Web lists-archives.com

[PATCH v7 01/37] tracing: Move hist trigger Documentation to histogram.txt




The hist trigger Documentation takes up a large part of events.txt -
since it will be getting even larger, move it to a separate file.

Signed-off-by: Tom Zanussi <tom.zanussi@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 Documentation/trace/events.txt    | 1548 +-----------------------------------
 Documentation/trace/histogram.txt | 1568 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 1569 insertions(+), 1547 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/trace/histogram.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/trace/events.txt b/Documentation/trace/events.txt
index 2cc08d4..e28f7f2 100644
--- a/Documentation/trace/events.txt
+++ b/Documentation/trace/events.txt
@@ -517,1550 +517,4 @@ The following commands are supported:
   totals derived from one or more trace event format fields and/or
   event counts (hitcount).
 
-  The format of a hist trigger is as follows:
-
-        hist:keys=<field1[,field2,...]>[:values=<field1[,field2,...]>]
-          [:sort=<field1[,field2,...]>][:size=#entries][:pause][:continue]
-          [:clear][:name=histname1] [if <filter>]
-
-  When a matching event is hit, an entry is added to a hash table
-  using the key(s) and value(s) named.  Keys and values correspond to
-  fields in the event's format description.  Values must correspond to
-  numeric fields - on an event hit, the value(s) will be added to a
-  sum kept for that field.  The special string 'hitcount' can be used
-  in place of an explicit value field - this is simply a count of
-  event hits.  If 'values' isn't specified, an implicit 'hitcount'
-  value will be automatically created and used as the only value.
-  Keys can be any field, or the special string 'stacktrace', which
-  will use the event's kernel stacktrace as the key.  The keywords
-  'keys' or 'key' can be used to specify keys, and the keywords
-  'values', 'vals', or 'val' can be used to specify values.  Compound
-  keys consisting of up to two fields can be specified by the 'keys'
-  keyword.  Hashing a compound key produces a unique entry in the
-  table for each unique combination of component keys, and can be
-  useful for providing more fine-grained summaries of event data.
-  Additionally, sort keys consisting of up to two fields can be
-  specified by the 'sort' keyword.  If more than one field is
-  specified, the result will be a 'sort within a sort': the first key
-  is taken to be the primary sort key and the second the secondary
-  key.  If a hist trigger is given a name using the 'name' parameter,
-  its histogram data will be shared with other triggers of the same
-  name, and trigger hits will update this common data.  Only triggers
-  with 'compatible' fields can be combined in this way; triggers are
-  'compatible' if the fields named in the trigger share the same
-  number and type of fields and those fields also have the same names.
-  Note that any two events always share the compatible 'hitcount' and
-  'stacktrace' fields and can therefore be combined using those
-  fields, however pointless that may be.
-
-  'hist' triggers add a 'hist' file to each event's subdirectory.
-  Reading the 'hist' file for the event will dump the hash table in
-  its entirety to stdout.  If there are multiple hist triggers
-  attached to an event, there will be a table for each trigger in the
-  output.  The table displayed for a named trigger will be the same as
-  any other instance having the same name. Each printed hash table
-  entry is a simple list of the keys and values comprising the entry;
-  keys are printed first and are delineated by curly braces, and are
-  followed by the set of value fields for the entry.  By default,
-  numeric fields are displayed as base-10 integers.  This can be
-  modified by appending any of the following modifiers to the field
-  name:
-
-        .hex        display a number as a hex value
-	.sym        display an address as a symbol
-	.sym-offset display an address as a symbol and offset
-	.syscall    display a syscall id as a system call name
-	.execname   display a common_pid as a program name
-
-  Note that in general the semantics of a given field aren't
-  interpreted when applying a modifier to it, but there are some
-  restrictions to be aware of in this regard:
-
-    - only the 'hex' modifier can be used for values (because values
-      are essentially sums, and the other modifiers don't make sense
-      in that context).
-    - the 'execname' modifier can only be used on a 'common_pid'.  The
-      reason for this is that the execname is simply the 'comm' value
-      saved for the 'current' process when an event was triggered,
-      which is the same as the common_pid value saved by the event
-      tracing code.  Trying to apply that comm value to other pid
-      values wouldn't be correct, and typically events that care save
-      pid-specific comm fields in the event itself.
-
-  A typical usage scenario would be the following to enable a hist
-  trigger, read its current contents, and then turn it off:
-
-  # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
-    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
-
-  # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/hist
-
-  # echo '!hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
-    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
-
-  The trigger file itself can be read to show the details of the
-  currently attached hist trigger.  This information is also displayed
-  at the top of the 'hist' file when read.
-
-  By default, the size of the hash table is 2048 entries.  The 'size'
-  parameter can be used to specify more or fewer than that.  The units
-  are in terms of hashtable entries - if a run uses more entries than
-  specified, the results will show the number of 'drops', the number
-  of hits that were ignored.  The size should be a power of 2 between
-  128 and 131072 (any non- power-of-2 number specified will be rounded
-  up).
-
-  The 'sort' parameter can be used to specify a value field to sort
-  on.  The default if unspecified is 'hitcount' and the default sort
-  order is 'ascending'.  To sort in the opposite direction, append
-  .descending' to the sort key.
-
-  The 'pause' parameter can be used to pause an existing hist trigger
-  or to start a hist trigger but not log any events until told to do
-  so.  'continue' or 'cont' can be used to start or restart a paused
-  hist trigger.
-
-  The 'clear' parameter will clear the contents of a running hist
-  trigger and leave its current paused/active state.
-
-  Note that the 'pause', 'cont', and 'clear' parameters should be
-  applied using 'append' shell operator ('>>') if applied to an
-  existing trigger, rather than via the '>' operator, which will cause
-  the trigger to be removed through truncation.
-
-- enable_hist/disable_hist
-
-  The enable_hist and disable_hist triggers can be used to have one
-  event conditionally start and stop another event's already-attached
-  hist trigger.  Any number of enable_hist and disable_hist triggers
-  can be attached to a given event, allowing that event to kick off
-  and stop aggregations on a host of other events.
-
-  The format is very similar to the enable/disable_event triggers:
-
-      enable_hist:<system>:<event>[:count]
-      disable_hist:<system>:<event>[:count]
-
-  Instead of enabling or disabling the tracing of the target event
-  into the trace buffer as the enable/disable_event triggers do, the
-  enable/disable_hist triggers enable or disable the aggregation of
-  the target event into a hash table.
-
-  A typical usage scenario for the enable_hist/disable_hist triggers
-  would be to first set up a paused hist trigger on some event,
-  followed by an enable_hist/disable_hist pair that turns the hist
-  aggregation on and off when conditions of interest are hit:
-
-  # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len:pause' > \
-    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-
-  # echo 'enable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if filename==/usr/bin/wget' > \
-    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
-
-  # echo 'disable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if comm==wget' > \
-    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
-
-  The above sets up an initially paused hist trigger which is unpaused
-  and starts aggregating events when a given program is executed, and
-  which stops aggregating when the process exits and the hist trigger
-  is paused again.
-
-  The examples below provide a more concrete illustration of the
-  concepts and typical usage patterns discussed above.
-
-
-6.2 'hist' trigger examples
----------------------------
-
-  The first set of examples creates aggregations using the kmalloc
-  event.  The fields that can be used for the hist trigger are listed
-  in the kmalloc event's format file:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/format
-    name: kmalloc
-    ID: 374
-    format:
-	field:unsigned short common_type;	offset:0;	size:2;	signed:0;
-	field:unsigned char common_flags;	offset:2;	size:1;	signed:0;
-	field:unsigned char common_preempt_count;		offset:3;	size:1;	signed:0;
-	field:int common_pid;					offset:4;	size:4;	signed:1;
-
-	field:unsigned long call_site;				offset:8;	size:8;	signed:0;
-	field:const void * ptr;					offset:16;	size:8;	signed:0;
-	field:size_t bytes_req;					offset:24;	size:8;	signed:0;
-	field:size_t bytes_alloc;				offset:32;	size:8;	signed:0;
-	field:gfp_t gfp_flags;					offset:40;	size:4;	signed:0;
-
-  We'll start by creating a hist trigger that generates a simple table
-  that lists the total number of bytes requested for each function in
-  the kernel that made one or more calls to kmalloc:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=call_site:val=bytes_req' > \
-            /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-  This tells the tracing system to create a 'hist' trigger using the
-  call_site field of the kmalloc event as the key for the table, which
-  just means that each unique call_site address will have an entry
-  created for it in the table.  The 'val=bytes_req' parameter tells
-  the hist trigger that for each unique entry (call_site) in the
-  table, it should keep a running total of the number of bytes
-  requested by that call_site.
-
-  We'll let it run for awhile and then dump the contents of the 'hist'
-  file in the kmalloc event's subdirectory (for readability, a number
-  of entries have been omitted):
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { call_site: 18446744072106379007 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        176
-    { call_site: 18446744071579557049 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:       1024
-    { call_site: 18446744071580608289 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:      16384
-    { call_site: 18446744071581827654 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         24
-    { call_site: 18446744071580700980 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
-    { call_site: 18446744071579359876 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        152
-    { call_site: 18446744071580795365 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
-    { call_site: 18446744071581303129 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
-    { call_site: 18446744071580713234 } hitcount:          4  bytes_req:       2560
-    { call_site: 18446744071580933750 } hitcount:          4  bytes_req:        736
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { call_site: 18446744072106047046 } hitcount:         69  bytes_req:       5576
-    { call_site: 18446744071582116407 } hitcount:         73  bytes_req:       2336
-    { call_site: 18446744072106054684 } hitcount:        136  bytes_req:     140504
-    { call_site: 18446744072106224230 } hitcount:        136  bytes_req:      19584
-    { call_site: 18446744072106078074 } hitcount:        153  bytes_req:       2448
-    { call_site: 18446744072106062406 } hitcount:        153  bytes_req:      36720
-    { call_site: 18446744071582507929 } hitcount:        153  bytes_req:      37088
-    { call_site: 18446744072102520590 } hitcount:        273  bytes_req:      10920
-    { call_site: 18446744071582143559 } hitcount:        358  bytes_req:        716
-    { call_site: 18446744072106465852 } hitcount:        417  bytes_req:      56712
-    { call_site: 18446744072102523378 } hitcount:        485  bytes_req:      27160
-    { call_site: 18446744072099568646 } hitcount:       1676  bytes_req:      33520
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 4610
-        Entries: 45
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  The output displays a line for each entry, beginning with the key
-  specified in the trigger, followed by the value(s) also specified in
-  the trigger.  At the beginning of the output is a line that displays
-  the trigger info, which can also be displayed by reading the
-  'trigger' file:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-    hist:keys=call_site:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-
-  At the end of the output are a few lines that display the overall
-  totals for the run.  The 'Hits' field shows the total number of
-  times the event trigger was hit, the 'Entries' field shows the total
-  number of used entries in the hash table, and the 'Dropped' field
-  shows the number of hits that were dropped because the number of
-  used entries for the run exceeded the maximum number of entries
-  allowed for the table (normally 0, but if not a hint that you may
-  want to increase the size of the table using the 'size' parameter).
-
-  Notice in the above output that there's an extra field, 'hitcount',
-  which wasn't specified in the trigger.  Also notice that in the
-  trigger info output, there's a parameter, 'sort=hitcount', which
-  wasn't specified in the trigger either.  The reason for that is that
-  every trigger implicitly keeps a count of the total number of hits
-  attributed to a given entry, called the 'hitcount'.  That hitcount
-  information is explicitly displayed in the output, and in the
-  absence of a user-specified sort parameter, is used as the default
-  sort field.
-
-  The value 'hitcount' can be used in place of an explicit value in
-  the 'values' parameter if you don't really need to have any
-  particular field summed and are mainly interested in hit
-  frequencies.
