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[PATCH v7 25/37] tracing: Add support for 'field variables'




Users should be able to directly specify event fields in hist trigger
'actions' rather than being forced to explicitly create a variable for
that purpose.

Add support allowing fields to be used directly in actions, which
essentially does just that - creates 'invisible' variables for each
bare field specified in an action.  If a bare field refers to a field
on another (matching) event, it even creates a special histogram for
the purpose (since variables can't be defined on an existing histogram
after histogram creation).

Here's a simple example that demonstrates both.  Basically the
onmatch() action creates a list of variables corresponding to the
parameters of the synthetic event to be generated, and then uses those
values to generate the event.  So for the wakeup_latency synthetic
event 'call' below the first param, $wakeup_lat, is a variable defined
explicitly on sched_switch, where 'next_pid' is just a normal field on
sched_switch, and prio is a normal field on sched_waking.

Since the mechanism works on variables, those two normal fields just
have 'invisible' variables created internally for them.  In the case of
'prio', which is on another event, we actually need to create an
additional hist trigger and define the invisible variable on that, since
once a hist trigger is defined, variables can't be added to it later.

  echo 'wakeup_latency u64 lat; pid_t pid; int prio' >>
       /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/synthetic_events

  echo 'hist:keys=pid:ts0=common_timestamp.usecs >>
       /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_waking/trigger

echo 'hist:keys=next_pid:wakeup_lat=common_timestamp.usecs-$ts0:
      onmatch(sched.sched_waking).wakeup_latency($wakeup_lat,next_pid,prio)
            >> /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_switch/trigger

Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c | 531 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 1 file changed, 530 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c b/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
index 7de2fed..7af25fd 100644
--- a/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
+++ b/kernel/trace/trace_events_hist.c
@@ -255,6 +255,16 @@ struct hist_trigger_attrs {
 	struct var_defs	var_defs;
 };
 
+struct field_var {
+	struct hist_field	*var;
+	struct hist_field	*val;
+};
+
+struct field_var_hist {
+	struct hist_trigger_data	*hist_data;
+	char				*cmd;
+};
+
 struct hist_trigger_data {
 	struct hist_field               *fields[HIST_FIELDS_MAX];
 	unsigned int			n_vals;
@@ -274,6 +284,12 @@ struct hist_trigger_data {
 
 	struct action_data		*actions[HIST_ACTIONS_MAX];
 	unsigned int			n_actions;
+
+	struct field_var		*field_vars[SYNTH_FIELDS_MAX];
+	unsigned int			n_field_vars;
+	unsigned int			n_field_var_str;
+	struct field_var_hist		*field_var_hists[SYNTH_FIELDS_MAX];
+	unsigned int			n_field_var_hists;
 };
 
 struct synth_field {
@@ -1444,6 +1460,7 @@ static struct hist_field *find_event_var(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
 struct hist_elt_data {
 	char *comm;
 	u64 *var_ref_vals;
+	char *field_var_str[SYNTH_FIELDS_MAX];
 };
 
 static u64 hist_field_var_ref(struct hist_field *hist_field,
@@ -1748,6 +1765,11 @@ static inline void save_comm(char *comm, struct task_struct *task)
 
 static void hist_elt_data_free(struct hist_elt_data *elt_data)
 {
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < SYNTH_FIELDS_MAX; i++)
+		kfree(elt_data->field_var_str[i]);
+
 	kfree(elt_data->comm);
 	kfree(elt_data);
 }
@@ -1765,7 +1787,7 @@ static int hist_trigger_elt_data_alloc(struct tracing_map_elt *elt)
 	unsigned int size = TASK_COMM_LEN + 1;
 	struct hist_elt_data *elt_data;
 	struct hist_field *key_field;
-	unsigned int i;
+	unsigned int i, n_str;
 
 	elt_data = kzalloc(sizeof(*elt_data), GFP_KERNEL);
 	if (!elt_data)
@@ -1784,6 +1806,18 @@ static int hist_trigger_elt_data_alloc(struct tracing_map_elt *elt)
 		}
 	}
 
