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[PATCH v7 07/37] nds32: Kernel booting and initialization




This patch includes the kernel startup code. It can get dtb pointer
passed from bootloader. It will create a temp mapping by tlb
instructions at beginning and goto start_kernel.

Signed-off-by: Vincent Chen <vincentc@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greentime Hu <greentime@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 arch/nds32/kernel/head.S  | 188 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/nds32/kernel/setup.c | 363 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 551 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/kernel/head.S
 create mode 100644 arch/nds32/kernel/setup.c

diff --git a/arch/nds32/kernel/head.S b/arch/nds32/kernel/head.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..71f57bd70f3b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/kernel/head.S
@@ -0,0 +1,188 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+// Copyright (C) 2005-2017 Andes Technology Corporation
+
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/sizes.h>
+#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_BIG_ENDIAN
+#define OF_DT_MAGIC 0xd00dfeed
+#else
+#define OF_DT_MAGIC 0xedfe0dd0
+#endif
+
+	.globl  swapper_pg_dir
+	.equ    swapper_pg_dir, TEXTADDR - 0x4000
+
+/*
+ * Kernel startup entry point.
+ */
+	.section ".head.text", "ax"
+	.type   _stext, %function
+ENTRY(_stext)
+	setgie.d                            ! Disable interrupt
+	isb
+/*
+ * Disable I/D-cache and enable it at a proper time
+ */
+	mfsr    $r0, $mr8
+	li      $r1, #~(CACHE_CTL_mskIC_EN|CACHE_CTL_mskDC_EN)
+	and     $r0, $r0, $r1
+	mtsr    $r0, $mr8
+
+/*
+ * Process device tree blob
+ */
+	andi 	$r0,$r2,#0x3
+	li	$r10, 0
+	bne     $r0, $r10, _nodtb
+	lwi	$r0, [$r2]
+	li	$r1, OF_DT_MAGIC
+	bne     $r0, $r1, _nodtb
+	move	$r10, $r2
+_nodtb:
+
+/*
+ * Create a temporary mapping area for booting, before start_kernel
+ */
+	sethi   $r4, hi20(swapper_pg_dir)
+	li      $p0, (PAGE_OFFSET - PHYS_OFFSET)
+	sub     $r4, $r4, $p0
+	tlbop   FlushAll            ! invalidate TLB\n"
+	isb
+	mtsr    $r4, $L1_PPTB       ! load page table pointer\n"
+
+/* set NTC0 cacheable/writeback, mutliple page size in use */
+	mfsr    $r3, $MMU_CTL
+	li      $r0, #~MMU_CTL_mskNTC0
+	and     $r3, $r3, $r0
+#ifdef CONFIG_ANDES_PAGE_SIZE_4KB
+	ori     $r3, $r3, #(MMU_CTL_mskMPZIU|(MMU_CTL_CACHEABLE_WB << MMU_CTL_offNTC0))
+#else
+	ori     $r3, $r3, #(MMU_CTL_mskMPZIU|(MMU_CTL_CACHEABLE_WB << MMU_CTL_offNTC0)|MMU_CTL_D8KB)
+#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_HW_SUPPORT_UNALIGNMENT_ACCESS
+	li      $r0, #MMU_CTL_UNA
+	or      $r3, $r3, $r0
+#endif
+	mtsr    $r3, $MMU_CTL
+	isb
+
+/* set page size and size of kernel image */
+        mfsr    $r0, $MMU_CFG
+        srli    $r3, $r0, MMU_CFG_offfEPSZ
+        zeb     $r3, $r3
+        bnez    $r3, _extra_page_size_support
+#ifdef CONFIG_ANDES_PAGE_SIZE_4KB
+        li      $r5, #SZ_4K                 ! Use 4KB page size
+#else
+        li      $r5, #SZ_8K                 ! Use 8KB page size
+        li      $r3, #1
+#endif
+        mtsr    $r3, $TLB_MISC
+        b       _image_size_check
+
+_extra_page_size_support:                    ! Use epzs pages size
+        clz     $r6, $r3
+        subri   $r2, $r6, #31
+        li      $r3, #1
+        sll     $r3, $r3, $r2
+        /* MMU_CFG.EPSZ value -> meaning */
+        mul     $r5, $r3, $r3
+        slli    $r5, $r5, #14
+        /* MMU_CFG.EPSZ  -> TLB_MISC.ACC_PSZ */
+        addi    $r3, $r2, #0x2
+        mtsr    $r3, $TLB_MISC
+
+_image_size_check:
+        /* calculate the image maximum size accepted by TLB config */
+        andi    $r6, $r0, MMU_CFG_mskTBW
+        andi    $r0, $r0, MMU_CFG_mskTBS
+        srli    $r6, $r6, MMU_CFG_offTBW
+        srli    $r0, $r0, MMU_CFG_offTBS
+        /*
+         * we just map the kernel to the maximum way - 1 of tlb
+         * reserver one way for UART VA mapping
+         * it will cause page fault if UART mapping cover the kernel mapping
+         *
+         * direct mapping is not supported now.
