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[PATCH v3] git-compat-util: work around for access(X_OK) under root




On AIX, access(X_OK) may succeed when run as root even if the
execution isn't possible. This behavior is allowed by POSIX
which says:

  ... for a process with appropriate privileges, an implementation
  may indicate success for X_OK even if execute permission is not
  granted to any user.

It can lead hook programs to have their execution refused:

   git commit -m content
   fatal: cannot exec '.git/hooks/pre-commit': Permission denied

Add NEED_ACCESS_ROOT_HANDLER in order to use an access helper function.
It checks with stat if any executable flags is set when the current user
is root.

Signed-off-by: Clément Chigot <clement.chigot@xxxxxxxx>
Message-ID: <AM6PR02MB4950ED66291B16F35BE61A26EA3C0@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
---
 Makefile          |  8 ++++++++
 compat/access.c   | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 compat/fileno.c   |  2 +-
 config.mak.uname  |  1 +
 git-compat-util.h | 12 +++++++++++-
 5 files changed, 52 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 compat/access.c

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 9f1b6e8926..6ac7218106 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -439,6 +439,9 @@ all::
 #
 # Define FILENO_IS_A_MACRO if fileno() is a macro, not a real function.
 #
+# Define NEED_ACCESS_ROOT_HANDLER if access() under root may success for X_OK
+# even if execution permission isn't granted for any user.
+#
 # Define PAGER_ENV to a SP separated VAR=VAL pairs to define
 # default environment variables to be passed when a pager is spawned, e.g.
 #
@@ -1833,6 +1836,11 @@ ifdef FILENO_IS_A_MACRO
 	COMPAT_OBJS += compat/fileno.o
 endif
 
+ifdef NEED_ACCESS_ROOT_HANDLER
+	COMPAT_CFLAGS += -DNEED_ACCESS_ROOT_HANDLER
+	COMPAT_OBJS += compat/access.o
+endif
+
 ifeq ($(TCLTK_PATH),)
 NO_TCLTK = NoThanks
 endif
diff --git a/compat/access.c b/compat/access.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..19fda3e877
--- /dev/null
+++ b/compat/access.c
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
+#define COMPAT_CODE_ACCESS
+#include "../git-compat-util.h"
+
+/* Do the same thing access(2) does, but use the effective uid,
+ * and don't make the mistake of telling root that any file is
+ * executable.  This version uses stat(2).
+ */
+int git_access(const char *path, int mode)
+{
+	struct stat st;
+
+	/* do not interfere a normal user */
+	if (geteuid())
+		return access(path, mode);
+
+	if (stat(path, &st) < 0)
+		return -1;
+
+	/* Root can read or write any file. */
+	if (!(mode & X_OK))
+		return 0;
+
+	/* Root can execute any file that has any one of the execute
+	 * bits set.
+	 */
+	if (st.st_mode & (S_IXUSR | S_IXGRP | S_IXOTH))
+		return 0;
+
+	errno = EACCES;
+	return -1;
+}
diff --git a/compat/fileno.c b/compat/fileno.c
index 7b105f4cd7..8e80ef335d 100644
--- a/compat/fileno.c
+++ b/compat/fileno.c
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-#define COMPAT_CODE
+#define COMPAT_CODE_FILENO
 #include "../git-compat-util.h"
 
 int git_fileno(FILE *stream)
diff --git a/config.mak.uname b/config.mak.uname
index 86cbe47627..ce13ab8295 100644
--- a/config.mak.uname
+++ b/config.mak.uname
@@ -270,6 +270,7 @@ ifeq ($(uname_S),AIX)
 	NEEDS_LIBICONV = YesPlease
 	BASIC_CFLAGS += -D_LARGE_FILES
 	FILENO_IS_A_MACRO = UnfortunatelyYes
+	NEED_ACCESS_ROOT_HANDLER = UnfortunatelyYes
 	ifeq ($(shell expr "$(uname_V)" : '[1234]'),1)
 		NO_PTHREADS = YesPlease
 	else
diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
index 31b47932bd..bdca50e64d 100644
--- a/git-compat-util.h
+++ b/git-compat-util.h
@@ -1236,12 +1236,22 @@ struct tm *git_gmtime_r(const time_t *, struct tm *);
 
 #ifdef FILENO_IS_A_MACRO
 int git_fileno(FILE *stream);
-# ifndef COMPAT_CODE
+# ifndef COMPAT_CODE_FILENO
 #  undef fileno
 #  define fileno(p) git_fileno(p)
 # endif
 #endif
 
+#ifdef NEED_ACCESS_ROOT_HANDLER
+int git_access(const char *path, int mode);
+# ifndef COMPAT_CODE_ACCESS
+#  ifdef access
+#  undef access
+#  endif
+#  define access(path, mode) git_access(path, mode)
+# endif
+#endif
+
 /*
  * Our code often opens a path to an optional file, to work on its
  * contents when we can successfully open it.  We can ignore a failure
-- 
2.17.1


Clément Chigot
ATOS Bull SAS
1 rue de Provence - 38432 Échirolles - France