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[PATCH v8 17/18] RISC-V: User-facing API




This patch contains code that is in some way visible to the user:
including via system calls, the VDSO, module loading and signal
handling.  It also contains some generic code that is ABI visible.

Signed-off-by: Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@xxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 arch/riscv/include/asm/mmu.h              |  26 +++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h           | 118 ++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/syscall.h          | 102 +++++++++++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/unistd.h           |  16 ++
 arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h             |  41 +++++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild        |  27 +++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/auxvec.h      |  24 +++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/bitsperlong.h |  25 +++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/byteorder.h   |  23 +++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h         |  83 +++++++++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h       |  36 ++++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h      |  90 +++++++++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h  |  30 +++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/siginfo.h     |  24 +++
 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ucontext.h    |  35 ++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c            |  61 +++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/module.c                | 217 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c                | 125 +++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c           |  15 ++
 arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c                | 292 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c             |  49 +++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c         |  25 +++
 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/.gitignore         |   2 +
 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile           |  63 +++++++
 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/rt_sigreturn.S     |  24 +++
 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.S             |  27 +++
 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S         |  77 ++++++++
 27 files changed, 1677 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/mmu.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/syscall.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/unistd.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/auxvec.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/bitsperlong.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/byteorder.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/siginfo.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ucontext.h
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/module.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/.gitignore
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/rt_sigreturn.S
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.S
 create mode 100644 arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S

diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/mmu.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/mmu.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..66805cba9a27
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/mmu.h
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+
+#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_MMU_H
+#define _ASM_RISCV_MMU_H
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+typedef struct {
+	void *vdso;
+} mm_context_t;
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_MMU_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..93b8956e25e4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,118 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H
+#define _ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H
+
+#include <uapi/asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/csr.h>
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+struct pt_regs {
+	unsigned long sepc;
+	unsigned long ra;
+	unsigned long sp;
+	unsigned long gp;
+	unsigned long tp;
+	unsigned long t0;
+	unsigned long t1;
+	unsigned long t2;
+	unsigned long s0;
+	unsigned long s1;
+	unsigned long a0;
+	unsigned long a1;
+	unsigned long a2;
+	unsigned long a3;
+	unsigned long a4;
+	unsigned long a5;
+	unsigned long a6;
+	unsigned long a7;
+	unsigned long s2;
+	unsigned long s3;
+	unsigned long s4;
+	unsigned long s5;
+	unsigned long s6;
+	unsigned long s7;
+	unsigned long s8;
+	unsigned long s9;
+	unsigned long s10;
+	unsigned long s11;
+	unsigned long t3;
+	unsigned long t4;
+	unsigned long t5;
+	unsigned long t6;
+	/* Supervisor CSRs */
+	unsigned long sstatus;
+	unsigned long sbadaddr;
+	unsigned long scause;
+        /* a0 value before the syscall */
+        unsigned long orig_a0;
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+#define REG_FMT "%016lx"
+#else
+#define REG_FMT "%08lx"
+#endif
+
+#define user_mode(regs) (((regs)->sstatus & SR_PS) == 0)
+
+
+/* Helpers for working with the instruction pointer */
+#define GET_IP(regs) ((regs)->sepc)
+#define SET_IP(regs, val) (GET_IP(regs) = (val))
+
+static inline unsigned long instruction_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	return GET_IP(regs);
+}
+static inline void instruction_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs,
+					   unsigned long val)
+{
+	SET_IP(regs, val);
+}
+
+#define profile_pc(regs) instruction_pointer(regs)
+
+/* Helpers for working with the user stack pointer */
+#define GET_USP(regs) ((regs)->sp)
+#define SET_USP(regs, val) (GET_USP(regs) = (val))
+
+static inline unsigned long user_stack_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	return GET_USP(regs);
+}
+static inline void user_stack_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs,
+					  unsigned long val)
+{
+	SET_USP(regs, val);
+}
+
+/* Helpers for working with the frame pointer */
+#define GET_FP(regs) ((regs)->s0)
+#define SET_FP(regs, val) (GET_FP(regs) = (val))
+
+static inline unsigned long frame_pointer(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	return GET_FP(regs);
+}
+static inline void frame_pointer_set(struct pt_regs *regs,
+				     unsigned long val)
+{
+	SET_FP(regs, val);
+}
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/syscall.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/syscall.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..8d25f8904c00
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/syscall.h
@@ -0,0 +1,102 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2008-2009 Red Hat, Inc.  All rights reserved.
+ * Copyright 2010 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Copyright 2015 Regents of the University of California, Berkeley
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * See asm-generic/syscall.h for descriptions of what we must do here.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_SYSCALL_H
+#define _ASM_RISCV_SYSCALL_H
+
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+
+/* The array of function pointers for syscalls. */
+extern void *sys_call_table[];
+
+/*
+ * Only the low 32 bits of orig_r0 are meaningful, so we return int.
+ * This importantly ignores the high bits on 64-bit, so comparisons
+ * sign-extend the low 32 bits.