-
-  To turn the hist trigger off, simply call up the trigger in the
-  command history and re-execute it with a '!' prepended:
-
-    # echo '!hist:key=call_site:val=bytes_req' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-  Finally, notice that the call_site as displayed in the output above
-  isn't really very useful.  It's an address, but normally addresses
-  are displayed in hex.  To have a numeric field displayed as a hex
-  value, simply append '.hex' to the field name in the trigger:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.hex:val=bytes_req' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.hex:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { call_site: ffffffffa026b291 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        433
-    { call_site: ffffffffa07186ff } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        176
-    { call_site: ffffffff811ae721 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:      16384
-    { call_site: ffffffff811c5134 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
-    { call_site: ffffffffa04a9ebb } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        511
-    { call_site: ffffffff8122e0a6 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         12
-    { call_site: ffffffff8107da84 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        152
-    { call_site: ffffffff812d8246 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         24
-    { call_site: ffffffff811dc1e5 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
-    { call_site: ffffffffa02515e8 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        648
-    { call_site: ffffffff81258159 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
-    { call_site: ffffffff811c80f4 } hitcount:          4  bytes_req:        544
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { call_site: ffffffffa06c7646 } hitcount:        106  bytes_req:       8024
-    { call_site: ffffffffa06cb246 } hitcount:        132  bytes_req:      31680
-    { call_site: ffffffffa06cef7a } hitcount:        132  bytes_req:       2112
-    { call_site: ffffffff8137e399 } hitcount:        132  bytes_req:      23232
-    { call_site: ffffffffa06c941c } hitcount:        185  bytes_req:     171360
-    { call_site: ffffffffa06f2a66 } hitcount:        185  bytes_req:      26640
-    { call_site: ffffffffa036a70e } hitcount:        265  bytes_req:      10600
-    { call_site: ffffffff81325447 } hitcount:        292  bytes_req:        584
-    { call_site: ffffffffa072da3c } hitcount:        446  bytes_req:      60656
-    { call_site: ffffffffa036b1f2 } hitcount:        526  bytes_req:      29456
-    { call_site: ffffffffa0099c06 } hitcount:       1780  bytes_req:      35600
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 4775
-        Entries: 46
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  Even that's only marginally more useful - while hex values do look
-  more like addresses, what users are typically more interested in
-  when looking at text addresses are the corresponding symbols
-  instead.  To have an address displayed as symbolic value instead,
-  simply append '.sym' or '.sym-offset' to the field name in the
-  trigger:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.sym:val=bytes_req' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { call_site: [ffffffff810adcb9] syslog_print_all                              } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:       1024
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg                               } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report [hid]                      } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8154acbe] usb_alloc_urb                                 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        192
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811e3a25] __seq_open_private                            } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         40
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8109524a] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811febd5] fsnotify_alloc_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        528
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81440f58] __tty_buffer_request_room                     } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:       2624
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81200ba6] inotify_new_group                             } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:         96
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa05e19af] ieee80211_start_tx_ba_session [mac80211]      } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        464
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81672406] tcp_get_metrics                               } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        304
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ec2] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81089b05] sched_create_group                            } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:       1424
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip [i915]                   } hitcount:       1185  bytes_req:     123240
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa0287592] drm_mode_page_flip_ioctl [drm]                } hitcount:       1185  bytes_req:     104280
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state [i915]            } hitcount:       1402  bytes_req:     190672
-    { call_site: [ffffffff812891ca] ext4_find_extent                              } hitcount:       1518  bytes_req:     146208
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa029070e] drm_vma_node_allow [drm]                      } hitcount:       1746  bytes_req:      69840
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       2021  bytes_req:     792312
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc [drm]                   } hitcount:       2592  bytes_req:     145152
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin [i915]                       } hitcount:       2629  bytes_req:     378576
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2 [i915]                   } hitcount:       2629  bytes_req:    3783248
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81325607] apparmor_file_alloc_security                  } hitcount:       5192  bytes_req:      10384
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00b7c06] hid_report_raw_event [hid]                    } hitcount:       5529  bytes_req:     110584
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8131ebf7] aa_alloc_task_context                         } hitcount:      21943  bytes_req:     702176
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8125847d] ext4_htree_store_dirent                       } hitcount:      55759  bytes_req:    5074265
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 109928
-        Entries: 71
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  Because the default sort key above is 'hitcount', the above shows a
-  the list of call_sites by increasing hitcount, so that at the bottom
-  we see the functions that made the most kmalloc calls during the
-  run.  If instead we we wanted to see the top kmalloc callers in
-  terms of the number of bytes requested rather than the number of
-  calls, and we wanted the top caller to appear at the top, we can use
-  the 'sort' parameter, along with the 'descending' modifier:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.sym:val=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym:vals=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2 [i915]                   } hitcount:       2186  bytes_req:    3397464
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       1790  bytes_req:     712176
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8125847d] ext4_htree_store_dirent                       } hitcount:       8132  bytes_req:     513135
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811e2a1b] seq_buf_alloc                                 } hitcount:        106  bytes_req:     440128
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin [i915]                       } hitcount:       2186  bytes_req:     314784
-    { call_site: [ffffffff812891ca] ext4_find_extent                              } hitcount:       2174  bytes_req:     208992
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811ae8e1] __kmalloc                                     } hitcount:          8  bytes_req:     131072
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state [i915]            } hitcount:        859  bytes_req:     116824
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc [drm]                   } hitcount:       1834  bytes_req:     102704
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip [i915]                   } hitcount:        972  bytes_req:     101088
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa0287592] drm_mode_page_flip_ioctl [drm]                } hitcount:        972  bytes_req:      85536
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00b7c06] hid_report_raw_event [hid]                    } hitcount:       3333  bytes_req:      66664
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8137e559] sg_kmalloc                                    } hitcount:        209  bytes_req:      61632
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81095225] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ec2] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff812d8406] copy_semundo                                  } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:         48
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81200ba6] inotify_new_group                             } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         48
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa027121a] drm_getmagic [drm]                            } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         48
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811e3a25] __seq_open_private                            } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         40
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811c52f4] bprm_change_interp                            } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:         16
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg                               } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report [hid]                      } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 32133
-        Entries: 81
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  To display the offset and size information in addition to the symbol
-  name, just use 'sym-offset' instead:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.sym-offset:val=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym-offset:vals=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2+0x6c/0x2c0 [i915]                  } hitcount:       4569  bytes_req:    3163720
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin+0xc6/0x1f0 [i915]                      } hitcount:       4569  bytes_req:     657936
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23+0x694/0x1020 [i915]      } hitcount:       1519  bytes_req:     472936
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e646] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23+0x516/0x1020 [i915]      } hitcount:       3050  bytes_req:     211832
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811e2a1b] seq_buf_alloc+0x1b/0x50                                 } hitcount:         34  bytes_req:     148384
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip+0xbc/0x870 [i915]                  } hitcount:       1385  bytes_req:     144040
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811ae8e1] __kmalloc+0x191/0x1b0                                   } hitcount:          8  bytes_req:     131072
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa0287592] drm_mode_page_flip_ioctl+0x282/0x360 [drm]              } hitcount:       1385  bytes_req:     121880
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc+0x32/0x100 [drm]                  } hitcount:       1848  bytes_req:     103488
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state+0x2c/0xa0 [i915]            } hitcount:        461  bytes_req:      62696
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa029070e] drm_vma_node_allow+0x2e/0xd0 [drm]                      } hitcount:       1541  bytes_req:      61640
-    { call_site: [ffffffff815f8d7b] sk_prot_alloc+0xcb/0x1b0                                } hitcount:         57  bytes_req:      57456
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8109524a] alloc_fair_sched_group+0x5a/0x1a0                       } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa027b921] drm_vm_open_locked+0x31/0xa0 [drm]                      } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         96
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8122e266] proc_self_follow_link+0x76/0xb0                         } hitcount:          8  bytes_req:         96
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81213e80] load_elf_binary+0x240/0x1650                            } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         84
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg+0x42/0x110                              } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report+0x7e/0x1a0 [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event+0x8a/0x120 [hid]                    } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 26098
-        Entries: 64
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  We can also add multiple fields to the 'values' parameter.  For
-  example, we might want to see the total number of bytes allocated
-  alongside bytes requested, and display the result sorted by bytes
-  allocated in a descending order:
-
-    # echo 'hist:keys=call_site.sym:values=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc.descending' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym:vals=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc.descending:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2 [i915]                   } hitcount:       7403  bytes_req:    4084360  bytes_alloc:    5958016
-    { call_site: [ffffffff811e2a1b] seq_buf_alloc                                 } hitcount:        541  bytes_req:    2213968  bytes_alloc:    2228224
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin [i915]                       } hitcount:       7404  bytes_req:    1066176  bytes_alloc:    1421568
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       1565  bytes_req:     557368  bytes_alloc:    1037760
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8125847d] ext4_htree_store_dirent                       } hitcount:       9557  bytes_req:     595778  bytes_alloc:     695744
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e646] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       5839  bytes_req:     430680  bytes_alloc:     470400
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state [i915]            } hitcount:       2388  bytes_req:     324768  bytes_alloc:     458496
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc [drm]                   } hitcount:       3911  bytes_req:     219016  bytes_alloc:     250304
-    { call_site: [ffffffff815f8d7b] sk_prot_alloc                                 } hitcount:        235  bytes_req:     236880  bytes_alloc:     240640
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8137e559] sg_kmalloc                                    } hitcount:        557  bytes_req:     169024  bytes_alloc:     221760
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00b7c06] hid_report_raw_event [hid]                    } hitcount:       9378  bytes_req:     187548  bytes_alloc:     206312
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip [i915]                   } hitcount:       1519  bytes_req:     157976  bytes_alloc:     194432
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8109bd3b] sched_autogroup_create_attach                 } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        144  bytes_alloc:        192
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ee8] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8109524a] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81095225] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ec2] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81213e80] load_elf_binary                               } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         84  bytes_alloc:         96
-    { call_site: [ffffffff81079a2e] kthread_create_on_node                        } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         56  bytes_alloc:         64
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report [hid]                      } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7  bytes_alloc:          8
-    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg                               } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8  bytes_alloc:          8
-    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7  bytes_alloc:          8
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 66598
-        Entries: 65
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  Finally, to finish off our kmalloc example, instead of simply having
-  the hist trigger display symbolic call_sites, we can have the hist
-  trigger additionally display the complete set of kernel stack traces
-  that led to each call_site.  To do that, we simply use the special
-  value 'stacktrace' for the key parameter:
-
-    # echo 'hist:keys=stacktrace:values=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
-
-  The above trigger will use the kernel stack trace in effect when an
-  event is triggered as the key for the hash table.  This allows the
-  enumeration of every kernel callpath that led up to a particular
-  event, along with a running total of any of the event fields for
-  that event.  Here we tally bytes requested and bytes allocated for
-  every callpath in the system that led up to a kmalloc (in this case
-  every callpath to a kmalloc for a kernel compile):
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=stacktrace:vals=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { stacktrace:
-         __kmalloc_track_caller+0x10b/0x1a0
-         kmemdup+0x20/0x50
-         hidraw_report_event+0x8a/0x120 [hid]
-         hid_report_raw_event+0x3ea/0x440 [hid]
-         hid_input_report+0x112/0x190 [hid]
-         hid_irq_in+0xc2/0x260 [usbhid]
-         __usb_hcd_giveback_urb+0x72/0x120
-         usb_giveback_urb_bh+0x9e/0xe0
-         tasklet_hi_action+0xf8/0x100
-         __do_softirq+0x114/0x2c0
-         irq_exit+0xa5/0xb0
-         do_IRQ+0x5a/0xf0
-         ret_from_intr+0x0/0x30
-         cpuidle_enter+0x17/0x20
-         cpu_startup_entry+0x315/0x3e0
-         rest_init+0x7c/0x80
-    } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         21  bytes_alloc:         24
-    { stacktrace:
-         __kmalloc_track_caller+0x10b/0x1a0
-         kmemdup+0x20/0x50
-         hidraw_report_event+0x8a/0x120 [hid]
-         hid_report_raw_event+0x3ea/0x440 [hid]
-         hid_input_report+0x112/0x190 [hid]
-         hid_irq_in+0xc2/0x260 [usbhid]
-         __usb_hcd_giveback_urb+0x72/0x120
-         usb_giveback_urb_bh+0x9e/0xe0
-         tasklet_hi_action+0xf8/0x100
-         __do_softirq+0x114/0x2c0
-         irq_exit+0xa5/0xb0
-         do_IRQ+0x5a/0xf0
-         ret_from_intr+0x0/0x30
-    } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         21  bytes_alloc:         24
-    { stacktrace:
-         kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0xeb/0x150
-         aa_alloc_task_context+0x27/0x40
-         apparmor_cred_prepare+0x1f/0x50
-         security_prepare_creds+0x16/0x20
-         prepare_creds+0xdf/0x1a0
-         SyS_capset+0xb5/0x200
-         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
-    } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         32  bytes_alloc:         32
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { stacktrace:
-         __kmalloc+0x11b/0x1b0
-         i915_gem_execbuffer2+0x6c/0x2c0 [i915]
-         drm_ioctl+0x349/0x670 [drm]
-         do_vfs_ioctl+0x2f0/0x4f0
-         SyS_ioctl+0x81/0xa0
-         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
-    } hitcount:      17726  bytes_req:   13944120  bytes_alloc:   19593808
-    { stacktrace:
-         __kmalloc+0x11b/0x1b0
-         load_elf_phdrs+0x76/0xa0
-         load_elf_binary+0x102/0x1650
-         search_binary_handler+0x97/0x1d0
-         do_execveat_common.isra.34+0x551/0x6e0
-         SyS_execve+0x3a/0x50
-         return_from_execve+0x0/0x23
-    } hitcount:      33348  bytes_req:   17152128  bytes_alloc:   20226048
-    { stacktrace:
-         kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0xeb/0x150
-         apparmor_file_alloc_security+0x27/0x40
-         security_file_alloc+0x16/0x20
-         get_empty_filp+0x93/0x1c0
-         path_openat+0x31/0x5f0
-         do_filp_open+0x3a/0x90
-         do_sys_open+0x128/0x220
-         SyS_open+0x1e/0x20
-         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
-    } hitcount:    4766422  bytes_req:    9532844  bytes_alloc:   38131376
-    { stacktrace:
-         __kmalloc+0x11b/0x1b0
-         seq_buf_alloc+0x1b/0x50
-         seq_read+0x2cc/0x370
-         proc_reg_read+0x3d/0x80
-         __vfs_read+0x28/0xe0
-         vfs_read+0x86/0x140
-         SyS_read+0x46/0xb0
-         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
-    } hitcount:      19133  bytes_req:   78368768  bytes_alloc:   78368768
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 6085872
-        Entries: 253
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  If you key a hist trigger on common_pid, in order for example to
-  gather and display sorted totals for each process, you can use the
-  special .execname modifier to display the executable names for the
-  processes in the table rather than raw pids.  The example below
-  keeps a per-process sum of total bytes read:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=common_pid.execname:val=count:sort=count.descending' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_read/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_read/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=common_pid.execname:vals=count:sort=count.descending:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { common_pid: gnome-terminal  [      3196] } hitcount:        280  count:    1093512
-    { common_pid: Xorg            [      1309] } hitcount:        525  count:     256640
-    { common_pid: compiz          [      2889] } hitcount:         59  count:     254400
-    { common_pid: bash            [      8710] } hitcount:          3  count:      66369
-    { common_pid: dbus-daemon-lau [      8703] } hitcount:         49  count:      47739
-    { common_pid: irqbalance      [      1252] } hitcount:         27  count:      27648
-    { common_pid: 01ifupdown      [      8705] } hitcount:          3  count:      17216
-    { common_pid: dbus-daemon     [       772] } hitcount:         10  count:      12396
-    { common_pid: Socket Thread   [      8342] } hitcount:         11  count:      11264
-    { common_pid: nm-dhcp-client. [      8701] } hitcount:          6  count:       7424
-    { common_pid: gmain           [      1315] } hitcount:         18  count:       6336
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { common_pid: postgres        [      1892] } hitcount:          2  count:         32
-    { common_pid: postgres        [      1891] } hitcount:          2  count:         32
-    { common_pid: gmain           [      8704] } hitcount:          2  count:         32
-    { common_pid: upstart-dbus-br [      2740] } hitcount:         21  count:         21
-    { common_pid: nm-dispatcher.a [      8696] } hitcount:          1  count:         16
-    { common_pid: indicator-datet [      2904] } hitcount:          1  count:         16
-    { common_pid: gdbus           [      2998] } hitcount:          1  count:         16
-    { common_pid: rtkit-daemon    [      2052] } hitcount:          1  count:          8
-    { common_pid: init            [         1] } hitcount:          2  count:          2
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 2116
-        Entries: 51
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  Similarly, if you key a hist trigger on syscall id, for example to
-  gather and display a list of systemwide syscall hits, you can use
-  the special .syscall modifier to display the syscall names rather
-  than raw ids.  The example below keeps a running total of syscall
-  counts for the system during the run:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=id.syscall:val=hitcount' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=id.syscall:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { id: sys_fsync                     [ 74] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_newuname                  [ 63] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_prctl                     [157] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_statfs                    [137] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_symlink                   [ 88] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_sendmmsg                  [307] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_semctl                    [ 66] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_readlink                  [ 89] } hitcount:          3
-    { id: sys_bind                      [ 49] } hitcount:          3
-    { id: sys_getsockname               [ 51] } hitcount:          3
-    { id: sys_unlink                    [ 87] } hitcount:          3
-    { id: sys_rename                    [ 82] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: unknown_syscall               [ 58] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: sys_connect                   [ 42] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: sys_getpid                    [ 39] } hitcount:          4
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { id: sys_rt_sigprocmask            [ 14] } hitcount:        952
-    { id: sys_futex                     [202] } hitcount:       1534
-    { id: sys_write                     [  1] } hitcount:       2689
-    { id: sys_setitimer                 [ 38] } hitcount:       2797
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0] } hitcount:       3202
-    { id: sys_select                    [ 23] } hitcount:       3773
-    { id: sys_writev                    [ 20] } hitcount:       4531
-    { id: sys_poll                      [  7] } hitcount:       8314
-    { id: sys_recvmsg                   [ 47] } hitcount:      13738
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16] } hitcount:      21843
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 67612
-        Entries: 72
-        Dropped: 0
-
-    The syscall counts above provide a rough overall picture of system
-    call activity on the system; we can see for example that the most
-    popular system call on this system was the 'sys_ioctl' system call.
