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[PATCH v2 7/9] list-objects-filter-options: allow mult. --filter




Allow combining of multiple filters by simply repeating the --filter
flag. Before this patch, the user had to combine them in a single flag
somewhat awkwardly (e.g. --filter=combine:FOO+BAR), including
URL-encoding the individual filters.

To make this work, in the --filter flag parsing callback, rather than
error out when we detect that the filter_options struct is already
populated, we modify it in-place to contain the added sub-filter. The
existing sub-filter becomes the lhs of the combined filter, and the
next sub-filter becomes the rhs. We also have to URL-encode the LHS and
RHS sub-filters.

We can simplify the operation if the LHS is already a combine: filter.
In that case, we just append the URL-encoded RHS sub-filter to the LHS
spec to get the new spec.

Helped-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@xxxxxxxxxx>
Helped-by: Jeff Hostetler <git@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Helped-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@xxxxxxxxx>
Signed-off-by: Matthew DeVore <matvore@xxxxxxxxxx>
---
 Documentation/rev-list-options.txt  | 16 +++++
 list-objects-filter-options.c       | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
 list-objects-filter-options.h       | 11 ++++
 t/t5616-partial-clone.sh            | 19 ++++++
 t/t6112-rev-list-filters-objects.sh | 44 ++++++++++++--
 transport.c                         |  1 +
 upload-pack.c                       |  2 +
 7 files changed, 171 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
index ddbc1de43f..7b4116f279 100644
--- a/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
+++ b/Documentation/rev-list-options.txt
@@ -730,20 +730,36 @@ specification contained in <path>.
 +
 The form '--filter=tree:<depth>' omits all blobs and trees whose depth
 from the root tree is >= <depth> (minimum depth if an object is located
 at multiple depths in the commits traversed). <depth>=0 will not include
 any trees or blobs unless included explicitly in the command-line (or
 standard input when --stdin is used). <depth>=1 will include only the
 tree and blobs which are referenced directly by a commit reachable from
 <commit> or an explicitly-given object. <depth>=2 is like <depth>=1
 while also including trees and blobs one more level removed from an
 explicitly-given commit or tree.
++
+Multiple '--filter=' flags can be specified to combine filters. Only
+objects which are accepted by every filter are included.
++
+The form '--filter=combine:<filter1>+<filter2>+...<filterN>' can also be
+used to combined several filters, but this is harder than just repeating
+the '--filter' flag and is usually not necessary. Filters are joined by
+'{plus}' and individual filters are %-encoded (i.e. URL-encoded).
+Besides the '{plus}' and '%' characters, the following characters are
+reserved and also must be encoded: `~!@#$^&*()[]{}\;",<>?`+&#39;&#96;+
+as well as all characters with ASCII code &lt;= `0x20`, which includes
+space and newline.
++
+Other arbitrary characters can also be encoded. For instance,
+'combine:tree:3+blob:none' and 'combine:tree%3A3+blob%3Anone' are
+equivalent.
 
 --no-filter::
 	Turn off any previous `--filter=` argument.
 
 --filter-print-omitted::
 	Only useful with `--filter=`; prints a list of the objects omitted
 	by the filter.  Object IDs are prefixed with a ``~'' character.
 
 --missing=<missing-action>::
 	A debug option to help with future "partial clone" development.
diff --git a/list-objects-filter-options.c b/list-objects-filter-options.c
index 5687425847..5e98e4a309 100644
--- a/list-objects-filter-options.c
+++ b/list-objects-filter-options.c
@@ -1,18 +1,19 @@
 #include "cache.h"
 #include "commit.h"
 #include "config.h"
 #include "revision.h"
 #include "argv-array.h"
 #include "list-objects.h"
 #include "list-objects-filter.h"
 #include "list-objects-filter-options.h"
+#include "trace.h"
 
 static int parse_combine_filter(
 	struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options,
 	const char *arg,
 	struct strbuf *errbuf);
 
