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Re: [RfC PATCH] Add udmabuf misc device




On Tue, Mar 13, 2018 at 04:48:26PM +0100, Gerd Hoffmann wrote:
> A driver to let userspace turn iovecs into dma-bufs.
> 
> Use case:  Allows qemu pass around dmabufs for the guest framebuffer.
> https://www.kraxel.org/cgit/qemu/log/?h=sirius/udmabuf has an
> experimental patch.
> 
> Also allows qemu to export guest virtio-gpu resources as host dmabufs.
> Should be possible to use it to display guest wayland windows on the
> host display server.  virtio-gpu ressources can be chunked so we will
> actually need multiple iovec entries.  UNTESTED.
> 
> Want collect some feedback on the general approach with this RfC series.
> Can this work?  If not, better ideas?
> 
> Question:  Must this be hooked into some kind of mlock accounting, to
> limit the amout of memory userspace is allowed to pin this way?  Or will
> get_user_pages_fast() handle that for me?

Either mlock account (because it's mlocked defacto), and get_user_pages
won't do that for you.

Or you write the full-blown userptr implementation, including mmu_notifier
support (see i915 or amdgpu), but that also requires Christian Königs
latest ->invalidate_mapping RFC for dma-buf (since atm exporting userptr
buffers is a no-go).

> 
> Known issue:  Driver API isn't complete yet.  Need add some flags, for
> example to support read-only buffers.

dma-buf has no concept of read-only. I don't think we can even enforce
that (not many iommus can enforce this iirc), so pretty much need to
require r/w memory.

> Cc: David Airlie <airlied@xxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Tomeu Vizoso <tomeu.vizoso@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Signed-off-by: Gerd Hoffmann <kraxel@xxxxxxxxxx>

btw there's also the hyperdmabuf stuff from the xen folks, but imo their
solution of forwarding the entire dma-buf api is over the top. This here
looks _much_ better, pls cc all the hyperdmabuf people on your next
version.

Overall I like the idea, but too lazy to review. Can maybe be bribed :-)

