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Re: Referring to commits in commit messages




Hi,

Duy Nguyen wrote:
> On Wed, Dec 19, 2018 at 6:04 PM Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason

>> E.g. when composing
>> https://public-inbox.org/git/878t0lfwrj.fsf@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx/ I
>> remembered PERLLIB_EXTRA went back & forth between
>> working/breaking/working with your/my/your patch, so:
>>
>>     git log --grep=0386dd37b1
>>
>> Just found the chain up to my breaking change, but not your 7a7bfc7adc,
>> which refers to that commit as v1.9-rc0~88^2.
[...]
> To follow email model, this sounds like a good trailer for related
> commits, like In-Reply-To for email. We could even have special
> trailer "Fixes" to indicate what commit is the problem that this
> commit fixes.

In Linux kernel land, Documentation/process/submitting-patches.rst
contains the following:

-- >8 --
If your patch fixes a bug in a specific commit, e.g. you found an issue using
``git bisect``, please use the 'Fixes:' tag with the first 12 characters of
the SHA-1 ID, and the one line summary.  For example::

	Fixes: e21d2170f366 ("video: remove unnecessary platform_set_drvdata()")

The following ``git config`` settings can be used to add a pretty format for
outputting the above style in the ``git log`` or ``git show`` commands::

	[core]
		abbrev = 12
	[pretty]
		fixes = Fixes: %h (\"%s\")
-- 8< --

I like it because (1) the semantics are clear, (2) it's very concrete
(e.g. "first 12 characters", (3) it goes in a trailer, where other
bits intended for machine consumption already go.

Should we adopt it?  In other words, how about something like the
following?

If it seems like a good idea, I can add a commit message.

Signed-off-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@xxxxxxxxx>

diff --git i/Documentation/SubmittingPatches w/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
index ec8b205145..36ce1ac5d8 100644
--- i/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
+++ w/Documentation/SubmittingPatches
@@ -367,6 +367,20 @@ If you like, you can put extra tags at the end:
 You can also create your own tag or use one that's in common usage
 such as "Thanks-to:", "Based-on-patch-by:", or "Mentored-by:".
 
+If your patch fixes a bug in a specific commit, e.g. you found an issue using
+``git bisect``, please use the 'Fixes:' tag with the first 12 characters of
+the SHA-1 ID, and the one line summary.  For example::
+
+	Fixes: 539047c19e ("revert: introduce --abort to cancel a failed cherry-pick")
+
+The following ``git config`` settings can be used to add a pretty format for
+outputting the above style in the ``git log`` or ``git show`` commands::
+
+	[core]
+		abbrev = 12
+	[pretty]
+		fixes = Fixes: %h (\"%s\")
+
 == Subsystems with dedicated maintainers
 
 Some parts of the system have dedicated maintainers with their own