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[PATCH for v4.9 LTS 28/86] bpf: don't trigger OOM killer under pressure with map alloc




From: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit d407bd25a204bd66b7346dde24bd3d37ef0e0b05 ]

This patch adds two helpers, bpf_map_area_alloc() and bpf_map_area_free(),
that are to be used for map allocations. Using kmalloc() for very large
allocations can cause excessive work within the page allocator, so i) fall
back earlier to vmalloc() when the attempt is considered costly anyway,
and even more importantly ii) don't trigger OOM killer with any of the
allocators.

Since this is based on a user space request, for example, when creating
maps with element pre-allocation, we really want such requests to fail
instead of killing other user space processes.

Also, don't spam the kernel log with warnings should any of the allocations
fail under pressure. Given that, we can make backend selection in
bpf_map_area_alloc() generic, and convert all maps over to use this API
for spots with potentially large allocation requests.

Note, replacing the one kmalloc_array() is fine as overflow checks happen
earlier in htab_map_alloc(), since it must also protect the multiplication
for vmalloc() should kmalloc_array() fail.

Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@xxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@xxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 include/linux/bpf.h   |  2 ++
 kernel/bpf/arraymap.c | 18 +++++++-----------
 kernel/bpf/hashtab.c  | 22 +++++++++-------------
 kernel/bpf/stackmap.c | 20 ++++++++------------
 kernel/bpf/syscall.c  | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 52 insertions(+), 36 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/bpf.h b/include/linux/bpf.h
index c201017b5730..97498be2ca2e 100644
--- a/include/linux/bpf.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf.h
@@ -243,6 +243,8 @@ struct bpf_map *bpf_map_inc(struct bpf_map *map, bool uref);
 void bpf_map_put_with_uref(struct bpf_map *map);
 void bpf_map_put(struct bpf_map *map);
 int bpf_map_precharge_memlock(u32 pages);
+void *bpf_map_area_alloc(size_t size);
+void bpf_map_area_free(void *base);
 
 extern int sysctl_unprivileged_bpf_disabled;
 
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c b/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
index a2ac051c342f..f3721e150d94 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/arraymap.c
@@ -11,7 +11,6 @@
  */
 #include <linux/bpf.h>
 #include <linux/err.h>
-#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
 #include <linux/mm.h>
 #include <linux/filter.h>
@@ -74,14 +73,10 @@ static struct bpf_map *array_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 	if (array_size >= U32_MAX - PAGE_SIZE)
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
-
 	/* allocate all map elements and zero-initialize them */
-	array = kzalloc(array_size, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
-	if (!array) {
-		array = vzalloc(array_size);
-		if (!array)
-			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-	}
+	array = bpf_map_area_alloc(array_size);
+	if (!array)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
 	/* copy mandatory map attributes */
 	array->map.map_type = attr->map_type;
@@ -97,7 +92,7 @@ static struct bpf_map *array_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 
 	if (array_size >= U32_MAX - PAGE_SIZE ||
 	    elem_size > PCPU_MIN_UNIT_SIZE || bpf_array_alloc_percpu(array)) {
-		kvfree(array);
+		bpf_map_area_free(array);
 		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 	}
 out:
@@ -262,7 +257,7 @@ static void array_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
 	if (array->map.map_type == BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERCPU_ARRAY)
 		bpf_array_free_percpu(array);
 
-	kvfree(array);
+	bpf_map_area_free(array);
 }
 
 static const struct bpf_map_ops array_ops = {
@@ -319,7 +314,8 @@ static void fd_array_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
 	/* make sure it's empty */
 	for (i = 0; i < array->map.max_entries; i++)
 		BUG_ON(array->ptrs[i] != NULL);
-	kvfree(array);
+
+	bpf_map_area_free(array);
 }
 
 static void *fd_array_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c b/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
index ad1bc67aff1b..ad2f0ed75471 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/hashtab.c
@@ -13,7 +13,6 @@
 #include <linux/bpf.h>
 #include <linux/jhash.h>
 #include <linux/filter.h>
-#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
 #include "percpu_freelist.h"
 
 struct bucket {
@@ -84,14 +83,15 @@ static void htab_free_elems(struct bpf_htab *htab)
 		free_percpu(pptr);
 	}
 free_elems:
-	vfree(htab->elems);
+	bpf_map_area_free(htab->elems);
 }
 
 static int prealloc_elems_and_freelist(struct bpf_htab *htab)
 {
 	int err = -ENOMEM, i;
 