Oh, some kselftests for this stuff would be lovely.
-Daniel
> ---
>  include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h |  21 ++++
>  drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c    | 250 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig      |   7 ++
>  drivers/dma-buf/Makefile     |   1 +
>  4 files changed, 279 insertions(+)
>  create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h
>  create mode 100644 drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> 
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h b/include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..fd2fa441fe
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/udmabuf.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
> +#ifndef _UAPI_LINUX_UDMABUF_H
> +#define _UAPI_LINUX_UDMABUF_H
> +
> +#include <linux/types.h>
> +#include <linux/ioctl.h>
> +
> +struct udmabuf_iovec {
> +	__u64 base;
> +	__u64 len;
> +};
> +
> +struct udmabuf_create {
> +	__u32 flags;
> +	__u32 niov;
> +	struct udmabuf_iovec iovs[];
> +};
> +
> +#define UDMABUF_CREATE _IOW(0x42, 0x23, struct udmabuf_create)
> +
> +#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_UDMABUF_H */
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c b/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000000..ec012d7ac7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/udmabuf.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,250 @@
> +/*
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + */
> +#include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/device.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/miscdevice.h>
> +#include <linux/dma-buf.h>
> +#include <linux/highmem.h>
> +
> +#include <uapi/linux/udmabuf.h>
> +
> +struct udmabuf {
> +	u32 pagecount;
> +	struct page **pages;
> +};
> +
> +static int udmabuf_vm_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> +{
> +	struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
> +	struct udmabuf *ubuf = vma->vm_private_data;
> +
> +	if (WARN_ON(vmf->pgoff >= ubuf->pagecount))
> +		return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
> +
> +	vmf->page = ubuf->pages[vmf->pgoff];
> +	get_page(vmf->page);
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct vm_operations_struct udmabuf_vm_ops = {
> +	.fault = udmabuf_vm_fault,
> +};
> +
> +static int mmap_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
> +{
> +	struct udmabuf *ubuf = buf->priv;
> +
> +	if ((vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED) == 0)
> +		return -EINVAL;
> +
> +	vma->vm_ops = &udmabuf_vm_ops;
> +	vma->vm_private_data = ubuf;
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static struct sg_table *map_udmabuf(struct dma_buf_attachment *at,
> +				    enum dma_data_direction direction)
> +{
> +	struct udmabuf *ubuf = at->dmabuf->priv;
> +	struct sg_table *sg;
> +
> +	sg = kzalloc(sizeof(*sg), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!sg)
> +		goto err1;
> +	if (sg_alloc_table_from_pages(sg, ubuf->pages, ubuf->pagecount,
> +				      0, ubuf->pagecount << PAGE_SHIFT,
> +				      GFP_KERNEL) < 0)
> +		goto err2;
> +	if (!dma_map_sg(at->dev, sg->sgl, sg->nents, direction))
> +		goto err3;
> +
> +	return sg;
> +
> +err3:
> +	sg_free_table(sg);
> +err2:
> +	kfree(sg);
> +err1:
> +	return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> +}
> +
> +static void unmap_udmabuf(struct dma_buf_attachment *at,
> +			  struct sg_table *sg,
> +			  enum dma_data_direction direction)
> +{
> +	sg_free_table(sg);
> +	kfree(sg);
> +}
> +
> +static void release_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf)
> +{
> +	struct udmabuf *ubuf = buf->priv;
> +	pgoff_t pg;
> +
> +	for (pg = 0; pg < ubuf->pagecount; pg++)
> +		put_page(ubuf->pages[pg]);
> +	kfree(ubuf->pages);
> +	kfree(ubuf);
> +}
> +
> +static void *kmap_atomic_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf, unsigned long offset)
> +{
> +	struct udmabuf *ubuf = buf->priv;
> +	struct page *page = ubuf->pages[offset >> PAGE_SHIFT];
> +
> +	return kmap_atomic(page);
> +}
> +
> +static void *kmap_udmabuf(struct dma_buf *buf, unsigned long offset)
> +{
> +	struct udmabuf *ubuf = buf->priv;
> +	struct page *page = ubuf->pages[offset >> PAGE_SHIFT];
> +
> +	return kmap(page);
> +}
> +
> +static struct dma_buf_ops udmabuf_ops = {
> +	.map_dma_buf	  = map_udmabuf,
> +	.unmap_dma_buf	  = unmap_udmabuf,
> +	.release	  = release_udmabuf,
> +	.map_atomic	  = kmap_atomic_udmabuf,
> +	.map		  = kmap_udmabuf,
> +	.mmap		  = mmap_udmabuf,
> +};
> +