+ */
+static inline int syscall_get_nr(struct task_struct *task,
+				 struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	return regs->a7;
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_set_nr(struct task_struct *task,
+				  struct pt_regs *regs,
+				  int sysno)
+{
+	regs->a7 = sysno;
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_rollback(struct task_struct *task,
+				    struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+        regs->a0 = regs->orig_a0;
+}
+
+static inline long syscall_get_error(struct task_struct *task,
+				     struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	unsigned long error = regs->a0;
+
+	return IS_ERR_VALUE(error) ? error : 0;
+}
+
+static inline long syscall_get_return_value(struct task_struct *task,
+					    struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	return regs->a0;
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_set_return_value(struct task_struct *task,
+					    struct pt_regs *regs,
+					    int error, long val)
+{
+	regs->a0 = (long) error ?: val;
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_get_arguments(struct task_struct *task,
+					 struct pt_regs *regs,
+					 unsigned int i, unsigned int n,
+					 unsigned long *args)
+{
+	BUG_ON(i + n > 6);
+	if (i == 0) {
+		args[0] = regs->orig_a0;
+		args++;
+		i++;
+		n--;
+	}
+	memcpy(args, &regs->a1 + i * sizeof(regs->a1), n * sizeof(args[0]));
+}
+
+static inline void syscall_set_arguments(struct task_struct *task,
+					 struct pt_regs *regs,
+					 unsigned int i, unsigned int n,
+					 const unsigned long *args)
+{
+	BUG_ON(i + n > 6);
+        if (i == 0) {
+                regs->orig_a0 = args[0];
+                args++;
+                i++;
+                n--;
+        }
+	memcpy(&regs->a1 + i * sizeof(regs->a1), args, n * sizeof(regs->a0));
+}
+
+#endif	/* _ASM_RISCV_SYSCALL_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/unistd.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/unistd.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..9f250ed007cd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/unistd.h
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#define __ARCH_HAVE_MMU
+#define __ARCH_WANT_SYS_CLONE
+#include <uapi/asm/unistd.h>
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..602f61257553
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/asm/vdso.h
@@ -0,0 +1,41 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Limited
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Regents of the University of California
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _ASM_RISCV_VDSO_H
+#define _ASM_RISCV_VDSO_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct vdso_data {
+};
+
+/*
+ * The VDSO symbols are mapped into Linux so we can just use regular symbol
+ * addressing to get their offsets in userspace.  The symbols are mapped at an
+ * offset of 0, but since the linker must support setting weak undefined
+ * symbols to the absolute address 0 it also happens to support other low
+ * addresses even when the code model suggests those low addresses would not
+ * otherwise be availiable.
+ */
+#define VDSO_SYMBOL(base, name)							\
+({										\
+	extern const char __vdso_##name[];					\
+	(void __user *)((unsigned long)(base) + __vdso_##name);			\
+})
+
+#endif /* _ASM_RISCV_VDSO_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5ded96b06352
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/Kbuild
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+# UAPI Header export list
+include include/uapi/asm-generic/Kbuild.asm
+
+generic-y += setup.h
+generic-y += unistd.h
+generic-y += errno.h
+generic-y += fcntl.h
+generic-y += ioctl.h
+generic-y += ioctls.h
+generic-y += ipcbuf.h
+generic-y += mman.h
+generic-y += msgbuf.h
+generic-y += param.h
+generic-y += poll.h
+generic-y += posix_types.h
+generic-y += resource.h
+generic-y += sembuf.h
+generic-y += shmbuf.h
+generic-y += signal.h
+generic-y += socket.h
+generic-y += sockios.h
+generic-y += stat.h
+generic-y += statfs.h
+generic-y += swab.h
+generic-y += termbits.h
+generic-y += termios.h
+generic-y += types.h
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/auxvec.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/auxvec.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1376515547cd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/auxvec.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_AUXVEC_H
+#define _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_AUXVEC_H
+
+/* vDSO location */
+#define AT_SYSINFO_EHDR 33
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_AUXVEC_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/bitsperlong.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/bitsperlong.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..0b3cb52fd29d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/bitsperlong.h
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_BITSPERLONG_H
+#define _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_BITSPERLONG_H
+
+#define __BITS_PER_LONG (__SIZEOF_POINTER__ * 8)
+
+#include <asm-generic/bitsperlong.h>
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_BITSPERLONG_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/byteorder.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/byteorder.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4ca38af2cd32
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/byteorder.h
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_BYTEORDER_H
+#define _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_BYTEORDER_H
+
+#include <linux/byteorder/little_endian.h>
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_BYTEORDER_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..a510edfa8226
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/elf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2003 Matjaz Breskvar <phoenix@xxxxxxxxx>
+ * Copyright (C) 2010-2011 Jonas Bonn <jonas@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_ELF_H
+#define _UAPI_ASM_ELF_H
+
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+
+/* ELF register definitions */
+typedef unsigned long elf_greg_t;
+typedef struct user_regs_struct elf_gregset_t;
+#define ELF_NGREG (sizeof(elf_gregset_t) / sizeof(elf_greg_t))
+
+typedef union __riscv_fp_state elf_fpregset_t;
+
+#define ELF_RISCV_R_SYM(r_info) ((r_info) >> 32)
+#define ELF_RISCV_R_TYPE(r_info) ((r_info) & 0xffffffff)
+
+/*
+ * RISC-V relocation types
+ */
+
+/* Relocation types used by the dynamic linker */
+#define R_RISCV_NONE		0
+#define R_RISCV_32		1
+#define R_RISCV_64		2
+#define R_RISCV_RELATIVE	3
+#define R_RISCV_COPY		4
+#define R_RISCV_JUMP_SLOT	5
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_DTPMOD32	6
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_DTPMOD64	7
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_DTPREL32	8
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_DTPREL64	9
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_TPREL32	10
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_TPREL64	11
+
+/* Relocation types not used by the dynamic linker */
+#define R_RISCV_BRANCH		16
+#define R_RISCV_JAL		17
+#define R_RISCV_CALL		18
+#define R_RISCV_CALL_PLT	19
+#define R_RISCV_GOT_HI20	20
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_GOT_HI20	21
+#define R_RISCV_TLS_GD_HI20	22
+#define R_RISCV_PCREL_HI20	23
+#define R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_I	24
+#define R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_S	25
+#define R_RISCV_HI20		26
+#define R_RISCV_LO12_I		27
+#define R_RISCV_LO12_S		28
+#define R_RISCV_TPREL_HI20	29
+#define R_RISCV_TPREL_LO12_I	30
+#define R_RISCV_TPREL_LO12_S	31
+#define R_RISCV_TPREL_ADD	32
+#define R_RISCV_ADD8		33
+#define R_RISCV_ADD16		34
+#define R_RISCV_ADD32		35
+#define R_RISCV_ADD64		36
+#define R_RISCV_SUB8		37
+#define R_RISCV_SUB16		38
+#define R_RISCV_SUB32		39
+#define R_RISCV_SUB64		40
+#define R_RISCV_GNU_VTINHERIT	41
+#define R_RISCV_GNU_VTENTRY	42
+#define R_RISCV_ALIGN		43
+#define R_RISCV_RVC_BRANCH	44
+#define R_RISCV_RVC_JUMP	45
+#define R_RISCV_LUI		46
+#define R_RISCV_GPREL_I		47
+#define R_RISCV_GPREL_S		48
+#define R_RISCV_TPREL_I		49
+#define R_RISCV_TPREL_S		50
+#define R_RISCV_RELAX		51
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_ELF_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f333221c9ab2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
@@ -0,0 +1,36 @@
+/*
+ * Copied from arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __UAPI_ASM_HWCAP_H
+#define __UAPI_ASM_HWCAP_H
+
+/*
+ * Linux saves the floating-point registers according to the ISA Linux is
+ * executing on, as opposed to the ISA the user program is compiled for.  This
+ * is necessary for a handful of esoteric use cases: for example, userpsace
+ * threading libraries must be able to examine the actual machine state in
+ * order to fully reconstruct the state of a thread.
