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[PATCH v2] riscv/ftrace: Add basic support




This patch contains basic ftrace support for RV64I platform.
Specifically, function tracer (HAVE_FUNCTION_TRACER), function graph
tracer (HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER), and a frame pointer test
(HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_FP_TEST) are implemented following the
instructions in Documentation/trace/ftrace-design.txt.

Note that the functions in both ftrace.c and setup.c should not be
hooked with the compiler's -pg option: to prevent infinite self-
referencing for the former, and to ignore early setup stuff for the
latter.

Signed-off-by: Alan Kao <alankao@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---
Changes in v2:
  - Add SPDX license identifier
  - Remove unnecessary LOCKDEP_SUPPORT option
  - Remove unnecessary #ifdef in the newly added kernel/ftrace.c

 arch/riscv/Kconfig              |   5 ++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/Kbuild   |   1 -
 arch/riscv/include/asm/ftrace.h |  10 ++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile      |   7 +++
 arch/riscv/kernel/ftrace.c      |  41 +++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/mcount.S      | 126 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 189 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/ftrace.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/ftrace.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/mcount.S

diff --git a/arch/riscv/Kconfig b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
index 2e15e85c8f7e..40a67fc12328 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/riscv/Kconfig
@@ -60,6 +60,9 @@ config PAGE_OFFSET
 config STACKTRACE_SUPPORT
 	def_bool y
 
+config TRACE_IRQFLAGS_SUPPORT
+	def_bool y
+
 config RWSEM_GENERIC_SPINLOCK
 	def_bool y
 
@@ -112,6 +115,8 @@ config ARCH_RV64I
 	bool "RV64I"
 	select CPU_SUPPORTS_64BIT_KERNEL
 	select 64BIT
+	select HAVE_FUNCTION_TRACER
+	select HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
 
 endchoice
 
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/Kbuild b/arch/riscv/include/asm/Kbuild
index 18158be62a2b..680301bfbc4b 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/include/asm/Kbuild
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/Kbuild
@@ -12,7 +12,6 @@ generic-y += errno.h
 generic-y += exec.h
 generic-y += fb.h
 generic-y += fcntl.h
-generic-y += ftrace.h
 generic-y += futex.h
 generic-y += hardirq.h
 generic-y += hash.h
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/ftrace.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ftrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..66d4175eb13e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ftrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (C) 2017 Andes Technology Corporation */
+
+/*
+ * The graph frame test is not possible if CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is not enabled.
+ * Check arch/riscv/kernel/mcount.S for detail.
+ */
+#if defined(CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER) && defined(CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER)
+#define HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_FP_TEST
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
index ab8baf7bd142..15941f3b8363 100644
--- a/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/Makefile
@@ -2,6 +2,11 @@
 # Makefile for the RISC-V Linux kernel
 #
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE
+CFLAGS_REMOVE_ftrace.o = -pg
+CFLAGS_REMOVE_setup.o = -pg
+#endif
+
 extra-y += head.o
 extra-y += vmlinux.lds
 
@@ -29,5 +34,7 @@ CFLAGS_setup.o := -mcmodel=medany
 obj-$(CONFIG_SMP)		+= smpboot.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_SMP)		+= smp.o
 obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES)		+= module.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_TRACER)	+= mcount.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER)	+= ftrace.o
 
