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Re: [RFC PATCH 5/5] split-index: smudge and add racily clean cache entries to split index




On Thu, Sep 06 2018, SZEDER Gábor wrote:

> On Thu, Sep 06, 2018 at 02:26:49PM +0200, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:
>>
>> On Thu, Sep 06 2018, SZEDER Gábor wrote:
>> > Several tests failed occasionally when the test suite was run with
>> > 'GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes'.  Here are those that I managed to trace
>> > back to this racy split index problem, starting with those failing
>> > more frequently, with a link to a failing Travis CI build job for
>> > each.  The highlighted line shows when the racy file was written,
>> > which is not always in the failing test (but note that those lines are
>> > in the 'after failure' fold, and your browser might unhelpfully fold
>> > it up before you could take a good look).
>>
>> Thanks for working on this. When I package up git I run the tests
>> under a few different modes, in the case of split index I've been
>> doing:
>>
>>     GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=true GIT_SKIP_TESTS="t3903 t4015.77"
>
> Yeah, I noticed that you mentioned this in an unrelated thread the
> other day, that's why I put you on Cc.  ... and that's why I pulled
> this series from the backburner and cleaned it up for submission.
> (Gah, most of these commits have an author date back in February...)
>
>> Since those were the ones I spotted failing under that mode, but
>> I still had occasional other failures, I don't have a record of
>> which, maybe some of these other tests you mention, maybe not.
>
> I poked around the Travis CI API, and managed to get the logs of all
> build jobs that failed with 'GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes' but succeeded
> without it.  Here is the list of failed test scripts, along with how
> many times they failed:
>
>       1 t0027-auto-crlf.sh
>       1 t0090-cache-tree.sh
>       1 t3404-rebase-interactive.sh
>       1 t5520-pull.sh
>       1 t5573-pull-verify-signatures.sh
>       1 t5608-clone-2gb.sh
>       1 t7406-submodule-update.sh
>       2 t2200-add-update.sh
>       2 t4002-diff-basic.sh
>       2 t5504-fetch-receive-strict.sh
>       3 t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
>       4 t1000-read-tree-m-3way.sh
>       6 t4015-diff-whitespace.sh
>      10 t4024-diff-optimize-common.sh
>      17 t3030-merge-recursive.sh
>      17 t3402-rebase-merge.sh
>      17 t3501-revert-cherry-pick.sh
>      17 t6022-merge-rename.sh
>      17 t6032-merge-large-rename.sh
>      17 t6034-merge-rename-nocruft.sh
>      17 t6042-merge-rename-corner-cases.sh
>      17 t6043-merge-rename-directories.sh
>      17 t6046-merge-skip-unneeded-updates.sh
>      17 t7003-filter-branch.sh
>      17 t7601-merge-pull-config.sh
>      23 t3903-stash.sh
>
> I doubt that this racy split index problem is responsible for all
> these failures; e.g. I looked at the failures of a few merge-related
> test scripts, and these logs show that they tend to fail because of
> memory corruption, i.e. with 'Aborted (core dumped)' or 'Segmentation
> fault (core dumped)'.
>
>> To test how this this series improves things, I've been running
>> this on a 56 core CentOS 7.5 machine:
>>
>>     while true; do GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes prove -j$(parallel --number-of-cores) t3903-stash.sh t4024-diff-optimize-common.sh t4015-diff-whitespace.sh t2200-add-update.sh t0090-cache-tree.sh && echo "OK $(date) $(git describe)" >>log2 || echo "FAIL $(date) $(git describe)" >>log2; done
>>
>> While, in another window to get some load on the machine (these seem to
>> fail more under load):
>>
>>     while true; do prove -j$(parallel --number-of-cores) t[156789]*.sh; done
>>
>> The results with this series applied up to 4/5. I.e. without the actual
>> fix:
>>
>>      92 OK v2.19.0-rc2-6-ged839bd155
>>       8 FAIL v2.19.0-rc2-6-ged839bd155
>>
>> I.e. when running this 100 times, I got 8 failures. So 8%.
>
> Lucky you ;)
>
> I could only get t3903 to fail on me, but not the others.  That was
> enough to eventually track down and fix the problem (fun! ;), and then
> I looked at the logs of failed git/git Travis CI build jobs to see,
> what other failures might have been caused by it.
>
>> With this patch applied:
>>
>>     389 OK v2.19.0-rc2-5-g05a5a13935
>>      11 FAIL v2.19.0-rc2-5-g05a5a13935
>>
>> This time I ran the tests 400 times, and got 11 failures, i.e. a
>> ~2.8% failure rate. I don't have a full account of what stuff
>> failed (this was just scrolling past in my terminal), but most
>> were:
>>
>>     t0090-cache-tree.sh          (Wstat: 256 Tests: 21 Failed: 3)
>>       Failed tests:  10-12
>>       Non-zero exit status: 1
>>
>> I.e. these tests:
>>
>>     ok 10 - commit --interactive gives cache-tree on partial commit
>>     ok 11 - commit in child dir has cache-tree
>>     ok 12 - reset --hard gives cache-tree
>
> But hey, 't0090 --verbose-log -x -i' just failed on me with the fix
> applied while writing this email, yay!  In its logs I see the
> following errors in all three tests you mention:
>
>   error: index uses ?½þA extension, which we do not understand
>   fatal: index file corrupt
>
> Test 13 then starts with 'rm -f .git/index', and then all is well for
> the remaining tests.
>
> There was a recent discussion about a similar error starting at:
>
>   https://public-inbox.org/git/20180901214157.hxlqmbz3fds7hsdl@ltop.local/
>
> and leading to a fix in 6c003d6ffb (reopen_tempfile(): truncate opened
> file, 2018-09-04).  I certainly hope that not my fix is buggy, but
> combined with 'GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes' it can occasionally trigger
> the same error, and Peff's (Cc'd) fix will resolve it as well.
>
> Could you run your stress tests with Peff's fix merged with mine?
> Apparetly your setup is much more capable of triggering these issues
> than mine...

I get the same sort of thing on t0090-cache-tree.sh with -v -x,
i.e. failures due to:

    error: index uses �)�? extension, which we do not understand
    fatal: index file corrupt

It turns out that my inability to reproduce that earlier was because I'd
forgotten to set GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes in the environment for that
while loop, so I wasn't testing the split index at all.

I'm now running the tests in a lop with 6c003d6ffb cherry-picked on
top. I'll report back when I have enough data to say if/how it helped.