+ */
+#define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_I	(1 << ('I' - 'A'))
+#define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_M	(1 << ('M' - 'A'))
+#define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_A	(1 << ('A' - 'A'))
+#define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F	(1 << ('F' - 'A'))
+#define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_D	(1 << ('D' - 'A'))
+#define COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_C	(1 << ('C' - 'A'))
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..1a9e4cdd37e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -0,0 +1,90 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H
+#define _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H
+
+#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+/*
+ * User-mode register state for core dumps, ptrace, sigcontext
+ *
+ * This decouples struct pt_regs from the userspace ABI.
+ * struct user_regs_struct must form a prefix of struct pt_regs.
+ */
+struct user_regs_struct {
+	unsigned long pc;
+	unsigned long ra;
+	unsigned long sp;
+	unsigned long gp;
+	unsigned long tp;
+	unsigned long t0;
+	unsigned long t1;
+	unsigned long t2;
+	unsigned long s0;
+	unsigned long s1;
+	unsigned long a0;
+	unsigned long a1;
+	unsigned long a2;
+	unsigned long a3;
+	unsigned long a4;
+	unsigned long a5;
+	unsigned long a6;
+	unsigned long a7;
+	unsigned long s2;
+	unsigned long s3;
+	unsigned long s4;
+	unsigned long s5;
+	unsigned long s6;
+	unsigned long s7;
+	unsigned long s8;
+	unsigned long s9;
+	unsigned long s10;
+	unsigned long s11;
+	unsigned long t3;
+	unsigned long t4;
+	unsigned long t5;
+	unsigned long t6;
+};
+
+struct __riscv_f_ext_state {
+	__u32 f[32];
+	__u32 fcsr;
+};
+
+struct __riscv_d_ext_state {
+	__u64 f[32];
+	__u32 fcsr;
+};
+
+struct __riscv_q_ext_state {
+	__u64 f[64] __attribute__((aligned(16)));
+	__u32 fcsr;
+	/*
+	 * Reserved for expansion of sigcontext structure.  Currently zeroed
+	 * upon signal, and must be zero upon sigreturn.
+	 */
+	__u32 reserved[3];
+};
+
+union __riscv_fp_state {
+	struct __riscv_f_ext_state f;
+	struct __riscv_d_ext_state d;
+	struct __riscv_q_ext_state q;
+};
+
+#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_PTRACE_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ed7372b277fa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/sigcontext.h
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_SIGCONTEXT_H
+#define _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_SIGCONTEXT_H
+
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+
+/*
+ * Signal context structure
+ *
+ * This contains the context saved before a signal handler is invoked;
+ * it is restored by sys_sigreturn / sys_rt_sigreturn.
+ */
+struct sigcontext {
+	struct user_regs_struct sc_regs;
+	union __riscv_fp_state sc_fpregs;
+};
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_ASM_RISCV_SIGCONTEXT_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/siginfo.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/siginfo.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f96849aac662
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/siginfo.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 SiFive, Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+#ifndef __ASM_SIGINFO_H
+#define __ASM_SIGINFO_H
+
+#define __ARCH_SI_PREAMBLE_SIZE	(__SIZEOF_POINTER__ == 4 ? 12 : 16)
+
+#include <asm-generic/siginfo.h>
+
+#endif
diff --git a/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ucontext.h b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ucontext.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..52eff9febcfd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/include/uapi/asm/ucontext.h
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 ARM Ltd.
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive, Inc.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ *
+ * This file was copied from arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/ucontext.h
+ */
+#ifndef _UAPI__ASM_UCONTEXT_H
+#define _UAPI__ASM_UCONTEXT_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+struct ucontext {
+	unsigned long	  uc_flags;
+	struct ucontext	 *uc_link;
+	stack_t		  uc_stack;
+	sigset_t	  uc_sigmask;
+	/* glibc uses a 1024-bit sigset_t */
+	__u8		  __unused[1024 / 8 - sizeof(sigset_t)];
+	/* last for future expansion */
+	struct sigcontext uc_mcontext;
+};
+
+#endif /* _UAPI__ASM_UCONTEXT_H */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..17011a870044
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -0,0 +1,61 @@
+/*
+ * Copied from arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2015 ARM Ltd.