+	n_str = hist_data->n_field_var_str;
+
+	size = STR_VAR_LEN_MAX;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < n_str; i++) {
+		elt_data->field_var_str[i] = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!elt_data->field_var_str[i]) {
+			hist_elt_data_free(elt_data);
+			return -ENOMEM;
+		}
+	}
+
 	elt->private_data = elt_data;
 
 	return 0;
@@ -2486,6 +2520,470 @@ static struct hist_field *parse_expr(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
 	return ERR_PTR(ret);
 }
 
+static char *find_trigger_filter(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
+				 struct trace_event_file *file)
+{
+	struct event_trigger_data *test;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(test, &file->triggers, list) {
+		if (test->cmd_ops->trigger_type == ETT_EVENT_HIST) {
+			if (test->private_data == hist_data)
+				return test->filter_str;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct event_command trigger_hist_cmd;
+static int event_hist_trigger_func(struct event_command *cmd_ops,
+				   struct trace_event_file *file,
+				   char *glob, char *cmd, char *param);
+
+static bool compatible_keys(struct hist_trigger_data *target_hist_data,
+			    struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
+			    unsigned int n_keys)
+{
+	struct hist_field *target_hist_field, *hist_field;
+	unsigned int n, i, j;
+
+	if (hist_data->n_fields - hist_data->n_vals != n_keys)
+		return false;
+
+	i = hist_data->n_vals;
+	j = target_hist_data->n_vals;
+
+	for (n = 0; n < n_keys; n++) {
+		hist_field = hist_data->fields[i + n];
+		target_hist_field = target_hist_data->fields[j + n];
+
+		if (strcmp(hist_field->type, target_hist_field->type) != 0)
+			return false;
+		if (hist_field->size != target_hist_field->size)
+			return false;
+		if (hist_field->is_signed != target_hist_field->is_signed)
+			return false;
+	}
+
+	return true;
+}
+
+static struct hist_trigger_data *
+find_compatible_hist(struct hist_trigger_data *target_hist_data,
+		     struct trace_event_file *file)
+{
+	struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data;
+	struct event_trigger_data *test;
+	unsigned int n_keys;
+
+	n_keys = target_hist_data->n_fields - target_hist_data->n_vals;
+
+	list_for_each_entry_rcu(test, &file->triggers, list) {
+		if (test->cmd_ops->trigger_type == ETT_EVENT_HIST) {
+			hist_data = test->private_data;
+
+			if (compatible_keys(target_hist_data, hist_data, n_keys))
+				return hist_data;
+		}
+	}
+
+	return NULL;
+}
+
+static struct trace_event_file *event_file(struct trace_array *tr,
+					   char *system, char *event_name)
+{
+	struct trace_event_file *file;
+
+	file = find_event_file(tr, system, event_name);
+	if (!file)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	return file;
+}
+
+static struct hist_field *
+find_synthetic_field_var(struct hist_trigger_data *target_hist_data,
+			 char *system, char *event_name, char *field_name)
+{
+	struct hist_field *event_var;
+	char *synthetic_name;
+
+	synthetic_name = kzalloc(MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!synthetic_name)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	strcpy(synthetic_name, "synthetic_");
+	strcat(synthetic_name, field_name);
+
+	event_var = find_event_var(target_hist_data, system, event_name, synthetic_name);
+
+	kfree(synthetic_name);
+
+	return event_var;
+}
+
+/**
+ * create_field_var_hist - Automatically create a histogram and var for a field
+ * @target_hist_data: The target hist trigger
+ * @subsys_name: Optional subsystem name
+ * @event_name: Optional event name
+ * @field_name: The name of the field (and the resulting variable)
+ *
+ * Hist trigger actions fetch data from variables, not directly from
+ * events.  However, for convenience, users are allowed to directly
+ * specify an event field in an action, which will be automatically
+ * converted into a variable on their behalf.
+
+ * If a user specifies a field on an event that isn't the event the
+ * histogram currently being defined (the target event histogram), the
+ * only way that can be accomplished is if a new hist trigger is
+ * created and the field variable defined on that.
+ *
+ * This function creates a new histogram compatible with the target
+ * event (meaning a histogram with the same key as the target
+ * histogram), and creates a variable for the specified field, but
+ * with 'synthetic_' prepended to the variable name in order to avoid
+ * collision with normal field variables.
+ *
+ * Return: The variable created for the field.
+ */
+struct hist_field *
+create_field_var_hist(struct hist_trigger_data *target_hist_data,
+		      char *subsys_name, char *event_name, char *field_name)
+{
+	struct trace_array *tr = target_hist_data->event_file->tr;
+	struct hist_field *event_var = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data;
+	unsigned int i, n, first = true;
+	struct field_var_hist *var_hist;
+	struct trace_event_file *file;
+	struct hist_field *key_field;
