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Regression: submodule worktrees can clobber core.worktree config

After upgrading to 2.20.1 I noticed in some submodule+worktree scenarios git
will break the submodule configuration. Reproducible with:
    git init a && (cd a; touch a; git add a; git commit -ma)
    git init b && (cd b; git submodule add ../a; git commit -mb)
    git -C b worktree add ../b2
    git -C b/a worktree add ../../b2/a
    git -C b status
    git -C b2 submodule update
    git -C b status

The submodule update in the _worktree_ puts an invalid core.worktree value in
the _original_ repository submodule config (b/.git/modules/a/config), causing
the last git status to error out with:
    fatal: cannot chdir to '../../../../../../b2/a': No such file or directory
    fatal: 'git status --porcelain=2' failed in submodule a

Looking at the config file itself, the submodule update operation applies the
following change (the new path is invalid):
    -       worktree = ../../../a
    +       worktree = ../../../../../../b2/a

This worked fine on 2.19.2 (no config change, no error), and was useful to have
a worktree with (large) submodules that are also worktrees.

Bisects down to:
74d4731da1 submodule--helper: replace connect-gitdir-workingtree by

Tomasz Śniatowski