-
-    We can use 'compound' keys to refine that number and provide some
-    further insight as to which processes exactly contribute to the
-    overall ioctl count.
-
-    The command below keeps a hitcount for every unique combination of
-    system call id and pid - the end result is essentially a table
-    that keeps a per-pid sum of system call hits.  The results are
-    sorted using the system call id as the primary key, and the
-    hitcount sum as the secondary key:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:val=hitcount:sort=id,hitcount' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:vals=hitcount:sort=id.syscall,hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: rtkit-daemon    [      1877] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: gdbus           [      2976] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: console-kit-dae [      3400] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: postgres        [      1865] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: deja-dup-monito [      3543] } hitcount:          2
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: NetworkManager  [       890] } hitcount:          2
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: evolution-calen [      3048] } hitcount:          2
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: postgres        [      1864] } hitcount:          2
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: nm-applet       [      3022] } hitcount:          2
-    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: whoopsie        [      1212] } hitcount:          2
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      8479] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      3472] } hitcount:         12
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gnome-terminal  [      3199] } hitcount:         16
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: Xorg            [      1267] } hitcount:       1808
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: compiz          [      2994] } hitcount:       5580
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { id: sys_waitid                    [247], common_pid: upstart-dbus-br [      2690] } hitcount:          3
-    { id: sys_waitid                    [247], common_pid: upstart-dbus-br [      2688] } hitcount:         16
-    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [       975] } hitcount:          2
-    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      3204] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      2888] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      3003] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      2873] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      3196] } hitcount:          6
-    { id: sys_openat                    [257], common_pid: java            [      2623] } hitcount:          2
-    { id: sys_eventfd2                  [290], common_pid: ibus-ui-gtk3    [      2760] } hitcount:          4
-    { id: sys_eventfd2                  [290], common_pid: compiz          [      2994] } hitcount:          6
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 31536
-        Entries: 323
-        Dropped: 0
-
-    The above list does give us a breakdown of the ioctl syscall by
-    pid, but it also gives us quite a bit more than that, which we
-    don't really care about at the moment.  Since we know the syscall
-    id for sys_ioctl (16, displayed next to the sys_ioctl name), we
-    can use that to filter out all the other syscalls:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:val=hitcount:sort=id,hitcount if id == 16' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:vals=hitcount:sort=id.syscall,hitcount:size=2048 if id == 16 [active]
-
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2769] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: evolution-addre [      8571] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      3003] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2781] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2829] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      8726] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      8508] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2970] } hitcount:          1
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2768] } hitcount:          1
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: pool            [      8559] } hitcount:         45
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: pool            [      8555] } hitcount:         48
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: pool            [      8551] } hitcount:         48
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: avahi-daemon    [       896] } hitcount:         66
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: Xorg            [      1267] } hitcount:      26674
-    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: compiz          [      2994] } hitcount:      73443
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 101162
-        Entries: 103
-        Dropped: 0
-
-    The above output shows that 'compiz' and 'Xorg' are far and away
-    the heaviest ioctl callers (which might lead to questions about
-    whether they really need to be making all those calls and to
-    possible avenues for further investigation.)
-
-    The compound key examples used a key and a sum value (hitcount) to
-    sort the output, but we can just as easily use two keys instead.
-    Here's an example where we use a compound key composed of the the
-    common_pid and size event fields.  Sorting with pid as the primary
-    key and 'size' as the secondary key allows us to display an
-    ordered summary of the recvfrom sizes, with counts, received by
-    each process:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=common_pid.execname,size:val=hitcount:sort=common_pid,size' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_recvfrom/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_recvfrom/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=common_pid.execname,size:vals=hitcount:sort=common_pid.execname,size:size=2048 [active]
-
-    { common_pid: smbd            [       784], size:          4 } hitcount:          1
-    { common_pid: dnsmasq         [      1412], size:       4096 } hitcount:        672
-    { common_pid: postgres        [      1796], size:       1000 } hitcount:          6
-    { common_pid: postgres        [      1867], size:       1000 } hitcount:         10
-    { common_pid: bamfdaemon      [      2787], size:         28 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: bamfdaemon      [      2787], size:      14360 } hitcount:          1
-    { common_pid: compiz          [      2994], size:          8 } hitcount:          1
-    { common_pid: compiz          [      2994], size:         20 } hitcount:         11
-    { common_pid: gnome-terminal  [      3199], size:          4 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:          4 } hitcount:          1
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:          8 } hitcount:          5
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:        588 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:        628 } hitcount:          1
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:       6944 } hitcount:          1
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:     408880 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:          8 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:        160 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:        320 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:        352 } hitcount:          1
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8923], size:       1960 } hitcount:         10
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8923], size:       2048 } hitcount:         10
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8924], size:       1960 } hitcount:         10
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8924], size:       2048 } hitcount:         10
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8928], size:       1964 } hitcount:          4
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8928], size:       1965 } hitcount:          2
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8928], size:       2048 } hitcount:          6
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8929], size:       1982 } hitcount:          1
-    { common_pid: pool            [      8929], size:       2048 } hitcount:          1
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 2016
-        Entries: 224
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  The above example also illustrates the fact that although a compound
-  key is treated as a single entity for hashing purposes, the sub-keys
-  it's composed of can be accessed independently.
-
-  The next example uses a string field as the hash key and
-  demonstrates how you can manually pause and continue a hist trigger.
-  In this example, we'll aggregate fork counts and don't expect a
-  large number of entries in the hash table, so we'll drop it to a
-  much smaller number, say 256:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=child_comm:val=hitcount:size=256' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=child_comm:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=256 [active]
-
-    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: ibus-daemon                         } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: whoopsie                            } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: smbd                                } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: gdbus                               } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: kthreadd                            } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: evolution-alarm                     } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: Socket Thread                       } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: postgres                            } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: bash                                } hitcount:          3
-    { child_comm: compiz                              } hitcount:          3
-    { child_comm: evolution-sourc                     } hitcount:          4
-    { child_comm: dhclient                            } hitcount:          4
-    { child_comm: pool                                } hitcount:          5
-    { child_comm: nm-dispatcher.a                     } hitcount:          8
-    { child_comm: firefox                             } hitcount:          8
-    { child_comm: dbus-daemon                         } hitcount:          8
-    { child_comm: glib-pacrunner                      } hitcount:         10
-    { child_comm: evolution                           } hitcount:         23
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 89
-        Entries: 20
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  If we want to pause the hist trigger, we can simply append :pause to
-  the command that started the trigger.  Notice that the trigger info
-  displays as [paused]:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=child_comm:val=hitcount:size=256:pause' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=child_comm:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=256 [paused]
-
-    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: kthreadd                            } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: gdbus                               } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: ibus-daemon                         } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: Socket Thread                       } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: evolution-alarm                     } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: smbd                                } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: bash                                } hitcount:          3
-    { child_comm: whoopsie                            } hitcount:          3
-    { child_comm: compiz                              } hitcount:          3
-    { child_comm: evolution-sourc                     } hitcount:          4
-    { child_comm: pool                                } hitcount:          5
-    { child_comm: postgres                            } hitcount:          6
-    { child_comm: firefox                             } hitcount:          8
-    { child_comm: dhclient                            } hitcount:         10
-    { child_comm: emacs                               } hitcount:         12
-    { child_comm: dbus-daemon                         } hitcount:         20
-    { child_comm: nm-dispatcher.a                     } hitcount:         20
-    { child_comm: evolution                           } hitcount:         35
-    { child_comm: glib-pacrunner                      } hitcount:         59
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 199
-        Entries: 21
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  To manually continue having the trigger aggregate events, append
-  :cont instead.  Notice that the trigger info displays as [active]
-  again, and the data has changed:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=child_comm:val=hitcount:size=256:cont' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=child_comm:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=256 [active]
-
-    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: kthreadd                            } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: gdbus                               } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: ibus-daemon                         } hitcount:          1
-    { child_comm: Socket Thread                       } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: evolution-alarm                     } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: smbd                                } hitcount:          2
-    { child_comm: whoopsie                            } hitcount:          3
-    { child_comm: compiz                              } hitcount:          3
-    { child_comm: evolution-sourc                     } hitcount:          4
-    { child_comm: bash                                } hitcount:          5
-    { child_comm: pool                                } hitcount:          5
-    { child_comm: postgres                            } hitcount:          6
-    { child_comm: firefox                             } hitcount:          8
-    { child_comm: dhclient                            } hitcount:         11
-    { child_comm: emacs                               } hitcount:         12
-    { child_comm: dbus-daemon                         } hitcount:         22
-    { child_comm: nm-dispatcher.a                     } hitcount:         22
-    { child_comm: evolution                           } hitcount:         35
-    { child_comm: glib-pacrunner                      } hitcount:         59
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 206
-        Entries: 21
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  The previous example showed how to start and stop a hist trigger by
-  appending 'pause' and 'continue' to the hist trigger command.  A
-  hist trigger can also be started in a paused state by initially
-  starting the trigger with ':pause' appended.  This allows you to
-  start the trigger only when you're ready to start collecting data
-  and not before.  For example, you could start the trigger in a
-  paused state, then unpause it and do something you want to measure,
-  then pause the trigger again when done.
-
-  Of course, doing this manually can be difficult and error-prone, but
-  it is possible to automatically start and stop a hist trigger based
-  on some condition, via the enable_hist and disable_hist triggers.
-
-  For example, suppose we wanted to take a look at the relative
-  weights in terms of skb length for each callpath that leads to a
-  netif_receieve_skb event when downloading a decent-sized file using
-  wget.
-
-  First we set up an initially paused stacktrace trigger on the
-  netif_receive_skb event:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=stacktrace:vals=len:pause' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-
-  Next, we set up an 'enable_hist' trigger on the sched_process_exec
-  event, with an 'if filename==/usr/bin/wget' filter.  The effect of
-  this new trigger is that it will 'unpause' the hist trigger we just
-  set up on netif_receive_skb if and only if it sees a
-  sched_process_exec event with a filename of '/usr/bin/wget'.  When
-  that happens, all netif_receive_skb events are aggregated into a
-  hash table keyed on stacktrace:
-
-    # echo 'enable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if filename==/usr/bin/wget' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
-
-  The aggregation continues until the netif_receive_skb is paused
-  again, which is what the following disable_hist event does by
-  creating a similar setup on the sched_process_exit event, using the
-  filter 'comm==wget':
-
-    # echo 'disable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if comm==wget' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
-
-  Whenever a process exits and the comm field of the disable_hist
-  trigger filter matches 'comm==wget', the netif_receive_skb hist
-  trigger is disabled.
-
-  The overall effect is that netif_receive_skb events are aggregated
-  into the hash table for only the duration of the wget.  Executing a
-  wget command and then listing the 'hist' file will display the
-  output generated by the wget command:
-
-    $ wget https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/patch-3.19.xz
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=stacktrace:vals=len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [paused]
-
-    { stacktrace:
-         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
-         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
-         netif_receive_skb_internal+0x23/0x90
-         napi_gro_receive+0xc8/0x100
-         ieee80211_deliver_skb+0xd6/0x270 [mac80211]
-         ieee80211_rx_handlers+0xccf/0x22f0 [mac80211]
-         ieee80211_prepare_and_rx_handle+0x4e7/0xc40 [mac80211]
-         ieee80211_rx+0x31d/0x900 [mac80211]
-         iwlagn_rx_reply_rx+0x3db/0x6f0 [iwldvm]
-         iwl_rx_dispatch+0x8e/0xf0 [iwldvm]
-         iwl_pcie_irq_handler+0xe3c/0x12f0 [iwlwifi]
-         irq_thread_fn+0x20/0x50
-         irq_thread+0x11f/0x150
-         kthread+0xd2/0xf0
-         ret_from_fork+0x42/0x70
-    } hitcount:         85  len:      28884
-    { stacktrace:
-         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
-         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
-         netif_receive_skb_internal+0x23/0x90
-         napi_gro_complete+0xa4/0xe0
-         dev_gro_receive+0x23a/0x360
-         napi_gro_receive+0x30/0x100
-         ieee80211_deliver_skb+0xd6/0x270 [mac80211]
-         ieee80211_rx_handlers+0xccf/0x22f0 [mac80211]
-         ieee80211_prepare_and_rx_handle+0x4e7/0xc40 [mac80211]
-         ieee80211_rx+0x31d/0x900 [mac80211]
-         iwlagn_rx_reply_rx+0x3db/0x6f0 [iwldvm]
-         iwl_rx_dispatch+0x8e/0xf0 [iwldvm]
-         iwl_pcie_irq_handler+0xe3c/0x12f0 [iwlwifi]
-         irq_thread_fn+0x20/0x50
-         irq_thread+0x11f/0x150
-         kthread+0xd2/0xf0
-    } hitcount:         98  len:     664329
-    { stacktrace:
-         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
-         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
-         process_backlog+0xa8/0x150
-         net_rx_action+0x15d/0x340
-         __do_softirq+0x114/0x2c0
-         do_softirq_own_stack+0x1c/0x30
-         do_softirq+0x65/0x70
-         __local_bh_enable_ip+0xb5/0xc0
-         ip_finish_output+0x1f4/0x840
-         ip_output+0x6b/0xc0
-         ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
-         ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
-         udp_send_skb+0x173/0x2a0
-         udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x9f0
-         inet_sendmsg+0x64/0xa0
-         sock_sendmsg+0x3d/0x50
-    } hitcount:        115  len:      13030
-    { stacktrace:
-         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
-         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
-         netif_receive_skb_internal+0x23/0x90
-         napi_gro_complete+0xa4/0xe0
-         napi_gro_flush+0x6d/0x90
-         iwl_pcie_irq_handler+0x92a/0x12f0 [iwlwifi]
-         irq_thread_fn+0x20/0x50
-         irq_thread+0x11f/0x150
-         kthread+0xd2/0xf0
-         ret_from_fork+0x42/0x70
-    } hitcount:        934  len:    5512212
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 1232
-        Entries: 4
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  The above shows all the netif_receive_skb callpaths and their total
-  lengths for the duration of the wget command.