+	char *saved_filter;
+	char *cmd;
+	int ret;
+
+	if (target_hist_data->n_field_var_hists >= SYNTH_FIELDS_MAX)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	file = event_file(tr, subsys_name, event_name);
+
+	if (IS_ERR(file)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(file);
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Look for a histogram compatible with target.  We'll use the
+	 * found histogram specification to create a new matching
+	 * histogram with our variable on it.  target_hist_data is not
+	 * yet a registered histogram so we can't use that.
+	 */
+	hist_data = find_compatible_hist(target_hist_data, file);
+	if (!hist_data)
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+
+	/* See if a synthetic field variable has already been created */
+	event_var = find_synthetic_field_var(target_hist_data, subsys_name,
+					     event_name, field_name);
+	if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(event_var))
+		return event_var;
+
+	var_hist = kzalloc(sizeof(*var_hist), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!var_hist)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+	cmd = kzalloc(MAX_FILTER_STR_VAL, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!cmd) {
+		kfree(var_hist);
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	/* Use the same keys as the compatible histogram */
+	strcat(cmd, "keys=");
+
+	for_each_hist_key_field(i, hist_data) {
+		key_field = hist_data->fields[i];
+		if (!first)
+			strcat(cmd, ",");
+		strcat(cmd, key_field->field->name);
+		first = false;
+	}
+
+	/* Create the synthetic field variable specification */
+	strcat(cmd, ":synthetic_");
+	strcat(cmd, field_name);
+	strcat(cmd, "=");
+	strcat(cmd, field_name);
+
+	/* Use the same filter as the compatible histogram */
+	saved_filter = find_trigger_filter(hist_data, file);
+	if (saved_filter) {
+		strcat(cmd, " if ");
+		strcat(cmd, saved_filter);
+	}
+
+	var_hist->cmd = kstrdup(cmd, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!var_hist->cmd) {
+		kfree(cmd);
+		kfree(var_hist);
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+
+	/* Save the compatible histogram information */
+	var_hist->hist_data = hist_data;
+
+	/* Create the new histogram with our variable */
+	ret = event_hist_trigger_func(&trigger_hist_cmd, file,
+				      "", "hist", cmd);
+	if (ret) {
+		kfree(cmd);
+		kfree(var_hist->cmd);
+		kfree(var_hist);
+		return ERR_PTR(ret);
+	}
+
+	kfree(cmd);
+
+	/* If we can't find the variable, something went wrong */
+	event_var = find_synthetic_field_var(target_hist_data, subsys_name,
+					     event_name, field_name);
+	if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(event_var)) {
+		kfree(var_hist->cmd);
+		kfree(var_hist);
+		return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+	}
+
+	n = target_hist_data->n_field_var_hists;
+	target_hist_data->field_var_hists[n] = var_hist;
+	target_hist_data->n_field_var_hists++;
+
+	return event_var;
+}
+
+struct hist_field *
+find_target_event_var(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
+		      char *subsys_name, char *event_name, char *var_name)
+{
+	struct trace_event_file *file = hist_data->event_file;
+	struct hist_field *hist_field = NULL;
+
+	if (subsys_name) {
+		struct trace_event_call *call;
+
+		if (!event_name)
+			return NULL;
+
+		call = file->event_call;
+
+		if (strcmp(subsys_name, call->class->system) != 0)
+			return NULL;
+
+		if (strcmp(event_name, trace_event_name(call)) != 0)
+			return NULL;
+	}
+
+	hist_field = find_var_field(hist_data, var_name);
+
+	return hist_field;
+}
+
+static inline void __update_field_vars(struct tracing_map_elt *elt,
+				       struct ring_buffer_event *rbe,
+				       void *rec,
+				       struct field_var **field_vars,
+				       unsigned int n_field_vars,
+				       unsigned int field_var_str_start)
+{
+	struct hist_elt_data *elt_data = elt->private_data;
+	unsigned int i, j, var_idx;
+	u64 var_val;
+
+	for (i = 0, j = field_var_str_start; i < n_field_vars; i++) {
+		struct field_var *field_var = field_vars[i];
+		struct hist_field *var = field_var->var;
+		struct hist_field *val = field_var->val;
+
+		var_val = val->fn(val, elt, rbe, rec);
+		var_idx = var->var.idx;
+
+		if (val->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_STRING) {
+			char *str = elt_data->field_var_str[j++];
+			char *val_str = (char *)(uintptr_t)var_val;
+
+			strncpy(str, val_str, STR_VAR_LEN_MAX);
+			var_val = (u64)(uintptr_t)str;
+		}
+		tracing_map_set_var(elt, var_idx, var_val);
+	}
+}
+
+static void update_field_vars(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
+			      struct tracing_map_elt *elt,
+			      struct ring_buffer_event *rbe,
+			      void *rec)
+{
+	__update_field_vars(elt, rbe, rec, hist_data->field_vars,
+			    hist_data->n_field_vars, 0);
+}
+
+static struct hist_field *create_var(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
+				     struct trace_event_file *file,