+         */
+        li      $r2, 't'
+        beqz    $r6, __error                 ! MMU_CFG.TBW = 0 is direct mappin
+        addi    $r0, $r0, #0x2               ! MMU_CFG.TBS value -> meaning
+        sll     $r0, $r6, $r0                ! entries = k-way * n-set
+        mul     $r6, $r0, $r5                ! max size = entries * page size
+        /* check kernel image size */
+        la      $r3, (_end - PAGE_OFFSET)
+        li      $r2, 's'
+        bgt     $r3, $r6, __error
+
+	li      $r2, #(PHYS_OFFSET + TLB_DATA_kernel_text_attr)
+        li      $r3, PAGE_OFFSET
+        add     $r6, $r6, $r3
+
+_tlb:
+	mtsr    $r3, $TLB_VPN
+	dsb
+	tlbop   $r2, RWR
+	isb
+	add     $r3, $r3, $r5
+	add     $r2, $r2, $r5
+	bgt     $r6, $r3, _tlb
+	mfsr    $r3, $TLB_MISC      ! setup access page size
+	li      $r2, #~0xf
+	and     $r3, $r3, $r2
+#ifdef CONFIG_ANDES_PAGE_SIZE_8KB
+	ori    $r3, $r3, #0x1
+#endif
+	mtsr    $r3, $TLB_MISC
+
+	mfsr    $r0, $MISC_CTL      ! Enable BTB and RTP and shadow sp
+	ori     $r0, $r0, #MISC_init
+	mtsr    $r0, $MISC_CTL
+
+	mfsr    $p1, $PSW
+	li      $r15, #~PSW_clr             ! clear WBNA|DME|IME|DT|IT|POM|INTL|GIE
+	and     $p1, $p1, $r15
+	ori     $p1, $p1, #PSW_init
+	mtsr    $p1, $IPSW                  ! when iret, it will automatically enable MMU
+	la      $lp, __mmap_switched
+	mtsr    $lp, $IPC
+	iret
+	nop
+
+	.type   __switch_data, %object
+__switch_data:
+	.long   __bss_start                 ! $r6
+	.long   _end                        ! $r7
+	.long	__atags_pointer 	    ! $atag_pointer
+	.long   init_task                   ! $r9, move to $r25
+	.long   init_thread_union + THREAD_SIZE    ! $sp
+
+
+/*
+ * The following fragment of code is executed with the MMU on in MMU mode,
+ * and uses absolute addresses; this is not position independent.