-
-  The 'clear' hist trigger param can be used to clear the hash table.
-  Suppose we wanted to try another run of the previous example but
-  this time also wanted to see the complete list of events that went
-  into the histogram.  In order to avoid having to set everything up
-  again, we can just clear the histogram first:
-
-    # echo 'hist:key=stacktrace:vals=len:clear' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-
-  Just to verify that it is in fact cleared, here's what we now see in
-  the hist file:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=stacktrace:vals=len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [paused]
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 0
-        Entries: 0
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  Since we want to see the detailed list of every netif_receive_skb
-  event occurring during the new run, which are in fact the same
-  events being aggregated into the hash table, we add some additional
-  'enable_event' events to the triggering sched_process_exec and
-  sched_process_exit events as such:
-
-    # echo 'enable_event:net:netif_receive_skb if filename==/usr/bin/wget' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
-
-    # echo 'disable_event:net:netif_receive_skb if comm==wget' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
-
-  If you read the trigger files for the sched_process_exec and
-  sched_process_exit triggers, you should see two triggers for each:
-  one enabling/disabling the hist aggregation and the other
-  enabling/disabling the logging of events:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
-    enable_event:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if filename==/usr/bin/wget
-    enable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if filename==/usr/bin/wget
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
-    enable_event:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if comm==wget
-    disable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if comm==wget
-
-  In other words, whenever either of the sched_process_exec or
-  sched_process_exit events is hit and matches 'wget', it enables or
-  disables both the histogram and the event log, and what you end up
-  with is a hash table and set of events just covering the specified
-  duration.  Run the wget command again:
-
-    $ wget https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/patch-3.19.xz
-
-  Displaying the 'hist' file should show something similar to what you
-  saw in the last run, but this time you should also see the
-  individual events in the trace file:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace
-
-    # tracer: nop
-    #
-    # entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 183/1426   #P:4
-    #
-    #                              _-----=> irqs-off
-    #                             / _----=> need-resched
-    #                            | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
-    #                            || / _--=> preempt-depth
-    #                            ||| /     delay
-    #           TASK-PID   CPU#  ||||    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
-    #              | |       |   ||||       |         |
-                wget-15108 [000] ..s1 31769.606929: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c353100 len=60
-                wget-15108 [000] ..s1 31769.606999: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c353200 len=60
-             dnsmasq-1382  [000] ..s1 31769.677652: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c352b00 len=130
-             dnsmasq-1382  [000] ..s1 31769.685917: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c352200 len=138
-    ##### CPU 2 buffer started ####
-      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.031529: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d433d00 len=2948
-      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.031572: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d432200 len=1500
-      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.032196: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d433100 len=2948
-      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.032761: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d433000 len=2948
-      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.033220: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d432e00 len=1500
-    .
-    .
-    .
-
-  The following example demonstrates how multiple hist triggers can be
-  attached to a given event.  This capability can be useful for
-  creating a set of different summaries derived from the same set of
-  events, or for comparing the effects of different filters, among
-  other things.
-
-    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len if len < 0' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len if len > 4096' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len if len == 256' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-    # echo 'hist:keys=len:vals=common_preempt_count' >> \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-
-  The above set of commands create four triggers differing only in
-  their filters, along with a completely different though fairly
-  nonsensical trigger.  Note that in order to append multiple hist
-  triggers to the same file, you should use the '>>' operator to
-  append them ('>' will also add the new hist trigger, but will remove
-  any existing hist triggers beforehand).
-
-  Displaying the contents of the 'hist' file for the event shows the
-  contents of all five histograms:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist
-
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=len:vals=hitcount,common_preempt_count:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-    #
-
-    { len:        176 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:        223 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:       4854 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:        395 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:        177 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:        446 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:       1601 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { len:       1280 } hitcount:         66  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:        116 } hitcount:         81  common_preempt_count:         40
-    { len:        708 } hitcount:        112  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:         46 } hitcount:        221  common_preempt_count:          0
-    { len:       1264 } hitcount:        458  common_preempt_count:          0
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 1428
-        Entries: 147
-        Dropped: 0
-
-
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-    #
-
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800baee5e00 } hitcount:          1  len:        130
-    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3d5600 } hitcount:          1  len:       1280
-    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3d4900 } hitcount:          1  len:       1280
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fed6300 } hitcount:          1  len:        115
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0ad00 } hitcount:          1  len:        115
-    { skbaddr: ffff88008cdb1900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff880064b5ef00 } hitcount:          1  len:        118
-    { skbaddr: ffff880044e3c700 } hitcount:          1  len:         60
-    { skbaddr: ffff880100065900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d46bd500 } hitcount:          1  len:        116
-    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3d5f00 } hitcount:          1  len:       1280
-    { skbaddr: ffff880100064700 } hitcount:          1  len:        365
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800badb6f00 } hitcount:          1  len:         60
-    .
-    .
-    .
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0be00 } hitcount:         27  len:      24677
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0a400 } hitcount:         27  len:      23052
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b700 } hitcount:         31  len:      25589
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b600 } hitcount:         32  len:      27326
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a462800 } hitcount:         68  len:      71678
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a463700 } hitcount:         70  len:      72678
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a462b00 } hitcount:         71  len:      77589
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a463600 } hitcount:         73  len:      71307
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a462200 } hitcount:         81  len:      81032
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 1451
-        Entries: 318
-        Dropped: 0
-
-
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 if len == 256 [active]
-    #
-
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 0
-        Entries: 0
-        Dropped: 0
-
-
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 if len > 4096 [active]
-    #
-
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fd2c300 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcce00 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcd700 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcda00 } hitcount:          1  len:      21492
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800ae2e2d00 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdb00 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a4df500 } hitcount:          1  len:       4854
-    { skbaddr: ffff88008ce47b00 } hitcount:          1  len:      18636
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800ae2e2200 } hitcount:          1  len:      12924
-    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3e1000 } hitcount:          1  len:       4356
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdc00 } hitcount:          2  len:      24420
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc200 } hitcount:          2  len:      12996
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 14
-        Entries: 12
-        Dropped: 0
-
-
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 if len < 0 [active]
-    #
-
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 0
-        Entries: 0
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  Named triggers can be used to have triggers share a common set of
-  histogram data.  This capability is mostly useful for combining the
-  output of events generated by tracepoints contained inside inline
-  functions, but names can be used in a hist trigger on any event.
-  For example, these two triggers when hit will update the same 'len'
-  field in the shared 'foo' histogram data:
-
-    # echo 'hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
-    # echo 'hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
-
-  You can see that they're updating common histogram data by reading
-  each event's hist files at the same time:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist;
-      cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/hist
-
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-    #
-
-    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53500 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a1500 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bccb00 } hitcount:          1  len:        468
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3c69900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009ff09100 } hitcount:          1  len:         52
-    { skbaddr: ffff88010f13ab00 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f400 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc500 } hitcount:          1  len:        260
-    { skbaddr: ffff880064505000 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800baf24e00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0ad00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3edff00 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b400 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1c55a00 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcd100 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
-    { skbaddr: ffff880064505f00 } hitcount:          1  len:        174
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bff200 } hitcount:          1  len:        160
-    { skbaddr: ffff880044e3cc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfe700 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f64800 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcde00 } hitcount:          1  len:        988
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a5dea00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a200 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f32c00 } hitcount:          2  len:        676
-    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad52600 } hitcount:          2  len:        107
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f91e00 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a0200 } hitcount:          2  len:        142
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc600 } hitcount:          2  len:        220
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800ba36f500 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d021f800 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f33600 } hitcount:          2  len:        675
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfff00 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1300 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
-    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a100 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
-    { skbaddr: ffff880064504400 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfec00 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
-    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53700 } hitcount:          5  len:        230
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdb00 } hitcount:          5  len:        196
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f90000 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f900 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 81
-        Entries: 42
-        Dropped: 0
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-    #
-
-    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53500 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a1500 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bccb00 } hitcount:          1  len:        468
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3c69900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009ff09100 } hitcount:          1  len:         52
-    { skbaddr: ffff88010f13ab00 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f400 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc500 } hitcount:          1  len:        260
-    { skbaddr: ffff880064505000 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800baf24e00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0ad00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3edff00 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
-    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b400 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1c55a00 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcd100 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
-    { skbaddr: ffff880064505f00 } hitcount:          1  len:        174
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bff200 } hitcount:          1  len:        160
-    { skbaddr: ffff880044e3cc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfe700 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f64800 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcde00 } hitcount:          1  len:        988
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a5dea00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
-    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a200 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f32c00 } hitcount:          2  len:        676
-    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad52600 } hitcount:          2  len:        107
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f91e00 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a0200 } hitcount:          2  len:        142
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc600 } hitcount:          2  len:        220
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800ba36f500 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d021f800 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f33600 } hitcount:          2  len:        675
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfff00 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1300 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
-    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a100 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
-    { skbaddr: ffff880064504400 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfec00 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
-    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53700 } hitcount:          5  len:        230
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdb00 } hitcount:          5  len:        196
-    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f90000 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
-    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f900 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 81
-        Entries: 42
-        Dropped: 0
-
-  And here's an example that shows how to combine histogram data from
-  any two events even if they don't share any 'compatible' fields
-  other than 'hitcount' and 'stacktrace'.  These commands create a
-  couple of triggers named 'bar' using those fields:
-
-    # echo 'hist:name=bar:key=stacktrace:val=hitcount' > \
-           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
-    # echo 'hist:name=bar:key=stacktrace:val=hitcount' > \
-          /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
-
-  And displaying the output of either shows some interesting if
-  somewhat confusing output:
-
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
-    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/hist
-
-    # event histogram
-    #
-    # trigger info: hist:name=bar:keys=stacktrace:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
-    #
-
-    { stacktrace:
-             _do_fork+0x18e/0x330
-             kernel_thread+0x29/0x30
-             kthreadd+0x154/0x1b0
-             ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70
-    } hitcount:          1
-    { stacktrace:
-             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
-             netif_rx_ni+0x20/0x70
-             dev_loopback_xmit+0xaa/0xd0
-             ip_mc_output+0x126/0x240
-             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
-             igmp_send_report+0x1e9/0x230
-             igmp_timer_expire+0xe9/0x120
-             call_timer_fn+0x39/0xf0
-             run_timer_softirq+0x1e1/0x290
-             __do_softirq+0xfd/0x290
-             irq_exit+0x98/0xb0
-             smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x4a/0x60
-             apic_timer_interrupt+0x6d/0x80
-             cpuidle_enter+0x17/0x20
-             call_cpuidle+0x3b/0x60
-             cpu_startup_entry+0x22d/0x310
-    } hitcount:          1
-    { stacktrace:
-             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
-             netif_rx_ni+0x20/0x70
-             dev_loopback_xmit+0xaa/0xd0
-             ip_mc_output+0x17f/0x240
-             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
-             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
-             udp_send_skb+0x13e/0x270
-             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
-             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
-             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
-             SYSC_sendto+0xef/0x170
-             SyS_sendto+0xe/0x10
-             entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
-    } hitcount:          2
-    { stacktrace:
-             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
-             netif_rx+0x1c/0x60
-             loopback_xmit+0x6c/0xb0
-             dev_hard_start_xmit+0x219/0x3a0
-             __dev_queue_xmit+0x415/0x4f0
-             dev_queue_xmit_sk+0x13/0x20
-             ip_finish_output2+0x237/0x340
-             ip_finish_output+0x113/0x1d0
-             ip_output+0x66/0xc0
-             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
-             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
-             udp_send_skb+0x16d/0x270
-             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
-             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
-             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
-             ___sys_sendmsg+0x14e/0x270
-    } hitcount:         76
-    { stacktrace:
-             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
-             netif_rx+0x1c/0x60
-             loopback_xmit+0x6c/0xb0
-             dev_hard_start_xmit+0x219/0x3a0
-             __dev_queue_xmit+0x415/0x4f0
-             dev_queue_xmit_sk+0x13/0x20
-             ip_finish_output2+0x237/0x340
-             ip_finish_output+0x113/0x1d0
-             ip_output+0x66/0xc0
-             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
-             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
-             udp_send_skb+0x16d/0x270
-             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
-             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
-             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
-             ___sys_sendmsg+0x269/0x270
-    } hitcount:         77
-    { stacktrace:
-             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
-             netif_rx+0x1c/0x60
-             loopback_xmit+0x6c/0xb0
-             dev_hard_start_xmit+0x219/0x3a0
-             __dev_queue_xmit+0x415/0x4f0
-             dev_queue_xmit_sk+0x13/0x20
-             ip_finish_output2+0x237/0x340
-             ip_finish_output+0x113/0x1d0
-             ip_output+0x66/0xc0
-             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
-             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
-             udp_send_skb+0x16d/0x270
-             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
-             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
-             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
-             SYSC_sendto+0xef/0x170
-    } hitcount:         88
-    { stacktrace:
-             _do_fork+0x18e/0x330
-             SyS_clone+0x19/0x20
-             entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
-    } hitcount:        244
-
-    Totals:
-        Hits: 489
-        Entries: 7
-        Dropped: 0
+  See Documentation/trace/histogram.txt for details and examples.
diff --git a/Documentation/trace/histogram.txt b/Documentation/trace/histogram.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..b2145f4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/trace/histogram.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,1568 @@
+			     Event Histograms
+
+		    Documentation written by Tom Zanussi
+
+1. Introduction
+===============
+
+  Histogram triggers are special event triggers that can be used to
+  aggregate trace event data into histograms.  For information on
+  trace events and event triggers, see Documentation/trace/events.txt.
+
+
+2. Histogram Trigger Command
+============================
+
+  A histogram trigger command is an event trigger command that
+  aggregates event hits into a hash table keyed on one or more trace
+  event format fields (or stacktrace) and a set of running totals
+  derived from one or more trace event format fields and/or event
+  counts (hitcount).
+
+  The format of a hist trigger is as follows:
+
+        hist:keys=<field1[,field2,...]>[:values=<field1[,field2,...]>]
+          [:sort=<field1[,field2,...]>][:size=#entries][:pause][:continue]
+          [:clear][:name=histname1] [if <filter>]
+
+  When a matching event is hit, an entry is added to a hash table
+  using the key(s) and value(s) named.  Keys and values correspond to
+  fields in the event's format description.  Values must correspond to
+  numeric fields - on an event hit, the value(s) will be added to a
+  sum kept for that field.  The special string 'hitcount' can be used
+  in place of an explicit value field - this is simply a count of
+  event hits.  If 'values' isn't specified, an implicit 'hitcount'
+  value will be automatically created and used as the only value.