+				     char *name, int size, const char *type)
+{
+	struct hist_field *var;
+	int idx;
+
+	if (find_var(hist_data, file, name) && !hist_data->remove) {
+		var = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	var = kzalloc(sizeof(struct hist_field), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!var) {
+		var = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	idx = tracing_map_add_var(hist_data->map);
+	if (idx < 0) {
+		kfree(var);
+		var = ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
+		goto out;
+	}
+
+	var->flags = HIST_FIELD_FL_VAR;
+	var->var.idx = idx;
+	var->var.hist_data = var->hist_data = hist_data;
+	var->size = size;
+	var->var.name = kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL);
+	var->type = kstrdup(type, GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!var->var.name || !var->type) {
+		kfree(var->var.name);
+		kfree(var->type);
+		kfree(var);
+		var = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+	}
+ out:
+	return var;
+}
+
+static struct field_var *create_field_var(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
+					  struct trace_event_file *file,
+					  char *field_name)
+{
+	struct hist_field *val = NULL, *var = NULL;
+	unsigned long flags = HIST_FIELD_FL_VAR;
+	struct field_var *field_var;
+	int ret = 0;
+
+	if (hist_data->n_field_vars >= SYNTH_FIELDS_MAX) {
+		ret = -EINVAL;
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	val = parse_atom(hist_data, file, field_name, &flags, NULL);
+	if (IS_ERR(val)) {
+		ret = PTR_ERR(val);
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	var = create_var(hist_data, file, field_name, val->size, val->type);
+	if (IS_ERR(var)) {
+		kfree(val);
+		ret = PTR_ERR(var);
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	field_var = kzalloc(sizeof(struct field_var), GFP_KERNEL);
+	if (!field_var) {
+		kfree(val);
+		kfree(var);
+		ret =  -ENOMEM;
+		goto err;
+	}
+
+	field_var->var = var;
+	field_var->val = val;
+ out:
+	return field_var;
+ err:
+	field_var = ERR_PTR(ret);
+	goto out;
+}
+
+/**
+ * create_target_field_var - Automatically create a variable for a field
+ * @target_hist_data: The target hist trigger
+ * @subsys_name: Optional subsystem name
+ * @event_name: Optional event name
+ * @var_name: The name of the field (and the resulting variable)
+ *
+ * Hist trigger actions fetch data from variables, not directly from
+ * events.  However, for convenience, users are allowed to directly
+ * specify an event field in an action, which will be automatically
+ * converted into a variable on their behalf.
+
+ * This function creates a field variable with the name var_name on
+ * the hist trigger currently being defined on the target event.  If
+ * subsys_name and event_name are specified, this function simply
+ * verifies that they do in fact match the target event subsystem and
+ * event name.
+ *
+ * Return: The variable created for the field.
+ */
+struct field_var *
+create_target_field_var(struct hist_trigger_data *target_hist_data,
+			char *subsys_name, char *event_name, char *var_name)
+{
+	struct trace_event_file *file = target_hist_data->event_file;
+
+	if (subsys_name) {
+		struct trace_event_call *call;
+
+		if (!event_name)
+			return NULL;
+
+		call = file->event_call;
+
+		if (strcmp(subsys_name, call->class->system) != 0)
+			return NULL;
+
+		if (strcmp(event_name, trace_event_name(call)) != 0)
+			return NULL;
+	}
+
+	return create_field_var(target_hist_data, file, var_name);
+}
+
+static void destroy_field_var(struct field_var *field_var)
+{
+	if (!field_var)
+		return;
+
+	destroy_hist_field(field_var->var, 0);
+	destroy_hist_field(field_var->val, 0);
+
+	kfree(field_var);
+}
+
+static void destroy_field_vars(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data)
+{
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < hist_data->n_field_vars; i++)
+		destroy_field_var(hist_data->field_vars[i]);
+}
+
+void save_field_var(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
+		    struct field_var *field_var)
+{
+	hist_data->field_vars[hist_data->n_field_vars++] = field_var;
+
+	if (field_var->val->flags & HIST_FIELD_FL_STRING)
+		hist_data->n_field_var_str++;
+}
+
 static int create_hitcount_val(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data)
 {
 	hist_data->fields[HITCOUNT_IDX] =
@@ -2941,6 +3439,16 @@ static int create_actions(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static void destroy_field_var_hists(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data)
+{
+	unsigned int i;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < hist_data->n_field_var_hists; i++) {
+		kfree(hist_data->field_var_hists[i]->cmd);
+		kfree(hist_data->field_var_hists[i]);
+	}
+}
+
 static void destroy_hist_data(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data)
 {
 	if (!hist_data)
@@ -2951,6 +3459,8 @@ static void destroy_hist_data(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data)
 	tracing_map_destroy(hist_data->map);
 