> +static long udmabuf_ioctl_create(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
> +{
> +	struct udmabuf_create create;
> +	struct udmabuf_iovec *iovs;
> +	struct udmabuf *ubuf;
> +	DEFINE_DMA_BUF_EXPORT_INFO(exp_info);
> +	struct dma_buf *buf;
> +	pgoff_t pgoff, pgcnt;
> +	u32 iov;
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	if (copy_from_user(&create, (void __user *)arg,
> +			   sizeof(struct udmabuf_create)))
> +		return -EFAULT;
> +
> +	iovs = kmalloc_array(create.niov, sizeof(struct udmabuf_iovec),
> +			     GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!iovs)
> +		return -ENOMEM;
> +
> +	arg += offsetof(struct udmabuf_create, iovs);
> +	ret = -EFAULT;
> +	if (copy_from_user(iovs, (void __user *)arg,
> +			   create.niov * sizeof(struct udmabuf_iovec)))
> +		goto err_free_iovs;
> +
> +	ubuf = kzalloc(sizeof(struct udmabuf), GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!ubuf)
> +		goto err_free_iovs;
> +
> +	ret = -EINVAL;
> +	for (iov = 0; iov < create.niov; iov++) {
> +		if (!IS_ALIGNED(iovs[iov].base, PAGE_SIZE))
> +			goto err_free_iovs;
> +		if (!IS_ALIGNED(iovs[iov].len, PAGE_SIZE))
> +			goto err_free_iovs;
> +		ubuf->pagecount += iovs[iov].len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	}
> +
> +	ret = -ENOMEM;
> +	ubuf->pages = kmalloc_array(ubuf->pagecount, sizeof(struct page*),
> +				    GFP_KERNEL);
> +	if (!ubuf->pages)
> +		goto err_free_buf;
> +
> +	pgoff = 0;
> +	for (iov = 0; iov < create.niov; iov++) {
> +		pgcnt = iovs[iov].len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +		while (pgcnt > 0) {
> +			ret = get_user_pages_fast(iovs[iov].base, pgcnt,
> +						  true, /* write */
> +						  ubuf->pages + pgoff);
> +			if (ret < 0)
> +				goto err_put_pages;
> +			pgoff += ret;
> +			pgcnt -= ret;
> +		}
> +	}
> +
> +	exp_info.ops  = &udmabuf_ops;
> +	exp_info.size = ubuf->pagecount << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +	exp_info.priv = ubuf;
> +
> +	buf = dma_buf_export(&exp_info);
> +	if (IS_ERR(buf)) {
> +		ret = PTR_ERR(buf);
> +		goto err_put_pages;
> +	}
> +
> +	kfree(iovs);
> +	return dma_buf_fd(buf, 0);
> +
> +err_put_pages:
> +	while (pgoff > 0)
> +		put_page(ubuf->pages[--pgoff]);
> +err_free_buf:
> +	kfree(ubuf->pages);
> +	kfree(ubuf);
> +err_free_iovs:
> +	kfree(iovs);
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static long udmabuf_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int ioctl,
> +				  unsigned long arg)
> +{
> +	long ret;
> +
> +	switch (ioctl) {
> +	case UDMABUF_CREATE:
> +		ret = udmabuf_ioctl_create(filp, arg);
> +		break;
> +	default:
> +		ret = -EINVAL;
> +		break;
> +	}
> +	return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct file_operations udmabuf_fops = {
> +	.owner		= THIS_MODULE,
> +	.unlocked_ioctl = udmabuf_ioctl,
> +};
> +
> +static struct miscdevice udmabuf_misc = {
> +	.minor          = MISC_DYNAMIC_MINOR,
> +	.name           = "udmabuf",
> +	.fops           = &udmabuf_fops,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init udmabuf_dev_init(void)
> +{
> +	int ret;
> +
> +	ret = misc_register(&udmabuf_misc);
> +	if (ret)
> +		return ret;
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void __exit udmabuf_dev_exit(void)
> +{
> +	misc_deregister(&udmabuf_misc);
> +}
> +
> +module_init(udmabuf_dev_init)
> +module_exit(udmabuf_dev_exit)
> +
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> index ed3b785bae..5876b52554 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Kconfig
> @@ -30,4 +30,11 @@ config SW_SYNC
>  	  WARNING: improper use of this can result in deadlocking kernel
>  	  drivers from userspace. Intended for test and debug only.
>  
> +config UDMABUF
> +	tristate "userspace dmabuf misc driver"
> +	default n
> +	depends on DMA_SHARED_BUFFER
> +	---help---
> +	  A driver to let userspace turn iovs into dma-bufs.
> +
>  endmenu
> diff --git a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> index c33bf88631..0913a6ccab 100644
> --- a/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/dma-buf/Makefile
> @@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
>  obj-y := dma-buf.o dma-fence.o dma-fence-array.o reservation.o seqno-fence.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SYNC_FILE)		+= sync_file.o
>  obj-$(CONFIG_SW_SYNC)		+= sw_sync.o sync_debug.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_UDMABUF)		+= udmabuf.o
> -- 
> 2.9.3
> 
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-- 
Daniel Vetter
Software Engineer, Intel Corporation
http://blog.ffwll.ch