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Re: [PATCH/docs] make slash-rules more readable




> the pattern is matched against paths in the directory where the
> `.gitignore` file that has the pattern in it is in, and any of
> its subdirectories (recursively).

> the pattern will match in all directories relative to
> the `.gitignore` file, with infinite depth.

I could not catch the difference between the meaning of both.
However, I think "paths in the directory" and "directories relative to"
are maybe both ambiguous.

Since a pattern without a non-trailing slash must always be a file name or a
folder name, and does not have a leading slash, we could maybe just
say it like this:

        the pattern is matched against all files and folders (recursively)
        from the location of the `.gitignore` file.
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> Unlike a pattern without a slash, a pattern with a
> non-trailing slash is matched against paths immediately in
> the directory the `.gitignore` file the pattern appears in
> is stored in, and does not get used in its subdirectories..

I think one can always assume that we talking about the relevant
`.gitignore` file (where the pattern appears in).

Perhaps this covers it all?

        A pattern with a non-trailing slash is always considered
        to begin at the `.gitignore` file location.

followed by your example

> For example, the pattern `doc/frotz/` that appears in
> `.gitignore` at the top-level of the project matches
> `doc/frotz` directory (again, seen from the top-level), but
> not `a/doc/frotz`.

and maybe one more example

        Note that the pattern `doc/frotz` and `/doc/frotz` are
        equivalent.
        However `/bar` and `bar` are different. They both match the
        `bar` file or folder at the top level, but only the latter
will also match `foo/bar`
        (when `foo` is at the top level).

This avoids the hustle with the ambiguous path, where it starts, and
trailing or leading slashes. Together with the
two examples it seems to be a good compromise between accuracy and
understandable.

The alternative would be to say

        A pattern with a non-trailing slash is only matched against any
        path that begins in the directory of the `.gitignore` file.

While this is maybe clearer then saying "pattern [...] always
considered to begin at` it is ambiguous about the slashes.
So a very accuracy but maybe less understandable version would be
something like this:

        A pattern with a non-trailing slash is only matched against any
        path that begins in the directory of the `.gitignore` file.
        For example, if the `.gitignore` file is in folder `doc`
        the path to file  `bar/doc/a/foo` that begins in `doc` is `a/foo`.
        A pattern that matches a path except for a leading slash or
trailing slash
        is still considered a match. It is still valid however,
        that when a pattern ends with a slash, it would only find a
match with a directory.

---------

> Also, a pattern "/doc" matches doc at the current level (i.e. the
> directory in which .gitignore file that the pattern was taken from
> is found) and not in any subdirectories.  Is that clear in the
> proposed update?

Yes.

However, in the docs is already one paragraph solely dedicated for this case:

> A leading slash matches the beginning of the pathname. For example, "/*.c" matches
> "cat-file.c" but not "mozilla-sha1/sha1.c".

However, we have already a better and more in detail explained example
in the new
proposal `*` paragraph and and the case with the leading slash is
now a sub-case of `A pattern with a non-trailing slash`
so we might just get rid of the above paragraph?
----------


Thank you for explaining me how the algorithm works procedurally.
It gave some inside of the origin of "If the pattern ends with a slash, it is
removed for the purpose of the following description.."
---------

All the best,
Adam