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <asm/processor.h>
+#include <asm/hwcap.h>
+
+unsigned long elf_hwcap __read_mostly;
+
+void riscv_fill_hwcap(void)
+{
+	struct device_node *node;
+	const char *isa;
+	size_t i;
+	static unsigned long isa2hwcap[256] = {0};
+
+	isa2hwcap['i'] = isa2hwcap['I'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_I;
+	isa2hwcap['m'] = isa2hwcap['M'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_M;
+	isa2hwcap['a'] = isa2hwcap['A'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_A;
+	isa2hwcap['f'] = isa2hwcap['F'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_F;
+	isa2hwcap['d'] = isa2hwcap['D'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_D;
+	isa2hwcap['c'] = isa2hwcap['C'] = COMPAT_HWCAP_ISA_C;
+
+	elf_hwcap = 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * We don't support running Linux on hertergenous ISA systems.  For
+	 * now, we just check the ISA of the first processor.
+	 */
+	node = of_find_node_by_type(NULL, "cpu");
+	if (!node) {
+		pr_warning("Unable to find \"cpu\" devicetree entry");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	if (of_property_read_string(node, "riscv,isa", &isa)) {
+		pr_warning("Unable to find \"riscv,isa\" devicetree entry");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	for (i = 0; i < strlen(isa); ++i)
+		elf_hwcap |= isa2hwcap[(unsigned char)(isa[i])];
+
+	pr_info("elf_hwcap is 0x%lx", elf_hwcap);
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/module.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/module.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e0f05034fc21
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/module.c
@@ -0,0 +1,217 @@
+/*
+ *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ *  (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *  GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ *  Copyright (C) 2017 Zihao Yu
+ */
+
+#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/moduleloader.h>
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_64_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location, Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	*(u64 *)location = v;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_branch_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+				     Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	s64 offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	u32 imm12 = (offset & 0x1000) << (31 - 12);
+	u32 imm11 = (offset & 0x800) >> (11 - 7);
+	u32 imm10_5 = (offset & 0x7e0) << (30 - 10);
+	u32 imm4_1 = (offset & 0x1e) << (11 - 4);
+
+	*location = (*location & 0x1fff07f) | imm12 | imm11 | imm10_5 | imm4_1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_jal_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+				  Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	s64 offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	u32 imm20 = (offset & 0x100000) << (31 - 20);
+	u32 imm19_12 = (offset & 0xff000);
+	u32 imm11 = (offset & 0x800) << (20 - 11);
+	u32 imm10_1 = (offset & 0x7fe) << (30 - 10);
+
+	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | imm20 | imm19_12 | imm11 | imm10_1;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_hi20_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+					 Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	s64 offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	s32 hi20;
+
+	if (offset != (s32)offset) {
+		pr_err(
+		  "%s: target %016llx can not be addressed by the 32-bit offset from PC = %p\n",
+		  me->name, v, location);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	hi20 = (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
+	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | hi20;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_i_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+					   Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	/*
+	 * v is the lo12 value to fill. It is calculated before calling this
+	 * handler.
+	 */
+	*location = (*location & 0xfffff) | ((v & 0xfff) << 20);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_s_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+					   Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	/*
+	 * v is the lo12 value to fill. It is calculated before calling this
+	 * handler.
+	 */
+	u32 imm11_5 = (v & 0xfe0) << (31 - 11);
+	u32 imm4_0 = (v & 0x1f) << (11 - 4);
+
+	*location = (*location & 0x1fff07f) | imm11_5 | imm4_0;
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_call_plt_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+				       Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	s64 offset = (void *)v - (void *)location;
+	s32 fill_v = offset;
+	u32 hi20, lo12;
+
+	if (offset != fill_v) {
+		pr_err(
+		  "%s: target %016llx can not be addressed by the 32-bit offset from PC = %p\n",
+		  me->name, v, location);
+		return -EINVAL;
+	}
+
+	hi20 = (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
+	lo12 = (offset - hi20) & 0xfff;
+	*location = (*location & 0xfff) | hi20;
+	*(location + 1) = (*(location + 1) & 0xfffff) | (lo12 << 20);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int apply_r_riscv_relax_rela(struct module *me, u32 *location,
+				    Elf_Addr v)
+{
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static int (*reloc_handlers_rela[]) (struct module *me, u32 *location,
+				Elf_Addr v) = {
+	[R_RISCV_64]			= apply_r_riscv_64_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_BRANCH]		= apply_r_riscv_branch_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_JAL]			= apply_r_riscv_jal_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_PCREL_HI20]		= apply_r_riscv_pcrel_hi20_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_I]		= apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_i_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_S]		= apply_r_riscv_pcrel_lo12_s_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_CALL_PLT]		= apply_r_riscv_call_plt_rela,
+	[R_RISCV_RELAX]			= apply_r_riscv_relax_rela,
+};
+
+int apply_relocate_add(Elf_Shdr *sechdrs, const char *strtab,
+		       unsigned int symindex, unsigned int relsec,
