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[RFC PATCH] usb: hub: Disable autosuspend before disabling usb device

While running a bind/unbind stress test with the dwc3 usb driver on rk3399,
the following crash was observed.

Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 00000218
pgd = ffffffc00165f000
[00000218] *pgd=000000000174f003, *pud=000000000174f003,
				*pmd=0000000001750003, *pte=00e8000001751713
Internal error: Oops: 96000005 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
Modules linked in: uinput uvcvideo videobuf2_vmalloc cmac
ipt_MASQUERADE nf_nat_masquerade_ipv4 iptable_nat nf_nat_ipv4 nf_nat rfcomm
xt_mark fuse bridge stp llc zram btusb btrtl btbcm btintel bluetooth
ip6table_filter mwifiex_pcie mwifiex cfg80211 cdc_ether usbnet r8152 mii joydev
snd_seq_midi snd_seq_midi_event snd_rawmidi snd_seq snd_seq_device ppp_async
ppp_generic slhc tun
CPU: 1 PID: 29814 Comm: kworker/1:1 Not tainted 4.4.52 #507
Hardware name: Google Kevin (DT)
Workqueue: pm pm_runtime_work
task: ffffffc0ac540000 ti: ffffffc0af4d4000 task.ti: ffffffc0af4d4000
PC is at autosuspend_check+0x74/0x174
LR is at autosuspend_check+0x70/0x174
Call trace:
[<ffffffc00080dcc0>] autosuspend_check+0x74/0x174
[<ffffffc000810500>] usb_runtime_idle+0x20/0x40
[<ffffffc000785ae0>] __rpm_callback+0x48/0x7c
[<ffffffc000786af0>] rpm_idle+0x1e8/0x498
[<ffffffc000787cdc>] pm_runtime_work+0x88/0xcc
[<ffffffc000249bb8>] process_one_work+0x390/0x6b8
[<ffffffc00024abcc>] worker_thread+0x480/0x610
[<ffffffc000251a80>] kthread+0x164/0x178
[<ffffffc0002045d0>] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x40


(gdb) l *0xffffffc00080dcc0
0xffffffc00080dcc0 is in autosuspend_check
1773		/* We don't need to check interfaces that are
1774		 * disabled for runtime PM.  Either they are unbound
1775		 * or else their drivers don't support autosuspend
1776		 * and so they are permanently active.
1777		 */
1778		if (intf->dev.power.disable_depth)
1779			continue;
1780		if (atomic_read(&intf->dev.power.usage_count) > 0)
1781			return -EBUSY;
1782		w |= intf->needs_remote_wakeup;

Code analysis shows that intf is set to NULL in usb_disable_device() prior
to setting actconfig to NULL. At the same time, usb_runtime_idle() does not
lock the usb device, and neither does any of the functions in the
traceback. This means that there is no protection against a race condition
where usb_disable_device() is removing dev->actconfig->interface[] pointers
while those are being accessed from autosuspend_check() and possibly by
other callers.

Explicitly disable autosuspend in usb_disconnect() before calling
usb_disable_device(). This doesn't fix the race for good, but it ensures
that the pm runtime worker doesn't call usb_runtime_idle() on the interface
that is being removed, and thus avoids the race in the affected code path.

Signed-off-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
This is another interesting situation. As mentioned above, the patch doesn't
really fix the race problem. On the other side, fixing it for good would
(probably) be much more complex. I still see the race after applying this
patch, but it happens maybe once a day vs. several times per hour.

Marked as RFC in the hope that someone has an idea for a better fix.
I tried clearing udev->actconfig prior to removing the interfaces
in usb_disable_device(), but that alone didn't help; it does not
resolve the race condition either, and still results in the crash.

The only clean solution I can think of would be to protect accesses
to dev->actconfig with a spinlock or mutex, and to make sure that the
lock is held during read accesses and that dev->actconfig is cleared
before releasing the lock on write accesses. I'll be happy to do that
if it is the way to go, but I would like some feedback before I give it
a try.

 drivers/usb/core/hub.c | 9 +++++++++
 1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
index 5286bf67869a..5a420657f9f7 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/core/hub.c
@@ -2093,6 +2093,15 @@ void usb_disconnect(struct usb_device **pdev)
 	 * so that the hardware is now fully quiesced.
 	dev_dbg(&udev->dev, "unregistering device\n");
+	/*
+	 * Disable autosuspend before disabling the device, and make sure
+	 * that autosuspend doesn't touch it while it is in the process
+	 * of being deleted.
+	 */
+	usb_disable_autosuspend(udev);
+	pm_runtime_barrier(&udev->dev);
 	usb_disable_device(udev, 0);