+ */
+	.align
+	.type   __mmap_switched, %function
+__mmap_switched:
+	la  $r3, __switch_data
+	lmw.bim $r6, [$r3], $r9, #0b0001
+	move	$r25, $r9
+	move    $fp, #0             ! Clear  BSS (and zero $fp)
+	beq $r7, $r6, _RRT
+1:	swi.bi  $fp, [$r6], #4
+	bne $r7, $r6, 1b
+	swi	$r10, [$r8]
+
+_RRT:
+	b   start_kernel
+
+__error:
+	b   __error
diff --git a/arch/nds32/kernel/setup.c b/arch/nds32/kernel/setup.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ba910e9e4ecb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/nds32/kernel/setup.c
@@ -0,0 +1,363 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+// Copyright (C) 2005-2017 Andes Technology Corporation
+
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/bootmem.h>
+#include <linux/seq_file.h>
+#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/console.h>
+#include <linux/screen_info.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/dma-mapping.h>
+#include <linux/of_fdt.h>
+#include <linux/of_platform.h>
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+#include <asm/sections.h>
+#include <asm/proc-fns.h>
+#include <asm/cache_info.h>
+#include <asm/elf.h>
+#include <nds32_intrinsic.h>
+
+#define HWCAP_MFUSR_PC		0x000001
+#define HWCAP_EXT		0x000002
+#define HWCAP_EXT2		0x000004
+#define HWCAP_FPU		0x000008
+#define HWCAP_AUDIO		0x000010
+#define HWCAP_BASE16		0x000020
+#define HWCAP_STRING		0x000040
+#define HWCAP_REDUCED_REGS	0x000080
+#define HWCAP_VIDEO		0x000100
+#define HWCAP_ENCRYPT		0x000200
+#define HWCAP_EDM		0x000400
+#define HWCAP_LMDMA		0x000800
+#define HWCAP_PFM		0x001000
+#define HWCAP_HSMP		0x002000
+#define HWCAP_TRACE		0x004000
+#define HWCAP_DIV		0x008000
+#define HWCAP_MAC		0x010000
+#define HWCAP_L2C		0x020000
+#define HWCAP_FPU_DP		0x040000
+#define HWCAP_V2		0x080000
+#define HWCAP_DX_REGS		0x100000
+
+unsigned long cpu_id, cpu_rev, cpu_cfgid;
+char cpu_series;
+char *endianness = NULL;
+
+unsigned int __atags_pointer __initdata;
+unsigned int elf_hwcap;
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(elf_hwcap);
+
+/*
+ * The following string table, must sync with HWCAP_xx bitmask,
+ * which is defined in <asm/procinfo.h>
+ */
+static const char *hwcap_str[] = {
+	"mfusr_pc",
+	"perf1",
+	"perf2",
+	"fpu",
+	"audio",
+	"16b",
+	"string",
+	"reduced_regs",
+	"video",
+	"encrypt",
+	"edm",
+	"lmdma",
+	"pfm",
+	"hsmp",
+	"trace",
+	"div",
+	"mac",
+	"l2c",
+	"dx_regs",
+	"v2",
+	NULL,
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_DCACHE_WRITETHROUGH
+#define WRITE_METHOD "write through"
+#else
+#define WRITE_METHOD "write back"
+#endif
+
+struct cache_info L1_cache_info[2];
+static void __init dump_cpu_info(int cpu)
+{
+	int i, p = 0;
+	char str[sizeof(hwcap_str) + 16];
+
+	for (i = 0; hwcap_str[i]; i++) {
+		if (elf_hwcap & (1 << i)) {
+			sprintf(str + p, "%s ", hwcap_str[i]);
+			p += strlen(hwcap_str[i]) + 1;
+		}
+	}
+
+	pr_info("CPU%d Features: %s\n", cpu, str);
+
+	L1_cache_info[ICACHE].ways = CACHE_WAY(ICACHE);
+	L1_cache_info[ICACHE].line_size = CACHE_LINE_SIZE(ICACHE);
+	L1_cache_info[ICACHE].sets = CACHE_SET(ICACHE);
+	L1_cache_info[ICACHE].size =
+	    L1_cache_info[ICACHE].ways * L1_cache_info[ICACHE].line_size *
+	    L1_cache_info[ICACHE].sets / 1024;
+	pr_info("L1I:%dKB/%dS/%dW/%dB\n", L1_cache_info[ICACHE].size,
+		L1_cache_info[ICACHE].sets, L1_cache_info[ICACHE].ways,
+		L1_cache_info[ICACHE].line_size);
+	L1_cache_info[DCACHE].ways = CACHE_WAY(DCACHE);
+	L1_cache_info[DCACHE].line_size = CACHE_LINE_SIZE(DCACHE);
+	L1_cache_info[DCACHE].sets = CACHE_SET(DCACHE);
+	L1_cache_info[DCACHE].size =
+	    L1_cache_info[DCACHE].ways * L1_cache_info[DCACHE].line_size *
+	    L1_cache_info[DCACHE].sets / 1024;
+	pr_info("L1D:%dKB/%dS/%dW/%dB\n", L1_cache_info[DCACHE].size,
+		L1_cache_info[DCACHE].sets, L1_cache_info[DCACHE].ways,
+		L1_cache_info[DCACHE].line_size);
+	pr_info("L1 D-Cache is %s\n", WRITE_METHOD);
+	if (L1_cache_info[DCACHE].size != L1_CACHE_BYTES)
+		pr_crit
+		    ("The cache line size(%d) of this processor is not the same as L1_CACHE_BYTES(%d).\n",
+		     L1_cache_info[DCACHE].size, L1_CACHE_BYTES);
+#ifdef CONFIG_CPU_CACHE_ALIASING
+	{
+		int aliasing_num;
+		aliasing_num =
+		    L1_cache_info[ICACHE].size * 1024 / PAGE_SIZE /
+		    L1_cache_info[ICACHE].ways;
+		L1_cache_info[ICACHE].aliasing_num = aliasing_num;
+		L1_cache_info[ICACHE].aliasing_mask =
+		    (aliasing_num - 1) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+		aliasing_num =
+		    L1_cache_info[DCACHE].size * 1024 / PAGE_SIZE /
+		    L1_cache_info[DCACHE].ways;