 /*
  * Parse value of the argument to the "filter" keyword.
  * On the command line this looks like:
  *       --filter=<arg>
@@ -197,30 +198,105 @@ static int parse_combine_filter(
 
 cleanup:
 	strbuf_list_free(subspecs);
 	if (result) {
 		list_objects_filter_release(filter_options);
 		memset(filter_options, 0, sizeof(*filter_options));
 	}
 	return result;
 }
 
-int parse_list_objects_filter(struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options,
-			      const char *arg)
+static void add_url_encoded(struct strbuf *dest, const char *s)
+{
+	while (*s) {
+		if (*s <= ' ' || strchr(RESERVED_NON_WS, *s) ||
+			*s == '%' || *s == '+')
+			strbuf_addf(dest, "%%%02X", (int)*s);
+		else
+			strbuf_addf(dest, "%c", *s);
+		s++;
+	}
+}
+
+/*
+ * Changes filter_options into an equivalent LOFC_COMBINE filter options
+ * instance. Does not do anything if filter_options is already LOFC_COMBINE.
+ */
+static void transform_to_combine_type(
+	struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options)
+{
+	assert(filter_options->choice);
+	if (filter_options->choice == LOFC_COMBINE)
+		return;
+	{
+		const int initial_sub_alloc = 2;
+		struct list_objects_filter_options *sub_array =
+			xcalloc(initial_sub_alloc, sizeof(*sub_array));
+		sub_array[0] = *filter_options;
+		memset(filter_options, 0, sizeof(*filter_options));
+		filter_options->sub = sub_array;
+		filter_options->sub_alloc = initial_sub_alloc;
+	}
+	filter_options->sub_nr = 1;
+	filter_options->choice = LOFC_COMBINE;
+	strbuf_init(&filter_options->filter_spec, 0);
+	strbuf_addstr(&filter_options->filter_spec, "combine:");
+	add_url_encoded(&filter_options->filter_spec,
+			filter_options->sub[0].filter_spec.buf);
+	/*
+	 * We don't need the filter_spec strings for subfilter specs, only the
+	 * top level.
+	 */
+	strbuf_release(&filter_options->sub[0].filter_spec);
+}
+
+void list_objects_filter_die_if_populated(
+	struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options)
 {
-	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	if (filter_options->choice)
 		die(_("multiple filter-specs cannot be combined"));
-	strbuf_init(&filter_options->filter_spec, 0);
-	strbuf_addstr(&filter_options->filter_spec, arg);
-	if (gently_parse_list_objects_filter(filter_options, arg, &buf))
-		die("%s", buf.buf);
+}
+
+int parse_list_objects_filter(
+	struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options,
+	const char *arg)
+{
+	struct strbuf errbuf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int parse_error;
+
+	if (!filter_options->choice) {
+		strbuf_init(&filter_options->filter_spec, 0);
+		strbuf_addstr(&filter_options->filter_spec, arg);
+
+		parse_error = gently_parse_list_objects_filter(
+			filter_options, arg, &errbuf);
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * Make filter_options an LOFC_COMBINE spec so we can trivially
+		 * add subspecs to it.
+		 */
+		transform_to_combine_type(filter_options);
+
+		strbuf_addstr(&filter_options->filter_spec, "+");
+		add_url_encoded(&filter_options->filter_spec, arg);
+		trace_printf("Generated composite filter-spec: %s\n",
+			     filter_options->filter_spec.buf);
+		ALLOC_GROW(filter_options->sub, filter_options->sub_nr + 1,
+			   filter_options->sub_alloc);
+		filter_options = &filter_options->sub[filter_options->sub_nr++];
+		memset(filter_options, 0, sizeof(*filter_options));
+
+		parse_error = gently_parse_list_objects_filter(
+			filter_options, arg, &errbuf);
+	}
+	if (parse_error)
+		die("%s", errbuf.buf);
 	return 0;
 }
 
 int opt_parse_list_objects_filter(const struct option *opt,
 				  const char *arg, int unset)
 {
 	struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options = opt->value;
 
 	if (unset || !arg) {
 		list_objects_filter_set_no_filter(filter_options);
diff --git a/list-objects-filter-options.h b/list-objects-filter-options.h
index e1e23fd191..f8c8a624e4 100644
--- a/list-objects-filter-options.h
+++ b/list-objects-filter-options.h
@@ -56,20 +56,31 @@ struct list_objects_filter_options {
 	struct list_objects_filter_options *sub;
 
