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Re: BUG: Segfault on "git pull" on "bad object HEAD"

On Wed, Jul 11, 2018 at 01:00:57PM +0200, Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason wrote:

> This segfaults, but should print an error instead, have a repo with a
> corrupt HEAD:
>     (
>         rm -rf /tmp/git &&
>         git clone --single-branch --branch todo git@xxxxxxxxxx:git/git.git /tmp/git &&
>         echo 1111111111111111111111111111111111111111 >/tmp/git/.git/refs/heads/todo &&
>         git -C /tmp/git pull
>     )

It took me a minute to reproduce this. It needs "pull --rebase" if you
don't have that setup in your config.

> The immediate reason is that in run_diff_index() we have this:
> 	ent = revs->pending.objects;
> And that in this case that's NULL:
>     (gdb) bt
>     #0  0x000055555565993f in run_diff_index (revs=0x7fffffffcb90, cached=1) at diff-lib.c:524
>     #1  0x00005555557633da in has_uncommitted_changes (ignore_submodules=1) at wt-status.c:2345

These two are the interesting functions. has_uncommitted_changes() calls
add_head_to_pending(). So it could realize then that there is no valid
HEAD to compare against.

But as you note, it's run_diff_index() that blindly dereferences
revs->pending.objects without seeing if it's non-empty. Normally
setup_revisions() would barf on a bad object, but the manual
add_head_to_pending() quietly returns (as it must for some cases, like
unborn branches).

So I feel like the right answer here is probably this:

diff --git a/wt-status.c b/wt-status.c
index d1c05145a4..5fcaa3d0f8 100644
--- a/wt-status.c
+++ b/wt-status.c
@@ -2340,7 +2340,16 @@ int has_uncommitted_changes(int ignore_submodules)
 	if (ignore_submodules)
 		rev_info.diffopt.flags.ignore_submodules = 1;
 	rev_info.diffopt.flags.quick = 1;
+	if (!rev_info.pending.nr) {
+		/*
+		 * We have no head (or it's corrupt), but the index is not
+		 * unborn; declare it as uncommitted changes.
+		 */
+		return 1;
+	}
 	result = run_diff_index(&rev_info, 1);
 	return diff_result_code(&rev_info.diffopt, result);

That does quietly paper over the corruption, but it does the
conservative thing, and a follow-up "git status" would yield "bad
object: HEAD".

I do worry that other callers of run_diff_index() might have similar
problems, though. Grepping around, the other callers seem to fall into
one of three categories:

 - they resolve the object themselves and put it in the pending list
   (and often fallback to the empty tree, which is more or less what the
   patch above is doing)

 - they resolve the object themselves and avoid calling run_diff_index()
   if it's not valid

 - they use setup_revisions(), which will barf on the broken object

So I think this may be sufficient. We probably should also add an
assertion to run_diff_index(), since that's better than segfaulting.