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Re: [PATCH 3/3] setup: add `clear_repository_format()`

On Tue, Dec 18, 2018 at 08:25:28AM +0100, Martin Ågren wrote:

> After we set up a `struct repository_format`, it owns various pieces of
> allocated memory. We then either use those members, because we decide we
> want to use the "candidate" repository format, or we discard the
> candidate / scratch space. In the first case, we transfer ownership of
> the memory to a few global variables. In the latter case, we just
> silently drop the struct and end up leaking memory.
> Introduce a function `clear_repository_format()` which frees the memory
> the struct holds on to. Call it in the code paths where we currently
> leak the memory. Also call it in the error path of
> `read_repository_format()` to clean up any partial result.
> For hygiene, we need to at least set the pointers that we free to NULL.
> For future-proofing, let's zero the entire struct instead. It just means
> that in the error path of `read_...()` we need to restore the error
> sentinel in the `version` field.

This seems reasonable, and I very much agree on the zero-ing (even
though it _shouldn't_ matter due to the "undefined" rule). That also
makes it safe to clear() multiple times, which is a nice property.

> +void clear_repository_format(struct repository_format *format)
> +{
> +	string_list_clear(&format->unknown_extensions, 0);
> +	free(format->work_tree);
> +	free(format->partial_clone);
> +	memset(format, 0, sizeof(*format));
>  }

For the callers that actually pick the values out, I think it might be a
little less error-prone if they actually copied the strings and then
called clear_repository_format(). That avoids leaks of values that they
didn't know or care about (and the cost of an extra strdup for
repository setup is not a big deal).

Something like this on top of your patch, I guess (with the idea being
that functions which return an error would clear the format, but a
"successful" one would get returned back up the stack to
setup_git_directory_gently(), which then clears it before returning.

-- >8 --
diff --git a/setup.c b/setup.c
index babe5ea156..a5699f9ee6 100644
--- a/setup.c
+++ b/setup.c
@@ -470,6 +470,7 @@ static int check_repository_format_gently(const char *gitdir, struct repository_
 			warning("%s", err.buf);
 			*nongit_ok = -1;
+			clear_repository_format(candidate);
 			return -1;
 		die("%s", err.buf);
@@ -499,7 +500,7 @@ static int check_repository_format_gently(const char *gitdir, struct repository_
 		if (candidate->work_tree) {
-			git_work_tree_cfg = candidate->work_tree;
+			git_work_tree_cfg = xstrdup(candidate->work_tree);
 			inside_work_tree = -1;
 	} else {
@@ -1158,6 +1159,7 @@ const char *setup_git_directory_gently(int *nongit_ok)
+	clear_repository_format(&repo_fmt);
 	return prefix;