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[PATCH for v4.9 LTS 69/86] KVM: arm64: Access CNTHCTL_EL2 bit fields correctly on VHE systems




From: Jintack Lim <jintack@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

[ Upstream commit 488f94d7212b00a2ec72fb886b155f1b04c5aa98 ]

Current KVM world switch code is unintentionally setting wrong bits to
CNTHCTL_EL2 when E2H == 1, which may allow guest OS to access physical
timer.  Bit positions of CNTHCTL_EL2 are changing depending on
HCR_EL2.E2H bit.  EL1PCEN and EL1PCTEN are 1st and 0th bits when E2H is
not set, but they are 11th and 10th bits respectively when E2H is set.

In fact, on VHE we only need to set those bits once, not for every world
switch. This is because the host kernel runs in EL2 with HCR_EL2.TGE ==
1, which makes those bits have no effect for the host kernel execution.
So we just set those bits once for guests, and that's it.

Signed-off-by: Jintack Lim <jintack@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <alexander.levin@xxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 arch/arm/include/asm/virt.h   |  5 +++++
 arch/arm/kvm/arm.c            |  3 +++
 arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h |  9 +++++++++
 include/kvm/arm_arch_timer.h  |  1 +
 virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c     | 23 +++++++++++++++++++++++
 virt/kvm/arm/hyp/timer-sr.c   | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++------------
 6 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/include/asm/virt.h b/arch/arm/include/asm/virt.h
index a2e75b84e2ae..6dae1956c74d 100644
--- a/arch/arm/include/asm/virt.h
+++ b/arch/arm/include/asm/virt.h
@@ -80,6 +80,11 @@ static inline bool is_kernel_in_hyp_mode(void)
 	return false;
 }
 
+static inline bool has_vhe(void)
+{
+	return false;
+}
+
 /* The section containing the hypervisor idmap text */
 extern char __hyp_idmap_text_start[];
 extern char __hyp_idmap_text_end[];
diff --git a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
index 19b5f5c1c0ff..60d031642798 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kvm/arm.c
@@ -1093,6 +1093,9 @@ static void cpu_init_hyp_mode(void *dummy)
 	__cpu_init_hyp_mode(pgd_ptr, hyp_stack_ptr, vector_ptr);
 	__cpu_init_stage2();
 
+	if (is_kernel_in_hyp_mode())
+		kvm_timer_init_vhe();
+
 	kvm_arm_init_debug();
 }
 
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h
index fea10736b11f..439f6b5d31f6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/virt.h
@@ -47,6 +47,7 @@
 #include <asm/ptrace.h>
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
+#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
 
 /*
  * __boot_cpu_mode records what mode CPUs were booted in.
@@ -80,6 +81,14 @@ static inline bool is_kernel_in_hyp_mode(void)
 	return read_sysreg(CurrentEL) == CurrentEL_EL2;
 }
 
+static inline bool has_vhe(void)
+{
+	if (cpus_have_const_cap(ARM64_HAS_VIRT_HOST_EXTN))
+		return true;
+
+	return false;
+}
+
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_VHE
 extern void verify_cpu_run_el(void);
 #else
diff --git a/include/kvm/arm_arch_timer.h b/include/kvm/arm_arch_timer.h
index dda39d8fa189..2d5490375e0d 100644
--- a/include/kvm/arm_arch_timer.h
+++ b/include/kvm/arm_arch_timer.h
@@ -76,4 +76,5 @@ void kvm_timer_unschedule(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 
 void kvm_timer_vcpu_put(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
 
+void kvm_timer_init_vhe(void);
 #endif
diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c b/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
index 27a1f6341d41..0ebd0dc39cd4 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/arm/arch_timer.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
 
 #include <clocksource/arm_arch_timer.h>
 #include <asm/arch_timer.h>
+#include <asm/kvm_hyp.h>
 
 #include <kvm/arm_vgic.h>
 #include <kvm/arm_arch_timer.h>
@@ -517,3 +518,25 @@ void kvm_timer_init(struct kvm *kvm)
 {
 	kvm->arch.timer.cntvoff = kvm_phys_timer_read();
 }
+
+/*
+ * On VHE system, we only need to configure trap on physical timer and counter
+ * accesses in EL0 and EL1 once, not for every world switch.
+ * The host kernel runs at EL2 with HCR_EL2.TGE == 1,
+ * and this makes those bits have no effect for the host kernel execution.
+ */
+void kvm_timer_init_vhe(void)
+{
+	/* When HCR_EL2.E2H ==1, EL1PCEN and EL1PCTEN are shifted by 10 */
+	u32 cnthctl_shift = 10;
+	u64 val;
+
+	/*
+	 * Disallow physical timer access for the guest.
+	 * Physical counter access is allowed.
+	 */
+	val = read_sysreg(cnthctl_el2);
+	val &= ~(CNTHCTL_EL1PCEN << cnthctl_shift);
+	val |= (CNTHCTL_EL1PCTEN << cnthctl_shift);
+	write_sysreg(val, cnthctl_el2);
+}
diff --git a/virt/kvm/arm/hyp/timer-sr.c b/virt/kvm/arm/hyp/timer-sr.c
index 798866a8d875..63e28dd18bb0 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/arm/hyp/timer-sr.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/arm/hyp/timer-sr.c
@@ -35,10 +35,16 @@ void __hyp_text __timer_save_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	/* Disable the virtual timer */
 	write_sysreg_el0(0, cntv_ctl);
 
-	/* Allow physical timer/counter access for the host */
-	val = read_sysreg(cnthctl_el2);
-	val |= CNTHCTL_EL1PCTEN | CNTHCTL_EL1PCEN;
-	write_sysreg(val, cnthctl_el2);
+	/*
+	 * We don't need to do this for VHE since the host kernel runs in EL2
+	 * with HCR_EL2.TGE ==1, which makes those bits have no impact.
+	 */
+	if (!has_vhe()) {
+		/* Allow physical timer/counter access for the host */
+		val = read_sysreg(cnthctl_el2);
+		val |= CNTHCTL_EL1PCTEN | CNTHCTL_EL1PCEN;
+		write_sysreg(val, cnthctl_el2);
+	}
 
 	/* Clear cntvoff for the host */
 	write_sysreg(0, cntvoff_el2);
@@ -50,14 +56,17 @@ void __hyp_text __timer_restore_state(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
 	struct arch_timer_cpu *timer = &vcpu->arch.timer_cpu;
 	u64 val;
 
-	/*
-	 * Disallow physical timer access for the guest
-	 * Physical counter access is allowed
-	 */
-	val = read_sysreg(cnthctl_el2);
-	val &= ~CNTHCTL_EL1PCEN;
-	val |= CNTHCTL_EL1PCTEN;
-	write_sysreg(val, cnthctl_el2);
+	/* Those bits are already configured at boot on VHE-system */
+	if (!has_vhe()) {
+		/*
+		 * Disallow physical timer access for the guest
+		 * Physical counter access is allowed
+		 */
+		val = read_sysreg(cnthctl_el2);
+		val &= ~CNTHCTL_EL1PCEN;
+		val |= CNTHCTL_EL1PCTEN;
+		write_sysreg(val, cnthctl_el2);
+	}
 
 	if (timer->enabled) {
 		write_sysreg(kvm->arch.timer.cntvoff, cntvoff_el2);
-- 
2.11.0