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Re: [PATCH 1/1] bundle verify: error out if called without an object database

Hi Peff,

On Mon, 27 May 2019, Jeff King wrote:

> On Mon, May 27, 2019 at 12:59:14PM -0700, Johannes Schindelin via
> GitGitGadget wrote:
> > From: Johannes Schindelin <johannes.schindelin@xxxxxx>
> >
> > The deal with bundles is: they really are thin packs, with very little
> > sugar on top. So we really need a repository (or more appropriately, an
> > object database) to work with, when asked to verify a bundle.
> >
> > Let's error out with a useful error message if `git bundle verify` is
> > called without such an object database to work with.
> I think this is going in the right direction, but I think there are a
> few subtle bits worth thinking about.
> As Gábor noted in the earlier thread, if the bundle doesn't have any
> prerequisites, this _used_ to work before b1ef400eec (setup_git_env:
> avoid blind fall-back to ".git", 2016-10-20). I don't know if anybody
> cares about that case or not, but we could do something like:
>   if (p->nr)
> 	verify_prerequisites();
>   /* otherwise, fall through to the printing portions */
> and then just check for a repository in verify_prerequisites(), which is
> the only part that needs to look at the repository object at all.

I am not so sure that I feel comfortable with optimizing for the no-op
case. Because that's essentially what this boils down to: if there are no
prerequisites, there is not a whole lot to do.

And I'd rather have the command be consistent about its demands, to abide
by the Law of Least Surprise.

> If we _are_ OK just forbidding the operation entirely outside of a
> repository, then should we be doing this check in cmd_bundle() instead?
> We already have checks there for "create" and "unbundle".

Hmm. If you really want to ;-)

> Likewise:
> > diff --git a/bundle.c b/bundle.c
> > index b45666c49b..b5d21cd80f 100644
> > --- a/bundle.c
> > +++ b/bundle.c
> > @@ -142,6 +142,9 @@ int verify_bundle(struct repository *r,
> >  	int i, ret = 0, req_nr;
> >  	const char *message = _("Repository lacks these prerequisite commits:");
> >
> > +	if (!r || !r->objects || !r->objects->odb)
> > +		return error(_("need a repository to verify a bundle"));
> Those other checks are done with startup_info->have_repository. I don't
> think that makes sense here (we were passed in a repository object to
> operate on, so the global might or might not match). Doing it at that
> higher level means that other callers of verify_bundle() are not
> protected, but I think may be OK. The top-level commands are generally
> responsible for setting up the repository and bailing if the requested
> operation does not make sense without one.
> If we do want to leave the check at this level, I'm a little
> uncomfortable with how intimate this check is with the parts of "struct
> repository". For instance, who sets of r->objects and r->objects->odb,
> and is it possible for us to have a working repo struct that has those
> as NULL (i.e., where they could be lazily filled in)? Even if it works
> now, it seems like a subtle thing that could easily be broken during
> later refactoring.
> Instead, could we have cmd_bundle() pass in NULL when instead of
> the_repository when there's no repo? That seems like a much easier
> pattern in general for low-level code to decide when it has no repo
> available (though I suspect many code paths would have to be adjusted to
> handle a NULL repository argument).

That's more complication than I want to introduce. Let's just go with the
`builtin/bundle.c` patch instead, as you suggested.