+  Keys can be any field, or the special string 'stacktrace', which
+  will use the event's kernel stacktrace as the key.  The keywords
+  'keys' or 'key' can be used to specify keys, and the keywords
+  'values', 'vals', or 'val' can be used to specify values.  Compound
+  keys consisting of up to two fields can be specified by the 'keys'
+  keyword.  Hashing a compound key produces a unique entry in the
+  table for each unique combination of component keys, and can be
+  useful for providing more fine-grained summaries of event data.
+  Additionally, sort keys consisting of up to two fields can be
+  specified by the 'sort' keyword.  If more than one field is
+  specified, the result will be a 'sort within a sort': the first key
+  is taken to be the primary sort key and the second the secondary
+  key.  If a hist trigger is given a name using the 'name' parameter,
+  its histogram data will be shared with other triggers of the same
+  name, and trigger hits will update this common data.  Only triggers
+  with 'compatible' fields can be combined in this way; triggers are
+  'compatible' if the fields named in the trigger share the same
+  number and type of fields and those fields also have the same names.
+  Note that any two events always share the compatible 'hitcount' and
+  'stacktrace' fields and can therefore be combined using those
+  fields, however pointless that may be.
+
+  'hist' triggers add a 'hist' file to each event's subdirectory.
+  Reading the 'hist' file for the event will dump the hash table in
+  its entirety to stdout.  If there are multiple hist triggers
+  attached to an event, there will be a table for each trigger in the
+  output.  The table displayed for a named trigger will be the same as
+  any other instance having the same name. Each printed hash table
+  entry is a simple list of the keys and values comprising the entry;
+  keys are printed first and are delineated by curly braces, and are
+  followed by the set of value fields for the entry.  By default,
+  numeric fields are displayed as base-10 integers.  This can be
+  modified by appending any of the following modifiers to the field
+  name:
+
+        .hex        display a number as a hex value
+	.sym        display an address as a symbol
+	.sym-offset display an address as a symbol and offset
+	.syscall    display a syscall id as a system call name
+	.execname   display a common_pid as a program name
+
+  Note that in general the semantics of a given field aren't
+  interpreted when applying a modifier to it, but there are some
+  restrictions to be aware of in this regard:
+
+    - only the 'hex' modifier can be used for values (because values
+      are essentially sums, and the other modifiers don't make sense
+      in that context).
+    - the 'execname' modifier can only be used on a 'common_pid'.  The
+      reason for this is that the execname is simply the 'comm' value
+      saved for the 'current' process when an event was triggered,
+      which is the same as the common_pid value saved by the event
+      tracing code.  Trying to apply that comm value to other pid
+      values wouldn't be correct, and typically events that care save
+      pid-specific comm fields in the event itself.
+
+  A typical usage scenario would be the following to enable a hist
+  trigger, read its current contents, and then turn it off:
+
+  # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
+    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
+
+  # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/hist
+
+  # echo '!hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
+    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
+
+  The trigger file itself can be read to show the details of the
+  currently attached hist trigger.  This information is also displayed
+  at the top of the 'hist' file when read.
+
+  By default, the size of the hash table is 2048 entries.  The 'size'
+  parameter can be used to specify more or fewer than that.  The units
+  are in terms of hashtable entries - if a run uses more entries than
+  specified, the results will show the number of 'drops', the number
+  of hits that were ignored.  The size should be a power of 2 between
+  128 and 131072 (any non- power-of-2 number specified will be rounded
+  up).
+
+  The 'sort' parameter can be used to specify a value field to sort
+  on.  The default if unspecified is 'hitcount' and the default sort
+  order is 'ascending'.  To sort in the opposite direction, append
+  .descending' to the sort key.
+
+  The 'pause' parameter can be used to pause an existing hist trigger
+  or to start a hist trigger but not log any events until told to do
+  so.  'continue' or 'cont' can be used to start or restart a paused
+  hist trigger.
+
+  The 'clear' parameter will clear the contents of a running hist
+  trigger and leave its current paused/active state.
+
+  Note that the 'pause', 'cont', and 'clear' parameters should be
+  applied using 'append' shell operator ('>>') if applied to an
+  existing trigger, rather than via the '>' operator, which will cause
+  the trigger to be removed through truncation.
+
+- enable_hist/disable_hist
+
+  The enable_hist and disable_hist triggers can be used to have one
+  event conditionally start and stop another event's already-attached
+  hist trigger.  Any number of enable_hist and disable_hist triggers
+  can be attached to a given event, allowing that event to kick off
+  and stop aggregations on a host of other events.
+
+  The format is very similar to the enable/disable_event triggers:
+
+      enable_hist:<system>:<event>[:count]
+      disable_hist:<system>:<event>[:count]
+
+  Instead of enabling or disabling the tracing of the target event
+  into the trace buffer as the enable/disable_event triggers do, the
+  enable/disable_hist triggers enable or disable the aggregation of
+  the target event into a hash table.
+
+  A typical usage scenario for the enable_hist/disable_hist triggers
+  would be to first set up a paused hist trigger on some event,
+  followed by an enable_hist/disable_hist pair that turns the hist
+  aggregation on and off when conditions of interest are hit:
+
+  # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len:pause' > \
+    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+
+  # echo 'enable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if filename==/usr/bin/wget' > \
+    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
+
+  # echo 'disable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if comm==wget' > \
+    /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
+
+  The above sets up an initially paused hist trigger which is unpaused
+  and starts aggregating events when a given program is executed, and
+  which stops aggregating when the process exits and the hist trigger
+  is paused again.
+
+  The examples below provide a more concrete illustration of the
+  concepts and typical usage patterns discussed above.
+
+
+6.2 'hist' trigger examples
+---------------------------
+
+  The first set of examples creates aggregations using the kmalloc
+  event.  The fields that can be used for the hist trigger are listed
+  in the kmalloc event's format file:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/format
+    name: kmalloc
+    ID: 374
+    format:
+	field:unsigned short common_type;	offset:0;	size:2;	signed:0;
+	field:unsigned char common_flags;	offset:2;	size:1;	signed:0;
+	field:unsigned char common_preempt_count;		offset:3;	size:1;	signed:0;
+	field:int common_pid;					offset:4;	size:4;	signed:1;
+
+	field:unsigned long call_site;				offset:8;	size:8;	signed:0;
+	field:const void * ptr;					offset:16;	size:8;	signed:0;
+	field:size_t bytes_req;					offset:24;	size:8;	signed:0;
+	field:size_t bytes_alloc;				offset:32;	size:8;	signed:0;
+	field:gfp_t gfp_flags;					offset:40;	size:4;	signed:0;
+
+  We'll start by creating a hist trigger that generates a simple table
+  that lists the total number of bytes requested for each function in
+  the kernel that made one or more calls to kmalloc:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=call_site:val=bytes_req' > \
+            /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+  This tells the tracing system to create a 'hist' trigger using the
+  call_site field of the kmalloc event as the key for the table, which
+  just means that each unique call_site address will have an entry
+  created for it in the table.  The 'val=bytes_req' parameter tells
+  the hist trigger that for each unique entry (call_site) in the
+  table, it should keep a running total of the number of bytes
+  requested by that call_site.
+
+  We'll let it run for awhile and then dump the contents of the 'hist'
+  file in the kmalloc event's subdirectory (for readability, a number
+  of entries have been omitted):
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { call_site: 18446744072106379007 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        176
+    { call_site: 18446744071579557049 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:       1024
+    { call_site: 18446744071580608289 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:      16384
+    { call_site: 18446744071581827654 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         24
+    { call_site: 18446744071580700980 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
+    { call_site: 18446744071579359876 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        152
+    { call_site: 18446744071580795365 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
+    { call_site: 18446744071581303129 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
+    { call_site: 18446744071580713234 } hitcount:          4  bytes_req:       2560
+    { call_site: 18446744071580933750 } hitcount:          4  bytes_req:        736
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { call_site: 18446744072106047046 } hitcount:         69  bytes_req:       5576
+    { call_site: 18446744071582116407 } hitcount:         73  bytes_req:       2336
+    { call_site: 18446744072106054684 } hitcount:        136  bytes_req:     140504
+    { call_site: 18446744072106224230 } hitcount:        136  bytes_req:      19584
+    { call_site: 18446744072106078074 } hitcount:        153  bytes_req:       2448
+    { call_site: 18446744072106062406 } hitcount:        153  bytes_req:      36720
+    { call_site: 18446744071582507929 } hitcount:        153  bytes_req:      37088
+    { call_site: 18446744072102520590 } hitcount:        273  bytes_req:      10920
+    { call_site: 18446744071582143559 } hitcount:        358  bytes_req:        716
+    { call_site: 18446744072106465852 } hitcount:        417  bytes_req:      56712
+    { call_site: 18446744072102523378 } hitcount:        485  bytes_req:      27160
+    { call_site: 18446744072099568646 } hitcount:       1676  bytes_req:      33520
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 4610
+        Entries: 45
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  The output displays a line for each entry, beginning with the key
+  specified in the trigger, followed by the value(s) also specified in
+  the trigger.  At the beginning of the output is a line that displays
+  the trigger info, which can also be displayed by reading the
+  'trigger' file:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+    hist:keys=call_site:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+
+  At the end of the output are a few lines that display the overall
+  totals for the run.  The 'Hits' field shows the total number of
+  times the event trigger was hit, the 'Entries' field shows the total
+  number of used entries in the hash table, and the 'Dropped' field
+  shows the number of hits that were dropped because the number of
+  used entries for the run exceeded the maximum number of entries
+  allowed for the table (normally 0, but if not a hint that you may
+  want to increase the size of the table using the 'size' parameter).
+
+  Notice in the above output that there's an extra field, 'hitcount',
+  which wasn't specified in the trigger.  Also notice that in the
+  trigger info output, there's a parameter, 'sort=hitcount', which
+  wasn't specified in the trigger either.  The reason for that is that
+  every trigger implicitly keeps a count of the total number of hits
+  attributed to a given entry, called the 'hitcount'.  That hitcount
+  information is explicitly displayed in the output, and in the
+  absence of a user-specified sort parameter, is used as the default
+  sort field.
+
+  The value 'hitcount' can be used in place of an explicit value in
+  the 'values' parameter if you don't really need to have any
+  particular field summed and are mainly interested in hit
+  frequencies.
+
+  To turn the hist trigger off, simply call up the trigger in the
+  command history and re-execute it with a '!' prepended:
+
+    # echo '!hist:key=call_site:val=bytes_req' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+  Finally, notice that the call_site as displayed in the output above
+  isn't really very useful.  It's an address, but normally addresses
+  are displayed in hex.  To have a numeric field displayed as a hex
+  value, simply append '.hex' to the field name in the trigger:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.hex:val=bytes_req' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.hex:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { call_site: ffffffffa026b291 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        433
+    { call_site: ffffffffa07186ff } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        176
+    { call_site: ffffffff811ae721 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:      16384
+    { call_site: ffffffff811c5134 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
+    { call_site: ffffffffa04a9ebb } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        511
+    { call_site: ffffffff8122e0a6 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         12
+    { call_site: ffffffff8107da84 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        152
+    { call_site: ffffffff812d8246 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         24
+    { call_site: ffffffff811dc1e5 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
+    { call_site: ffffffffa02515e8 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        648
+    { call_site: ffffffff81258159 } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:        144
+    { call_site: ffffffff811c80f4 } hitcount:          4  bytes_req:        544
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { call_site: ffffffffa06c7646 } hitcount:        106  bytes_req:       8024
+    { call_site: ffffffffa06cb246 } hitcount:        132  bytes_req:      31680
+    { call_site: ffffffffa06cef7a } hitcount:        132  bytes_req:       2112
+    { call_site: ffffffff8137e399 } hitcount:        132  bytes_req:      23232
+    { call_site: ffffffffa06c941c } hitcount:        185  bytes_req:     171360
+    { call_site: ffffffffa06f2a66 } hitcount:        185  bytes_req:      26640
+    { call_site: ffffffffa036a70e } hitcount:        265  bytes_req:      10600
+    { call_site: ffffffff81325447 } hitcount:        292  bytes_req:        584
+    { call_site: ffffffffa072da3c } hitcount:        446  bytes_req:      60656
+    { call_site: ffffffffa036b1f2 } hitcount:        526  bytes_req:      29456
+    { call_site: ffffffffa0099c06 } hitcount:       1780  bytes_req:      35600
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 4775
+        Entries: 46
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  Even that's only marginally more useful - while hex values do look
+  more like addresses, what users are typically more interested in
+  when looking at text addresses are the corresponding symbols
+  instead.  To have an address displayed as symbolic value instead,
+  simply append '.sym' or '.sym-offset' to the field name in the
+  trigger:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.sym:val=bytes_req' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym:vals=bytes_req:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { call_site: [ffffffff810adcb9] syslog_print_all                              } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:       1024
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg                               } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report [hid]                      } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8154acbe] usb_alloc_urb                                 } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:        192
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811e3a25] __seq_open_private                            } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         40
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8109524a] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811febd5] fsnotify_alloc_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        528
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81440f58] __tty_buffer_request_room                     } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:       2624
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81200ba6] inotify_new_group                             } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:         96
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa05e19af] ieee80211_start_tx_ba_session [mac80211]      } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        464
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81672406] tcp_get_metrics                               } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        304
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ec2] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81089b05] sched_create_group                            } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:       1424
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip [i915]                   } hitcount:       1185  bytes_req:     123240
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa0287592] drm_mode_page_flip_ioctl [drm]                } hitcount:       1185  bytes_req:     104280
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state [i915]            } hitcount:       1402  bytes_req:     190672
+    { call_site: [ffffffff812891ca] ext4_find_extent                              } hitcount:       1518  bytes_req:     146208
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa029070e] drm_vma_node_allow [drm]                      } hitcount:       1746  bytes_req:      69840
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       2021  bytes_req:     792312
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc [drm]                   } hitcount:       2592  bytes_req:     145152
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin [i915]                       } hitcount:       2629  bytes_req:     378576
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2 [i915]                   } hitcount:       2629  bytes_req:    3783248
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81325607] apparmor_file_alloc_security                  } hitcount:       5192  bytes_req:      10384
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00b7c06] hid_report_raw_event [hid]                    } hitcount:       5529  bytes_req:     110584
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8131ebf7] aa_alloc_task_context                         } hitcount:      21943  bytes_req:     702176
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8125847d] ext4_htree_store_dirent                       } hitcount:      55759  bytes_req:    5074265
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 109928
+        Entries: 71
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  Because the default sort key above is 'hitcount', the above shows a
+  the list of call_sites by increasing hitcount, so that at the bottom
+  we see the functions that made the most kmalloc calls during the
+  run.  If instead we we wanted to see the top kmalloc callers in
+  terms of the number of bytes requested rather than the number of
+  calls, and we wanted the top caller to appear at the top, we can use
