Re: [PATCH v4 02/21] linux/io.h: add PCI config space remap interface
- Date: Thu, 20 Apr 2017 11:51:53 +0100
- From: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@xxxxxxx>
- Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 02/21] linux/io.h: add PCI config space remap interface
On Wed, Apr 19, 2017 at 05:48:51PM +0100, Lorenzo Pieralisi wrote:
> The PCI specifications (Rev 3.0, 3.2.5 "Transaction Ordering and
> Posting") mandate non-posted configuration transactions. As further
> highlighted in the PCIe specifications (4.0 - Rev0.3, "Ordering
> Considerations for the Enhanced Configuration Access Mechanism"),
> through ECAM and ECAM-derivative configuration mechanism, the memory
> mapped transactions from the host CPU into Configuration Requests on the
> PCI express fabric may create ordering problems for software because
> writes to memory address are typically posted transactions (unless the
> architecture can enforce through virtual address mapping non-posted
> write transactions behaviour) but writes to Configuration Space are not
> posted on the PCI express fabric.
> Current DT and ACPI host bridge controllers map PCI configuration space
> (ECAM and ECAM-derivative) into the virtual address space through
> ioremap() calls, that are non-cacheable device accesses on most
> architectures, but may provide "bufferable" or "posted" write semantics
> in architecture like eg ARM/ARM64 that allow ioremap'ed regions writes
> to be buffered in the bus connecting the host CPU to the PCI fabric;
> this behaviour, as underlined in the PCIe specifications, may trigger
> transactions ordering rules and must be prevented.
> Introduce a new generic and explicit API to create a memory
> mapping for ECAM and ECAM-derivative config space area that
> defaults to ioremap_nocache() (which should provide a sane default
> behaviour) but still allowing architectures on which ioremap_nocache()
> results in posted write transactions to override the function
> call with an arch specific implementation that complies with
> the PCI specifications for configuration transactions.
> Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@xxxxxxx>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@xxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@xxxxxxx>
> Cc: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@xxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Russell King <linux@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@xxxxxxx>
> include/linux/io.h | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+)
> diff --git a/include/linux/io.h b/include/linux/io.h
> index 82ef36e..3934aba 100644
> --- a/include/linux/io.h
> +++ b/include/linux/io.h
> @@ -91,6 +91,25 @@ void devm_memunmap(struct device *dev, void *addr);
> void *__devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct resource *res);
> + * The PCI specifications (Rev 3.0, 3.2.5 "Transaction Ordering and
> + * Posting") mandate non-posted configuration transactions. There is
> + * no ioremap API in the kernel that can guarantee non-posted write
> + * semantics across arches so provide a default implementation for
> + * mapping PCI config space that defaults to ioremap_nocache(); arches
> + * should override it if they have memory mapping implementations that
> + * guarantee non-posted writes semantics to make the memory mapping
> + * compliant with the PCI specification.
> + */
> +#ifndef pci_remap_cfgspace
> +#define pci_remap_cfgspace pci_remap_cfgspace
> +static inline void __iomem *pci_remap_cfgspace(phys_addr_t offset,
> + size_t size)
> + return ioremap_nocache(offset, size);
As an heads-up, this patch strictly depends on:
to go upstream first, otherwise we would break powerpc compilation
(owing to powerpc including linux/io.h before ioremap_nocache() is
defined in arch/powerpc/include/asm/io.h).
If we want to decouple them I must drop the static inline and make
it a #define, it is not ideal but we must be aware of this, I really
want to prevent breakage if we go ahead with this set (and -next can
hide the issue).
> * Some systems do not have legacy ISA devices.
> * /dev/port is not a valid interface on these systems.
> * So for those archs, <asm/io.h> should define the following symbol.