+		       struct module *me)
+{
+	Elf_Rela *rel = (void *) sechdrs[relsec].sh_addr;
+	int (*handler)(struct module *me, u32 *location, Elf_Addr v);
+	Elf_Sym *sym;
+	u32 *location;
+	unsigned int i, type;
+	Elf_Addr v;
+	int res;
+
+	pr_debug("Applying relocate section %u to %u\n", relsec,
+	       sechdrs[relsec].sh_info);
+
+	for (i = 0; i < sechdrs[relsec].sh_size / sizeof(*rel); i++) {
+		/* This is where to make the change */
+		location = (void *)sechdrs[sechdrs[relsec].sh_info].sh_addr
+			+ rel[i].r_offset;
+		/* This is the symbol it is referring to */
+		sym = (Elf_Sym *)sechdrs[symindex].sh_addr
+			+ ELF_RISCV_R_SYM(rel[i].r_info);
+		if (IS_ERR_VALUE(sym->st_value)) {
+			/* Ignore unresolved weak symbol */
+			if (ELF_ST_BIND(sym->st_info) == STB_WEAK)
+				continue;
+			pr_warning("%s: Unknown symbol %s\n",
+				   me->name, strtab + sym->st_name);
+			return -ENOENT;
+		}
+
+		type = ELF_RISCV_R_TYPE(rel[i].r_info);
+
+		if (type < ARRAY_SIZE(reloc_handlers_rela))
+			handler = reloc_handlers_rela[type];
+		else
+			handler = NULL;
+
+		if (!handler) {
+			pr_err("%s: Unknown relocation type %u\n",
+			       me->name, type);
+			return -EINVAL;
+		}
+
+		v = sym->st_value + rel[i].r_addend;
+
+		if (type == R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_I || type == R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_S) {
+			unsigned int j;
+
+			for (j = 0; j < sechdrs[relsec].sh_size / sizeof(*rel); j++) {
+				u64 hi20_loc =
+					sechdrs[sechdrs[relsec].sh_info].sh_addr
+					+ rel[j].r_offset;
+				/* Find the corresponding HI20 PC-relative relocation entry */
+				if (hi20_loc == sym->st_value) {
+					Elf_Sym *hi20_sym =
+						(Elf_Sym *)sechdrs[symindex].sh_addr
+						+ ELF_RISCV_R_SYM(rel[j].r_info);
+					u64 hi20_sym_val =
+						hi20_sym->st_value
+						+ rel[j].r_addend;
+					/* Calculate lo12 */
+					s64 offset = hi20_sym_val - hi20_loc;
+					s32 hi20 = (offset + 0x800) & 0xfffff000;
+					s32 lo12 = offset - hi20;
+					v = lo12;
+					break;
+				}
+			}
+			if (j == sechdrs[relsec].sh_size / sizeof(*rel)) {
+				pr_err(
+				  "%s: Can not find HI20 PC-relative relocation information\n",
+				  me->name);
+				return -EINVAL;
+			}
+		}
+
+		res = handler(me, location, v);
+		if (res)
+			return res;
+	}
+
+	return 0;
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ba3e80712797
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,125 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2010 Tilera Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
+ * Copyright 2015 Regents of the University of California
+ * Copyright 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * Copied from arch/tile/kernel/ptrace.c
+ */
+
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/syscall.h>
+#include <asm/thread_info.h>
+#include <linux/ptrace.h>
+#include <linux/elf.h>
+#include <linux/regset.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <linux/sched/task_stack.h>
+#include <linux/tracehook.h>
+#include <trace/events/syscalls.h>
+
+enum riscv_regset {
+	REGSET_X,
+};
+
+static int riscv_gpr_get(struct task_struct *target,
+			 const struct user_regset *regset,
+			 unsigned int pos, unsigned int count,
+			 void *kbuf, void __user *ubuf)
+{
+	struct pt_regs *regs;
+
+	regs = task_pt_regs(target);
+	return user_regset_copyout(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, regs, 0, -1);
+}
+
+static int riscv_gpr_set(struct task_struct *target,
+			 const struct user_regset *regset,
+			 unsigned int pos, unsigned int count,
+			 const void *kbuf, const void __user *ubuf)
+{
+	int ret;
+	struct pt_regs *regs;
+
+	regs = task_pt_regs(target);
+	ret = user_regset_copyin(&pos, &count, &kbuf, &ubuf, &regs, 0, -1);
+	return ret;
+}
+
+
+static const struct user_regset riscv_user_regset[] = {
+	[REGSET_X] = {
+		.core_note_type = NT_PRSTATUS,
+		.n = ELF_NGREG,
+		.size = sizeof(elf_greg_t),
+		.align = sizeof(elf_greg_t),
+		.get = &riscv_gpr_get,
+		.set = &riscv_gpr_set,
+	},
+};
+
+static const struct user_regset_view riscv_user_native_view = {
+	.name = "riscv",
+	.e_machine = EM_RISCV,
+	.regsets = riscv_user_regset,
+	.n = ARRAY_SIZE(riscv_user_regset),
+};
+
+const struct user_regset_view *task_user_regset_view(struct task_struct *task)
+{
+	return &riscv_user_native_view;
+}
+
+void ptrace_disable(struct task_struct *child)
+{
+	clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
+}
+
+long arch_ptrace(struct task_struct *child, long request,
+		 unsigned long addr, unsigned long data)
+{
+	long ret = -EIO;
+
+	switch (request) {
+	default:
+		ret = ptrace_request(child, request, addr, data);
+		break;
+	}
+
+	return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Allows PTRACE_SYSCALL to work.  These are called from entry.S in
+ * {handle,ret_from}_syscall.
+ */
+void do_syscall_trace_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
+		if (tracehook_report_syscall_entry(regs))
+			syscall_set_nr(current, regs, -1);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
+	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT))
+		trace_sys_enter(regs, syscall_get_nr(current, regs));
+#endif
+}
+
+void do_syscall_trace_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE))
+		tracehook_report_syscall_exit(regs, 0);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINTS
+	if (test_thread_flag(TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT))
+		trace_sys_exit(regs, regs->regs[0]);
+#endif
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..23cc81ec9e94
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/riscv_ksyms.c
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Zihao Yu
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/export.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+
+/*
+ * Assembly functions that may be used (directly or indirectly) by modules
+ */
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__copy_user);
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..718d0c984ef0
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/signal.c
@@ -0,0 +1,292 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Sunplus Core Technology Co., Ltd.
