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Re: [RFC] Generation Number v2

On 10/31/2018 8:54 AM, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:
On Tue, Oct 30 2018, Junio C Hamano wrote:

Derrick Stolee <stolee@xxxxxxxxx> writes:
In contrast, maximum generation numbers and corrected commit
dates both performed quite well. They are frequently the top
two performing indexes, and rarely significantly different.

The trade-off here now seems to be: which _property_ is more important,
locally-computable or backwards-compatible?
Nice summary.

As I already said, I personally do not think being compatible with
currently deployed clients is important at all (primarily because I
still consider the whole thing experimental), and there is a clear
way forward once we correct the mistake of not having a version
number in the file format that tells the updated clients to ignore
the generation numbers.  For longer term viability, we should pick
something that is immutable, reproducible, computable with minimum
input---all of which would lead to being incrementally computable, I
would think.
I think it depends on what we mean by backwards compatibility. None of
our docs are saying this is experimental right now, just that it's
opt-in like so many other git-config(1) options.

So if we mean breaking backwards compatibility in that we'll write a new
file or clobber the existing one with a version older clients can't use
as an optimization, fine.

But it would be bad to produce a hard error on older clients, but
avoiding that seems as easy as just creating a "commit-graph2" file in

Well, we have a 1-byte version number following the "CGPH" header in
the commit-graph file, and clients will ignore the commit-graph file
if that number is not "1". My hope for backwards-compatibility was
to avoid incrementing this value and instead use the unused 8th byte.

However, it appears that we are destined to increment that version
number, anyway. Here is my list for what needs to be in the next
version of the commit-graph file format:

1. A four-byte hash version.

2. File incrementality (split commit-graph).

3. Reachability Index versioning

Most of these changes will happen in the file header. The chunks
themselves don't need to change, but some chunks may be added that
only make sense in v2 commit-graphs.