+		L1_cache_info[DCACHE].aliasing_num = aliasing_num;
+		L1_cache_info[DCACHE].aliasing_mask =
+		    (aliasing_num - 1) << PAGE_SHIFT;
+	}
+#endif
+}
+
+static void __init setup_cpuinfo(void)
+{
+	unsigned long tmp = 0, cpu_name;
+
+	cpu_dcache_inval_all();
+	cpu_icache_inval_all();
+	__nds32__isb();
+
+	cpu_id = (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_CPU_VER) & CPU_VER_mskCPUID) >> CPU_VER_offCPUID;
+	cpu_name = ((cpu_id) & 0xf0) >> 4;
+	cpu_series = cpu_name ? cpu_name - 10 + 'A' : 'N';
+	cpu_id = cpu_id & 0xf;
+	cpu_rev = (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_CPU_VER) & CPU_VER_mskREV) >> CPU_VER_offREV;
+	cpu_cfgid = (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_CPU_VER) & CPU_VER_mskCFGID) >> CPU_VER_offCFGID;
+
+	pr_info("CPU:%c%ld, CPU_VER 0x%08x(id %lu, rev %lu, cfg %lu)\n",
+		cpu_series, cpu_id, __nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_CPU_VER), cpu_id, cpu_rev, cpu_cfgid);
+
+	elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_MFUSR_PC;
+
+	if (((__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskBASEV) >> MSC_CFG_offBASEV) == 0) {
+		if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskDIV)
+			elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_DIV;
+
+		if ((__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskMAC)
+		    || (cpu_id == 12 && cpu_rev < 4))
+			elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_MAC;
+	} else {
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_V2;
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_DIV;
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_MAC;
+	}
+
+	if (cpu_cfgid & 0x0001)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_EXT;
+
+	if (cpu_cfgid & 0x0002)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_BASE16;
+
+	if (cpu_cfgid & 0x0004)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_EXT2;
+
+	if (cpu_cfgid & 0x0008)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_FPU;
+
+	if (cpu_cfgid & 0x0010)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_STRING;
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MMU_CFG) & MMU_CFG_mskDE)
+		endianness = "MSB";
+	else
+		endianness = "LSB";
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskEDM)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_EDM;
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskLMDMA)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_LMDMA;
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskPFM)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_PFM;
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskHSMP)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_HSMP;
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskTRACE)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_TRACE;
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskAUDIO)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_AUDIO;
+
+	if (__nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_MSC_CFG) & MSC_CFG_mskL2C)
+		elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_L2C;
+
+	tmp = __nds32__mfsr(NDS32_SR_CACHE_CTL);
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CPU_DCACHE_DISABLE))
+		tmp |= CACHE_CTL_mskDC_EN;
+
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CPU_ICACHE_DISABLE))
+		tmp |= CACHE_CTL_mskIC_EN;
+	__nds32__mtsr_isb(tmp, NDS32_SR_CACHE_CTL);
+
+	dump_cpu_info(smp_processor_id());
+}
+
+static void __init setup_memory(void)
+{
+	unsigned long ram_start_pfn;
+	unsigned long free_ram_start_pfn;
+	phys_addr_t memory_start, memory_end;
+	struct memblock_region *region;
+
+	memory_end = memory_start = 0;
+
+	/* Find main memory where is the kernel */
+	for_each_memblock(memory, region) {
+		memory_start = region->base;
+		memory_end = region->base + region->size;
+		pr_info("%s: Memory: 0x%x-0x%x\n", __func__,
+			memory_start, memory_end);
+	}
+
+	if (!memory_end) {
+		panic("No memory!");
+	}
+
+	ram_start_pfn = PFN_UP(memblock_start_of_DRAM());
+	/* free_ram_start_pfn is first page after kernel */
+	free_ram_start_pfn = PFN_UP(__pa(&_end));
+	max_pfn = PFN_DOWN(memblock_end_of_DRAM());
+	/* it could update max_pfn */
+	if (max_pfn - ram_start_pfn <= MAXMEM_PFN)
+		max_low_pfn = max_pfn;
+	else {
+		max_low_pfn = MAXMEM_PFN + ram_start_pfn;
+		if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HIGHMEM))
+			max_pfn = MAXMEM_PFN + ram_start_pfn;
+	}
+	/* high_memory is related with VMALLOC */
+	high_memory = (void *)__va(max_low_pfn * PAGE_SIZE);
+	min_low_pfn = free_ram_start_pfn;
+
+	/*
+	 * initialize the boot-time allocator (with low memory only).