+ *  Chen Liqin <liqin.chen@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ *  Lennox Wu <lennox.wu@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, see the file COPYING, or write
+ * to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
+ */
+
+#include <linux/signal.h>
+#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/tracehook.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+
+#include <asm/ucontext.h>
+#include <asm/vdso.h>
+#include <asm/switch_to.h>
+#include <asm/csr.h>
+
+#define DEBUG_SIG 0
+
+struct rt_sigframe {
+	struct siginfo info;
+	struct ucontext uc;
+};
+
+static long restore_d_state(struct pt_regs *regs,
+	struct __riscv_d_ext_state __user *state)
+{
+	long err;
+	err = __copy_from_user(&current->thread.fstate, state, sizeof(*state));
+	if (likely(!err))
+		fstate_restore(current, regs);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static long save_d_state(struct pt_regs *regs,
+	struct __riscv_d_ext_state __user *state)
+{
+	fstate_save(current, regs);
+	return __copy_to_user(state, &current->thread.fstate, sizeof(*state));
+}
+
+static long restore_sigcontext(struct pt_regs *regs,
+	struct sigcontext __user *sc)
+{
+	long err;
+	size_t i;
+	/* sc_regs is structured the same as the start of pt_regs */
+	err = __copy_from_user(regs, &sc->sc_regs, sizeof(sc->sc_regs));
+	if (unlikely(err))
+		return err;
+	/* Restore the floating-point state. */
+	err = restore_d_state(regs, &sc->sc_fpregs.d);
+	if (unlikely(err))
+		return err;
+	/* We support no other extension state at this time. */
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(sc->sc_fpregs.q.reserved); i++) {
+		u32 value;
+		err = __get_user(value, &sc->sc_fpregs.q.reserved[i]);
+		if (unlikely(err))
+			break;
+		if (value != 0)
+			return -EINVAL;
+	}
+	return err;
+}
+
+SYSCALL_DEFINE0(rt_sigreturn)
+{
+	struct pt_regs *regs = current_pt_regs();
+	struct rt_sigframe __user *frame;
+	struct task_struct *task;
+	sigset_t set;
+
+	/* Always make any pending restarted system calls return -EINTR */
+	current->restart_block.fn = do_no_restart_syscall;
+
+	frame = (struct rt_sigframe __user *)regs->sp;
+
+	if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
+		goto badframe;
+
+	if (__copy_from_user(&set, &frame->uc.uc_sigmask, sizeof(set)))
+		goto badframe;
+
+	set_current_blocked(&set);
+
+	if (restore_sigcontext(regs, &frame->uc.uc_mcontext))
+		goto badframe;
+
+	if (restore_altstack(&frame->uc.uc_stack))
+		goto badframe;
+
+	return regs->a0;
+
+badframe:
+	task = current;
+	if (show_unhandled_signals) {
+		pr_info_ratelimited(
+			"%s[%d]: bad frame in %s: frame=%p pc=%p sp=%p\n",
+			task->comm, task_pid_nr(task), __func__,
+			frame, (void *)regs->sepc, (void *)regs->sp);
+	}
+	force_sig(SIGSEGV, task);
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static long setup_sigcontext(struct rt_sigframe __user *frame,
+	struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	struct sigcontext __user *sc = &frame->uc.uc_mcontext;
+	long err;
+	size_t i;
+	/* sc_regs is structured the same as the start of pt_regs */
+	err = __copy_to_user(&sc->sc_regs, regs, sizeof(sc->sc_regs));
+	/* Save the floating-point state. */
+	err |= save_d_state(regs, &sc->sc_fpregs.d);
+	/* We support no other extension state at this time. */
+	for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(sc->sc_fpregs.q.reserved); i++)
+		err |= __put_user(0, &sc->sc_fpregs.q.reserved[i]);
+	return err;
+}
+
+static inline void __user *get_sigframe(struct ksignal *ksig,
+	struct pt_regs *regs, size_t framesize)
+{
+	unsigned long sp;
+	/* Default to using normal stack */
+	sp = regs->sp;
+
+	/*
+	 * If we are on the alternate signal stack and would overflow it, don't.
+	 * Return an always-bogus address instead so we will die with SIGSEGV.
+	 */
+	if (on_sig_stack(sp) && !likely(on_sig_stack(sp - framesize)))
+		return (void __user __force *)(-1UL);
+
+	/* This is the X/Open sanctioned signal stack switching. */
+	sp = sigsp(sp, ksig) - framesize;
+
+	/* Align the stack frame. */
+	sp &= ~0xfUL;
+
+	return (void __user *)sp;
+}
+
+
+static int setup_rt_frame(struct ksignal *ksig, sigset_t *set,
+	struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	struct rt_sigframe __user *frame;
+	long err = 0;
+
+	frame = get_sigframe(ksig, regs, sizeof(*frame));
+	if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, frame, sizeof(*frame)))
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	err |= copy_siginfo_to_user(&frame->info, &ksig->info);
+
+	/* Create the ucontext. */
+	err |= __put_user(0, &frame->uc.uc_flags);
+	err |= __put_user(NULL, &frame->uc.uc_link);
+	err |= __save_altstack(&frame->uc.uc_stack, regs->sp);
+	err |= setup_sigcontext(frame, regs);
+	err |= __copy_to_user(&frame->uc.uc_sigmask, set, sizeof(*set));
+	if (err)
+		return -EFAULT;
+
+	/* Set up to return from userspace. */
+	regs->ra = (unsigned long)VDSO_SYMBOL(
+		current->mm->context.vdso, rt_sigreturn);
+
+	/*
+	 * Set up registers for signal handler.
