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[PATCH 4.9 18/69] x86, pmem: fix broken __copy_user_nocache cache-bypass assumptions




4.9-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@xxxxxxxxx>

commit 11e63f6d920d6f2dfd3cd421e939a4aec9a58dcd upstream.

Before we rework the "pmem api" to stop abusing __copy_user_nocache()
for memcpy_to_pmem() we need to fix cases where we may strand dirty data
in the cpu cache. The problem occurs when copy_from_iter_pmem() is used
for arbitrary data transfers from userspace. There is no guarantee that
these transfers, performed by dax_iomap_actor(), will have aligned
destinations or aligned transfer lengths. Backstop the usage
__copy_user_nocache() with explicit cache management in these unaligned
cases.

Yes, copy_from_iter_pmem() is now too big for an inline, but addressing
that is saved for a later patch that moves the entirety of the "pmem
api" into the pmem driver directly.

Fixes: 5de490daec8b ("pmem: add copy_from_iter_pmem() and clear_pmem()")
Cc: <x86@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@xxxxxxx>
Cc: Jeff Moyer <jmoyer@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@xxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@xxxxxx>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@xxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <mawilcox@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Reviewed-by: Ross Zwisler <ross.zwisler@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Toshi Kani <toshi.kani@xxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>

---
 arch/x86/include/asm/pmem.h |   42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
 1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/pmem.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/pmem.h
@@ -55,7 +55,8 @@ static inline int arch_memcpy_from_pmem(
  * @size:	number of bytes to write back
  *
  * Write back a cache range using the CLWB (cache line write back)
- * instruction.
+ * instruction. Note that @size is internally rounded up to be cache
+ * line size aligned.
  */
 static inline void arch_wb_cache_pmem(void *addr, size_t size)
 {
@@ -69,15 +70,6 @@ static inline void arch_wb_cache_pmem(vo
 		clwb(p);
 }
 
-/*
- * copy_from_iter_nocache() on x86 only uses non-temporal stores for iovec
- * iterators, so for other types (bvec & kvec) we must do a cache write-back.
- */
-static inline bool __iter_needs_pmem_wb(struct iov_iter *i)
-{
-	return iter_is_iovec(i) == false;
-}
-
 /**
  * arch_copy_from_iter_pmem - copy data from an iterator to PMEM
  * @addr:	PMEM destination address
@@ -94,7 +86,35 @@ static inline size_t arch_copy_from_iter
 	/* TODO: skip the write-back by always using non-temporal stores */
 	len = copy_from_iter_nocache(addr, bytes, i);
 
-	if (__iter_needs_pmem_wb(i))
+	/*
+	 * In the iovec case on x86_64 copy_from_iter_nocache() uses
+	 * non-temporal stores for the bulk of the transfer, but we need
+	 * to manually flush if the transfer is unaligned. A cached
+	 * memory copy is used when destination or size is not naturally
+	 * aligned. That is:
+	 *   - Require 8-byte alignment when size is 8 bytes or larger.
+	 *   - Require 4-byte alignment when size is 4 bytes.
+	 *
+	 * In the non-iovec case the entire destination needs to be
+	 * flushed.
+	 */
+	if (iter_is_iovec(i)) {
+		unsigned long flushed, dest = (unsigned long) addr;
+
+		if (bytes < 8) {
+			if (!IS_ALIGNED(dest, 4) || (bytes != 4))
+				arch_wb_cache_pmem(addr, 1);
+		} else {
+			if (!IS_ALIGNED(dest, 8)) {
+				dest = ALIGN(dest, boot_cpu_data.x86_clflush_size);
+				arch_wb_cache_pmem(addr, 1);
+			}
+
+			flushed = dest - (unsigned long) addr;
+			if (bytes > flushed && !IS_ALIGNED(bytes - flushed, 8))
+				arch_wb_cache_pmem(addr + bytes - 1, 1);
+		}
+	} else
 		arch_wb_cache_pmem(addr, bytes);
 
 	return len;