xffffea0001ede200>   1fffff00000000  0 <struct pglist_data 0xffff88047ffd9000> 1 <struct zone 0xffff88047ffd9800> DMA32          4096    1048575
>   <struct page 0xffffea0001ede200> 505736 505344 <struct page 0xffffea0001ed8000> 505855 <struct page 0xffffea0001edffc0>
>   <struct page 0xffffea0001ed8000>                0  0 <struct pglist_data 0xffff88047ffd9000> 0 <struct zone 0xffff88047ffd9000> DMA               1       4095
>   <struct page 0xffffea0001edffc0>   1fffff00000400  0 <struct pglist_data 0xffff88047ffd9000> 1 <struct zone 0xffff88047ffd9800> DMA32          4096    1048575
>   BUG, zones differ!
> 
> Note that this range follows two not populated sections
> 68000000-77ffffff in this zone.  7b788000-7b7fffff is the first one
> after a gap.  This makes memmap_init_zone() skip all the pfns up to the
> beginning of this range.  But this range is not pageblock (2M) aligned.
> In fact no range has to be.
> 
>   crash> kmem -p 77fff000 78000000 7b5ff000 7b600000 7b787000 7b788000
>         PAGE        PHYSICAL      MAPPING       INDEX CNT FLAGS
>   ffffea0001e00000  78000000                0        0  0 0
>   ffffea0001ed7fc0  7b5ff000                0        0  0 0
>   ffffea0001ed8000  7b600000                0        0  0 0	<<<<
>   ffffea0001ede1c0  7b787000                0        0  0 0
>   ffffea0001ede200  7b788000                0        0  1 1fffff00000000
> 
> Top part of page flags should contain nodeid and zonenr, which is not
> the case for page ffffea0001ed8000 here (<<<<).
> 
>   crash> log | grep -o fffea0001ed[^\ ]* | sort -u
>   fffea0001ed8000
>   fffea0001eded20
>   fffea0001edffc0
> 
>   crash> bt -r | grep -o fffea0001ed[^\ ]* | sort -u
>   fffea0001ed8000
>   fffea0001eded00
>   fffea0001eded20
>   fffea0001edffc0
> 
> Initialization of the whole beginning of the section is skipped up to
> the start of the range due to the commit b92df1de5d28.  Now any code
> calling move_freepages_block() (like reusing the page from a freelist as
> in this example) with a page from the beginning of the range will get
> the page rounded down to start_page ffffea0001ed8000 and passed to
> move_freepages() which crashes on assertion getting wrong zonenr.
> 
>   >         VM_BUG_ON(page_zone(start_page) != page_zone(end_page));
> 
> Note, page_zone() derives the zone from page flags here.
> 
> >From similar machine before commit b92df1de5d28:
> 
>   crash> kmem -p 77fff000 78000000 7b5ff000 7b600000 7b7fe000 7b7ff000
>         PAGE        PHYSICAL      MAPPING       INDEX CNT FLAGS
>   fffff73941e00000  78000000                0        0  1 1fffff00000000
>   fffff73941ed7fc0  7b5ff000                0        0  1 1fffff00000000
>   fffff73941ed8000  7b600000                0        0  1 1fffff00000000
>   fffff73941edff80  7b7fe000                0        0  1 1fffff00000000
>   fffff73941edffc0  7b7ff000 ffff8e67e04d3ae0     ad84  1 1fffff00020068 uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk
> 
> All the pages since the beginning of the section are initialized.
> move_freepages()' not gonna blow up.
> 
> The same machine with this fix applied:
> 
>   crash> kmem -p 77fff000 78000000 7b5ff000 7b600000 7b7fe000 7b7ff000
>         PAGE        PHYSICAL      MAPPING       INDEX CNT FLAGS
>   ffffea0001e00000  78000000                0        0  0 0
>   ffffea0001e00000  7b5ff000                0        0  0 0
>   ffffea0001ed8000  7b600000                0        0  1 1fffff00000000
>   ffffea0001edff80  7b7fe000                0        0  1 1fffff00000000
>   ffffea0001edffc0  7b7ff000 ffff88017fb13720        8  2 1fffff00020068 uptodate,lru,active,mappedtodisk
> 
> At least the bare minimum of pages is initialized preventing the crash
> as well.
> 
> Customers started to report this as soon as 7.4 (where b92df1de5d28 was
> merged in RHEL) was released.  I remember reports from
> September/October-ish times.  It's not easily reproduced and happens on
> a handful of machines only.  I guess that's why.  But that does not make
> it less serious, I think.
> 
> Though there actually is a report here:
>   https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=196443
> 
> And there are reports for Fedora from July:
>   https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1473242
> and CentOS:
>   https://bugs.centos.org/view.php?id=13964
> and we internally track several dozens reports for RHEL bug
>   https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=1525121
> 
> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/0485727b2e82da7efbce5f6ba42524b429d0391a.1520011945.git.neelx@xxxxxxxxxx
> Fixes: b92df1de5d28 ("mm: page_alloc: skip over regions of invalid pfns where possible")
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Vacek <neelx@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@xxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Paul Burton <paul.burton@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@xxxxxxx>
> Cc: <stable@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> 
> ---
>  mm/page_alloc.c |    9 +++++++--
>  1 file changed, 7 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
> 
> --- a/mm/page_alloc.c
> +++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
> @@ -5353,9 +5353,14 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned
>  			/*
>  			 * Skip to the pfn preceding the next valid one (or
>  			 * end_pfn), such that we hit a valid pfn (or end_pfn)
> -			 * on our next iteration of the loop.
> +			 * on our next iteration of the loop. Note that it needs
> +			 * to be pageblock aligned even when the region itself
> +			 * is not. move_freepages_block() can shift ahead of
> +			 * the valid region but still depends on correct page
> +			 * metadata.
>  			 */
> -			pfn = memblock_next_valid_pfn(pfn, end_pfn) - 1;
> +			pfn = (memblock_next_valid_pfn(pfn, end_pfn) &
> +					~(pageblock_nr_pages-1)) - 1;
>  #endif
>  			continue;
>  		}
> 
>