+	 * Registers that we don't modify keep the value they had from
+	 * user-space at the time we took the signal.
+	 * We always pass siginfo and mcontext, regardless of SA_SIGINFO,
+	 * since some things rely on this (e.g. glibc's debug/segfault.c).
+	 */
+	regs->sepc = (unsigned long)ksig->ka.sa.sa_handler;
+	regs->sp = (unsigned long)frame;
+	regs->a0 = ksig->sig;                     /* a0: signal number */
+	regs->a1 = (unsigned long)(&frame->info); /* a1: siginfo pointer */
+	regs->a2 = (unsigned long)(&frame->uc);   /* a2: ucontext pointer */
+
+#if DEBUG_SIG
+	pr_info("SIG deliver (%s:%d): sig=%d pc=%p ra=%p sp=%p\n",
+		current->comm, task_pid_nr(current), ksig->sig,
+		(void *)regs->sepc, (void *)regs->ra, frame);
+#endif
+
+	return 0;
+}
+
+static void handle_signal(struct ksignal *ksig, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	sigset_t *oldset = sigmask_to_save();
+	int ret;
+
+	/* Are we from a system call? */
+	if (regs->scause == EXC_SYSCALL) {
+		/* If so, check system call restarting.. */
+		switch (regs->a0) {
+		case -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK:
+		case -ERESTARTNOHAND:
+			regs->a0 = -EINTR;
+			break;
+
+		case -ERESTARTSYS:
+			if (!(ksig->ka.sa.sa_flags & SA_RESTART)) {
+				regs->a0 = -EINTR;
+				break;
+			}
+			/* fallthrough */
+		case -ERESTARTNOINTR:
+                        regs->a0 = regs->orig_a0;
+			regs->sepc -= 0x4;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/* Set up the stack frame */
+	ret = setup_rt_frame(ksig, oldset, regs);
+
+	signal_setup_done(ret, ksig, 0);
+}
+
+static void do_signal(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+	struct ksignal ksig;
+
+	if (get_signal(&ksig)) {
+		/* Actually deliver the signal */
+		handle_signal(&ksig, regs);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* Did we come from a system call? */
+	if (regs->scause == EXC_SYSCALL) {
+		/* Restart the system call - no handlers present */
+		switch (regs->a0) {
+		case -ERESTARTNOHAND:
+		case -ERESTARTSYS:
+		case -ERESTARTNOINTR:
+                        regs->a0 = regs->orig_a0;
+			regs->sepc -= 0x4;
+			break;
+		case -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK:
+                        regs->a0 = regs->orig_a0;
+			regs->a7 = __NR_restart_syscall;
+			regs->sepc -= 0x4;
+			break;
+		}
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * If there is no signal to deliver, we just put the saved
+	 * sigmask back.
+	 */
+	restore_saved_sigmask();
+}
+
+/*
+ * notification of userspace execution resumption
+ * - triggered by the _TIF_WORK_MASK flags
+ */
+asmlinkage void do_notify_resume(struct pt_regs *regs,
+	unsigned long thread_info_flags)
+{
+	/* Handle pending signal delivery */
+	if (thread_info_flags & _TIF_SIGPENDING)
+		do_signal(regs);
+
+	if (thread_info_flags & _TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME) {
+		clear_thread_flag(TIF_NOTIFY_RESUME);
+		tracehook_notify_resume(regs);
+	}
+}
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4351be7d0533
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/sys_riscv.c
@@ -0,0 +1,49 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Darius Rad <darius@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 SiFive
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <asm/cmpxchg.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+
+static long riscv_sys_mmap(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
+			   unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags,
+			   unsigned long fd, off_t offset,
+			   unsigned long page_shift_offset)
+{
+	if (unlikely(offset & (~PAGE_MASK >> page_shift_offset)))
+		return -EINVAL;
+	return sys_mmap_pgoff(addr, len, prot, flags, fd,
+			      offset >> (PAGE_SHIFT - page_shift_offset));
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
+SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mmap, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, len,
+	unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, flags,
+	unsigned long, fd, off_t, offset)
+{
+	return riscv_sys_mmap(addr, len, prot, flags, fd, offset, 0);
+}
+#else
+SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mmap2, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, len,
+	unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, flags,
+	unsigned long, fd, off_t, offset)
+{
+	/*
+	 * Note that the shift for mmap2 is constant (12),
+	 * regardless of PAGE_SIZE
+	 */
+	return riscv_sys_mmap(addr, len, prot, flags, fd, offset, 12);
+}
+#endif /* !CONFIG_64BIT */
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c b/arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4e30dc5fb593
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/syscall_table.c
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2009 Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx>
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <asm-generic/syscalls.h>
+
+#undef __SYSCALL
+#define __SYSCALL(nr, call)	[nr] = (call),
+
+void *sys_call_table[__NR_syscalls] = {
+	[0 ... __NR_syscalls - 1] = sys_ni_syscall,
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+};
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/.gitignore b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/.gitignore
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..97c2d69d0289
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/.gitignore
@@ -0,0 +1,2 @@
+vdso.lds
+*.tmp
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..523d0a8ac8db
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,63 @@
+# Copied from arch/tile/kernel/vdso/Makefile
+
+# Symbols present in the vdso
+vdso-syms = rt_sigreturn
+
+# Files to link into the vdso
+obj-vdso = $(patsubst %, %.o, $(vdso-syms))
+
+# Build rules
+targets := $(obj-vdso) vdso.so vdso.so.dbg vdso.lds vdso-dummy.o
+obj-vdso := $(addprefix $(obj)/, $(obj-vdso))
+
+obj-y += vdso.o vdso-syms.o
+CPPFLAGS_vdso.lds += -P -C -U$(ARCH)
+
+# Disable gcov profiling for VDSO code
+GCOV_PROFILE := n
+
+# Force dependency
+$(obj)/vdso.o: $(obj)/vdso.so
+
+# link rule for the .so file, .lds has to be first
+SYSCFLAGS_vdso.so.dbg = $(c_flags)
+$(obj)/vdso.so.dbg: $(src)/vdso.lds $(obj-vdso) FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,vdsold)
+
+# We also create a special relocatable object that should mirror the symbol
+# table and layout of the linked DSO.  With ld -R we can then refer to
+# these symbols in the kernel code rather than hand-coded addresses.