 	/*
 	 * END choice-specific parsed values.
 	 */
 };
 
 /* Normalized command line arguments */
 #define CL_ARG__FILTER "filter"
 
+void list_objects_filter_die_if_populated(
+	struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options);
+
+/*
+ * Parses the filter spec string given by arg and either (1) simply places the
+ * result in filter_options if it is not yet populated or (2) combines it with
+ * the filter already in filter_options if it is already populated. In the case
+ * of (2), the filter specs are combined as if specified with 'combine:'.
+ *
+ * Dies and prints a user-facing message if an error occurs.
+ */
 int parse_list_objects_filter(
 	struct list_objects_filter_options *filter_options,
 	const char *arg);
 
 int opt_parse_list_objects_filter(const struct option *opt,
 				  const char *arg, int unset);
 
 #define OPT_PARSE_LIST_OBJECTS_FILTER(fo) \
 	{ OPTION_CALLBACK, 0, CL_ARG__FILTER, fo, N_("args"), \
 	  N_("object filtering"), 0, \
diff --git a/t/t5616-partial-clone.sh b/t/t5616-partial-clone.sh
index 9a8f9886b3..11536f4028 100755
--- a/t/t5616-partial-clone.sh
+++ b/t/t5616-partial-clone.sh
@@ -201,20 +201,39 @@ test_expect_success 'use fsck before and after manually fetching a missing subtr
 	test_line_count = 70 fetched_objects &&
 
 	awk -f print_1.awk fetched_objects |
 	xargs -n1 git -C dst cat-file -t >fetched_types &&
 
 	sort -u fetched_types >unique_types.observed &&
 	test_write_lines blob commit tree >unique_types.expected &&
 	test_cmp unique_types.expected unique_types.observed
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'implicitly construct combine: filter with repeated flags' '
+	GIT_TRACE=$(pwd)/trace git clone --bare \
+		--filter=blob:none --filter=tree:1 \
+		"file://$(pwd)/srv.bare" pc2 &&
+	grep "trace:.* git pack-objects .*--filter=combine:blob:none+tree:1" \
+		trace &&
+	git -C pc2 rev-list --objects --missing=allow-any HEAD >objects &&
+
+	# We should have gotten some root trees.
+	grep " $" objects &&
+	# Should not have gotten any non-root trees or blobs.
+	! grep " ." objects &&
+
+	xargs -n 1 git -C pc2 cat-file -t <objects >types &&
+	sort -u types >unique_types.actual &&
+	test_write_lines commit tree >unique_types.expected &&
+	test_cmp unique_types.expected unique_types.actual
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'partial clone fetches blobs pointed to by refs even if normally filtered out' '
 	rm -rf src dst &&
 	git init src &&
 	test_commit -C src x &&
 	test_config -C src uploadpack.allowfilter 1 &&
 	test_config -C src uploadpack.allowanysha1inwant 1 &&
 
