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Re: strange behavior of git diff-index

Hi Johannes,

Thanks a lot for the clarification!

On 5/22/19 4:54 PM, Johannes Schindelin wrote:
> Hi Oussama,
> On Wed, 22 May 2019, Oussama Ghorbel wrote:
>> git diff-index is giving me incorrect information, however if I run git diff, then git diff-index again it will show the correct information.
>> The steps are the following:
>> $ git diff-index --name-only HEAD
>> git appears to list all files in the project irrespective if they modified or not
>> $ git diff
>> $ git diff --cached
>> will show nothing. So I don't have any modification.
>> Now strangely if I run git diff-index, it will also show nothing which is correction behavior.
>> my git version is 2.7.4
>> Any explanation?
> The low-level `diff-index` command is meant to be used in scripts, and
> does specifically *not* refresh the index before running. Meaning that it
> could possibly mistake a file for being modified even if it is not
> modified, just because it is marked "modified" in the index [*1*].
> Short answer: use the high-level command `git diff` that is intended for
> human consumption.
> Ciao,
> Johannes
> Footnote *1*: It is actually a bit more complicated than that: the index
> stores metadata such as mtime, size, uid, etc, and compares that to the
> metadata on disk. If there is any mismatch, or if everything matches but
> the mtime *also* matches the index file's itself, the file is considered
> not up to date, i.e. marked as modified.