 clean:
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/ftrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..d0de68d144cb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2013 Linaro Limited
+ * Author: AKASHI Takahiro <takahiro.akashi@xxxxxxxxxx>
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Andes Technology Corporation
+ */
+
+#include <linux/ftrace.h>
+
+/*
+ * Most of this file is copied from arm64.
+ */
+void prepare_ftrace_return(unsigned long *parent, unsigned long self_addr,
+			   unsigned long frame_pointer)
+{
+	unsigned long return_hooker = (unsigned long)&return_to_handler;
+	unsigned long old;
+	struct ftrace_graph_ent trace;
+	int err;
+
+	if (unlikely(atomic_read(&current->tracing_graph_pause)))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * We don't suffer access faults, so no extra fault-recovery assembly
+	 * is needed here.
+	 */
+	old = *parent;
+
+	trace.func = self_addr;
+	trace.depth = current->curr_ret_stack + 1;
+
+	if (!ftrace_graph_entry(&trace))
+		return;
+
+	err = ftrace_push_return_trace(old, self_addr, &trace.depth,
+				       frame_pointer, NULL);
+	if (err == -EBUSY)
+		return;
+	*parent = return_hooker;
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/mcount.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/mcount.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..32f2432202e8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/mcount.S
@@ -0,0 +1,126 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
+/* Copyright (C) 2017 Andes Technology Corporation */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/asm.h>
+#include <asm/csr.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
+#include <asm-generic/export.h>
+#include <asm/ftrace.h>
+
+	.text
+
+	.macro SAVE_ABI_STATE
+	addi	sp, sp, -16
+	sd	s0, 0(sp)
+	sd	ra, 8(sp)
+	addi	s0, sp, 16
+	.endm
+
+	/*
+	 * The call to ftrace_return_to_handler would overwrite the return
+	 * register if a0 was not saved.
+	 */
+	.macro SAVE_RET_ABI_STATE
+	addi	sp, sp, -32
+	sd	s0, 16(sp)
+	sd	ra, 24(sp)
+	sd	a0, 8(sp)
+	addi	s0, sp, 32
+	.endm
+
+	.macro STORE_ABI_STATE
+	ld	ra, 8(sp)
+	ld	s0, 0(sp)
+	addi	sp, sp, 16
+	.endm
+
+	.macro STORE_RET_ABI_STATE
+	ld	ra, 24(sp)
+	ld	s0, 16(sp)
+	ld	a0, 8(sp)
+	addi	sp, sp, 32
+	.endm
+
+ENTRY(ftrace_stub)
+	ret
+ENDPROC(ftrace_stub)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
+ENTRY(return_to_handler)
+/*
+ * On implementing the frame point test, the ideal way is to compare the
+ * s0 (frame pointer, if enabled) on entry and the sp (stack pointer) on return.
+ * However, the psABI of variable-length-argument functions does not allow this.
+ *
+ * So alternatively we check the *old* frame pointer position, that is, the
+ * value stored in -16(s0) on entry, and the s0 on return.
+ */
+#ifdef HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_FP_TEST
+	mv	t6, s0
+#endif
+	SAVE_RET_ABI_STATE
+#ifdef HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_FP_TEST
+	mv	a0, t6
+#endif
+	la	t0, ftrace_return_to_handler
+	jalr	t0
+	mv	a1, a0
+	STORE_RET_ABI_STATE
+	jr	a1
+ENDPROC(return_to_handler)
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(return_to_handler)
+#endif
+
+ENTRY(_mcount)
+	la	t4, ftrace_stub
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
+	la	t0, ftrace_graph_return
+	ld	t1, 0(t0)
+	bne	t1, t4, do_ftrace_graph_caller
+
+	la	t3, ftrace_graph_entry
+	ld	t2, 0(t3)
+	la	t6, ftrace_graph_entry_stub
+	bne	t2, t6, do_ftrace_graph_caller
+#endif
+	la	t3, ftrace_trace_function
+	ld	t5, 0(t3)
+	bne	t5, t4, do_trace
+	ret
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
+/*
+ * A pseudo representation for the function graph tracer:
+ * prepare_to_return(&ra_to_caller_of_caller, ra_to_caller)
+ */
+do_ftrace_graph_caller:
+	addi	a0, s0, -8
+	mv	a1, ra
+#ifdef HAVE_FUNCTION_GRAPH_FP_TEST
+	ld	a2, -16(s0)
+#endif
+	SAVE_ABI_STATE
+	la	t0, prepare_ftrace_return
+	jalr	t0
+	STORE_ABI_STATE
+	ret
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * A pseudo representation for the function tracer:
+ * (*ftrace_trace_function)(ra_to_caller, ra_to_caller_of_caller)
+ */
+do_trace:
+	ld	a1, -8(s0)
+	mv	a0, ra
+
+	SAVE_ABI_STATE
+	jalr	t5
+	STORE_ABI_STATE
+	ret
+ENDPROC(_mcount)
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(_mcount)
-- 
2.15.1