+	 *
+	 * This makes the memory from the end of the kernel to the end of
+	 * RAM usable.
+	 */
+	memblock_set_bottom_up(true);
+	memblock_reserve(PFN_PHYS(ram_start_pfn), PFN_PHYS(free_ram_start_pfn - ram_start_pfn));
+
+	early_init_fdt_reserve_self();
+	early_init_fdt_scan_reserved_mem();
+
+	memblock_dump_all();
+}
+
+void __init setup_arch(char **cmdline_p)
+{
+	early_init_devtree( __dtb_start);
+
+	setup_cpuinfo();
+
+	init_mm.start_code = (unsigned long)&_stext;
+	init_mm.end_code = (unsigned long)&_etext;
+	init_mm.end_data = (unsigned long)&_edata;
+	init_mm.brk = (unsigned long)&_end;
+
+	/* setup bootmem allocator */
+	setup_memory();
+
+	/* paging_init() sets up the MMU and marks all pages as reserved */
+	paging_init();
+
+	/* use generic way to parse */
+	parse_early_param();
+
+	unflatten_and_copy_device_tree();
+
+	if(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_VT)) {
+		if(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_DUMMY_CONSOLE))
+			conswitchp = &dummy_con;
+	}
+
+	*cmdline_p = boot_command_line;
+	early_trap_init();
+}
+
+static int c_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+	int i;
+
+	seq_printf(m, "Processor\t: %c%ld (id %lu, rev %lu, cfg %lu)\n",
+		   cpu_series, cpu_id, cpu_id, cpu_rev, cpu_cfgid);
+
+	seq_printf(m, "L1I\t\t: %luKB/%luS/%luW/%luB\n",
+		   CACHE_SET(ICACHE) * CACHE_WAY(ICACHE) *
+		   CACHE_LINE_SIZE(ICACHE) / 1024, CACHE_SET(ICACHE),
+		   CACHE_WAY(ICACHE), CACHE_LINE_SIZE(ICACHE));
+
+	seq_printf(m, "L1D\t\t: %luKB/%luS/%luW/%luB\n",
+		   CACHE_SET(DCACHE) * CACHE_WAY(DCACHE) *
+		   CACHE_LINE_SIZE(DCACHE) / 1024, CACHE_SET(DCACHE),
+		   CACHE_WAY(DCACHE), CACHE_LINE_SIZE(DCACHE));
+
+	seq_printf(m, "BogoMIPS\t: %lu.%02lu\n",
+		   loops_per_jiffy / (500000 / HZ),
+		   (loops_per_jiffy / (5000 / HZ)) % 100);
+
+	/* dump out the processor features */
+	seq_puts(m, "Features\t: ");
+
+	for (i = 0; hwcap_str[i]; i++)
+		if (elf_hwcap & (1 << i))
+			seq_printf(m, "%s ", hwcap_str[i]);
+
+	seq_puts(m, "\n\n");
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void *c_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t * pos)
+{
+	return *pos < 1 ? (void *)1 : NULL;
+}
+
+static void *c_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t * pos)
+{
+	++*pos;
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static void c_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+}
+
+struct seq_operations cpuinfo_op = {
+	.start = c_start,
+	.next = c_next,
+	.stop = c_stop,
+	.show = c_show
+};
-- 
2.16.1