+  the 'sort' parameter, along with the 'descending' modifier:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.sym:val=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym:vals=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2 [i915]                   } hitcount:       2186  bytes_req:    3397464
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       1790  bytes_req:     712176
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8125847d] ext4_htree_store_dirent                       } hitcount:       8132  bytes_req:     513135
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811e2a1b] seq_buf_alloc                                 } hitcount:        106  bytes_req:     440128
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin [i915]                       } hitcount:       2186  bytes_req:     314784
+    { call_site: [ffffffff812891ca] ext4_find_extent                              } hitcount:       2174  bytes_req:     208992
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811ae8e1] __kmalloc                                     } hitcount:          8  bytes_req:     131072
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state [i915]            } hitcount:        859  bytes_req:     116824
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc [drm]                   } hitcount:       1834  bytes_req:     102704
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip [i915]                   } hitcount:        972  bytes_req:     101088
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa0287592] drm_mode_page_flip_ioctl [drm]                } hitcount:        972  bytes_req:      85536
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00b7c06] hid_report_raw_event [hid]                    } hitcount:       3333  bytes_req:      66664
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8137e559] sg_kmalloc                                    } hitcount:        209  bytes_req:      61632
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81095225] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ec2] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff812d8406] copy_semundo                                  } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:         48
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81200ba6] inotify_new_group                             } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         48
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa027121a] drm_getmagic [drm]                            } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         48
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811e3a25] __seq_open_private                            } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         40
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811c52f4] bprm_change_interp                            } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:         16
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg                               } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report [hid]                      } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 32133
+        Entries: 81
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  To display the offset and size information in addition to the symbol
+  name, just use 'sym-offset' instead:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=call_site.sym-offset:val=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym-offset:vals=bytes_req:sort=bytes_req.descending:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2+0x6c/0x2c0 [i915]                  } hitcount:       4569  bytes_req:    3163720
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin+0xc6/0x1f0 [i915]                      } hitcount:       4569  bytes_req:     657936
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23+0x694/0x1020 [i915]      } hitcount:       1519  bytes_req:     472936
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e646] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23+0x516/0x1020 [i915]      } hitcount:       3050  bytes_req:     211832
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811e2a1b] seq_buf_alloc+0x1b/0x50                                 } hitcount:         34  bytes_req:     148384
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip+0xbc/0x870 [i915]                  } hitcount:       1385  bytes_req:     144040
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811ae8e1] __kmalloc+0x191/0x1b0                                   } hitcount:          8  bytes_req:     131072
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa0287592] drm_mode_page_flip_ioctl+0x282/0x360 [drm]              } hitcount:       1385  bytes_req:     121880
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc+0x32/0x100 [drm]                  } hitcount:       1848  bytes_req:     103488
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state+0x2c/0xa0 [i915]            } hitcount:        461  bytes_req:      62696
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa029070e] drm_vma_node_allow+0x2e/0xd0 [drm]                      } hitcount:       1541  bytes_req:      61640
+    { call_site: [ffffffff815f8d7b] sk_prot_alloc+0xcb/0x1b0                                } hitcount:         57  bytes_req:      57456
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8109524a] alloc_fair_sched_group+0x5a/0x1a0                       } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa027b921] drm_vm_open_locked+0x31/0xa0 [drm]                      } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         96
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8122e266] proc_self_follow_link+0x76/0xb0                         } hitcount:          8  bytes_req:         96
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81213e80] load_elf_binary+0x240/0x1650                            } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         84
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg+0x42/0x110                              } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report+0x7e/0x1a0 [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event+0x8a/0x120 [hid]                    } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 26098
+        Entries: 64
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  We can also add multiple fields to the 'values' parameter.  For
+  example, we might want to see the total number of bytes allocated
+  alongside bytes requested, and display the result sorted by bytes
+  allocated in a descending order:
+
+    # echo 'hist:keys=call_site.sym:values=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc.descending' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=call_site.sym:vals=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc.descending:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa046041c] i915_gem_execbuffer2 [i915]                   } hitcount:       7403  bytes_req:    4084360  bytes_alloc:    5958016
+    { call_site: [ffffffff811e2a1b] seq_buf_alloc                                 } hitcount:        541  bytes_req:    2213968  bytes_alloc:    2228224
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa0489a66] intel_ring_begin [i915]                       } hitcount:       7404  bytes_req:    1066176  bytes_alloc:    1421568
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e7c4] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       1565  bytes_req:     557368  bytes_alloc:    1037760
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8125847d] ext4_htree_store_dirent                       } hitcount:       9557  bytes_req:     595778  bytes_alloc:     695744
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa045e646] i915_gem_do_execbuffer.isra.23 [i915]         } hitcount:       5839  bytes_req:     430680  bytes_alloc:     470400
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04c4a3c] intel_plane_duplicate_state [i915]            } hitcount:       2388  bytes_req:     324768  bytes_alloc:     458496
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa02911f2] drm_modeset_lock_crtc [drm]                   } hitcount:       3911  bytes_req:     219016  bytes_alloc:     250304
+    { call_site: [ffffffff815f8d7b] sk_prot_alloc                                 } hitcount:        235  bytes_req:     236880  bytes_alloc:     240640
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8137e559] sg_kmalloc                                    } hitcount:        557  bytes_req:     169024  bytes_alloc:     221760
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00b7c06] hid_report_raw_event [hid]                    } hitcount:       9378  bytes_req:     187548  bytes_alloc:     206312
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa04a580c] intel_crtc_page_flip [i915]                   } hitcount:       1519  bytes_req:     157976  bytes_alloc:     194432
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8109bd3b] sched_autogroup_create_attach                 } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        144  bytes_alloc:        192
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ee8] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8109524a] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81095225] alloc_fair_sched_group                        } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81097ec2] alloc_rt_sched_group                          } hitcount:          2  bytes_req:        128  bytes_alloc:        128
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81213e80] load_elf_binary                               } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         84  bytes_alloc:         96
+    { call_site: [ffffffff81079a2e] kthread_create_on_node                        } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         56  bytes_alloc:         64
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf6fe] hidraw_send_report [hid]                      } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7  bytes_alloc:          8
+    { call_site: [ffffffff8154bc62] usb_control_msg                               } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          8  bytes_alloc:          8
+    { call_site: [ffffffffa00bf1ca] hidraw_report_event [hid]                     } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:          7  bytes_alloc:          8
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 66598
+        Entries: 65
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  Finally, to finish off our kmalloc example, instead of simply having
+  the hist trigger display symbolic call_sites, we can have the hist
+  trigger additionally display the complete set of kernel stack traces
+  that led to each call_site.  To do that, we simply use the special
+  value 'stacktrace' for the key parameter:
+
+    # echo 'hist:keys=stacktrace:values=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/trigger
+
+  The above trigger will use the kernel stack trace in effect when an
+  event is triggered as the key for the hash table.  This allows the
+  enumeration of every kernel callpath that led up to a particular
+  event, along with a running total of any of the event fields for
+  that event.  Here we tally bytes requested and bytes allocated for
+  every callpath in the system that led up to a kmalloc (in this case
+  every callpath to a kmalloc for a kernel compile):
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/kmem/kmalloc/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=stacktrace:vals=bytes_req,bytes_alloc:sort=bytes_alloc:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { stacktrace:
+         __kmalloc_track_caller+0x10b/0x1a0
+         kmemdup+0x20/0x50
+         hidraw_report_event+0x8a/0x120 [hid]
+         hid_report_raw_event+0x3ea/0x440 [hid]
+         hid_input_report+0x112/0x190 [hid]
+         hid_irq_in+0xc2/0x260 [usbhid]
+         __usb_hcd_giveback_urb+0x72/0x120
+         usb_giveback_urb_bh+0x9e/0xe0
+         tasklet_hi_action+0xf8/0x100
+         __do_softirq+0x114/0x2c0
+         irq_exit+0xa5/0xb0
+         do_IRQ+0x5a/0xf0
+         ret_from_intr+0x0/0x30
+         cpuidle_enter+0x17/0x20
+         cpu_startup_entry+0x315/0x3e0
+         rest_init+0x7c/0x80
+    } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         21  bytes_alloc:         24
+    { stacktrace:
+         __kmalloc_track_caller+0x10b/0x1a0
+         kmemdup+0x20/0x50
+         hidraw_report_event+0x8a/0x120 [hid]
+         hid_report_raw_event+0x3ea/0x440 [hid]
+         hid_input_report+0x112/0x190 [hid]
+         hid_irq_in+0xc2/0x260 [usbhid]
+         __usb_hcd_giveback_urb+0x72/0x120
+         usb_giveback_urb_bh+0x9e/0xe0
+         tasklet_hi_action+0xf8/0x100
+         __do_softirq+0x114/0x2c0
+         irq_exit+0xa5/0xb0
+         do_IRQ+0x5a/0xf0
+         ret_from_intr+0x0/0x30
+    } hitcount:          3  bytes_req:         21  bytes_alloc:         24
+    { stacktrace:
+         kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0xeb/0x150
+         aa_alloc_task_context+0x27/0x40
+         apparmor_cred_prepare+0x1f/0x50
+         security_prepare_creds+0x16/0x20
+         prepare_creds+0xdf/0x1a0
+         SyS_capset+0xb5/0x200
+         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
+    } hitcount:          1  bytes_req:         32  bytes_alloc:         32
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { stacktrace:
+         __kmalloc+0x11b/0x1b0
+         i915_gem_execbuffer2+0x6c/0x2c0 [i915]
+         drm_ioctl+0x349/0x670 [drm]
+         do_vfs_ioctl+0x2f0/0x4f0
+         SyS_ioctl+0x81/0xa0
+         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
+    } hitcount:      17726  bytes_req:   13944120  bytes_alloc:   19593808
+    { stacktrace:
+         __kmalloc+0x11b/0x1b0
+         load_elf_phdrs+0x76/0xa0
+         load_elf_binary+0x102/0x1650
+         search_binary_handler+0x97/0x1d0
+         do_execveat_common.isra.34+0x551/0x6e0
+         SyS_execve+0x3a/0x50
+         return_from_execve+0x0/0x23
+    } hitcount:      33348  bytes_req:   17152128  bytes_alloc:   20226048
+    { stacktrace:
+         kmem_cache_alloc_trace+0xeb/0x150
+         apparmor_file_alloc_security+0x27/0x40
+         security_file_alloc+0x16/0x20
+         get_empty_filp+0x93/0x1c0
+         path_openat+0x31/0x5f0
+         do_filp_open+0x3a/0x90
+         do_sys_open+0x128/0x220
+         SyS_open+0x1e/0x20
+         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
+    } hitcount:    4766422  bytes_req:    9532844  bytes_alloc:   38131376
+    { stacktrace:
+         __kmalloc+0x11b/0x1b0
+         seq_buf_alloc+0x1b/0x50
+         seq_read+0x2cc/0x370
+         proc_reg_read+0x3d/0x80
+         __vfs_read+0x28/0xe0
+         vfs_read+0x86/0x140
+         SyS_read+0x46/0xb0
+         system_call_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
+    } hitcount:      19133  bytes_req:   78368768  bytes_alloc:   78368768
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 6085872
+        Entries: 253
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  If you key a hist trigger on common_pid, in order for example to
+  gather and display sorted totals for each process, you can use the
+  special .execname modifier to display the executable names for the
+  processes in the table rather than raw pids.  The example below
+  keeps a per-process sum of total bytes read:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=common_pid.execname:val=count:sort=count.descending' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_read/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_read/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=common_pid.execname:vals=count:sort=count.descending:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { common_pid: gnome-terminal  [      3196] } hitcount:        280  count:    1093512
+    { common_pid: Xorg            [      1309] } hitcount:        525  count:     256640
+    { common_pid: compiz          [      2889] } hitcount:         59  count:     254400
+    { common_pid: bash            [      8710] } hitcount:          3  count:      66369
+    { common_pid: dbus-daemon-lau [      8703] } hitcount:         49  count:      47739
+    { common_pid: irqbalance      [      1252] } hitcount:         27  count:      27648
+    { common_pid: 01ifupdown      [      8705] } hitcount:          3  count:      17216
+    { common_pid: dbus-daemon     [       772] } hitcount:         10  count:      12396
+    { common_pid: Socket Thread   [      8342] } hitcount:         11  count:      11264
+    { common_pid: nm-dhcp-client. [      8701] } hitcount:          6  count:       7424
+    { common_pid: gmain           [      1315] } hitcount:         18  count:       6336
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { common_pid: postgres        [      1892] } hitcount:          2  count:         32
+    { common_pid: postgres        [      1891] } hitcount:          2  count:         32
+    { common_pid: gmain           [      8704] } hitcount:          2  count:         32
+    { common_pid: upstart-dbus-br [      2740] } hitcount:         21  count:         21
+    { common_pid: nm-dispatcher.a [      8696] } hitcount:          1  count:         16
+    { common_pid: indicator-datet [      2904] } hitcount:          1  count:         16
+    { common_pid: gdbus           [      2998] } hitcount:          1  count:         16
+    { common_pid: rtkit-daemon    [      2052] } hitcount:          1  count:          8
+    { common_pid: init            [         1] } hitcount:          2  count:          2
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 2116
+        Entries: 51
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  Similarly, if you key a hist trigger on syscall id, for example to
+  gather and display a list of systemwide syscall hits, you can use
+  the special .syscall modifier to display the syscall names rather
+  than raw ids.  The example below keeps a running total of syscall
+  counts for the system during the run:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=id.syscall:val=hitcount' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=id.syscall:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { id: sys_fsync                     [ 74] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_newuname                  [ 63] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_prctl                     [157] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_statfs                    [137] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_symlink                   [ 88] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_sendmmsg                  [307] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_semctl                    [ 66] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_readlink                  [ 89] } hitcount:          3
+    { id: sys_bind                      [ 49] } hitcount:          3
+    { id: sys_getsockname               [ 51] } hitcount:          3
+    { id: sys_unlink                    [ 87] } hitcount:          3
+    { id: sys_rename                    [ 82] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: unknown_syscall               [ 58] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: sys_connect                   [ 42] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: sys_getpid                    [ 39] } hitcount:          4
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { id: sys_rt_sigprocmask            [ 14] } hitcount:        952
+    { id: sys_futex                     [202] } hitcount:       1534
+    { id: sys_write                     [  1] } hitcount:       2689
+    { id: sys_setitimer                 [ 38] } hitcount:       2797
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0] } hitcount:       3202
+    { id: sys_select                    [ 23] } hitcount:       3773
+    { id: sys_writev                    [ 20] } hitcount:       4531
+    { id: sys_poll                      [  7] } hitcount:       8314
+    { id: sys_recvmsg                   [ 47] } hitcount:      13738
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16] } hitcount:      21843
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 67612
+        Entries: 72
+        Dropped: 0
+
+    The syscall counts above provide a rough overall picture of system
+    call activity on the system; we can see for example that the most
+    popular system call on this system was the 'sys_ioctl' system call.