 	destroy_actions(hist_data);
+	destroy_field_vars(hist_data);
+	destroy_field_var_hists(hist_data);
 
 	kfree(hist_data);
 }
@@ -3087,6 +3597,8 @@ static void hist_trigger_elt_update(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data,
 			tracing_map_set_var(elt, var_idx, hist_val);
 		}
 	}
+
+	update_field_vars(hist_data, elt, rbe, rec);
 }
 
 static inline void add_to_key(char *compound_key, void *key,
@@ -3531,6 +4043,21 @@ static int event_hist_trigger_init(struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static void unregister_field_var_hists(struct hist_trigger_data *hist_data)
+{
+	struct trace_event_file *file;
+	unsigned int i;
+	char *cmd;
+	int ret;
+
+	for (i = 0; i < hist_data->n_field_var_hists; i++) {
+		file = hist_data->field_var_hists[i]->hist_data->event_file;
+		cmd = hist_data->field_var_hists[i]->cmd;
+		ret = event_hist_trigger_func(&trigger_hist_cmd, file,
+					      "!hist", "hist", cmd);
+	}
+}
+
 static void event_hist_trigger_free(struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
 				    struct event_trigger_data *data)
 {
@@ -3548,6 +4075,8 @@ static void event_hist_trigger_free(struct event_trigger_ops *ops,
 
 		remove_hist_vars(hist_data);
 
+		unregister_field_var_hists(hist_data);
+
 		destroy_hist_data(hist_data);
 	}
 }
-- 
1.9.3