+
+SYSCFLAGS_vdso.so.dbg = -shared -s -Wl,-soname=linux-vdso.so.1 \
+                            $(call cc-ldoption, -Wl$(comma)--hash-style=both)
+$(obj)/vdso-dummy.o: $(src)/vdso.lds $(obj)/rt_sigreturn.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,vdsold)
+
+LDFLAGS_vdso-syms.o := -r -R
+$(obj)/vdso-syms.o: $(obj)/vdso-dummy.o FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,ld)
+
+# strip rule for the .so file
+$(obj)/%.so: OBJCOPYFLAGS := -S
+$(obj)/%.so: $(obj)/%.so.dbg FORCE
+	$(call if_changed,objcopy)
+
+# actual build commands
+# The DSO images are built using a special linker script
+# Add -lgcc so rv32 gets static muldi3 and lshrdi3 definitions.
+# Make sure only to export the intended __vdso_xxx symbol offsets.
+quiet_cmd_vdsold = VDSOLD  $@
+      cmd_vdsold = $(CC) $(KCFLAGS) -nostdlib $(SYSCFLAGS_$(@F)) \
+                           -Wl,-T,$(filter-out FORCE,$^) -o $@.tmp -lgcc && \
+                   $(CROSS_COMPILE)objcopy \
+                           $(patsubst %, -G __vdso_%, $(vdso-syms)) $@.tmp $@
+
+# install commands for the unstripped file
+quiet_cmd_vdso_install = INSTALL $@
+      cmd_vdso_install = cp $(obj)/$@.dbg $(MODLIB)/vdso/$@
+
+vdso.so: $(obj)/vdso.so.dbg
+	@mkdir -p $(MODLIB)/vdso
+	$(call cmd,vdso_install)
+
+vdso_install: vdso.so
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/rt_sigreturn.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/rt_sigreturn.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f5aa3d72acfb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/rt_sigreturn.S
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/unistd.h>
+
+	.text
+ENTRY(__vdso_rt_sigreturn)
+	.cfi_startproc
+	.cfi_signal_frame
+	li a7, __NR_rt_sigreturn
+	scall
+	.cfi_endproc
+ENDPROC(__vdso_rt_sigreturn)
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7055de5f9174
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.S
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2014 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/page.h>
+
+	__PAGE_ALIGNED_DATA
+
+	.globl vdso_start, vdso_end
+	.balign PAGE_SIZE
+vdso_start:
+	.incbin "arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.so"
+	.balign PAGE_SIZE
+vdso_end:
+
+	.previous
diff --git a/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..7142e1aafc30
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/riscv/kernel/vdso/vdso.lds.S
@@ -0,0 +1,77 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2012 Regents of the University of California
+ *
+ *   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ *   modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ *   as published by the Free Software Foundation, version 2.
+ *
+ *   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ *   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ *   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+ *   GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+OUTPUT_ARCH(riscv)
+
+SECTIONS
+{
+	. = SIZEOF_HEADERS;
+
+	.hash		: { *(.hash) }			:text
+	.gnu.hash	: { *(.gnu.hash) }
+	.dynsym		: { *(.dynsym) }
+	.dynstr		: { *(.dynstr) }
+	.gnu.version	: { *(.gnu.version) }
+	.gnu.version_d	: { *(.gnu.version_d) }
+	.gnu.version_r	: { *(.gnu.version_r) }
+
+	.note		: { *(.note.*) }		:text	:note
+	.dynamic	: { *(.dynamic) }		:text	:dynamic
+
+	.eh_frame_hdr	: { *(.eh_frame_hdr) }		:text	:eh_frame_hdr
+	.eh_frame	: { KEEP (*(.eh_frame)) }	:text
+
+	.rodata		: { *(.rodata .rodata.* .gnu.linkonce.r.*) }
+
+	/*
+	 * This linker script is used both with -r and with -shared.
+	 * For the layouts to match, we need to skip more than enough
+	 * space for the dynamic symbol table, etc. If this amount is
+	 * insufficient, ld -shared will error; simply increase it here.
+	 */
+	. = 0x800;
+	.text		: { *(.text .text.*) }		:text
+
+	.data		: {
+		*(.got.plt) *(.got)
+		*(.data .data.* .gnu.linkonce.d.*)
+		*(.dynbss)
+		*(.bss .bss.* .gnu.linkonce.b.*)
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * We must supply the ELF program headers explicitly to get just one
+ * PT_LOAD segment, and set the flags explicitly to make segments read-only.
+ */
+PHDRS
+{
+	text		PT_LOAD		FLAGS(5) FILEHDR PHDRS; /* PF_R|PF_X */
+	dynamic		PT_DYNAMIC	FLAGS(4);		/* PF_R */
+	note		PT_NOTE		FLAGS(4);		/* PF_R */
+	eh_frame_hdr	PT_GNU_EH_FRAME;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This controls what symbols we export from the DSO.
+ */
+VERSION
+{
+	LINUX_2.6 {
+	global:
+		__vdso_rt_sigreturn;
+		__vdso_cmpxchg32;
+		__vdso_cmpxchg64;
+	local: *;
+	};
+}
-- 
2.13.5