+
+    We can use 'compound' keys to refine that number and provide some
+    further insight as to which processes exactly contribute to the
+    overall ioctl count.
+
+    The command below keeps a hitcount for every unique combination of
+    system call id and pid - the end result is essentially a table
+    that keeps a per-pid sum of system call hits.  The results are
+    sorted using the system call id as the primary key, and the
+    hitcount sum as the secondary key:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:val=hitcount:sort=id,hitcount' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:vals=hitcount:sort=id.syscall,hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: rtkit-daemon    [      1877] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: gdbus           [      2976] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: console-kit-dae [      3400] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: postgres        [      1865] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: deja-dup-monito [      3543] } hitcount:          2
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: NetworkManager  [       890] } hitcount:          2
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: evolution-calen [      3048] } hitcount:          2
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: postgres        [      1864] } hitcount:          2
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: nm-applet       [      3022] } hitcount:          2
+    { id: sys_read                      [  0], common_pid: whoopsie        [      1212] } hitcount:          2
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      8479] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      3472] } hitcount:         12
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gnome-terminal  [      3199] } hitcount:         16
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: Xorg            [      1267] } hitcount:       1808
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: compiz          [      2994] } hitcount:       5580
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { id: sys_waitid                    [247], common_pid: upstart-dbus-br [      2690] } hitcount:          3
+    { id: sys_waitid                    [247], common_pid: upstart-dbus-br [      2688] } hitcount:         16
+    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [       975] } hitcount:          2
+    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      3204] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      2888] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      3003] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      2873] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: sys_inotify_add_watch         [254], common_pid: gmain           [      3196] } hitcount:          6
+    { id: sys_openat                    [257], common_pid: java            [      2623] } hitcount:          2
+    { id: sys_eventfd2                  [290], common_pid: ibus-ui-gtk3    [      2760] } hitcount:          4
+    { id: sys_eventfd2                  [290], common_pid: compiz          [      2994] } hitcount:          6
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 31536
+        Entries: 323
+        Dropped: 0
+
+    The above list does give us a breakdown of the ioctl syscall by
+    pid, but it also gives us quite a bit more than that, which we
+    don't really care about at the moment.  Since we know the syscall
+    id for sys_ioctl (16, displayed next to the sys_ioctl name), we
+    can use that to filter out all the other syscalls:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:val=hitcount:sort=id,hitcount if id == 16' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/raw_syscalls/sys_enter/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=id.syscall,common_pid.execname:vals=hitcount:sort=id.syscall,hitcount:size=2048 if id == 16 [active]
+
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2769] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: evolution-addre [      8571] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      3003] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2781] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2829] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      8726] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: bash            [      8508] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2970] } hitcount:          1
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: gmain           [      2768] } hitcount:          1
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: pool            [      8559] } hitcount:         45
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: pool            [      8555] } hitcount:         48
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: pool            [      8551] } hitcount:         48
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: avahi-daemon    [       896] } hitcount:         66
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: Xorg            [      1267] } hitcount:      26674
+    { id: sys_ioctl                     [ 16], common_pid: compiz          [      2994] } hitcount:      73443
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 101162
+        Entries: 103
+        Dropped: 0
+
+    The above output shows that 'compiz' and 'Xorg' are far and away
+    the heaviest ioctl callers (which might lead to questions about
+    whether they really need to be making all those calls and to
+    possible avenues for further investigation.)
+
+    The compound key examples used a key and a sum value (hitcount) to
+    sort the output, but we can just as easily use two keys instead.
+    Here's an example where we use a compound key composed of the the
+    common_pid and size event fields.  Sorting with pid as the primary
+    key and 'size' as the secondary key allows us to display an
+    ordered summary of the recvfrom sizes, with counts, received by
+    each process:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=common_pid.execname,size:val=hitcount:sort=common_pid,size' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_recvfrom/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/syscalls/sys_enter_recvfrom/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=common_pid.execname,size:vals=hitcount:sort=common_pid.execname,size:size=2048 [active]
+
+    { common_pid: smbd            [       784], size:          4 } hitcount:          1
+    { common_pid: dnsmasq         [      1412], size:       4096 } hitcount:        672
+    { common_pid: postgres        [      1796], size:       1000 } hitcount:          6
+    { common_pid: postgres        [      1867], size:       1000 } hitcount:         10
+    { common_pid: bamfdaemon      [      2787], size:         28 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: bamfdaemon      [      2787], size:      14360 } hitcount:          1
+    { common_pid: compiz          [      2994], size:          8 } hitcount:          1
+    { common_pid: compiz          [      2994], size:         20 } hitcount:         11
+    { common_pid: gnome-terminal  [      3199], size:          4 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:          4 } hitcount:          1
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:          8 } hitcount:          5
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:        588 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:        628 } hitcount:          1
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:       6944 } hitcount:          1
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8817], size:     408880 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:          8 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:        160 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:        320 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: firefox         [      8822], size:        352 } hitcount:          1
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8923], size:       1960 } hitcount:         10
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8923], size:       2048 } hitcount:         10
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8924], size:       1960 } hitcount:         10
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8924], size:       2048 } hitcount:         10
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8928], size:       1964 } hitcount:          4
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8928], size:       1965 } hitcount:          2
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8928], size:       2048 } hitcount:          6
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8929], size:       1982 } hitcount:          1
+    { common_pid: pool            [      8929], size:       2048 } hitcount:          1
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 2016
+        Entries: 224
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  The above example also illustrates the fact that although a compound
+  key is treated as a single entity for hashing purposes, the sub-keys
+  it's composed of can be accessed independently.
+
+  The next example uses a string field as the hash key and
+  demonstrates how you can manually pause and continue a hist trigger.
+  In this example, we'll aggregate fork counts and don't expect a
+  large number of entries in the hash table, so we'll drop it to a
+  much smaller number, say 256:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=child_comm:val=hitcount:size=256' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=child_comm:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=256 [active]
+
+    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: ibus-daemon                         } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: whoopsie                            } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: smbd                                } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: gdbus                               } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: kthreadd                            } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: evolution-alarm                     } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: Socket Thread                       } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: postgres                            } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: bash                                } hitcount:          3
+    { child_comm: compiz                              } hitcount:          3
+    { child_comm: evolution-sourc                     } hitcount:          4
+    { child_comm: dhclient                            } hitcount:          4
+    { child_comm: pool                                } hitcount:          5
+    { child_comm: nm-dispatcher.a                     } hitcount:          8
+    { child_comm: firefox                             } hitcount:          8
+    { child_comm: dbus-daemon                         } hitcount:          8
+    { child_comm: glib-pacrunner                      } hitcount:         10
+    { child_comm: evolution                           } hitcount:         23
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 89
+        Entries: 20
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  If we want to pause the hist trigger, we can simply append :pause to
+  the command that started the trigger.  Notice that the trigger info
+  displays as [paused]:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=child_comm:val=hitcount:size=256:pause' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=child_comm:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=256 [paused]
+
+    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: kthreadd                            } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: gdbus                               } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: ibus-daemon                         } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: Socket Thread                       } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: evolution-alarm                     } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: smbd                                } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: bash                                } hitcount:          3
+    { child_comm: whoopsie                            } hitcount:          3
+    { child_comm: compiz                              } hitcount:          3
+    { child_comm: evolution-sourc                     } hitcount:          4
+    { child_comm: pool                                } hitcount:          5
+    { child_comm: postgres                            } hitcount:          6
+    { child_comm: firefox                             } hitcount:          8
+    { child_comm: dhclient                            } hitcount:         10
+    { child_comm: emacs                               } hitcount:         12
+    { child_comm: dbus-daemon                         } hitcount:         20
+    { child_comm: nm-dispatcher.a                     } hitcount:         20
+    { child_comm: evolution                           } hitcount:         35
+    { child_comm: glib-pacrunner                      } hitcount:         59
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 199
+        Entries: 21
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  To manually continue having the trigger aggregate events, append
+  :cont instead.  Notice that the trigger info displays as [active]
+  again, and the data has changed:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=child_comm:val=hitcount:size=256:cont' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=child_comm:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=256 [active]
+
+    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: dconf worker                        } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: kthreadd                            } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: gdbus                               } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: ibus-daemon                         } hitcount:          1
+    { child_comm: Socket Thread                       } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: evolution-alarm                     } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: smbd                                } hitcount:          2
+    { child_comm: whoopsie                            } hitcount:          3
+    { child_comm: compiz                              } hitcount:          3
+    { child_comm: evolution-sourc                     } hitcount:          4
+    { child_comm: bash                                } hitcount:          5
+    { child_comm: pool                                } hitcount:          5
+    { child_comm: postgres                            } hitcount:          6
+    { child_comm: firefox                             } hitcount:          8
+    { child_comm: dhclient                            } hitcount:         11
+    { child_comm: emacs                               } hitcount:         12
+    { child_comm: dbus-daemon                         } hitcount:         22
+    { child_comm: nm-dispatcher.a                     } hitcount:         22
+    { child_comm: evolution                           } hitcount:         35
+    { child_comm: glib-pacrunner                      } hitcount:         59
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 206
+        Entries: 21
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  The previous example showed how to start and stop a hist trigger by
+  appending 'pause' and 'continue' to the hist trigger command.  A
+  hist trigger can also be started in a paused state by initially
+  starting the trigger with ':pause' appended.  This allows you to
+  start the trigger only when you're ready to start collecting data
+  and not before.  For example, you could start the trigger in a
+  paused state, then unpause it and do something you want to measure,
+  then pause the trigger again when done.
+
+  Of course, doing this manually can be difficult and error-prone, but
+  it is possible to automatically start and stop a hist trigger based
+  on some condition, via the enable_hist and disable_hist triggers.
+
+  For example, suppose we wanted to take a look at the relative
+  weights in terms of skb length for each callpath that leads to a
+  netif_receieve_skb event when downloading a decent-sized file using
+  wget.
+
+  First we set up an initially paused stacktrace trigger on the
+  netif_receive_skb event:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=stacktrace:vals=len:pause' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+
+  Next, we set up an 'enable_hist' trigger on the sched_process_exec
+  event, with an 'if filename==/usr/bin/wget' filter.  The effect of
+  this new trigger is that it will 'unpause' the hist trigger we just
+  set up on netif_receive_skb if and only if it sees a
+  sched_process_exec event with a filename of '/usr/bin/wget'.  When
+  that happens, all netif_receive_skb events are aggregated into a
+  hash table keyed on stacktrace:
+
+    # echo 'enable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if filename==/usr/bin/wget' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
+
+  The aggregation continues until the netif_receive_skb is paused
+  again, which is what the following disable_hist event does by
+  creating a similar setup on the sched_process_exit event, using the
+  filter 'comm==wget':
+
+    # echo 'disable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb if comm==wget' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
+
+  Whenever a process exits and the comm field of the disable_hist
+  trigger filter matches 'comm==wget', the netif_receive_skb hist
+  trigger is disabled.
+
+  The overall effect is that netif_receive_skb events are aggregated
+  into the hash table for only the duration of the wget.  Executing a
+  wget command and then listing the 'hist' file will display the
+  output generated by the wget command:
+
+    $ wget https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/patch-3.19.xz
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=stacktrace:vals=len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [paused]
+
+    { stacktrace:
+         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
+         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
+         netif_receive_skb_internal+0x23/0x90
+         napi_gro_receive+0xc8/0x100
+         ieee80211_deliver_skb+0xd6/0x270 [mac80211]
+         ieee80211_rx_handlers+0xccf/0x22f0 [mac80211]
+         ieee80211_prepare_and_rx_handle+0x4e7/0xc40 [mac80211]
+         ieee80211_rx+0x31d/0x900 [mac80211]
+         iwlagn_rx_reply_rx+0x3db/0x6f0 [iwldvm]
+         iwl_rx_dispatch+0x8e/0xf0 [iwldvm]
+         iwl_pcie_irq_handler+0xe3c/0x12f0 [iwlwifi]
+         irq_thread_fn+0x20/0x50
+         irq_thread+0x11f/0x150
+         kthread+0xd2/0xf0
+         ret_from_fork+0x42/0x70
+    } hitcount:         85  len:      28884
+    { stacktrace:
+         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
+         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
+         netif_receive_skb_internal+0x23/0x90
+         napi_gro_complete+0xa4/0xe0
+         dev_gro_receive+0x23a/0x360
+         napi_gro_receive+0x30/0x100
+         ieee80211_deliver_skb+0xd6/0x270 [mac80211]
+         ieee80211_rx_handlers+0xccf/0x22f0 [mac80211]
+         ieee80211_prepare_and_rx_handle+0x4e7/0xc40 [mac80211]
+         ieee80211_rx+0x31d/0x900 [mac80211]
+         iwlagn_rx_reply_rx+0x3db/0x6f0 [iwldvm]
+         iwl_rx_dispatch+0x8e/0xf0 [iwldvm]
+         iwl_pcie_irq_handler+0xe3c/0x12f0 [iwlwifi]
+         irq_thread_fn+0x20/0x50
+         irq_thread+0x11f/0x150
+         kthread+0xd2/0xf0
+    } hitcount:         98  len:     664329
+    { stacktrace:
+         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
+         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
+         process_backlog+0xa8/0x150
+         net_rx_action+0x15d/0x340
+         __do_softirq+0x114/0x2c0
+         do_softirq_own_stack+0x1c/0x30
+         do_softirq+0x65/0x70
+         __local_bh_enable_ip+0xb5/0xc0
+         ip_finish_output+0x1f4/0x840
+         ip_output+0x6b/0xc0
+         ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
+         ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
+         udp_send_skb+0x173/0x2a0
+         udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x9f0
+         inet_sendmsg+0x64/0xa0
+         sock_sendmsg+0x3d/0x50
+    } hitcount:        115  len:      13030
+    { stacktrace:
+         __netif_receive_skb_core+0x46d/0x990
+         __netif_receive_skb+0x18/0x60
+         netif_receive_skb_internal+0x23/0x90
+         napi_gro_complete+0xa4/0xe0
+         napi_gro_flush+0x6d/0x90
+         iwl_pcie_irq_handler+0x92a/0x12f0 [iwlwifi]
+         irq_thread_fn+0x20/0x50
+         irq_thread+0x11f/0x150
+         kthread+0xd2/0xf0
+         ret_from_fork+0x42/0x70
+    } hitcount:        934  len:    5512212
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 1232
+        Entries: 4
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  The above shows all the netif_receive_skb callpaths and their total
+  lengths for the duration of the wget command.
