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[PATCH v8 1/5] add infrastructure for tagging functions as error injectable




From: Josef Bacik <jbacik@xxxxxx>

Using BPF we can override kprob'ed functions and return arbitrary
values.  Obviously this can be a bit unsafe, so make this feature opt-in
for functions.  Simply tag a function with KPROBE_ERROR_INJECT_SYMBOL in
order to give BPF access to that function for error injection purposes.

Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@xxxxxx>
Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h |  10 +++
 include/linux/bpf.h               |  11 +++
 include/linux/kprobes.h           |   1 +
 include/linux/module.h            |   5 ++
 kernel/kprobes.c                  | 163 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/module.c                   |   6 +-
 6 files changed, 195 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
index 8acfc1e099e1..85822804861e 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
@@ -136,6 +136,15 @@
 #define KPROBE_BLACKLIST()
 #endif
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+#define ERROR_INJECT_LIST()	. = ALIGN(8);						\
+				VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_kprobe_error_inject_list) = .;	\
+				KEEP(*(_kprobe_error_inject_list))			\
+				VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__stop_kprobe_error_inject_list) = .;
+#else
+#define ERROR_INJECT_LIST()
+#endif
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_EVENT_TRACING
 #define FTRACE_EVENTS()	. = ALIGN(8);					\
 			VMLINUX_SYMBOL(__start_ftrace_events) = .;	\
@@ -560,6 +569,7 @@
 	FTRACE_EVENTS()							\
 	TRACE_SYSCALLS()						\
 	KPROBE_BLACKLIST()						\
+	ERROR_INJECT_LIST()						\
 	MEM_DISCARD(init.rodata)					\
 	CLK_OF_TABLES()							\
 	RESERVEDMEM_OF_TABLES()						\
diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index 520aeebe0d93..552a666a338b 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -530,4 +530,15 @@ extern const struct bpf_func_proto bpf_sock_map_update_proto;
 void bpf_user_rnd_init_once(void);
 u64 bpf_user_rnd_u32(u64 r1, u64 r2, u64 r3, u64 r4, u64 r5);
 
+#if defined(__KERNEL__) && !defined(__ASSEMBLY__)
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+#define BPF_ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(fname)				\
+static unsigned long __used						\
+	__attribute__((__section__("_kprobe_error_inject_list")))	\
+	_eil_addr_##fname = (unsigned long)fname;
+#else
+#define BPF_ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(fname)
+#endif
+#endif
+
 #endif /* _LINUX_BPF_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/kprobes.h b/include/linux/kprobes.h
index bd2684700b74..4f501cb73aec 100644
--- a/include/linux/kprobes.h
+++ b/include/linux/kprobes.h
@@ -271,6 +271,7 @@ extern bool arch_kprobe_on_func_entry(unsigned long offset);
 extern bool kprobe_on_func_entry(kprobe_opcode_t *addr, const char *sym, unsigned long offset);
 
 extern bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr);
+extern bool within_kprobe_error_injection_list(unsigned long addr);
 
 struct kprobe_insn_cache {
 	struct mutex mutex;
diff --git a/include/linux/module.h b/include/linux/module.h
index fe5aa3736707..7bb1a9b9a322 100644
--- a/include/linux/module.h
+++ b/include/linux/module.h
@@ -475,6 +475,11 @@ struct module {
 	ctor_fn_t *ctors;
 	unsigned int num_ctors;
 #endif
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+	unsigned int num_kprobe_ei_funcs;
+	unsigned long *kprobe_ei_funcs;
+#endif
 } ____cacheline_aligned __randomize_layout;
 #ifndef MODULE_ARCH_INIT
 #define MODULE_ARCH_INIT {}
diff --git a/kernel/kprobes.c b/kernel/kprobes.c
index a1606a4224e1..bdd7dd724f6f 100644
--- a/kernel/kprobes.c
+++ b/kernel/kprobes.c
@@ -83,6 +83,16 @@ static raw_spinlock_t *kretprobe_table_lock_ptr(unsigned long hash)
 	return &(kretprobe_table_locks[hash].lock);
 }
 
+/* List of symbols that can be overriden for error injection. */
+static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_error_injection_list);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(kprobe_ei_mutex);
+struct kprobe_ei_entry {
+	struct list_head list;
+	unsigned long start_addr;
+	unsigned long end_addr;
+	void *priv;
+};
+
 /* Blacklist -- list of struct kprobe_blacklist_entry */
 static LIST_HEAD(kprobe_blacklist);
 
@@ -1392,6 +1402,17 @@ bool within_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long addr)
 	return false;
 }
 
