Web lists-archives.com

Re: git archive generates tar with malformed pax extended attribute

On Fri, May 24, 2019 at 09:35:51AM +0200, Keegan Carruthers-Smith wrote:

> > I can't reproduce on Linux, using GNU tar (1.30) nor with bsdtar 3.3.3
> > (from Debian's bsdtar package). What does your "tar --version" say?
> bsdtar 2.8.3 - libarchive 2.8.3

Interesting. I wonder if there was a libarchive bug that was fixed
between 2.8.3 and 3.3.3.

> > Git does write a pax header with the commit id in it as a comment.
> > Presumably that's what it's complaining about (but it is not malformed
> > according to any tar I've tried). If you feed git-archive a tree rather
> > than a commit, that is omitted. What does:
> >
> >   git archive --format tar c21b98da2^{tree} | tar tf - >/dev/null
> >
> > say? If it doesn't complain, then we know it's indeed the pax comment
> > field.
> It also complains
>   $ git archive --format tar c21b98da2^{tree} | tar tf - >/dev/null
>   tar: Ignoring malformed pax extended attribute
>   tar: Error exit delayed from previous errors.

Ah, OK. So it's not the comment field at all, but some other entry.

> Some more context: I work at Sourcegraph.com We mirror a lot of repos
> from github.com. We usually interact with a working copy by running
> git archive on it in our infrastructure. This is the first repository
> that I have noticed which produces this error. An interesting thing to
> note is the commit metadata contains a lot of non-ascii text which was
> my guess at what my be tripping up the tar creation.

Yeah, though the only thing that makes it into the tarfile is the actual
tree entries. I'd imagine the file content is not likely to be a source
of problems, as it's common to see binary gunk there. Most of the
filenames are pretty mundane, but this symlink destination is a little

  $ git archive ... | tar tvf - | grep nicovideo4as.swc
  lrwxrwxrwx root/root         0 2019-05-24 03:05 libs/nicovideo4as.swc -> PK\003\004\024

That's not the full story, though. It is indeed a symlink in the

  $ git ls-tree -r HEAD libs/nicovideo4as.swc
  120000 blob ec3137b5fcaeae25cf67927068af116517683806	libs/nicovideo4as.swc

But the contents of that blob, which should be the destination filename,
are definitely not:

  $ git cat-file blob ec3137b5f | wc -c
  $ git cat-file blob ec3137b5f | xxd | head -1
  00000000: 504b 0304 1400 0800 0800 5069 694e 0000  PK........PiiN..

There's quite a bit more data there. And what tar showed us goes up to
the first NUL, which does not seem surprising.

It's possible Git is doing the wrong thing on the writing side, but
given that newer versions of bsdtar handle it fine, I'd guess that the
old one simply had problems consuming poorly formed symlink filenames.