+
+  The 'clear' hist trigger param can be used to clear the hash table.
+  Suppose we wanted to try another run of the previous example but
+  this time also wanted to see the complete list of events that went
+  into the histogram.  In order to avoid having to set everything up
+  again, we can just clear the histogram first:
+
+    # echo 'hist:key=stacktrace:vals=len:clear' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+
+  Just to verify that it is in fact cleared, here's what we now see in
+  the hist file:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=stacktrace:vals=len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [paused]
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 0
+        Entries: 0
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  Since we want to see the detailed list of every netif_receive_skb
+  event occurring during the new run, which are in fact the same
+  events being aggregated into the hash table, we add some additional
+  'enable_event' events to the triggering sched_process_exec and
+  sched_process_exit events as such:
+
+    # echo 'enable_event:net:netif_receive_skb if filename==/usr/bin/wget' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
+
+    # echo 'disable_event:net:netif_receive_skb if comm==wget' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
+
+  If you read the trigger files for the sched_process_exec and
+  sched_process_exit triggers, you should see two triggers for each:
+  one enabling/disabling the hist aggregation and the other
+  enabling/disabling the logging of events:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exec/trigger
+    enable_event:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if filename==/usr/bin/wget
+    enable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if filename==/usr/bin/wget
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_exit/trigger
+    enable_event:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if comm==wget
+    disable_hist:net:netif_receive_skb:unlimited if comm==wget
+
+  In other words, whenever either of the sched_process_exec or
+  sched_process_exit events is hit and matches 'wget', it enables or
+  disables both the histogram and the event log, and what you end up
+  with is a hash table and set of events just covering the specified
+  duration.  Run the wget command again:
+
+    $ wget https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/patch-3.19.xz
+
+  Displaying the 'hist' file should show something similar to what you
+  saw in the last run, but this time you should also see the
+  individual events in the trace file:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace
+
+    # tracer: nop
+    #
+    # entries-in-buffer/entries-written: 183/1426   #P:4
+    #
+    #                              _-----=> irqs-off
+    #                             / _----=> need-resched
+    #                            | / _---=> hardirq/softirq
+    #                            || / _--=> preempt-depth
+    #                            ||| /     delay
+    #           TASK-PID   CPU#  ||||    TIMESTAMP  FUNCTION
+    #              | |       |   ||||       |         |
+                wget-15108 [000] ..s1 31769.606929: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c353100 len=60
+                wget-15108 [000] ..s1 31769.606999: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c353200 len=60
+             dnsmasq-1382  [000] ..s1 31769.677652: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c352b00 len=130
+             dnsmasq-1382  [000] ..s1 31769.685917: netif_receive_skb: dev=lo skbaddr=ffff88009c352200 len=138
+    ##### CPU 2 buffer started ####
+      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.031529: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d433d00 len=2948
+      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.031572: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d432200 len=1500
+      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.032196: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d433100 len=2948
+      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.032761: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d433000 len=2948
+      irq/29-iwlwifi-559   [002] ..s. 31772.033220: netif_receive_skb: dev=wlan0 skbaddr=ffff88009d432e00 len=1500
+    .
+    .
+    .
+
+  The following example demonstrates how multiple hist triggers can be
+  attached to a given event.  This capability can be useful for
+  creating a set of different summaries derived from the same set of
+  events, or for comparing the effects of different filters, among
+  other things.
+
+    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len if len < 0' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len if len > 4096' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len if len == 256' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+    # echo 'hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+    # echo 'hist:keys=len:vals=common_preempt_count' >> \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+
+  The above set of commands create four triggers differing only in
+  their filters, along with a completely different though fairly
+  nonsensical trigger.  Note that in order to append multiple hist
+  triggers to the same file, you should use the '>>' operator to
+  append them ('>' will also add the new hist trigger, but will remove
+  any existing hist triggers beforehand).
+
+  Displaying the contents of the 'hist' file for the event shows the
+  contents of all five histograms:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist
+
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=len:vals=hitcount,common_preempt_count:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+    #
+
+    { len:        176 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:        223 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:       4854 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:        395 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:        177 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:        446 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:       1601 } hitcount:          1  common_preempt_count:          0
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { len:       1280 } hitcount:         66  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:        116 } hitcount:         81  common_preempt_count:         40
+    { len:        708 } hitcount:        112  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:         46 } hitcount:        221  common_preempt_count:          0
+    { len:       1264 } hitcount:        458  common_preempt_count:          0
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 1428
+        Entries: 147
+        Dropped: 0
+
+
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+    #
+
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800baee5e00 } hitcount:          1  len:        130
+    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3d5600 } hitcount:          1  len:       1280
+    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3d4900 } hitcount:          1  len:       1280
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fed6300 } hitcount:          1  len:        115
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0ad00 } hitcount:          1  len:        115
+    { skbaddr: ffff88008cdb1900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff880064b5ef00 } hitcount:          1  len:        118
+    { skbaddr: ffff880044e3c700 } hitcount:          1  len:         60
+    { skbaddr: ffff880100065900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d46bd500 } hitcount:          1  len:        116
+    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3d5f00 } hitcount:          1  len:       1280
+    { skbaddr: ffff880100064700 } hitcount:          1  len:        365
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800badb6f00 } hitcount:          1  len:         60
+    .
+    .
+    .
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0be00 } hitcount:         27  len:      24677
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0a400 } hitcount:         27  len:      23052
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b700 } hitcount:         31  len:      25589
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b600 } hitcount:         32  len:      27326
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a462800 } hitcount:         68  len:      71678
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a463700 } hitcount:         70  len:      72678
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a462b00 } hitcount:         71  len:      77589
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a463600 } hitcount:         73  len:      71307
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a462200 } hitcount:         81  len:      81032
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 1451
+        Entries: 318
+        Dropped: 0
+
+
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 if len == 256 [active]
+    #
+
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 0
+        Entries: 0
+        Dropped: 0
+
+
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 if len > 4096 [active]
+    #
+
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fd2c300 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcce00 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcd700 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcda00 } hitcount:          1  len:      21492
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800ae2e2d00 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdb00 } hitcount:          1  len:       7212
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a4df500 } hitcount:          1  len:       4854
+    { skbaddr: ffff88008ce47b00 } hitcount:          1  len:      18636
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800ae2e2200 } hitcount:          1  len:      12924
+    { skbaddr: ffff88005f3e1000 } hitcount:          1  len:       4356
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdc00 } hitcount:          2  len:      24420
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc200 } hitcount:          2  len:      12996
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 14
+        Entries: 12
+        Dropped: 0
+
+
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 if len < 0 [active]
+    #
+
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 0
+        Entries: 0
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  Named triggers can be used to have triggers share a common set of
+  histogram data.  This capability is mostly useful for combining the
+  output of events generated by tracepoints contained inside inline
+  functions, but names can be used in a hist trigger on any event.
+  For example, these two triggers when hit will update the same 'len'
+  field in the shared 'foo' histogram data:
+
+    # echo 'hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/trigger
+    # echo 'hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=len' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
+
+  You can see that they're updating common histogram data by reading
+  each event's hist files at the same time:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_receive_skb/hist;
+      cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/hist
+
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+    #
+
+    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53500 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a1500 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bccb00 } hitcount:          1  len:        468
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3c69900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009ff09100 } hitcount:          1  len:         52
+    { skbaddr: ffff88010f13ab00 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f400 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc500 } hitcount:          1  len:        260
+    { skbaddr: ffff880064505000 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800baf24e00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0ad00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3edff00 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b400 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1c55a00 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcd100 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
+    { skbaddr: ffff880064505f00 } hitcount:          1  len:        174
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bff200 } hitcount:          1  len:        160
+    { skbaddr: ffff880044e3cc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfe700 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f64800 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcde00 } hitcount:          1  len:        988
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a5dea00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a200 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f32c00 } hitcount:          2  len:        676
+    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad52600 } hitcount:          2  len:        107
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f91e00 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a0200 } hitcount:          2  len:        142
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc600 } hitcount:          2  len:        220
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800ba36f500 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d021f800 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f33600 } hitcount:          2  len:        675
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfff00 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1300 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
+    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a100 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
+    { skbaddr: ffff880064504400 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfec00 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
+    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53700 } hitcount:          5  len:        230
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdb00 } hitcount:          5  len:        196
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f90000 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f900 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 81
+        Entries: 42
+        Dropped: 0
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:name=foo:keys=skbaddr.hex:vals=hitcount,len:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+    #
+
+    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53500 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a1500 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bccb00 } hitcount:          1  len:        468
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3c69900 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009ff09100 } hitcount:          1  len:         52
+    { skbaddr: ffff88010f13ab00 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f400 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc500 } hitcount:          1  len:        260
+    { skbaddr: ffff880064505000 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800baf24e00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0ad00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d3edff00 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
+    { skbaddr: ffff88009fe0b400 } hitcount:          1  len:        168
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1c55a00 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcd100 } hitcount:          1  len:         40
+    { skbaddr: ffff880064505f00 } hitcount:          1  len:        174
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bff200 } hitcount:          1  len:        160
+    { skbaddr: ffff880044e3cc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         76
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfe700 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdc00 } hitcount:          1  len:         32
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f64800 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcde00 } hitcount:          1  len:        988
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a5dea00 } hitcount:          1  len:         46
+    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a200 } hitcount:          1  len:         44
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f32c00 } hitcount:          2  len:        676
+    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad52600 } hitcount:          2  len:        107
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f91e00 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800af5a0200 } hitcount:          2  len:        142
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcc600 } hitcount:          2  len:        220
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800ba36f500 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d021f800 } hitcount:          2  len:         92
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f33600 } hitcount:          2  len:        675
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfff00 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d62a1300 } hitcount:          3  len:        138
+    { skbaddr: ffff88002e37a100 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
+    { skbaddr: ffff880064504400 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a8bfec00 } hitcount:          4  len:        184
+    { skbaddr: ffff88000ad53700 } hitcount:          5  len:        230
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800d2bcdb00 } hitcount:          5  len:        196
+    { skbaddr: ffff8800a1f90000 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
+    { skbaddr: ffff88006a54f900 } hitcount:          6  len:        276
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 81
+        Entries: 42
+        Dropped: 0
+
+  And here's an example that shows how to combine histogram data from
+  any two events even if they don't share any 'compatible' fields
+  other than 'hitcount' and 'stacktrace'.  These commands create a
+  couple of triggers named 'bar' using those fields:
+
+    # echo 'hist:name=bar:key=stacktrace:val=hitcount' > \
+           /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/trigger
+    # echo 'hist:name=bar:key=stacktrace:val=hitcount' > \
+          /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/trigger
+
+  And displaying the output of either shows some interesting if
+  somewhat confusing output:
+
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sched/sched_process_fork/hist
+    # cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/net/netif_rx/hist
+
+    # event histogram
+    #
+    # trigger info: hist:name=bar:keys=stacktrace:vals=hitcount:sort=hitcount:size=2048 [active]
+    #
+
+    { stacktrace:
+             _do_fork+0x18e/0x330
+             kernel_thread+0x29/0x30
+             kthreadd+0x154/0x1b0
+             ret_from_fork+0x3f/0x70
+    } hitcount:          1
+    { stacktrace:
+             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
+             netif_rx_ni+0x20/0x70
+             dev_loopback_xmit+0xaa/0xd0
+             ip_mc_output+0x126/0x240
+             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
+             igmp_send_report+0x1e9/0x230
+             igmp_timer_expire+0xe9/0x120
+             call_timer_fn+0x39/0xf0
+             run_timer_softirq+0x1e1/0x290
+             __do_softirq+0xfd/0x290
+             irq_exit+0x98/0xb0
+             smp_apic_timer_interrupt+0x4a/0x60
+             apic_timer_interrupt+0x6d/0x80
+             cpuidle_enter+0x17/0x20
+             call_cpuidle+0x3b/0x60
+             cpu_startup_entry+0x22d/0x310
+    } hitcount:          1
+    { stacktrace:
+             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
+             netif_rx_ni+0x20/0x70
+             dev_loopback_xmit+0xaa/0xd0
+             ip_mc_output+0x17f/0x240
+             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
+             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
+             udp_send_skb+0x13e/0x270
+             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
+             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
+             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
+             SYSC_sendto+0xef/0x170
+             SyS_sendto+0xe/0x10
+             entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
+    } hitcount:          2
+    { stacktrace:
+             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
+             netif_rx+0x1c/0x60
+             loopback_xmit+0x6c/0xb0
+             dev_hard_start_xmit+0x219/0x3a0
+             __dev_queue_xmit+0x415/0x4f0
+             dev_queue_xmit_sk+0x13/0x20
+             ip_finish_output2+0x237/0x340
+             ip_finish_output+0x113/0x1d0
+             ip_output+0x66/0xc0
+             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
+             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
+             udp_send_skb+0x16d/0x270
+             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
+             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
+             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
+             ___sys_sendmsg+0x14e/0x270
+    } hitcount:         76
+    { stacktrace:
+             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
+             netif_rx+0x1c/0x60
+             loopback_xmit+0x6c/0xb0
+             dev_hard_start_xmit+0x219/0x3a0
+             __dev_queue_xmit+0x415/0x4f0
+             dev_queue_xmit_sk+0x13/0x20
+             ip_finish_output2+0x237/0x340
+             ip_finish_output+0x113/0x1d0
+             ip_output+0x66/0xc0
+             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
+             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
+             udp_send_skb+0x16d/0x270
+             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
+             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
+             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
+             ___sys_sendmsg+0x269/0x270
+    } hitcount:         77
+    { stacktrace:
+             netif_rx_internal+0xb2/0xd0
+             netif_rx+0x1c/0x60
+             loopback_xmit+0x6c/0xb0
+             dev_hard_start_xmit+0x219/0x3a0
+             __dev_queue_xmit+0x415/0x4f0
+             dev_queue_xmit_sk+0x13/0x20
+             ip_finish_output2+0x237/0x340
+             ip_finish_output+0x113/0x1d0
+             ip_output+0x66/0xc0
+             ip_local_out_sk+0x31/0x40
+             ip_send_skb+0x1a/0x50
+             udp_send_skb+0x16d/0x270
+             udp_sendmsg+0x2bf/0x980
+             inet_sendmsg+0x67/0xa0
+             sock_sendmsg+0x38/0x50
+             SYSC_sendto+0xef/0x170
+    } hitcount:         88
+    { stacktrace:
+             _do_fork+0x18e/0x330
+             SyS_clone+0x19/0x20
+             entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x6a
+    } hitcount:        244
+
+    Totals:
+        Hits: 489
+        Entries: 7
+        Dropped: 0
-- 
1.9.3