+bool within_kprobe_error_injection_list(unsigned long addr)
+{
+	struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent;
+
+	list_for_each_entry(ent, &kprobe_error_injection_list, list) {
+		if (addr >= ent->start_addr && addr < ent->end_addr)
+			return true;
+	}
+	return false;
+}
+
 /*
  * If we have a symbol_name argument, look it up and add the offset field
  * to it. This way, we can specify a relative address to a symbol.
@@ -2164,6 +2185,86 @@ static int __init populate_kprobe_blacklist(unsigned long *start,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+/* Markers of the _kprobe_error_inject_list section */
+extern unsigned long __start_kprobe_error_inject_list[];
+extern unsigned long __stop_kprobe_error_inject_list[];
+
+/*
+ * Lookup and populate the kprobe_error_injection_list.
+ *
+ * For safety reasons we only allow certain functions to be overriden with
+ * bpf_error_injection, so we need to populate the list of the symbols that have
+ * been marked as safe for overriding.
+ */
+static void populate_kprobe_error_injection_list(unsigned long *start,
+						 unsigned long *end,
+						 void *priv)
+{
+	unsigned long *iter;
+	struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent;
+	unsigned long entry, offset = 0, size = 0;
+
+	mutex_lock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
+	for (iter = start; iter < end; iter++) {
+		entry = arch_deref_entry_point((void *)*iter);
+
+		if (!kernel_text_address(entry) ||
+		    !kallsyms_lookup_size_offset(entry, &size, &offset)) {
+			pr_err("Failed to find error inject entry at %p\n",
+				(void *)entry);
+			continue;
+		}
+
+		ent = kmalloc(sizeof(*ent), GFP_KERNEL);
+		if (!ent)
+			break;
+		ent->start_addr = entry;
+		ent->end_addr = entry + size;
+		ent->priv = priv;
+		INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ent->list);
+		list_add_tail(&ent->list, &kprobe_error_injection_list);
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
+}
+
+static void __init populate_kernel_kprobe_ei_list(void)
+{
+	populate_kprobe_error_injection_list(__start_kprobe_error_inject_list,
+					     __stop_kprobe_error_inject_list,
+					     NULL);
+}
+
+static void module_load_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *mod)
+{
+	if (!mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs)
+		return;
+	populate_kprobe_error_injection_list(mod->kprobe_ei_funcs,
+					     mod->kprobe_ei_funcs +
+					     mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs, mod);
+}
+
+static void module_unload_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *mod)
+{
+	struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent, *n;
+	if (!mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs)
+		return;
+
+	mutex_lock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
+	list_for_each_entry_safe(ent, n, &kprobe_error_injection_list, list) {
+		if (ent->priv == mod) {
+			list_del_init(&ent->list);
+			kfree(ent);
+		}
+	}
+	mutex_unlock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
+}
+#else
+static inline void __init populate_kernel_kprobe_ei_list(void) {}
+static inline void module_load_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *m) {}
+static inline void module_unload_kprobe_ei_list(struct module *m) {}
+#endif
+
 /* Module notifier call back, checking kprobes on the module */
 static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
 				   unsigned long val, void *data)
@@ -2174,6 +2275,11 @@ static int kprobes_module_callback(struct notifier_block *nb,
 	unsigned int i;
 	int checkcore = (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING);
 
+	if (val == MODULE_STATE_COMING)
+		module_load_kprobe_ei_list(mod);
+	else if (val == MODULE_STATE_GOING)
+		module_unload_kprobe_ei_list(mod);
+
 	if (val != MODULE_STATE_GOING && val != MODULE_STATE_LIVE)
 		return NOTIFY_DONE;
 
@@ -2236,6 +2342,8 @@ static int __init init_kprobes(void)
 		pr_err("Please take care of using kprobes.\n");
 	}
 
+	populate_kernel_kprobe_ei_list();
+
 	if (kretprobe_blacklist_size) {
 		/* lookup the function address from its name */
 		for (i = 0; kretprobe_blacklist[i].name != NULL; i++) {
@@ -2403,6 +2511,56 @@ static const struct file_operations debugfs_kprobe_blacklist_ops = {
 	.release        = seq_release,
 };
 
+/*
+ * kprobes/error_injection_list -- shows which functions can be overriden for
+ * error injection.
+ * */
+static void *kprobe_ei_seq_start(struct seq_file *m, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	mutex_lock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
+	return seq_list_start(&kprobe_error_injection_list, *pos);
+}
+
+static void kprobe_ei_seq_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+	mutex_unlock(&kprobe_ei_mutex);
+}
+
+static void *kprobe_ei_seq_next(struct seq_file *m, void *v, loff_t *pos)
+{
+	return seq_list_next(v, &kprobe_error_injection_list, pos);
+}
+
+static int kprobe_ei_seq_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
+{
+	char buffer[KSYM_SYMBOL_LEN];
+	struct kprobe_ei_entry *ent =
+		list_entry(v, struct kprobe_ei_entry, list);
+
+	sprint_symbol(buffer, ent->start_addr);
+	seq_printf(m, "%s\n", buffer);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct seq_operations kprobe_ei_seq_ops = {
+	.start = kprobe_ei_seq_start,
+	.next  = kprobe_ei_seq_next,
+	.stop  = kprobe_ei_seq_stop,
+	.show  = kprobe_ei_seq_show,
+};
+
+static int kprobe_ei_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
+{
+	return seq_open(filp, &kprobe_ei_seq_ops);
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations debugfs_kprobe_ei_ops = {
+	.open           = kprobe_ei_open,
+	.read           = seq_read,
+	.llseek         = seq_lseek,
+	.release        = seq_release,
+};
+
 static void arm_all_kprobes(void)
 {
 	struct hlist_head *head;
@@ -2544,6 +2702,11 @@ static int __init debugfs_kprobe_init(void)
 	if (!file)
 		goto error;
 
+	file = debugfs_create_file("error_injection_list", 0444, dir, NULL,
+				  &debugfs_kprobe_ei_ops);
+	if (!file)
+		goto error;
+
 	return 0;
 
 error:
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index de66ec825992..19d8d9455f2f 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -3110,7 +3110,11 @@ static int find_module_sections(struct module *mod, struct load_info *info)
 					     sizeof(*mod->ftrace_callsites),
 					     &mod->num_ftrace_callsites);
 #endif
-
+#ifdef CONFIG_BPF_KPROBE_OVERRIDE
+	mod->kprobe_ei_funcs = section_objs(info, "_kprobe_error_inject_list",
+					    sizeof(*mod->kprobe_ei_funcs),
+					    &mod->num_kprobe_ei_funcs);
+#endif
 	mod->extable = section_objs(info, "__ex_table",
 				    sizeof(*mod->extable), &mod->num_exentries);
 
-- 
2.7.5