-	htab->elems = vzalloc(htab->elem_size * htab->map.max_entries);
+	htab->elems = bpf_map_area_alloc(htab->elem_size *
+					 htab->map.max_entries);
 	if (!htab->elems)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -227,14 +227,10 @@ static struct bpf_map *htab_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 		goto free_htab;
 
 	err = -ENOMEM;
-	htab->buckets = kmalloc_array(htab->n_buckets, sizeof(struct bucket),
-				      GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
-
-	if (!htab->buckets) {
-		htab->buckets = vmalloc(htab->n_buckets * sizeof(struct bucket));
-		if (!htab->buckets)
-			goto free_htab;
-	}
+	htab->buckets = bpf_map_area_alloc(htab->n_buckets *
+					   sizeof(struct bucket));
+	if (!htab->buckets)
+		goto free_htab;
 
 	for (i = 0; i < htab->n_buckets; i++) {
 		INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&htab->buckets[i].head);
@@ -258,7 +254,7 @@ static struct bpf_map *htab_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 free_extra_elems:
 	free_percpu(htab->extra_elems);
 free_buckets:
-	kvfree(htab->buckets);
+	bpf_map_area_free(htab->buckets);
 free_htab:
 	kfree(htab);
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
@@ -715,7 +711,7 @@ static void htab_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
 		pcpu_freelist_destroy(&htab->freelist);
 	}
 	free_percpu(htab->extra_elems);
-	kvfree(htab->buckets);
+	bpf_map_area_free(htab->buckets);
 	kfree(htab);
 }
 
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c b/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c
index 732ae16d12b7..be8519148c25 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c
@@ -7,7 +7,6 @@
 #include <linux/bpf.h>
 #include <linux/jhash.h>
 #include <linux/filter.h>
-#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
 #include <linux/stacktrace.h>
 #include <linux/perf_event.h>
 #include "percpu_freelist.h"
@@ -32,7 +31,7 @@ static int prealloc_elems_and_freelist(struct bpf_stack_map *smap)
 	u32 elem_size = sizeof(struct stack_map_bucket) + smap->map.value_size;
 	int err;
 
-	smap->elems = vzalloc(elem_size * smap->map.max_entries);
+	smap->elems = bpf_map_area_alloc(elem_size * smap->map.max_entries);
 	if (!smap->elems)
 		return -ENOMEM;
 
@@ -45,7 +44,7 @@ static int prealloc_elems_and_freelist(struct bpf_stack_map *smap)
 	return 0;
 
 free_elems:
-	vfree(smap->elems);
+	bpf_map_area_free(smap->elems);
 	return err;
 }
 
@@ -76,12 +75,9 @@ static struct bpf_map *stack_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 	if (cost >= U32_MAX - PAGE_SIZE)
 		return ERR_PTR(-E2BIG);
 
-	smap = kzalloc(cost, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
-	if (!smap) {
-		smap = vzalloc(cost);
-		if (!smap)
-			return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
-	}
+	smap = bpf_map_area_alloc(cost);
+	if (!smap)
+		return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
 
 	err = -E2BIG;
 	cost += n_buckets * (value_size + sizeof(struct stack_map_bucket));
@@ -112,7 +108,7 @@ static struct bpf_map *stack_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
 put_buffers:
 	put_callchain_buffers();
 free_smap:
-	kvfree(smap);
+	bpf_map_area_free(smap);
 	return ERR_PTR(err);
 }
 
@@ -262,9 +258,9 @@ static void stack_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
 	/* wait for bpf programs to complete before freeing stack map */
 	synchronize_rcu();
 
-	vfree(smap->elems);
+	bpf_map_area_free(smap->elems);
 	pcpu_freelist_destroy(&smap->freelist);
-	kvfree(smap);
+	bpf_map_area_free(smap);
 	put_callchain_buffers();
 }
 
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
index 237f3d6a7ddc..72ea91df71c9 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -12,6 +12,8 @@
 #include <linux/bpf.h>
 #include <linux/syscalls.h>
 #include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/mmzone.h>
 #include <linux/anon_inodes.h>
 #include <linux/file.h>
 #include <linux/license.h>
@@ -48,6 +50,30 @@ void bpf_register_map_type(struct bpf_map_type_list *tl)
 	list_add(&tl->list_node, &bpf_map_types);
 }
 
+void *bpf_map_area_alloc(size_t size)
+{
+	/* We definitely need __GFP_NORETRY, so OOM killer doesn't
+	 * trigger under memory pressure as we really just want to
+	 * fail instead.
+	 */
+	const gfp_t flags = __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_ZERO;
+	void *area;
+
+	if (size <= (PAGE_SIZE << PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER)) {
+		area = kmalloc(size, GFP_USER | flags);
+		if (area != NULL)
+			return area;
+	}
+
+	return __vmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_HIGHMEM | flags,
+			 PAGE_KERNEL);
+}
+
+void bpf_map_area_free(void *area)
+{
+	kvfree(area);
+}
+
 int bpf_map_precharge_memlock(u32 pages)
 {
 	struct user_struct *user = get_current_user();
-- 
2.11.0