 	# Create a tag pointing to a blob.
 	BLOB=$(echo blob-contents | git -C src hash-object --stdin -w) &&
 	git -C src tag myblob "$BLOB" &&
diff --git a/t/t6112-rev-list-filters-objects.sh b/t/t6112-rev-list-filters-objects.sh
index c36199457d..7fb5e50cde 100755
--- a/t/t6112-rev-list-filters-objects.sh
+++ b/t/t6112-rev-list-filters-objects.sh
@@ -357,21 +357,30 @@ test_expect_success 'verify tree:3 includes everything expected' '
 
 test_expect_success 'combine:... for a simple combination' '
 	git -C r3 rev-list --objects --filter=combine:tree:2+blob:none HEAD \
 		>actual &&
 
 	expect_has HEAD "" &&
 	expect_has HEAD~1 "" &&
 	expect_has HEAD dir1 &&
 
 	# There are also 2 commit objects
-	test_line_count = 5 actual
+	test_line_count = 5 actual &&
+
+	cp actual expected &&
+
+	# Try again using repeated --filter - this is equivalent to a manual
+	# combine with "combine:...+..."
+	git -C r3 rev-list --objects --filter=combine:tree:2 \
+		--filter=blob:none HEAD >actual &&
+
+	test_cmp expected actual
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'combine:... with URL encoding' '
 	git -C r3 rev-list --objects \
 		--filter=combine:tree%3a2+blob:%6Eon%65 HEAD >actual &&
 
 	expect_has HEAD "" &&
 	expect_has HEAD~1 "" &&
 	expect_has HEAD dir1 &&
 
@@ -435,24 +444,26 @@ test_expect_success 'combine:... with edge-case hex digits: Ff Aa 0 9' '
 	git -C r3 rev-list --objects --filter="combine:tree%3A2+blob%3anone" \
 		HEAD >actual &&
 	test_line_count = 5 actual &&
 	git -C r3 rev-list --objects --filter="combine:tree:%30" HEAD >actual &&
 	test_line_count = 2 actual &&
 	git -C r3 rev-list --objects --filter="combine:tree:%39+blob:none" \
 		HEAD >actual &&
 	test_line_count = 5 actual
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'add a sparse pattern blob whose path has reserved chars' '
+test_expect_success 'add sparse pattern blobs whose paths have reserved chars' '
 	cp r3/pattern r3/pattern1+renamed% &&
-	git -C r3 add pattern1+renamed% &&
-	git -C r3 commit -m "add sparse pattern file with reserved chars"
+	cp r3/pattern "r3/p;at%ter+n" &&
+	cp r3/pattern r3/^~pattern &&
+	git -C r3 add pattern1+renamed% "p;at%ter+n" ^~pattern &&
+	git -C r3 commit -m "add sparse pattern files with reserved chars"
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'combine:... with more than two sub-filters' '
 	git -C r3 rev-list --objects \
 		--filter=combine:tree:3+blob:limit=40+sparse:oid=master:pattern \
 		HEAD >actual &&
 
 	expect_has HEAD "" &&
 	expect_has HEAD~1 "" &&
 	expect_has HEAD~2 "" &&
@@ -463,21 +474,44 @@ test_expect_success 'combine:... with more than two sub-filters' '
 	# Should also have 3 commits
 	test_line_count = 9 actual &&
 
 	# Try again, this time making sure the last sub-filter is only
 	# URL-decoded once.
 	cp actual expect &&
 
 	git -C r3 rev-list --objects \
 		--filter=combine:tree:3+blob:limit=40+sparse:oid=master:pattern1%2brenamed%25 \
 		HEAD >actual &&
-	test_cmp expect actual
+	test_cmp expect actual &&
+
+	# Use the same composite filter again, but with a pattern file name that
+	# requires encoding multiple characters, and use implicit filter
+	# combining.
+	GIT_TRACE=$(pwd)/trace git -C r3 rev-list --objects \
+		--filter=tree:3 --filter=blob:limit=40 \
+		--filter=sparse:oid="master:p;at%ter+n" \
+		HEAD >actual &&
+
+	test_cmp expect actual &&
+	grep "Generated composite filter-spec: combine:tree:3+blob:limit=40+sparse:oid=master:p%3Bat%25ter%2B" \
+		trace &&
+
+	# Repeat the above test, but this time, the characters to encode are in
+	# the LHS of the combined filter.
+	GIT_TRACE=$(pwd)/trace git -C r3 rev-list --objects \
+		--filter=sparse:oid=master:^~pattern \
+		--filter=tree:3 --filter=blob:limit=40 \
+		HEAD >actual &&
+
+	test_cmp expect actual &&
+	grep "Generated composite filter-spec: combine:sparse:oid=master:%5E%7Epattern+tree:3+blob:limit=40" \
+		trace
 '
 
 # Test provisional omit collection logic with a repo that has objects appearing
 # at multiple depths - first deeper than the filter's threshold, then shallow.
 
 test_expect_success 'setup r4' '
 	git init r4 &&
 
 	echo foo > r4/foo &&
 	mkdir r4/subdir &&
diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
index f1fcd2c4b0..ee7dd1c062 100644
--- a/transport.c
+++ b/transport.c
@@ -217,20 +217,21 @@ static int set_git_option(struct git_transport_options *opts,
 	} else if (!strcmp(name, TRANS_OPT_DEEPEN_RELATIVE)) {
 		opts->deepen_relative = !!value;
 		return 0;
 	} else if (!strcmp(name, TRANS_OPT_FROM_PROMISOR)) {
 		opts->from_promisor = !!value;
 		return 0;
 	} else if (!strcmp(name, TRANS_OPT_NO_DEPENDENTS)) {
 		opts->no_dependents = !!value;
 		return 0;
 	} else if (!strcmp(name, TRANS_OPT_LIST_OBJECTS_FILTER)) {
+		list_objects_filter_die_if_populated(&opts->filter_options);
 		parse_list_objects_filter(&opts->filter_options, value);
 		return 0;
 	}
 	return 1;
 }
 
 static int connect_setup(struct transport *transport, int for_push)
 {
 	struct git_transport_data *data = transport->data;
 	int flags = transport->verbose > 0 ? CONNECT_VERBOSE : 0;
diff --git a/upload-pack.c b/upload-pack.c
index 2cdd499f28..16e748ba58 100644
--- a/upload-pack.c
+++ b/upload-pack.c
@@ -877,20 +877,21 @@ static void receive_needs(struct packet_reader *reader, struct object_array *wan
 		if (process_deepen(reader->line, &depth))
 			continue;
 		if (process_deepen_since(reader->line, &deepen_since, &deepen_rev_list))
 			continue;
 		if (process_deepen_not(reader->line, &deepen_not, &deepen_rev_list))
 			continue;
 
 		if (skip_prefix(reader->line, "filter ", &arg)) {
 			if (!filter_capability_requested)
 				die("git upload-pack: filtering capability not negotiated");
+			list_objects_filter_die_if_populated(&filter_options);
 			parse_list_objects_filter(&filter_options, arg);
 			continue;
 		}
 
 		if (!skip_prefix(reader->line, "want ", &arg) ||
 		    parse_oid_hex(arg, &oid_buf, &features))
 			die("git upload-pack: protocol error, "
 			    "expected to get object ID, not '%s'", reader->line);
 
 		if (parse_feature_request(features, "deepen-relative"))
@@ -1296,20 +1297,21 @@ static void process_args(struct packet_reader *request,
 			continue;
 		if (process_deepen_not(arg, &data->deepen_not,
 				       &data->deepen_rev_list))
 			continue;
 		if (!strcmp(arg, "deepen-relative")) {
 			data->deepen_relative = 1;
 			continue;
 		}
 
 		if (allow_filter && skip_prefix(arg, "filter ", &p)) {
+			list_objects_filter_die_if_populated(&filter_options);
 			parse_list_objects_filter(&filter_options, p);
 			continue;
 		}
 
 		if ((git_env_bool("GIT_TEST_SIDEBAND_ALL", 0) ||
 		     allow_sideband_all) &&
 		    !strcmp(arg, "sideband-all")) {
 			data->writer.use_sideband = 1;
 			continue;
 		}
-- 
2.17.1